A True Muslim Must Abide By the 5 Pillars of Islam
In order to remove misunderstandings about Islam let me express my views on this topic.
In my discussions about Islam, many people keep on referring to “moderate” and “militant” Muslim/Islam. So I hope to clarify these misnomers. There is only one Islam, one Allah, and one Qur’an and Islam requires a Muslim to pledge and observe the 5 Pillars of Islam, i.e.
In Islam there are five pillars of practice, often called the
‘Five Pillars of Islam’:
1. Shahada (Declaration of Faith): The verbal commitment and pledge that there is only One God and that Muhammad is the Messenger of God.
2. Salat (Prayers): Muslims pray five times a day. before dawn, mid-day, afternoon, after sunset and night . facing toward the Kaaba, considered the House of God, in the Great Mosque in Mecca. They may pray wherever they are when prayer-time arrives, in any clean place, preferably in the company of other Muslims. On Fridays in the afternoon, Muslims are encouraged to pray as a gathered community in (congregational) mosques and listen to a sermon in their local language. There is a sequence of physical postures for the ritual prayer, and the prayers are said in the language of their revelation, Arabic. The performance of the five daily prayers is required of all Muslims who are able.
3. Zakat (Charity): This is an annual payment of a certain percentage of a Muslim’s wealth which is distributed among the poor. A fixed proportion of a Muslim.s net worth . not just his or her income . is prescribed as a donation for the welfare of the community, whether that community is made up of Muslims, non-Muslims or both.
4. Sawm (Fasting): Every day from dawn to dusk during the holy month of Ramadan, Muslims must abstain from eating, drinking, smoking, and sexual contact; even more than at other times they must also avoid cursing, lying, cheating and otherwise abusing or harming others. Fasting is total abstinence from food, drink, and unlawful actions from dawn to sunset during the entire month of Ramadan.
5. Hajj (Pilgrimage): The journey to Mecca is obligatory for every able bodied Muslim who can afford to make it. Pilgrimage need be made only once in a lifetime, but it can be made several times if a Muslim wishes. At Hajj every pilgrim carries out specified rituals at specific times. At any other time of year, Muslims can perform similar prayers and rituals and thus complete a .lesser pilgrimage.. The performance of pilgrimage to Mecca is required once in a life time if means are available. Hajj is in part in memory of the trials and tribulations of Prophet Abraham, his wife Hagar and his eldest son Prophet Ishmael.
However, that are many people who belong to the classification of “cultural Muslims” or “nominal Muslims” who are mistakenly classified as “moderate Muslims.” By the orthodox interpretation such Muslims are actually living within the habits and customs of Muslims but are actually not Muslims in the religious definition. They are non-Muslims but only live like and among Muslims. They are considered apostates, by the orthodox Muslims. Because in Islam, you cannot be a part-time Muslim, or a selective Muslim, i.e. accepting parts of the Koran and rejecting parts that you do not like. This is why there can be no differentiation of classes of Muslims like “militant” or “moderate” Muslims, because all Muslims must accept that they have to obey the Word of Allah as written in the Koran. A “militant/orthodox Muslim” does not in anyway contravene any of the verses in the Koran, but most “moderate Muslims” do contravene it and thus cannot be considered as Muslims.
As an illustration let me discuss this point:
Qur’an:2:216 “Jihad (holy fighting in Allah’s Cause) is ordained for you (Muslims), though you dislike it. But it is possible that you dislike a thing which is good for you, and like a thing which is bad for you. But Allah knows, and you know not.” [Another translation reads:] “Warfare is ordained for you.”
A militant Islamic Jihadist observes the above verse which is a command from Allah. So this militant Muslim is not violating any commands from Allah. This militant Muslim obeys the commands of Allah. But a “moderate” Muslim say they believe in peace and do not observe Quran 2:216 thereby defying the word of Allah. How can this “moderate” Muslim be considered a follower of Muhammad the Messenger of Allah? He has betrayed the Word of Allah. He is thus a hypocrite and a deviant of Islam, i.e., a non-Muslim an apostate.
In Islam, the rejection in part (of any of the pillars, or individual principles of Islam), or discarding the faith as a whole, amounts to apostasy.
In Sahih Bukhari, “Allah’s Apostle said, ‘Whoever changed his Islamic religion, then kill him’”, and it was also one of only three reasons given by him where killing a Muslim is permitted.
Whoever insults Allah, the angels, and the religion, has apostatized from Islam, and become an infidel — (agreed).
The apostate is the legally competent one who voluntarily withdraws from Islam, whether he openly declares his infidelity, or utters something which makes him an infidel, or does something which makes him an infidel. In this case, this man has uttered something which makes him an infidel! For he insulted the religion, or in other words mocked, ridiculed, and belittled it. We take this from Islam — (agreed).
The ruling on the apostate is for him to seek forgiveness within three days, and if not he is killed, according to the saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him): “The blood of a Muslim man is not permissible except under one of three conditions: 1) he commits adultery, 2) he takes an innocent life, or 3) he abandons his religion and separates himself from the community” (narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim from Ibn Mas’ud).
Let us beware, servants of Almighty Allah, to not be careless or reckless in our words and deeds, and to fear Almighty Allah in that which we say. For it is a great disaster for insults to the religion and the like to be found on our tongues, rather than remembrance and thanks for Almighty Allah.
Islamic Fatwa Council of Jerusalem, February 10, 2009
Kitaab At-Tawheed, Chapter: 46
Whoever Made Fun of Anything in Which
Allah, the Qur’an or His Messenger Are Mentioned
Allah , says:
” And if you question them, they declare emphatically: “We were only talking idly and joking.“ Say: “Was it at Allah, His Aayat and His Messenger you were mocking?” Make no excuses! You have rejected faith after you had accepted it, if We pardon some of you, We will punish others amongst you because they were sinners” (Qur’an 9:65-66)
Benefits Derived From These Verses
1. That making fun of Islam and the Muslims is, an act of disbelief.
2. According to some scholars of the Hanbali school of fiqh, repentance is not accepted from anyone who makes fun of Islam and the Muslims, while others held the view that there is repentance for him. 1
Relevance of These Verses to the Subject of the Chapter
That they prove the disbelief of one who mocks Allah , His Aayat or His Messenger .
1. The danger of the hypocrites to Islam and the Muslims.
2. That maligning Islam is a sign of hypocrisy.
3. That hatred for the Muslims and disparaging them is an act of kufr.
4. The obligation to refute immediately that which is evil.
5. The true faith of `Awf Ibn Malik.
6. The permissibility of branding a person a hypocrite if he exhibits unmistakable signs of hypocrisy.
7. Confirmation of the miracle of the Prophet in that he was informed by Revelation of the incident before `Awf came to him.
8. The non-acceptance of vain excuses.
9. The obligation to be severe with those who mock the Religion.
Relevance of This Hadith to the Subject of the Chapter and to the Subject of Tawheed
That the Hadith and the verse contained there in, prove the disbelief of one who makes fun of Allah , His Book or His Messenger .
Clearly, the above shows that contradiction of Allah, the Qur’an of the Prophet is unacceptable and is hypocrisy and is condemned in Islam. It constitutes apostasy. This is why (moderate?)Muslims do not criticise Jihadists or Islamic Suicide Martyrs because they are all acting within the commands and ethics of Islam and they all know it.