THE AHMADIYYA RELIGIOUS SECT – Unique Beliefs

· Ahmadiyya Sect, Religion
Authors

The Ahmadiyya Religious Sect – Unique Beliefs

Tracing Origins,to Unique Beliefs, to Feud and Split, to Rejection & Ban.*

(Edited for WordPress: 16.12.11 – 16:40) 20.12.11

This 19th Century Religious Sect evolved from Qadian, India out of Islam. Its members, Ahmadis are motivated and are expected to proselytize actively.

It is important to understand this sect because it does create confusion for most people who not understanding the differences between orthodox Islam and the Ahmadi sect. This leads to a confusion of what Islam represents and what the Ahmadis represent. There are some very significant differences of concepts that must be appreciated to understand that some very fundamental issues of principle are very different between Ahmadis and Orthodox Muslims.

NOTE: I have studied Hazrat Mirza’s writings for a better understanding of his philosophies: see [17]

Contents

Hadhrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad

    [4] Mirza Ghulam Ahmad-The Messiah
    The Ahmadiyya Religious Sect
    Hadrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian
    Holy Founder of the Muslim Ahmadiyya Jamaat
    ***AHMADIYYA DEMOGRAPHICS
    Hadrat Mirza Tahir AhmadKhalifatui Masih IV Abandons Pakistan for Britain in 1984
    ISLAMIC COUNTRIES THAT HAVE REJECTED THE AHMADIYYA SECT
    (3) Republic ofPakistan Constition (1974) Declares Qadianis NON-MUSLIM:
    02nd Amendment1974
    UK Home Office Report on Ahmadis and their Numbers in Pakistan
    (4) 1974 Declaration by the World Muslim League: QADIANIS ARE OUT OF THE FOLD OF ISLAM
    Views of mainstream Muslims
    Relationship with Christians
    DISTINCT AHMADIYYA BELIEFS (with Comments Highlighted)
    Ghulam Ahmad’s Relationship with the British
    Chronology of Ahmadiyya leaders
    Some Prominent Ahmadis & Their Services
    “The Holy Ahmadiyya Dynasty:
    THE FEUD AND SPLIT OF 1914
    The Author’s VIEWS ON AHMADIYYA RELIGIOUS SECT
 
[4]
Mirza Ghulam Ahmad-The Messiah

The Ahmadiyya Religious Sect

The Ahmadiyya Religious Sect is a very active religious sect that claims to speak for all Muslims, representing all Muslims and Islam. This is not correct, because Ahmadis speak and represent the views of the Ahmadiyya sect faith only because of their interpretations of Islam is different from orthodox Muslims. This article will attempt to, to separate such differences for a better understanding of the different Islamic interpretations. Ahmadiyya’s (Ahmadi) make up less than 1% to 2% of the Muslim world. This demography too is disputed and we will attempt to clarify the situation. The essential purpose is to clarify where these ideologies differ.

Hadrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian

Holy Founder of the Muslim Ahmadiyya Jamaat

In the 19th century followers of all great religions-Jews, Christians, Muslims, Hindus, Buddhists, Zoroastrians and the followers of Confucius all anxiously awaited the advent of a Promised Messiah, as predicted in their holy scriptures.

In Qadian, India, there lived a religious man by the name of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad. He was pious, truthful, righteous, noble and a great scholar of Islam. He claimed to have received revelations from God. In 1882, he received his first revelation of being commissioned to reform the world. Under divine guidance he claimed to be the Promised Messiah, the Imam Mahdi and the Reformer of the Latter Days. He addressed himself forthrightly to the wrongs prevailing not only in the world of Islam but also in other religions. This raised a storm of hostility against him from all quarters, the like of which has rarely been witnessed in the history of mankind.

He established the Ahmadiyya Muslim Jamaat (Community) in 1889. Soon a group of good people, who were sincere in their love of Allah, gathered around him. Most of them were Muslims while some came over from other faiths. This small band of godly people started growing in numbers with every passing day. This invited the wrath and animosity of the religious leadership from all over. Mullahs, priests and pundits made life very difficult, not only for the followers but also the Promised Messiah himself. Once he even seriously considered emigrating from Qadian and taking refuge elsewhere. Members of his community faced all kinds of difficulties, social boycott, loot, arson, physical assault and murder. This did not deter the divine community from the course charted for them by Allah. Ahmad gave out the clarion call to his followers in the following words:

“So listen all you who consider yourselves to be of my community. When you truly tread the path of righteousness, only then will you be counted in heaven as my community…….Do good deeds in the best of manners and reject evil with repugnance.

Remember that no deed of yours which is devoid of righteousness will be ever entertained by God. An act of goodness is only that which is rooted in the fear of God. No act in which this root remains intact will be permitted to go waste.

It is inevitable that you should be tried with diverse trials of pain and misfortune as the faithful before you were tried. So remain always wary lest you should stumble. The earth can do you n o harm as long as you have firm ties with heaven.

If ever you come to grief, you will come to grief at your own hands, rather than at the hands of your enemies. If you lose all honour of this earth, God will bestow an eternal honor upon you in heaven. So leave Him not. You are bound to suffer pain at their hands and you will be deprived of fulfilment of many of your aspirations.

However, be not heavy-hearted; God merely tries you whether you are steadfast in His cause or not. If you desire that even angels should praise you in heaven, then suffer in the path of Allah with grace and remain cheerful.

Hear abuse and remain grateful and despite frustration break not your ties (with God). You are the last people raised by God, so do such things of piety as touch the loftiest standards of excellence.”

Ahmad wrote 85 books on different religious topics in Urdu, Persian and Arabic. He was a champion of universal peace, charity and human fraternity. When he died in 1908, his community had grown to almost half a million. It had dedicated itself to bring about a moral and spiritual revolution in the whole world. Hundred and ten years later, there are approximately 30 million * Ahmadis in 160 countries of the world. They face opposition and persecution in most of the Islamic and Third World countries but nowhere as severely as in Pakistan. [1] [2]

[*30 million is an exaggeration. It is more likely to be around 2-3  Million at best. It is the opinion of this author i.e. approximately 1 to 2 % of all Muslims worldwide.]

***AHMADIYYA DEMOGRAPHICS

Ahmadis claim a following of 30 million, but many authorities believe that this figure has been grossly exaggerated to support the Ahmadi cause. Let us look at what is available. Let us begin with the claim that Pakistan holds 4 million Ahmadis. [8] Yet on closer inspection there is evidence that Ahmadis constitute approximately 0.22% of the population of Pakistan which at the time of this comparison was 173 million people. [9]

Using 0.22% of 173 million brings the figure to a more realistic figure of 346,000 a reduction of over the multiple of 10. This is the figure we shall use.

Number of estimated Ahmadis by country:

Pakistan 346,000*(adjusted)

Bangladesh 100,000

Indonesia 200,000

African Benin 165,000* (2.011Million adjusted to 2.5% if Benin population of 6.6 mill)

India 1,000,000

Britain 18,000

Germany 30,000

Canada 30,000

Mali 50,000

Ivory Coast 24,000

Bosnia 100,000

Albania 45,000

Ghana 100,000

French Speaking 150,000

USA 40,000 (est)

Total 2,398,000* (This is a more realistic figure. yet still favouring Ahmadis.) [8]

The above figures are more likely to be closer to the truth than the exaggerated figures claimed. It is still at best an educated estimate.


Mirza Ghulam Ahmad’s Khalifas

After the demise of the holy founder of the Community, Ahmadis elected their new head, Khalifatui Masih I. the first successor to the Promised Messiah. He was Hakim Nurud Din, a great scholar of Islam and the foremost companion of Hadrat Ahmad. He was recognized widely as a man of God and well versed in the study of the Holy Quran. When he died six years later, the Community elected Hadrat Mir Bashisr-ud-Din Mahmud Ahmad as Khaliufatui Masih II. He was a marvellous seer who led the Community successfully through thick and thin over the next half a century. He produced a detailed commentary of the Holy Quran, and spoke and wrote extensively on intricate aspects of the Divine and religion. During his tenure, the Community got well organized to achieve its professed objectives and goal. By the time he died in 1965, the Ahmadiyya Community had acquired members from various countries of Asia, Europe, Africa and Americas. After his death in 1982, he was succeeded by Hadrat Mirza Tahir Ahmad, the Khalifatui Masih IV.

Hadrat Mirza Tahir AhmadKhalifatui Masih IV Abandons Pakistan for Britain in 1984

Hadrat Mirza Tahir Ahmad was born on 18 December 1928 in Qadian, India. He was educated in India, Pakistan, and in the UK at the London School of Oriental and African Studies. In 1982, he was elected Khalifatui Masih IV, the fourth successor to the Promised Messiah, and the Head of the Worldwide Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, now approximately 30 million strong in 160 countries of the world. The anti-Ahmadiyya Ordinance (of Pakistan) promulgated on 26th April 1984 by General Zia, the then (dictator) President of Pakistan made it impossible for him (Mirza Tahir Ahmed) to function as the head of his community while remaining in the country. The Community requested him to leave Pakistan immediately and proceed to London where he currently lives.

“Mirza Tahir Ahmad left Pakistan and arrived in London in April 16th,1984.” He thereby moved his Headquarters to Britain. He then planned to build his house of worship that could house 10,000 worshippers at one time, the largest in Europe and completed the “Baitul Futuh Temple in 2003” at a cost of £5.5 million. It was a lot of money in 2003. Although it was claimed that it was contributions from followers, it is believed that the bulk came from nebulous and suspicious sources.

It was also coincidental that the arrival of the Ahmadis coincided with the sudden rise of illegal drugs into Europe.

1985: Big Cache of Drugs Seized in Rice Bags at Dubai Port,

“It is learnt that attempts to smuggle Heroin under cover of Rice exports has been made unsuccessful by the Authorities in Dubai and ONE TON of Heroin, worth millions of dollars, were recovered from a Rice Container. According to the details obtained, on 14th April a ship, Chitral, of Pakistan National Shipping Corporation, loaded with Rice, reached Dubai from Karachi and the heroin was recovered from one of its container. The consignment was sent from Rice Export Corporation to a firm in Dubai.” Daily Jang, Karachi, 25th April 1985.

On 14th April 1984, a cargo ship of Pakistan National Shipping Corporation arrived at Dubai Port from Karachi. It contained consignment of RICE. From one of its containers, 1 TON HEROIN was recovered. This consignment of rice was sent by the Rice Export Corporation of Pakistan to a company in Dubai. There was clear proof that Qadianis were involved in this Drug Smuggling.

For 12 years Hamza bin Abdul Qadir Qadiani, was the General Manager of Rice Export Corporation of Pakistan, thus being the “direct Incharge” of that Section responsible for the Packing and Export of Rice. S. K. Malik Qadiani, was the Incharge of Procurement Section of Rice Export Corporation of Pakistan. Abdul Ghani Qadiani, was the Head of the Finance Department of RECP. Nothing could be done about these big fishes and as usual the small fishes recieved the punishment. “Four QADIANIS/AHMADIS from Rabwa were recently sentenced in Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates) to three years rigorous imprisonment for SMUGGLING and SELLING HEROIN in the country.” (Daily Jang Newspaper, Quetta, dated 27th May 1985) Khatme Nabuwwat, Weekly Magazine, No. 45 10-16 May 1985. 1996: Drugs Siezed in Rice Bags bound for Birmingham, UK.

MARIJUANA BUSINESS UNDER THE COVER OF FOREIGN MINISTER

Marijuana discovered in the Rice Packets due to be exported to Britain by the company owned by the Brother of Sardar Aseef Ahmad Ali On 25th April 1996 the Examining Officer of the Customs Dept., Export Section was performing his usual duty at Birth No. TR-5, Karachi East Wharf, Kemari. During his duty Export Papers for Container No. FLXU-9-201323 came to him with Shipping Bill No. 22796 dated 23rd April ’96. According to the papers, the container was full of 950 packets of Basmati Rice being sent to Mr Wippolyte of Ebony Food International, 55 Diagonal Road, Acocks Green, Birmingham B27 6ST UK.

During examination, while poking at one of the bags deep down in the end, the packet rupture and the Examining Officer could not believe his eyes when he saw slices of Marijuana started falling out. A total of 119 Kg of Marijuana was packed very systematically amongst the packets of Rice so that after every 150 packets of rice there was a 1 kilogram packet of Marijuana. The Packets were sprayed with Anti-Sniffing Spray to prevent Customs trained Sniffer Dogs from detecting them. The markings on the rice packets and marijuana packets belonged to the identical serial numbers indicating that the Smuggling Party from Lahore to Birmingham was the same and was capable of separating them at their leisure without fear of being caught. The Commerce Reporter of Urdu Daily ‘Nawa-e-Waqt’ reached on the spot and took photographs of the whole consignment. According to his report which he filed to his Newspaper’s office, 210 kilograms of Marijuana was recovered from these Rice Packets by the Assistant Collector of Customs. Customs arrested three persons including the clearing and forwarding agent. The Clearing Agent informed the authorities that the Sealed Container came from the Indus Rice Mill which belongs to Sardar Haroon Ahmad, brother of a Federal Minister and that he has nothing to do with the Drug Smuggling and should be released on bail. He was however denied bail. On the other hand, severe pressure is being applied on the Customs to hush the matter.

This report was correct in every respect except that on the first day Custom Authorities declared that the weight of Marijuana was 210 kg, but next day when F.I.R. was recorded, the figure was 119 kg. According to reports, as soon as Marijuana was hauled, Custom Appraisers informed their higher authorities. On the other hand, the other party was also not some small group. It was the Rice Mill of the brother of Sardar Aseef Ahmad Ali, the Foreign Minister and an important member of the Chatta-Peoples Party PDF alliance of the ruling elite in Pakistan.

Thus the offices of Indus Rice Mill closed and its Executives disappeared. For the next four days there was no trace of any of the responsible person of Indus Rice Mill. During this period Sardar Haroon Ahmad and his brother, Sardar Aseef Ahmad, the Foreign Minister used all their influence in the government to keep them from being arrested or any other official paper work to be completed against them. Rather they tried to distort the whole issue by using their influence and these attempts are still going on. Sardar Aseef Ahmad and his ‘Superior’ friends were so determined to sway the Customs Authorities that their agents kept trying till late to prevent Daily Nawa-e-Waqt from publishing this story next day.

Despite their lucrative offers, the whole incident was reported in the newspaper on 26th April. In anticipation of the disgrace and embarrassment that comes in the wake of such a crime, the whole machinery of the People’s Government and its hierarchy in Islamabad came into action. Initially the entire blame was put on the poor clearing agent, who was arrested. However, as soon as his company learnt of the incident, they took necessary action and got him released. After the failure of this attempt, the case was transferred to Federal Investigation Authority and the blame was shifted on to the TCS Courier Service who transferred the container from Lahore to Karachi. Its Regional Manager, Shafqat Ali was arrested on the charges that his agency has put Marijuana during the transfer of the container from Lahore to Karachi. The news was released to the press that Custom Authorities have started investigating the involvement of a courier service in drug smuggling.

Point worth noting was that in the F.I.R. the name of the Exporter, Indus Valley Rice Mill, was totally absent, according to the wishes of higher authorities. F.I.A. pointed out his flaw in the filed FIR on which basis the court might doubt the intentions of the authorities. The poor representative of the courier service was thus released. Thus the Customs Authorities were pressurised into filing an FIR on afternoon of 26th April in which in place of first accused, without writing the name and address of any one, simply ‘An Employee of the Exporter’ was mentioned. In other words in blatant disregard to the Law and Justice, instead of writing the name of the real culprit and the owners of Export Company, it was decided to make a scapegoat of one of the employees.

In the second place was the name of Mr Shafqat Ali of courier service, in the third place Mr W Hippolyte and in the last place, ‘AND OTHERS’. The efficiency and honesty of the FIA, Karachi was not to the liked in Islamabad and the case was transferred to FIA, Lahore; when their working was also not found to be according to the entire satisfaction of the elite concerned, the case was transferred to the Special Investigation Unit under the direct care of Director General, FIA, Islamabad. Now the whole game will be played in Islamabad in the presence of its influential players. It is interesting to note that the majority of the employees of Indus Valley Rice Mill are the relatives of the Honourable Foreign Minister. Another interesting discovery made by FIA Lahore was that the same kind of rice bags with Marijuana packed in the same professional manner were seized from the Rice Mill in Lahore Pir Binyameen’s Press Conference: A week long Eid-ul-Azha holidays gave some reprieve to the players.

On 4th May Mr Pir Binyameen Rizvi, the Secretary Information of Muslim League held a press conference in Lahore and accused Honourable Foreign Minister, Sardar Aseef Ahmad Ali of Drug Smuggling. He accused the Government of trying to cover-up the whole incident. Expressing his dissatisfaction with the Government’s performance he has appealed Gen Jehangir Karamat Qadiani to investigate whole through Army Intelligence and to refer the case to the Supreme Court. He said that that Sardar Aseef Ahmad is the owner of the firm, Indus Valley Rice Mill, who has its office in Chak Malik on the Raiwind Road. Its Chief Executive is his brother, Sardar Haroon Ahmad. He accused Asif Ali Zardari, the husband of Prime Minister Bezameer Bhutto, of ordering the authorities to destroy the Marijuana and to hush up the whole issue, in addition to others. Pir Benyameen stated that May God protect that country whose Foreign Minister becomes the member of Drug Mafia. He accused that Sardar Aseef is the Head of a Drug Mafia with network in Europe and America. Sardar Aseef Ahmad was previously terminated from the Nawaz Shareef Cabinet for handing over certain secrets to the Indian Government and a case of was being prepared against when Nawaz Shareef’s Government was terminated. He added that nothing can be expected from Benazir’s Government in this regard because a Prime Minister who can get a Drug Smuggler, one of her party’s MP, Munawwer Manoj, released from custody, despite his involved in Drug Smuggling and arrested by the Narcotics Control Board and then make the same person Head of the Narcotics Control Board. Pir BinYameen has requested the Interior Minister to get the whole matter investigated by some responsible Authority. Sardar Aseef’s/Haroon’s Statement: FIA Lahore issued a statement clarifying the positions of the owners of Rice Mill. It is said that Sardar Haroon Ahmad has reported to the some smugglers are trying to smuggle Marijuana in the Rice purchased from his rice mill. He requested Interior Minister to investigate the matter. Mr Gohar Ayub Khan: The Deputy Opposition Leader issued a statement on 6th May. In it he says that the way Sardar Aseef Ahmad Ali’s innocence is being tried to prove, makes the whole affair very suspicious. It is a very serious accusation against Sardar Aseef and unless the Court does not hear the whole story and officially absolve him from this accusation, he will remain an accused in the eyes of Nation and Law. He advised that he should respect the sensitivity and importance of his Post and if he doesn’t have the moral courage to resign from his post, at least he should go on leave till such time that the Court gives its judgement. No Foreign Minister of any sovereign country would like to hold talks with an accused Foreign Minister of our country and if he insists on sticking to his post then he would not be able to play any role in the interest of his country, rather he would just be a source of embarrassment to the entire Nation and his Ministry.

Takbeer, International Urdu Weekly, No. 20 dated 16th May, 1996; Nasir Mahmood. [PS: It is worth noting that after the first few reports there has been a complete blackout on the news about this incident.]

Another unpublished survey suggests that out of all three top posts in Civil, Foreign and Military Services of Pakistan, two are occupied by Qadianis/Ahmadis/Lahoris. Pakistan is one of the important conduit for smuggling drugs to the West. With such influential QADIANIS/AHMADIS and their sympathisers at the helm of the affairs in Pakistan, this case probably reflecThe Qadiani Connection: Mr Manzoor Ilahi Malik Awan of the Weekly Khatme Nabuwwat Newspaper has reported that both Mr Sardar Aseef Ahmad and Mr Naseerullah Baber, the Interior Minister, of Pakistan are AHMADIs/QADIANIs. ts just the tip of the iceberg.

The coincidence is, of course, circumstantial, but of course raises serious questions with the ease such sums of money can be raised amongst newly arrived immigrants. But it is worthy of note.During his absence from Pakistan he has been maliciously and wrongfully charged on 17 different counts in fabricated cases. The latest case against him is under the Blasphemy Law for which the punishment is death. For more than 15 years he has not been able to visit home, and lives in exile.

Hadrat Mirza Tahir Ahmad is a great advocate of peace, absolute justice, human rights and freedom of faith and conscience. He is a friend of the poor and downtrodden. He is well-known for his courage to speak his mind even in the face of strong disapproval of the high and mighty. He has written many books to convey his message, and has spoken extensively on the worldwide Muslim Television Ahmadiyya to promote peace, morality and harmony in the world.

In his book ’Murder in the name of Allah’ he raised a few questions on the persecution and transgression advocated by Muslim clerics, and answered those as follows:

***

 
These are the questions we should all think seriously about. Muslims should consider the attitude of these ulema. For suppression, torture, execution, arson and the razing of mosques are not the Prophet’s tradition.
Every stone in the streets of Mecca over which the so-called apostates were dragged, bears witness to this. Every grain of burning Arabian sand where helpless people were tortured for accepting Islam does the same. The cobbles of Taif, where the blood of the Holy Prophet was spilled, bear witness to the fact that our great Master-mercifully-did not teach that religious belief was compulsory, that he did not order the burning of the houses of worship in the name of worship or the dishonoring of women in the name of honor.[2]
Muslims hang their heads in shame and their souls cry out over today’s religious leaders who preach violence in the name of the Prophet. Murder in the Name of Allah (Lutteriworth Press, Cambridge, July, 1989)

ISLAMIC COUNTRIES THAT HAVE REJECTED THE AHMADIYYA SECT

There are many Muslim countries that have also rejected Ahmadis as Muslims.

(1) Mauritius was the first country to declare them non-Muslims in 1930‘s

(2a) South Africa, followed in 1974,

(2b) Saudi Arabia simply deports Ahmadis. [3] [3a]

(2c) Indonesia: Government Orders Ahmadiyya Sect to Cease Practice – Manis Lor June 9, 2008.

Indonesia: Government Orders Ahmadiyya Sect to Cease Practice-Manis Lor-

On Monday the President of Indonesia signed a decree ordering the Muslim Ahmadiyya sect to cease the practice of their form of Islam, the International Herald Tribune reported on June 9. The hard-line Muslim organization ‘United for Islam’ has attacked the Ahmadiyya sect for not following mainstream Islamic practices. Five thousand members of the ‘United for Islam’ recently protested outside the Presidential palace. The Ahmadiyya represent only a small minority of Muslim followers in Indonesia and their sect has 242 branches. [4] [4a]

(2d) Bangladesh:

“In Bangladesh, where Ahmadis number 100,000 the government has not officially declared them as non-Muslims. But in recent years, there have been several attacks in Dhaka and other cities on the community by Muslim extremist organizations, such as Khatme Nabuwat and Jaishe-Mistafa. In a development reflecting the hard liners’ growing influence, the government last year banned the publication and sale of all books on Islam published by the community, saying they might hurt the sentiments of the country’s majority Muslim population. [5]

(3) Republic ofPakistan Constition (1974) Declares Qadianis NON-MUSLIM:

Islamic Republic of Pakistan became the first Muslim country to pass a law and legally declared Qadianis/Ahmadis/Lahoris a non-Muslim minority, giving them all the rights of a minority that are guaranteed in its constitution. [6]

This is a copy of the 1974 Pakistan Amendment to the constitution:

02nd Amendment 1974

Constitution (Second Amendment) Act, 1974 ACT XLIX OF 1974 September 21, 1974 An Act to amend the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan

 
The following Act of Parliament received the assent of the President on the 17th September, 1974, and is hereby published for general information :–Whereas it is expedient further to amend the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan for the purposes hereinafter appearing:It is hereby enacted as follows : -1. Short title and commencement.—(1) This Act may be called the Constitution (Second Amendment) Act, 1974.(2) It shall come into force at once.2. Amendment of Article 106 of the Constitution.—In the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, hereinafter referred to as the Constitution, in Article 106, in clause (3), after the word “communities”, the words and brackets “and persons of the Qudiani group or the Lahori group (who call themselves ‘Ahmadis’)” shall be inserted.3. Amendment of Article 260 of the Constitution,—In the Constitution, in Article 260, after clause (2), the following new clause shall be added, namely :-“(3) A person who does not believe in the absolute and unqualified finality of the Prophethood of Muhammad (peace be upon him) the last of the Prophets or claims to be a Prophet, in any sense of the word or of any description whatsoever, after Muhammad (peace be upon him), or recognizes such a claimant as a Prophet or a religious reformer, is not a Muslim for the purposes of the Constitution or law.”[6a]


As a result:

UK Home Office Report on Ahmadis and their Numbers in Pakistan

3.6Ahmadis fearing the Pakistani authorities
3.6.1Many applicants will apply for asylum or make a human rights claim based on fear of persecution by the Pakistani authorities due to their Ahmadi religious faith.
3.6.2 Treatment. The constitution states that subject to law, public order and morality, every citizen shall have the right to profess, practice, and propagate his religion. According to official figures obtained from the last census conducted in Pakistan in 1998, there were approximately 291,000 Ahmadis in Pakistan. The real figure is not known, however, as Ahmadis do not generally take part in the official census. In 2007, reports estimated that there were between 3 and 4 million Ahmadis in Pakistan. Most Ahmadis are from central Punjab but are scattered across towns and cities.There are two separate Ahmadi groups the main Qudiani community centred on the Ahmadi spiritual town of Rabwah and the smaller Lahore Ahmadi Movement based in Lahore.12
However, Ahmadis are prevented by law from engaging in the full practice of their faith.A 1974 constitutional amendment declared Ahmadis to be non-Muslims because they do not accept Muhammad as the last prophet of Islam.
In 1984, the Government added to the Penal Code Section 298(c), commonly referred to as the ‘anti-Ahmadi law.’ Used by the Government and anti-Ahmadi religious groups to target and harass Ahmadis, the section prohibits Ahmadis from calling themselves Muslims or posing as Muslims; from referring to their faith as Islam; from preaching or propagating their faith; from inviting others to accept the Ahmadi faith; and from insulting the religious feelings of Muslims. The punishment for violation of the section is imprisonment for up to 3 years and a fine.13
3.6.4 Specific government policies that discriminate against religious minorities include the use of the ‘Hudood’ Ordinances and the blasphemy laws. The Hudood Ordinances impose elements of Qur’anic law on both Muslims and non-Muslims. The blasphemy laws provide the death penalty for defiling Islam or its prophets; life imprisonment for defiling, damaging,or desecrating the Qur’an; and ten years’ imprisonment for insulting the religious feelings of any citizen. Both the Hudood Ordinances and the blasphemy laws have been abused, in that they are often used against persons to settle personal scores.14
3.6.5 Ahmadis have been banned from holding public conferences, preaching or travelling to Saudi Arabia for the Hajj and/or other religious pilgrimages. Additionally, Ahmadi publications have been banned from public sale, though they have published religious literature in large quantities for a limited circulation. Ahmadis have also faced restrictions on establishing places of worship and the authorities reportedly continue to conduct surveillance on Ahmadis and their institutions. Between July 2007 and June 2008, several Ahmadi mosques reportedly were closed; others reportedly were desecrated or had their construction stopped.15
3.6.6 The Ahmadi community claimed that between July 2007 and June 2008, 45 Ahmadis faced criminal charges under religious laws or because of their faith: 7 under the blasphemy laws,23 under Ahmadi-specific laws, and 15 under other laws but motivated by their Ahmadi faith. Although no one has yet been executed by the Government under the blasphemy laws, some persons have been sentenced to death. Several of those accused under the blasphemy laws have reportedly been attacked, even killed, by vigilantes, including while in police custody.16[6b]
In Islamic Pakistan, the original home of the Ahmadis, the following law applies:” Specific government policies that discriminate against religious minorities include the use of the “anti-Ahmadi laws”, the blasphemy laws, and the Hudood Ordinances.
In 1984, the Government added Section 298(c), commonly referred to as the “anti-Ahmadi laws”, to the penal code.
(1) The section PROHIBITS AHMADIS FROM CALLING THEMSELVES MUSLIMS OR
(2) POSING AS MUSLIMS, OR
(3) FROM REFERRING TO THEIR FAITH AS ISLAM, OR
(4) FROM PREACHING OR PROPAGATING THEIR FAITH, or(5) From inviting others to accept the Ahmadi faith, AND(6) FROM INSULTING THE RELIGIOUS FEELINGS OF MUSLIMS.(7) THE BLASPHEMY LAWS PROVIDE THE DEATH PENALTY FOR DEFILING ISLAM OR ITS PROPHETS; life imprisonment for defiling, damaging, or desecrating the Qur’an; and ten years’ imprisonment for insulting the religious feelings of any citizen. These laws are often used to intimidate reform-minded Muslims, sectarian opponents, and religious minorities, or to settle personal scores. The Hudood Ordinances impose elements of Qur’anic law on both Muslims and non-Muslims and different legal standards for men and women. “(Caps are my modifications to highlight the essentials.)(8) FROM REFERRING TO THEIR PLACE OF WORSHIP AS A MOSQUE.(9) AHMADIS CANNOT ISSUE THE CALL TO PRAYER AS OTHER ORTHODOX MUSLIMS DO.

The blasphemy laws provide the death penalty for defiling Islam or its prophets; life imprisonment for defiling, damaging, or desecrating the Qur’an; and ten years’ imprisonment for insulting the religious feelings of any citizen. These laws are often used to intimidate reform-minded Muslims, sectarian opponents, and religious minorities, or to settle personal scores. The Hudood Ordinances impose elements of Qur’anic law on both Muslims and non-Muslims and different legal standards for men and women. ” [6]

(4) 1974 Declaration by the World Muslim League: QADIANIS ARE OUT OF THE FOLD OF ISLAM

(Rabita al-Alam al-Islami)by Mohammad Bashir

In the same year, An International Convention of Islamic Scholars was held in Makkah AlMukarramah under the auspices of Rabita AlAlam AlIslami. Scholars from 124 countries unanimously declared Qadianis/Ahmadis as non-Muslim, disbelievers and out of the fold of Islam. This sealed the fate of this creed for ever in the Arab World and other Muslim Nations. This is what ‘The World Muslim League-An International Convention of Islamic Scholars” had stated:

World Muslim League held its annual conference at Makkah Al-Mukaramma Saudi Arabia from 14th to 18th of Rabiul Awwal 1394 H (April 1974) in which 140 delegations of Muslim countries and organizations from all over the world participated. I (Mohammad Bashir) too was there in this Conference along with the other journalists from all over the world. The Conference unanimously adopted the following Resolution regarding Qadianism.

Qadianism or Ahmadiyyat: It is a subversive movement against Islam and the Muslim world, which falsely and deceitfully claims to be an Islamic sect; who under the guise of Islam and for the sake of mundane interests contrives and plans to damage the very foundations of Islam. Its eminent deviations from the basic Islamic principles are as follows:

Its founder claimed that he was a Prophet.They deliberately distort the meanings of the verses of the Holy Quran.They declared that Jehad has been abolished.Qadianism was originally fostered by the British imperialism. Hence it has been flourishing under her flag. This movement has completely been disloyal to and dishonest in affairs of the Muslim Ummah. Rather, it has been loyal to Imperialism and Zionism. It has deep associations and cooperation with the anti Islamic forces and teachings especially through the following nefarious methods:Construction of mosques with the assistance of the anti Islamic forces wherein the misleading Qadiani thoughts are imparted to the people.Opening of schools institutions and orphanages wherein the people are taught and trained as to how they can be more anti Islamic in their activities. They also published the corrupted versions of the Holy Quran in different local and international languages.In order to combat these dangers, the Conference recommends the following measures:All the Muslim organization in the world must keep a vigilant eye on all the activities of Qadianisin their respective countries; to confine them all strictly to their schools, institutions and orphanages only. Moreover he Muslims of the world be shown the true picture of Qadianism and be briefed of their various tactics so that the Muslims of the world be saved from their designs.

They must be declared non Muslims and ousted from the fold of Islam. And be barred to enter the Holy lands.There must be no dealings with the Qadianis. They must be boycotted socially , economically and culturally Nor they be married with or to Nor they be allowed to be buried in the Muslims graveyards. And they be treated like other non Muslims.

All the Muslim countries must impose restrictions on the activities of the claimant of Prophethood Mirza Ghulam Ahmed Qadiani’s followers; must declare them a non Muslim minority must not entrust them with any post of responsibility in any Muslim country.

The alterations effected by them in the Holy Quran must be made public and the people be briefed of them and all these be prohibited for further publication.

All such groups as are deviator’s from Islam must be treated at par with the Qadianis.”Despite these religious edicts, Ahmadiyya Movement and its followers (Ahmadis) continue to pretend to be Muslim and the Champions of Islam, who are admired by the Westerners for their moderate views. The reason for their obstinacy is quite obvious. They are the fifth columnists amongst the Muslims and their so-called islamic identity provide a cover for their clandestine activities while they continue to serve the interests of their masters.” [7]

Views of Prominent British Muslims about the Ahmadi sect.

Iqbal Sacranie, secretary general of the Muslim Council of Britain, has a different take. “Whilst we fully accept the right of Ahmadiyyas to their own religion, it is clearly misleading to describe them as Muslims. They are outside the fold of Islam.”His views are endorsed by

Lord Nazir Ahmed of Rotherham, who said,

“Ahmadiyyas are not Muslims. Therefore calling the religious complex in Morden a mosque hurts the sentiments of those who believe in Mohammed, the last prophet of Islam, peace be upon him.”Born in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir, Lord Ahmed is well-known among Kashmiri immigrants and Pakistanis.”

A Perspective of the Ahmadiyya sect
The following information is intended to give a perspective of the Ahmadiyya sect in relation to orthodox Muslims, Christianity, and the rest of the world at large.

Views of mainstream Muslims

Orthodox Muslims (Sunnis and Shias) consider the Ahmadi sect to be heretics for a number of reasons, chief among them being the question of finality of the prophethood, since Ahmadis believe members of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community do not regard the Islamic prophet Muhammad to be the last prophet ( however, the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement does not subscribe to this belief). Ahmadis claim that this is a result of misinterpreting Mirza Ghulam Ahmad’s statements referring to his coming “in the spirit of Muhammed”, (similar to John the Baptist coming in the spirit and power of Elijah).The Ahmadi sect believes that Mirza Ghulam Ahmad to be the Mahdi and promised Messiah, while mainstream Muslims refute/reject this claim, they do not believe that Mirza Ghulam Ahmad fulfilled the prophecies about the Promised Messiah and Mahdi and see him as a false prophet. Both Ahmadi groups are considered non-Muslims by the Pakistan government, and have this fact recorded on their travel documents. In contrast Ahmadi citizens from Western countries and other moderate Muslim nations perform Hajj and Umra as the Saudi government is not made aware they are Ahmadis when applying for the visa. A court decision has also upheld the right of Ahmadiyyas to identify themselves as Muslims in India.

As the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement’s view regarding Mirza Ghulam Ahmad’s status as a Prophet is closer to traditional Islamic thought, the Literature published by the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement has found greater acceptability among the Muslim Intelligentsia.

Some mainstream Muslims group both Ahmadi sects together and refer to them as “Qadianis”, and their beliefs as “Qadianism” (after the small town of Qadian in the Gurdaspur District of Punjab in India, where the movement’s founder was born). However most, if not all, Ahmadis of both sects dislike this term as it has acquired derogatory connotations over the years and furthermore they prefer to differentiate their two separate movements. Furthermore, mainstream Muslims will not use the term “Muslim” when referring to Ahmadis, even though both sects refer to themselves as such citing the fatwas given by the Islamic scholars. However, as members of Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement deny the prophethood of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, some orthodox Islamic Scholars consider the Lahore Ahmadiyya as Muslims. In earlier times in Pakistan and India, there was widespread persecution of Ahmadis by certain Muslim groups. Sporadic violence as well as persecution of a more subtle nature against Ahmadis continues even today. This forced the Pakistani Government to declare Qadianis non-Muslims.

AHMADIYYA’s DECLARE Orthodox Muslims (Sunnis and Shias etc) As NON-MUSLIMS

Ahmadis are also at odds with several fundamental orthodox Islamic beliefs.

The following quote clearly states that Ahmadiyya members reject traditional (orthordox) Muslims as “non-Muslims.” Ahmadiyya represent less than 2% of the world Muslims, but this is a reaction to the rejection of the Ahmadiyya sect.

“In the same book, Mirza Mahmud Ahmad summarises an earlier article of his, published in April 1911, which had sparked off the doctrinal differences that led to the Split. He explains:

“Regarding the main subject of my article, I wrote that as we believed the Promised Messiah to be one of the prophets of God, we could not possibly regard his deniers as Muslims.” (pp.137.138)

And he writes that he had drawn the following conclusion in the article:

“. . . not only are those deemed to be Kafirs who openly style the Promised Messiah as Kafir, and those who, although they do not style him thus, decline still to accept his claim, but even those who, in their hearts, believe the Promised Messiah to be true, and do not even deny him with their tongues, but hesitate to enter into his Bai`at, have here been adjudged to be Kafirs.” (pp. 139, 140)

In his book Anwar-i Khilafat, published in 1916, Mirza Mahmud Ahmad wrote:

It is our duty that we must not consider non-Ahmadis as Muslims, and we must not pray following them, because we believe that they are denying a prophet of Almighty God.”

The two doctrines stated above clearly is the demarcation of “their reconcilable split” of doctrines between the Ahmadiyya sect and that of Orthodox Islam. No orthodox Islamic sect could compromise on this issue because Ahmadi doctrines do not conform to the interpretation of the orthodox Qur’an.

Relationship with Christians

Christian missionaries during the life of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad were actively engaged in debates, prayer duels and written arguments with the Ahmadiyya Movement. The Ahmadiyya Movement considers Christian nations (particularly of the developed world) to be the prophesied Dajjal and Gog and Magog, thus making the relationship very hostile. The Ahmadiyya view of death of Jesus has also been a source of ongoing friction with the Christian Church.

Abbot Freeland, observed in his book, Islam and Pakistan,

The primary significance of the Ahmadiyya Movement lay in its missionary emphasis. Every Muslim believed that Islam was the only religion free from error. The Ahmadiyyas made it part of their principles to show the errors of other religions to their adherents and to proselytize energetically for Islam. In a sense, the Ahmadiyyas represent the Muslims emerging, religiously speaking, from the withdrawal that had begun with the arrival of the British, just as the Muslim League represents the political emergence from that same withdrawal. ……………………………. It is somewhat ironic that the sect most attacked by Muslims in India and Pakistan has also been that, which has worked hardest, in both its branches, to defend and extend Islam against the competition offered by other faiths.

Ghulam Ahmad was constantly engaged in controversies with the British missionaries. Western historians have recorded this effort as one of the features of Ghulam Ahmad’s legacy. Francis Robinson states;

At their most extreme religious strategies for dealing with the Christian presence might involve attacking Christian revelation at its heart, as did the Punjabi Muslim, Ghulam Ahmad (d.1908), who founded the Ahmadiyya missionary sect.

DISTINCT AHMADIYYA BELIEFS (with Comments Highlighted)

1. Mirza Ghulam Ahmad said that Jesus did not die on the cross but survived 4 hours on the cross and later revived from his swoon in the tomb. He then travelled some 2507 miles on foot (as the crow flies) in search of the Lost Tribes of Israel, and ended up in Kashmir where he finally died of old age and was entombed there in the name of “Yuz Asaf.” He remained silent of his ministry since leaving the tomb. [This is an insult and blaspheming of Christian beliefs and is unforgivable.]

Mirza Ghulam Ahmad said that Jesus even foretold the coming of the prophet Muhammad Christians did not comprehend. [There have been no citations of the above except in the journals of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad who wrote this in the 19th century.] He also claimed that Jesus was the last of the Israelite prophets who appeared with the dispensation of Moses. He also stated that Jesus was not a “law bearing Prophet” thus did not bring a new religion, implying that Jesus’s doctrine was an extension of Judaism.[10]

That the prophesies concerning the second coming of Jesus were metaphorical in nature and not literal and that he, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, fulfilled in his person these prophecies and was the second advent of Jesus, that he was also the promised Messiah and Mahdi. [10]

There is no way Christians nor orthodox Muslims could ever accept this claim that the founder of the Ahmadiyya sect, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad,was in fact the “Christian Messiah” or the foretold “Mahdi” of Muhammad who has return to earth. It is abundantly clear that Mirza Ghulam Ahmad could not have been a keen scholar of Christianity or Islam to realise that such a claim would never be palatable. For a Urdu speaking, non-Semitic foreigner to appear from obscurity in the 19th century, to make such a claim as being the “messiah” mentioned in the Bible, is farcical. It is so outlandish that neither religion has paid much heed to it. But the Ahmadi cult was based in such fantasies and self glorification. [Mirza Ghulam Ahmad has altered the Bible and Quran to suit his self glorification but in doing so has insulted and blasphemed against both the Christian and the Muslim beliefs and doctrines. Little wonder Ghulam Ahmad and his doctrines have been totally rejected and discredited by the other faiths. Yet Ahmadis claim to be the victims of prejudice.]

2. Ahmadis deny that The Qur’an has any abrogated verses, (i.e. no verse of the Qur’an abrogates or contradicts another.) All Qur’anic verses have equal validity in keeping with their emphasis on the “unsurpassed beauty and unquestionable validity of the Qur’an. The harmonisation of apparently incompatible rulings is resolved through their juridical deflation in Ahmad Figh, so that a ruling (considered to have applicability only to the specific situation for which it was revealed,) is effective no because it was revealed last, but because it is most like to the situation at hand. In this way Ahmadis were able to contend that Qur’an 9:5 (the sword verse) had not abrogated all the verses that call for peaceful co-existence with the non-Muslims. [10]

Ahmadis have denied “abrogation” by the Prophet Muhammed because Mirza Ghulam Ahmad mistakenly latched on to some of Muhammed’s earlier pre-Medina Qur’anic verses without realising that they were abrogated verses. Later, having formed his ideology, he could not retract, and so has denied that Muhammed abrogated any verses despite Muhammed’s own admission:

Surah 2: 106

“None of Our revelations do We abrogate or cause to be forgotten, but We substitute something better or similar: Knowest thou not that Allah Hath power over all things?”

Surah 16:101

“When We substitute one revelation for another, and Allah knows best what He reveals (in stages), they say, “Thou art but a forger”: but most of them understand not.”

However, abrogation has been discussed in detail in another analysis so I quote:

Most Muslims when discussing with non-Muslims will attempt to portray Islam as a peaceful religion and will quote verses from the Quran that were written before Muhammad moved to Medina but still lived in Mecca. After Muhammad moved to Medina, his total attitude to brutality changed when he realised how effective it was in winning converts and putting an end to dissenters. These early verses were plagiarised from the Jewish Torah’s and the Christian Bible’s text that promoted peace and tolerance for all religions and people. This was all abrogated with various verses, famous of which was Qur’an:9:5 “Fight and kill the disbelievers (kafirs) wherever you find them, take them captive, harass them, lie in wait and ambush them using every stratagem of war.” But most Muslims will gladly quote to non-Muslims: Qur’an:2:256 There is no compulsion in religion… which is, of course, out of context, and totally misleading because Qur’an: 2:256 must be read in full and in conjunction with Qur’an: 2:257 and together it looks like this: [2.256] There is no compulsion in religion; truly the right way has become clearly distinct from error; therefore, whoever disbelieves in the Shaitan and believes in Allah he indeed has laid hold on the firmest handle, which shall not break off, and Allah is Hearing, Knowing.[2.257] Allah is the guardian of those who believe. He brings them out of the darkness into the light; and (as to) those who disbelieve, their guardians are Shaitans who take them out of the light into the darkness; they are the inmates of the fire, in it they shall abide. That you either follow Shaitan (sic), to darkness and hell-fire or the only other choice is to hold the firmest handle of Allah the All Hearing, Knowing. It is clearly a choice and a compulsion that Islam is the only choice. By quoting partially Qur’an 2:256 “There is no compulsion in religion” is a deception, or Taqiyya to deceive or misinform the gullible unbeliever (non-Muslims). The Muslims fail to inform the unbeliever that although some abrogated verses still remained in the Quran (for some oversight), but had been nullified, abrogated, and rendered void by more recent verses issued by Muhammad when he was based in Medina and when he began his merciless raids on caravans and innocent villages killing and pillaging innocents. (Most Muslims are probably not even aware of these abrogated verses which can only be verified with a serious study of the Koranic literature.) The Prophet Muhammad based his authority for abrogation by the following Quranic verses: Surah 2: 106 “None of Our revelations do We abrogate or cause to be forgotten, but We substitute something better or similar: Knowest thou not that Allah Hath power over all things?” Surah 16:101 “When We substitute one revelation for another, and Allah knows best what He reveals (in stages), they say, “Thou art but a forger”: but most of them understand not.” A Muslim scholar and researcher Abil-Kasim Hibat-Allah Ibn-Salama Abi-Nasr noted that of 114 Surahs (chapters) of the Quran, only 43 Surahs were not affected by abrogation, but as the abrogated verses were still inadvertently left undeleted and mixed in with the recently abrogated verses only serious scholastic Islamologists could possibly identify which was which. ” [11]

Thus is can clearly be seen that Muhammed’s abrogations actually superseded any of the Ahmadi concepts and would have denied their basis for their establishment. Hence, Islamic abrogation is denied by the Ahmadis. However, it is because of this stance that Ahmadis caused confusion, not only in the non-Islamic world but in the Islamic world itself. The acknowledgement or non-acknowledgement of Muhammed’s abrogation is the making or the breaking of the Ahmadiyya doctrines.3. The continuation of divine revelation. Although the Qur’an is the final message of Allah (god) for mankind., He continues to communicate with his chosen individuals in the same way he is believed to have done in the past. All of Allah’s (god’s) attributes are eternal.[10]

Here, the Qadianis have to justify that Allah is still communicating with a disciple and prophet Mirza Ghulam Ahmad to legitimise him as a prophet of Allah against the following Qur’anic verses: “Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but (he is) the apostle of Allah and the seal of the prophets: and Allah has full knowledge of all things.” (Ahzab 33:40). In this verse, the Holy Prophet Muhammad has been described as the “Seal of the prophets” or the “Last of the prophets”. This verse from the Holy Qur’an is the most clear-cut evidence for the belief of “Khatmun-Nubuwwat” (finality of prophet hood). The well known scholar Hafiz Ibn-Katheer rahmatullahi alayhi writes in his book: “This verse is a clear evidence for this belief that there is no prophet after the Holy Prophet Muhammad .” (Tafseer Ibn-Katheer) It is thus incumbent upon Muslims to believe that Prophet hood has ended with the advent of Hazrat Muhammad. This belief in the finality of Prophet hood has been an established belief of the Muslims since the time of the Prophet. Every time a false prophet has arisen, the Muslims recognised him as false because belief in the finality of Prophet hood has been established as part of the Muslim’s fundamental beliefs. Without a shadow of doubt, the finality of Prophet hood is something that is an essential belief in the religion of Islam. Hence the rejection of this belief is Kufr and any person who rejects this belief is out of the fold of Islam, no matter what claims he makes to the contrary. In the history of Islam there have been a number of false claimants of prophet hood who were out rightly rejected by the Muslim Ummah as apostates and renegades.” [12]

This act of declaring Mirza Ghulam Ahmad as a prophet of Allah offends orthodox Muslims worldwide, and they have viewed this declaration as “blasphemous.” This is one of the major reasons why Ahmadiyya sect has been rejected by most orthodox Muslim organisations. Mirza Ghulam Ahmad is thus considered as a “false prophet” as predicted in the Qur’an.4. That Jesus, contrary to mainstream Islamic belief, was crucified and survived the four hours on the cross. He was later revived from a swoon in the tomb. Ahmadis believe that Jesus died in Kashmir of old age whilst seeking the Lost tribes of Israel. Jesus’ remains are believed to be entombed in Kashmir under the name of Yuz Asaf. Ahmadis believe that Jesus foretold the coming of Muhammad after him, which Christians have misinterpreted. [10]It is incredible that Christian theologians nor archaeologists have not even bothered to follow up on such a lead of Jesus’ remains in Kashmir nor tried to trace his footsteps or to venerate his last resting place. To begin with, how could Jesus, having suffered the physical trials of having been strung on the cross, manage to travel, on foot or by donkey more than 2,500 miles (as the crow flies) of wilderness to end up in some foreign land with different peoples, speaking a foreign language just to satisfy the absurd concept of the “reincarnation” of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad as the returned Christian Messiah. It supersedes any science-fiction of any century. But Ahmadis believe this story. It does reflect the mind of the founder of these concepts, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad.5. That Jesus Christ did not bring a new religion or law, i.e. That he was not a law-bearing prophet, but was last in the line of Israelite prophets who appeared within the dispensation of Moses akin to that of David, solomon, Jeremiah, Isaiah, etc. [10]

It is obvious that Mirza Ghulam Ahmad was not aware that Jesus, a Jew, worshipped in the Synagogues, until he rebelled against the strict concepts of the “Fences” drawn up by the Pharisees and objected to it. He was then thrown out of the Synagogue after which he preached his own concepts of his beliefs but Jesus still believed in the tenets of Judaism. So in reality, Christianity was a reformed version of Judaism. Jesus was, the first Protestant, the first Christian.6. That Jihad in its form of physical fighting can only be used under exceptional circumstances to protect against extreme religious persecution. [10]

There is little doubt that the British Imperial Forces were having problems of Jihadism with the Muslims. There is also much evidence to support the view that Mirza Ghulam Ahmad was being used as a possible movement to create a less aggressive Muslim sect. It was the British method of using the principles of “Divide and Rule.” Mirza Ghulam Ahmad wanted to take advantage of British support and connivance to create an empire of his own by taking advantage of this conflict, hence his stance on Jihad.

Ghulam Ahmad’s Relationship with the British

Many orthodox Muslims feel that Ghulam Ahmad was aided in his mission by the British government, whose stated policy of “divide and rule” was expressed in their approval of Ahmad’s introducing a dissident faction within Islam. Ghulam Ahmad was criticised by the orthodox Muslims for his support for the British Government in India and maintained that he and his associates went on publishing in favour of British control and even tried to convince Muslims in other Muslim countries that a British government would be in their favour. It is alleged that he had collaborated with the British against Muslims.

This is a reference to one of his books in which he said:

[…] The service that as been rendered on my part, in favour of the English government is that I have published fifty thousand books, magazines and posters and distributed them in this and other Islamic countries […]

It is as a result of my endeavours that thousands of people have given up thoughts of Jihad which had been propounded by ill-witted mullahs and embedded in the minds of people. I can rightly feel proud of this that no other Muslim in British India can equal me in this respect […]

His followers reject this criticism and point out that Mirza Ghulam Ahmad was constantly engaged in controversies with the  British missionaries. Western historians have recorded this effort as one of the features of Ahmad’s  legacy.

Francis Robinson states:  At their most extreme religious strategies for dealing with the Christian presence might involve attacking Christian revelation at its heart, as did the Punjabi Muslim, Ghulam Ahmad (d. 1908), who founded the Ahmadiyya missionary sect. His followers also say that Ahmad openly supported the British government in India, and therefore his critic’s consideration of this being tantamount to “conspiring” with the British is baseless. They further argue that his open support for the British was on account of the religious freedom the British extended to the Muslims as opposed to the preceding Sikh rule in Punjab wherein Muslims were persecuted and their religious freedom curtailed. and that one of the reasons for his expression of loyalty towards the British was due to him being repeatedly presented as a threat and danger to the government with rebellious intent by his opponents such as Maulvi Muhammad Hussein who warned the government in the following words:

His deception is proved by the fact that in his heart he considers it lawful to put an end to the authority of a non-Muslim government and to plunder its belongings […]

Therefore, it would not be proper on the part of the Government to rely on him and it would be necessary to be aware of him, otherwise such harm might be suffered at the hands of this Mahdi of Qadian as was experienced at the hands of the Sudanese Mahdi. –Ishaatus Sunnah, Vol VI, 1893

It is also pointed out by them that some prominent main stream Muslim leaders of the time had also openly expressed similar sentiments for the British rule for the same reasons. Such leaders included Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, Maulvi Muhammad Hussain Batalvi, Deputy Nazir Ahmad, Leaders of the Deobandi school and members of Anjuman Himayat-i-Islam.Furthermore the famous founders of the Muslim League had also expressed similar sentiments of Loyalty to the British Government at around the same time as Mirza Ghulam Ahmad.

In summary, “the followers of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad contend that his views towards the British Rulers at the time were the same as those of numerous other well regarded Muslim Leaders of the same time.”
If there is any authenticity of the above account, of the collusion between the British Administration and the Ahmadis everything else falls into place.

The concept of Jihadism in orthodox Islam is so rigid and clearly stated that The Ahmadi concept of Jihadism is foreign to the Islamic precepts. This can be clearly explained in a comprehensive discussion of this topic of Jihad in the following article: “Jihad is Ordained – Qur’an 2:216” [13]

7. That the “Messiah” and the “Imam Mahdi” are the same person, and that it is through his teachings, influence, his prayers and those of his followers that Islam will defeat the Anti-Christ or Dajjal in a period similar to the period of time it took for nascent Christianity to rise and that the Dajjal’s power will slowly melt away like the melting of snow, heralding the final victory of Islam and the age of peace. [10]

For Mirza Ghulam Ahmad to conceive that

(1) the Christians would calmly accept their Christian Messiah within the same form as

(2) the Islamic “Imam Mahdi,” or vice versa, is asking for a miracle in itself. The only conclusion that can be deduced is that Ghulam Ahmad had no real concept of the irreconcilable divergence in these two different ideologies to believe that he could “Kill Two Birds With One Stone.”For anyone to think in this manner certainly indicates the lack of depth of the understanding of these two different ideologies.

8. That the history of religion is cyclic and is renewed every seven millennia(millennium). The present cycle from the time of the Biblical Adam is split into seven epochs or ages, parallel to the seven days of the week, with periods of light and darkness. That Mirza Ghulam Ahmad appeared as the Promised Messiah at the sixth epoch heralding the seventh and final age of mankind, as a day in the estimation of God is like a thousand years of man’s reckoning. According to Ghulam Ahmad, just as the sixth day of the week is reserved for Jumu’ah (congregational prayers,) ; likewise his age is destined for a global assembling of mankind in which the world is to unite under one universal religion: Islam.

[10]Religious cycles every 7,000 years is certainly a unique concept regarding religion. But it would appear that Ahmadi’s appreciation of mathematics is wanting in both theology as well as Ahmadi demography. Adam was created ca.3760 BCE and I find difficulty in juggling the dates to fit the assumptions. Besides, Adam was a pagan and was more than likely polytheist shamanistic if that can be considered a religion by Abrahamic standards.

The earliest monotheist Abrahamic religion, JUDAISM was established by Moses in 1314 BCE. But Ghulam Ahmad still had the vision of one universal religion: Islam or the Islamic Caliphate, but under the umbrella of the Ahmadiyya Sect. This would not be acceptable to orthodox Islam who are the majority Muslims of this world.

The two Ahmadiyya groups have varying beliefs regarding the finality of the prophet hood of Muhammad. The “Ahmadiyya Muslim Community” believes that Muhammad brought prophet hood to perfection and was the last law-bearing prophet and the apex of man’s spiritual evolution. New prophets can come but they must be subordinate to Muhammad and cannot exceed him in excellence nor alter his teaching or bring any new laws or religion.

“The Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement” believes that Muhammad is the last of the prophets and no prophet, new or old, can come after him.

[10]So even between the two Ahmadiyya sects there is a clear difference of opinion of the finality of the Prophet hood of Muhammad.

The predominant and active sect established in Britain is the more deviant “Ahmadiyya Muslim Community” with headquarters in Morden, Surrey, England. This sect is extremely vocal in the West with their ideologies. Despite Ghulam Ahmad declaring that, “New prophets can come but they cannot exceed Muhammad in excellence nor alter his teaching or bring any new law or religion.” Ghulam Ahmad has done just that, he deviated from the teachings of the Qur’an, on such topics as,

(1) Usurping the finality of the Prophet Muhammad,

(2) Denying Muhammad’s Qur’anic claim of his right to abrogate the Qur’an,

(3) Denying Muhammad’s call for Jihad against all non-Muslims,

and many other issues, all of which are fully discussed in other articles referred to in the references and are clear evidence of altering the teachings of Muhammad/The Qur’an [11] [13].

Chronology of Ahmadiyya leaders

23 March 1889 Ahmadiyya movement founded.

1914 Split into two branches, one remaining in Qadian, today known as Ahmadiyya Movement in Islam (Jamaat-i Ahmadiyya), and one being established in Lahore, known as the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement for the Propagation of Islam (Ahmadiyya Anjuman Ishaat-i-Islam).

Only two leaders are recognized by both branches of the sect:

23 March 1889 – 26 May 1908 Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, the founding Masish and Mahdi (b. 1835-d.1908.)

27 May 1908 – 13 March 1914 Maulana Hakeem Noor-ud Din (b.1841-d.1914), the first Caliph, after whose death the movement was split:

Leaders recognized by the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community (Qadian Branch), referred to asKhalifas (‘Successors’):

27 May 1908 Maulana Hakeem Noor-ud-Din (b.1841-d.1914)

14 March 1914 – 7 November 1965 Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad (b/1889 – d.1965)

8 november 1965 – 9 June 1982 Mirza Nasir Ahmad (b.1909 – d.1982)

10June 1982 – 19 April 2003 Mirza Tahir Ahmad (b,1928 -d.2003)

22 April 2003 – today Mirza Masroor Ahmad (b.1950-)

Leaders recognized by the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement (Lahore Branch), referred to asEmirs:

27 May 1908 – 1 March 1914 Maulana Hakeem Noor-ud-Din (b.1841 – D.1914) (referred to as Khalifa)

April 1914 – 13 October 1951 Maulana Muhammad Ali (b.1874 – d.1951)

1951 – 15 November 1981 Maulana Sadr-ud-Din (.1981)

1981- 15 November 1996 Saeed Ahmad Khan (b.1900 – d.1996)

1996 – 14 ovtober 2002 Asghar Hameed (b.1919 – d. 2002)

3 November 2002 – today Abdul Karim Saeed (b. 1945)

Some Prominent Ahmadis & Their Services

Muhammad Zafrulla Khan – First Foreign Minister of Pakistan (1947-54), President of the UN General Assembly (1962-64), President of the International Court of Justice (1970-73)

Dr. Abdus Salam – Awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1979

MIRZA TAHIR AHMAD (1928-2003) – Fourth Successor and Imam of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community

Akhtar Hussain Malik – Lieutenant General of the Pakistan Army, 1965 war hero

Zafar A Chaudhry – Air Marshal and Chief of Air Staff of Pakistan Air Force (1972-74)

M.M.Ahmad – Prominent Civil Servant of Pakistan and former Executive Director of the World Bank

Iftikhar Janjua – Major General of the Pakistan Army – 1965 war hero, killed in 1971 war

Gen Abdul Ali Malik. War Hero of Chawinda, 1965 IndoPak war

Khwaja Kamal-ud-Din – Lawyer, founder of the Woking Muslim Mission in UK, founder of The Islamic Review, companion of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad

Dr. Basharat Ahmad – Prominent religious scholar and author, companion of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad

Naseer Ahmad Faruqui – Chief Election Commissioner Pakistan, (d.6 Dec 1991)

Maulana Muhammad Ali – Religious scholar and first Muslim author of an English language translation of the Quran.

Obaidullah Aleem – Famous Urdu Poet.

Malik Ram – Urdu Scholar

Yusef Lateef – Jazz musician and Grammy Award winner

Mahershalalhashbaz Ali – Well Known Actor, Lead on the USA Network’s program The 4400. [14]

One important aspect of this Ahmadiyya sect is the split of this sect into two bodies with slightly different beliefs. The point that should be captured here is that Ahmadiyyas consider all non-Ahmadis as Kafirs. Here is how it was came about.

“The Holy Ahmadiyya Dynasty:

Who was the fist “Khalifa” (Caliph or successor) of the Mirza?

Hakeem Nooruddin whom the Ahmadis call Abu Bakr Siddiq. However, not being from the family of the Mirza, he remained only a stopgap caliph. After the demise of Hakeem Nooruddin in 1914, Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmud, son of Mirza Ghulam Ahmed became the second caliph. The third caliph Mirza Nasir Ahmed, and the current forth Mir`a Tahir Ahmed, all belong to the progeny of Mirsa Ghulam. [At the time of rendering this seventh edition of the book in 2007, Mirza Masroor Ahmed reigns as the fifth successor of Mirza Ghulam Ahmed. He belonged to the Mirza’s progeny as well.]

THE FEUD AND SPLIT OF 1914

At the death of Hakeem Noorluddin, the House of Ahmadiyat faced a great feud. Until his times:

1. Ahmadis regarded the non-Ahmadis as Muslims.

2. They considered Mirza Ghulam Ahmed as the “Promised Messiah”, “Imam Mahdi” and a “Fevivalist” of Islam, but not a prophet.

3. The leadership had decided that an elected body would choose the Khalifa in the future. But as soon as Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmud Ahmed took over in 1914, he made a U-turn on all the threee issues and made the “caliphate” a household matter.

Muslims who denied Mirza as a prophet, were not considered infidels. Mirza Ghulam Ahmad was promoted as a genuine prophet. Finally, it was ordained that the caliphate must remain in the household of Mirza Ghulam Ahmed.

Those who opposed the second Khalifa were forced out into forming a separate group calling themselves “Lahori Ahmadis” as opposed to the Qadianis or simply Ahmadis. The Lahori Ahmadis were led by two very close associates of Ghulam Ahmad. They were Maulvi Muhammad Ali and Khwaja Kamaluddin.

To this day, there are two sects of Ahmadiyat:

1. The larger Qadiani sect who regard the Mirza as a genuine, rather one of the greatest prophet ever. They consider all mankind, who fail to acknowledge the prophet hood of Mirza Ghulam Ahmed, as Kafir infidels. And they firmly keep the “caliphate” in the Mirza household. Since they considered non-Ahmadi Muslims as infidels, the Muslims generally remained displeased with them.

2. The smaller Lahori sect that regard the Mirza as an Islamic Revivalist, and not a prophet. They elected their Amiur through “Shura”, a consultative body. And they do not consider deniers of Ghulam Ahmad as infidels. Also they collect no taxes from the followers. Once again, it is worth reminding that Mirza’s own writing put the Lahoris in a difficult position.

POINT TO PONDER: The 80 plus-minus books and pamphlets written by Mirza Ghulam Ahmed are very much available today. So, the answers to the above three questions including whether he was a prophet or not, must be very clear. The obvious reason for the dispute is Mirza Ghulam Ahmad’s self-contradictory writings, and the glaring dispute bears a stark testimony to Mirza’s chaotic unstable and confused mind scattered all over on paper.

TAXATION: Blind faith and reverence rob people of reason. Any Qadiani who fails to donate to the “caliphate” 6.25% of his earnings every month is considered a hypocrite and he is frequently excommunicated. The household of the Mirza remains exempt from this toll.

SLAVERY: The Ahmadi-Qadiani community practically lives a life of slavery and constantly watch over for loyalty. The slightest suspicion could cause a member to suffer excommunication. The debarred person indeed has to suffer since he and his family are socially isolated, rejected by the Ahmadis and, because of lingering suspicions, rarely accepted whole-heartedly by the non-Ahmadi Muslim. THE MOVE: The party that was ushered in London, its leadership left their head quarters in Rabwah, Pakistan and settled in their unnatural home. And they are busy with their usual antics working through their new headquarters in UK.

Now back to more Jewels:

Mirza Ghulam Ahmed labeled the popular 1857 uprising of India against the British Imperialism, a Mufsidah or disruption. With pride, he writes that his “father had provided fifty horses complete with riders, to the British Government as help during India’s fight for freedom.” (Tuhfa-e-Qaisariya pf 16)

The kite of an opponent was cut….then someone shouted “Jai to Ghulam Ahmad!” -Triumph to Ghulam Ahmad! (Majmua-e-Ilhamat-o-Mukashifat)

The party of the “Promised Messiah” is in fact the Sahaba (Companions) of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Al-Fazl, Qadian, 1 January 1916) [15] [16]

The Author’s VIEWS ON AHMADIYYA RELIGIOUS SECT

A copy of one of my own blog replies.

THIS BLOG COULD BE VERY MISLEADING

“elle” 03 Oct 2007 11:52

While I admire Shermeen (a blogger) for her skilful portrayal of a peaceful Islamic community, she only speaks for her Ahmadiyya religious sect, a thoroughly DISCREDITED religious sect BY HER OWN ISLAMIC PEERS. It is misleading because it, in no way, represents the tenets of Islam especially when the Ahmadiyya (Ahmadi) have been totally rejected by the rest of the Muslims in Pakistan from where Ahmadis evolved. I quote:”Following riots in April and May 1974 in Punjab province, a constitutional amendment legally declared the Ahmadis as “non-Muslims”. “The government views Ahmadis as non-Muslims while Ahmadi see themselves as Muslims. Despite exclusionary political discrimination, the chances of Ahmadi rebellion in the near future are close to zero. Ahmadis will likely continue to suffer discrimination by the government and persecution by other communal groups in Pakistan. The growing strength of Sunni fundamentalist groups and continuing military rule both militate against Ahmadi well-being. Furthermore, little international attention is given to the plight of the Ahmadis in Pakistan. Western governments are more likely to pay attention to limitations placed on the Christian minority or on women, while governments of Islamic countries share Pakistan’s official stance on Ahmadis. Unless and until democratic institutions fully return and mature in Pakistan, and until Pakistan replaces religious unity with civic unity, their position remains precarious.””Active persecution of the Ahmadiyya sect by the Pakistan government was instituted by a martial law decree on April 26, 1984. Under the decree, all Ahmadis were declared infidels. Under Section 298(c) in the Penal Code, Ahmadis are prohibited from calling themselves Muslim and use of Islamic words or phrases is punishable by up to 3 years in jail. In 2001, four Ahmadis were charged with violations of this law. In addition, all manifestations of Ahmadi religious practices have become punishable by law. Several Ahmadi mosques remained closed in 2001 and violation of places of worship that are open is common. Ahmadis are prohibited from taking part in the annual Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca and are barred from burial in graveyards officially designated for Muslims. Since 1984 Ahmadis have been prohibited from holding gatherings. Ahmadis have been singled out for discriminatory treatment within the government bureaucracy, and individual Ahmadis have been the targets of acts of violence, especially in rural areas. Many of the more affluent Ahmadis have left Pakistan since the 1984 decree. Ahmadis face restrictions on their press. Ahmadis suffer from harassment and discrimination in public employment, and have limited chances for advancement into management levels in government service. In the past few years, even a rumor that an individual may practice the Ahmadi faith can limit opportunities for employment. For young Ahmadi adults, discrimination in admission to good universities has caused many to seek a college education abroad.The Ahmadis suffer from poor political organization within Pakistan. Their only political organization, the Ahmadiyya Jamaat, has been marginalized in national politics, largely through the institution of separate electorates in place for so long – it remains to be seen how the 2002-established joint electorate affects the overall well being and status of the Ahmadis. Although they have a strong collective identity, and often live in communities together, that identity has not resulted in an equally strong political organization, most likely due to repression and violence. Ahmadis do file complaints with local police and government officials when attacked by other communal groups. Anti-Ahmadi demonstrations by Sunni extremists often end in violence. However, those responsible are rarely brought to justice, and many times the Ahmadi victims are arrested under the anti-blasphemy laws. During 2002, at least 10 Ahmadis were charged under various provisions of the Blasphemy Law for allegedly going against the principles of Islam. The testimony of one Muslim (excluding Ahmadis) is sufficient to prosecute a non-Muslim on blasphemy charges. “for verification:http://www.cidcm.umd.edu/mar/assessment.asp?groupId=77001Ahmadis have a right to their own views but to imply that such views represent “all moderate Muslims” is misleading and dishonest. By such propaganda, Shermeen is unwittingly providing cover for the militant Jihadists by providing mitigating evidence for Muslim behaviour. I am only stating this so people can see how dangerous it is if such discernment is not applied. I say what has been stated could easily be considered “dissimulation” and cover for militant Islam.

References:

[1] Hadhrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, The Messiah: http://ahmadiyya.org.uk/promised_messiah/

[2] Ahmadis in Pakistan 1989-1999: http://www.thepersecution.org/archive/pl_hmgaq.html

[3] Saudi Arabia simply deports Ahmadis: http://www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/HRW/f3c28ce81f0a7448243e63fee6bf45a5.htm

[3a] Fatwa Central Mosque, Saudi Arabia: http://www.central-mosque.com/aqeedah/fatwas.htm

[4] Indonesia bans Ahmadiyya sect from practicing: http://becketinternational.wordpress.com/2008/06/09/indonesia-government-orders-ahmadiyya-sect-to-cease-practice/

[4a] Indonesian ministerial Degree restricting Ahmadiyyas: http://www.isim.nl/files/review_22/review_22-48.pdf

[5] Bangladesh and Indonesia ban Ahmadiyya: http://www.mukto-mona.com/Articles/abdullah_al_madani/minority_ahmadiyya.htm

[6] Pakistani Constitution Bans Ahmadiyya sect, 1974 http://www.alhafeez.org/rashid/constipak.html%5B6a%5D Copy of the Pakistan Constitution, 1974 Amendment :http://pakistanconstitution-law.org/2nd-amendment-1974/

[6b] UK Home Office report on Pakistan-Qadianis:http://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:I0cxB4RSYRYJ:www.ukba.homeoffice.gov.uk/sitecontent/documents/policyandlaw/countryspecificasylumpolicyogns/pakistanogn%3Fview%3DBinary+Pakistan+Ordinance+1974+Amendment-&hl=en&gl=uk&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEESgPX_iWewSlllzCvbtGqjHykmY_VytMOKd2-CTjvKt5rIxsdi3_yIns5t9Sj93oeh0Sle8kJq9XGOvVY0Coz0AGJnf8nvklvws1ujj5MUfU4KlK_guGmZPFNAfATE9wEPH4Pk6t&sig=AHIEtbRTcn5UAf99ETl5_OD6ZcevJ9xS-A

[7] Declaration by The World Muslim League, 1974 http://www.alhafeez.org/rashid/rabita.html

[8]Demography:AhmadiyyaMuslimCommunity:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahmadiyya_Muslim_Community

[9] Pakistani Religious sects by percentage: http://www.statpak.gov.pk/depts/pco/statistics/other_tables/pop_by_religion.pdf

[10] Distinct Ahmadiyya Sect beliefs: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahmadiyya

[11] Abrogation my Muhammed: http://knol.google.com/k/jihad-is-ordained-quran-2-216#Abrogation_of_the_Qur%2827%29an

[12] The Finality of the Prophet:Qadiani Imposter: http://www.albalagh.net/prophethood/finality%20of%20prophethood.shtml

[13] Jihad is Ordained – Qur’an 2;216 http://knol.google.com/k/jihad-is-ordained-quran-2-216#

[14] Ahmadi Hierarchy and famous members: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahmadiyya

[15] Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement views:http://www.muslim.org/intro/ahmv-1.htm

[16] The Ahmadi split 1914:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahmadiyya_Muslim_Community

[17] Hazrat Mirza’s Writings discussed:http://knol.google.com/k/mbp-lee/ahmadiyya-muslim-community-myths-summary/1l23x9udotn1a/108?collectionId=1l23x9udotn1a.109#view

Additional References:

[A1] Mirza Tahir Ahmad established base in Britain 26 April, 1984 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mirza_Tahir_Ahmad

[A2] Ahmadiyya demographics: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahmadiyya_Muslim_Community

[A3] Bait al Futuh-Morden 2003 Largest mosque http://blogs.independent.co.uk/independent/2008/05/ahmadism-turns.html

[A4] First British mosque was Ahamdi, 20,000 today:http://www.newstatesman.com/200608210024

[A5] Ahmadiyya: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahmadiyya

[A6] Mirza Ghulam Ahmad’s addictions:http://en-gb.facebook.com/topic.php?uid=278067706900&topic=14456

[A7] Anti-Ahmadi Laws: Passport Declaration:http://www.repealnow.net/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=103:anti-ahmadi-laws&Itemid=148

[A8] Don’t mourn for Punjab Governor or:http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1344298/Dont-mourn-slain-Punjab-governor-suffer-fate-say-500-moderate-Pakistani-scholars.html#ixzz1ABTucmND