The Ahmadiyya Religious Sect – Unique Beliefs

· Ahmadiyya Sect

The Ahmadiyya Religious Sect – Unique Beliefs

Tracing Origins,to Unique Beliefs, to Feud and Split, to Rejection. Revised: 06.12.09

This 19th Century Religious Sect evolved from Qadian, India out of Islam. Its members, Ahmadis are motivated and are expected to proselytize actively. It is important to understand this sect because it does create confusion for most people who not understanding the differences between orthodox Islam and the Ahmadi sect. This leads to a confusion of what Islam represents and what the Ahmadis represent. There are some very significant differences of concepts that must be appreciated to understand that some very fundamental issues of principle are very different between Ahmadis and Orthodox Muslims.




     Mirza Ghulam Ahmad-The Messiah


The Ahmadiyya Religious Sect

The Ahmadiyya Religious Sect is a very active religious sect that claims to speak as Muslims, representing all Muslims and Islam. This is not correct, because Ahmadis speak and represent the views of the Ahmadiyya sect faith only because their interpretations of Islam This is what this article will attempt to do, to separate these differences for clarification. Ahmadiyya’s (Ahmadi) make up less than 1% to 2% of the Muslim world. This  demography too is disputed and we will attempt to clarify the situation. The essential purpose is to clarify where these ideologies differ.


Hadrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian

Holy Founder of the Muslim Ahmadiyya Jamaat

In Qadian, India, there lived a religious man by the name of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad. He was pious, truthful, righteous, noble and a great scholar of Islam. He claimed to have received revelations from God. In 1882, he received his first revelation of being commissioned to reform the world. Under divine guidance he claimed to be the Promised Messiah, the Imam Mahdi and the Reformer of the Latter Days. He addressed himself forthrightly to the wrongs prevailing not only in the world of Islam but also in other religions. This raised a storm of hostility against him from all quarters, the like of which has rarely been witnessed in the history of mankind.
He established the Ahmadiyya Muslim Jamaat (Community) in 1889. Soon a group of good people, who were sincere in their love of Allah, gathered around him. Most of them were Muslims while some came over from other faiths. This small band of godly people started growing in numbers with every passing day. This invited the wrath and animosity of the religious leadership from all over. Mullas, priests and pundits made life very difficult, not only for the followers but also the Promised Messiah himself. Once he even seriously considered emigrating from Qadian and taking refuge elsewhere. Members of his community faced all kinds of difficulties, social boycott, loot, arson, physical assault and murder. This did not deter the divine community from the course charted for them by Allah. Ahmad gave out the clarion call to his followers in the following words:
“So listen all you who consider yourselves to be of my community. When you truly tread the path of righteousness, only then will you be counted in heaven as my community…….Do good deeds in the best of manners and reject evil with repugnance.
Remember ht no deed of yours which is devoid of righteousness will be ever entertained by God. An act of goodness is only that which is rooted in the fear of God. No act in which this root remains intact will be permitted to go waste.
It is inevitable that you should be tried with diverse trials of pain and misfortune as the faithful before you were tried. So remain always wary lest you should stumble. The earth can do you n o harm as long as you have firm ties with heaven.
If ever you come to grief, you will come to grief at your own hands, rather than at the hands of your enemies. If you lose all honor of this earth, God will bestow an eternal honor upon you in heaven. So leave Him not. You are bound to suffer pain at their hands and you will be deprived of fulfilment of many of your aspirations.
However, be not heavy-hearted; God merely tries you whether you are steadfast in His cause or not. If you desire that even angels should praise you in heaven, then suffer in the path of Allah with grace and remain cheerful.
Hear abuse and remain grateful and despite frustration break not your ties (with God). You are the last people raised by God, so do such things of piety as touch the loftiest standards of excellence.”

Ahmad wrote 85 books on different religious topics in Urdu, Persian and Arabic. He was a champion of universal peace, charity and human fraternity. When he died in 1908, his community had grown to almost half a million. It had dedicated itself to bring about a moral and spiritual revolution in the whole world. Hundred and ten years later, there are approximately 30 million * Ahmadis in 160 countries of the world. They face opposition and persecution in most of the Islamic and Third World countries but nowhere as severely as in Pakistan. [1] [2]

[*30 million is an exaggeration. It is more likely to be around 2 Million at best. It is the opinion of this author i.e. approximately 1 to 2 % of all Muslims worldwide.]


Ahmadis claim a following of 30 million, but many authorities believe that this figure has been grossly exaggerated to support the Ahmadi cause. Let us look at what is available. Let us begin with the claim that Pakistan holds 4 million Ahmadis. [8] Yet on closer inspection there is evidence that Ahmadis constitute apporximately 0.22% of the population of Pakistan which at the time of this comparison was 173 million people. [9]
Using 0.22% of 173 million brings the figure to a more realistic figure of 346,000 a reduction of over the multiple of 10. This is the figure we shall use.
Number of estimated Ahmadis by country:
Pakistan                        346,000*(adjusted)
Bangladesh                   100,000
Indonesia                      200,000
African Benin                 165,000* (2.011Million adjusted to 2.5% if Benin population of 6.6 mill)
India                          1,000,000
Britain                            18,000
Germany                        30,000
Canada                          30,000
Mali                               50,000
Ivory Coast                    24,000
Bosnia                         100,000
Albania                          45,000
Ghana                         100,000
French Speaking          150,000
USA                             40,000 (est)
Total                       2,398,000* (This is a more realistic figure favouring Ahmadis.) [8]

The above figures are more likely to be closer to the truth than the exaggerated figures claimed. It is still at best an educated estimate.

Mirza Ghulam Ahmad’s Khalifas

After the demise of the holy founder of the Community, Ahmadis elected their new head, Khalifatui Masih I. the first successor to the Promised Messiah. He was Hakim Nurud Din, a great scholar of Islam and the foremost companion of Hadrat Ahmad. He was recognized widely as a man of God and well versed in the study of the Holy Quran. When he died six years later, the Community elected Hadrat Mir Bashisr-ud-Din Mahmud Ahmad as Khaliufatui Masih II. He was a marvelous seer who led the Community successfully through thick and thin over the next half a century. He produced a detailed commentary of the Holy Quran, and spoke and wrote extensively on intricate aspects of the Divine and religion. During his tenure, the Community got well organized to achieve its professed objectives and goal. By the time he died in 1965, the Ahmadiyya Community had acquired members from various countries of Asia, Europe, Africa and Americas. He was succeeded by c. After his death in 1982, he was succeeded by Hadrat Mirza Tahir Ahmad, the Khalifatui Masih IV.

Hadrat Mirza Tahir Ahmad

Khalifatui Masih IV Abandons Pakistan for Britain in 1984

Hadrat Mirza Tahir Ahmad was born on 18 December 1928 in Qadian, India. He was educated in India, Pakistan, and in the UK at the London School of Oriental and African Studies. In 1982, he was elected Khalifatui Masih IV, the fourth successor to the Promised Messiah, and the Head of the Worldwide Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, now approximately 30 million strong in 160 countries of the world. The anti-Ahmadiyya Ordinance (of Pakistan)promulgated on 26th April 1984 by General Zia, the them (dictator)President of Pakistan made it impossible for him (Mirza Tahir Ahmed) to function as the head of his community while remaining in the country. The Community requested him to leave Pakistan immediately and proceed to London where he currently lives.During his absence from Pakistan he has been maliciously and wrongfully charged on 17 different counts in fabricated cases. The latest case against him is under the Blasphemy Law for which the punishment is death. For more than 15 years he has not been able to visit home, and lives in exile.
Hadrat Mirza Tahir Ahmad is a great advocate of peace, absolute justice, human rights and freedom of faith and conscience. He is a friend of the poor and downtrodden. He is well known for his courage to speak his mind even in the face of strong disapproval of the high and mighty. He has written many books to convey his message, and has spoken extensively on the worldwide Muslim Television Ahmadiyya to promote peace, morality and harmony in the world.

In his book ’Murder in the name of Allah’ he raised a few questions on the persecution and transgression advocated by Muslim clerics, and answered those as follows:

These are the questions we should all think seriously about. Muslims should consider the attitude of these ulema. For suppression, torture, execution, arson and the razing of mosques are not the Prophet’s tradition.

Every stone in the streets of Mecca over which the so-called apostates were dragged, bears witness to this. Every grain of burning Arabian sand where helpless people were tortured for accepting Islam does the same. The cobbles of Taif, where the blood of the Holy Prophet was spilled, bear witness to the fact that our great Master-mercifully-did not teach that religious belief was compulsory, that he did not order the burning of the houses of worship in the name of worship or the dishonoring of women in the name of honor.[2]

Muslims hang their heads in shame and their souls cry out over today’s religious leaders who preach violence in the name of the Prophet. Murder in the Name of Allah (Lutteriworth Press, Cambridge, July, 1989)


There are many Muslim countries that have also rejected Ahmadis as Muslims.

(1) Mauritius  was the first country to declare them non-Muslims in 1930’s
(2a) South Africa, followed in 1974,
(2b) Saudi Arabia simply deports Ahmadis. [3]
(2c)   Indonesia: Government Orders Ahmadiyya Sect to Cease Practice- Manis Lor June 9, 2008.
Indonesia: Government Orders Ahmadiyya Sect to Cease Practice-Manis Lor-
On Monday the President of Indonesia signed a decree ordering the Muslim ahmadiyya sect to cease the practice of their form of Islam, the International Herald Tribune reported on June 9. The hard-line Muslim organization ‘United for Islam’ has attacked the Ahmadiyya sect for not following mainstream Islamic practices. Five thousand members of the ‘United for Islam’ recently protested outside the Presidential palace. The Ahmadiyya represent only a small minority of Muslim followers in Indonesia and their sect has 242 branches. [4]
(2d) Bangladesh:
“In Bangladesh, where Ahmadis number 100,000 the government has not officially declared them as non-Muslims. But in recent years, there have been several attacks in Dhaka and other cities on the community by Muslim extremist organizations, such as Khatme Nabuwat and Jaishe-Mistafa. In a development reflecting the hardliners’ growing influence, the government last year banned the publication and sale of all books on Islam published by the community, saying they might hurt the sentiments of the country’s majority Muslim population. [5]
(3) Pakistan 1974:
Islamic Republic of Pakistan became the first Muslim country to pass a law and legally declared Qadianis/Ahmadis/Lahoris a non-Muslim minority, giving them all the rights of a minority that are guaranteed in its constitution. [6]
In Islamic Pakistan, the original home of the Ahmadis, the following law applies:

” Specific government policies that discriminate against religious minorities include the use of the “anti-Ahmadi laws”, the blasphemy laws, and the Hudood Ordinances. In 1984, the Government added Section 298(c), commonly referred to as the “anti-Ahmadi laws”, to the penal code.
(5) From inviting others to accept the Ahmadi faith, AND
(7) THE BLASPHEMY LAWS PROVIDE THE DEATH PENALTY FOR DEFILING ISLAM OR ITS PROPHETS; life imprisonment for defiling, damaging, or desecrating the Qur’an; and ten years’ imprisonment for insulting the religious feelings of any citizen. These laws are often used to intimidate reform-minded Muslims, sectarian opponents, and religious minorities, or to settle personal scores. The Hudood Ordinances impose elements of Qur’anic law on both Muslims and non-Muslims and different legal standards for men and women. “(Caps are my modifications to highlight the essentials.)
The blasphemy laws provide the death penalty for defiling Islam or its prophets; life imprisonment for defiling, damaging, or desecrating the Qur’an; and ten years’ imprisonment for insulting the religious feelings of any citizen. These laws are often used to intimidate reform-minded Muslims, sectarian opponents, and religious minorities, or to settle personal scores. The Hudood Ordinances impose elements of Qur’anic law on both Muslims and non-Muslims and different legal standards for men and women. ” [6]

(4) “1974 Declaration by the World Muslim League
(Rabita al-Alam al-Islami)

Mohammad Bashir
In the same year, An International Convention of Islamic Scholars was held in Makkah AlMukarramah under the auspeces of Rabita AlAlam AlIslami. Scholars from 124 countries unanimously declared Qadianis/Ahmadis as non-Muslim, disbelievers and out of the fold of Islam. This sealed the fate of this creed for ever in the Arab World and other Muslim Nations. This is what ‘The World Muslim League-An International Convention of Islamic Scholars” had stated:

World Muslim League held its annual conference at Makkah Al-Mukaramma Saudi Arabia from 14th to 18th of Rabiul Awwal 1394 H (April 1974) in which 140 delegations of Muslim countries and organizations from all over the world participated. I (Mohammad Bashir) too was there in this Conference alongwith the other journalists from all over the world. The Conference unanimously adopted the following Resolution regarding Qadianism.

Qadianism or Ahmadiyyat: It is a subversive movement against Islam and the Muslim world, which falsely and deceitfully claims to be an Islamic sect; who under the guise of Islam and for the sake of mundane interests contrives and plans to damage the very foundations of Islam. Its eminent deviations from the basic Islamic principles are as follows:

Its founder claimed that he was a Prophet.
They deliberately distort the meanings of the verses of the Holy Quran.
They declared that Jehad has been abolished.
Qadianism was originally fostered by the British imperialism. Hence it has been flourishing under her flag. This movement has completely been disloyal to and dishonest in affairs of the Muslim Ummah. Rather, it has been loyal to Imperialism and Zionism. It has deep associations and cooperation with the anti Islamic forces and teachings especially through the following nefarious methods:

Construction of mosques with the assistance of the anti Islamic forces wherin the misleading Qadiani thoughts are imparted to the people.
Opening of schools institutions and orphanages wherein the people are taught and trained as to how they can be more anti Islamic in their activities. They also published the corrupted versions of the Holy Quran in different local and international languages.
In order to combat these dangers, the Conference recommends the following measures:

All the Muslim organization in the world must keep a vigilant eye on all the activities of Qadianisin their respective countries; to confine them all strictly to their schools, institutions and orphanages only. Moreover he Muslims of the world be shown the true picture of Qadianism and be briefed of their various tactics so that the Muslims of the world be saved from their designs.
They must be declared non Muslims and ousted form the fold of Islam. And be barred to enter the Holy lands.

There must be no dealings with the Qadianis. They must be boycotted socially , economically and culturally Nor they be married with or to Nor they be allowed to be buried in the Muslims graveyards. And they be treated like other non Muslims.
All the Muslim countries must impose restrictions on the activities of the claimant of Prophethood Mirza Ghulam Ahmed Qadiani’s followers; must declare them a non Muslim minority must not etrust them them with any post of responsibility in any Muslim country.

The alterations effected by them in the Holy Quran must be made public and the people be briefed of them and all these be prohibited for further publication.
All such groups as are deviators from islam must be treated at par with the Qadianis.”

Despite these religious edicts, Ahmadiyya Movement and its followers (ahmadis) continue to pretend to be Muslim and the Champions of Islam, who are admired by the Westerners for their moderate views. The reason for their obstinacy is quite obvious. They are the fifth columnists amongst the Muslims and their so-called islamic identity provide a cover for their clandestine activities while they continue to serve the interests of their masters.” [7]

Views of Prominent British Muslims about the Ahmadi sect.

“Iqbal Sacranie, secretary general of the Muslim Council of Britain, has a different take. “Whilst we fully accept the right of Ahmadiyas to their own religion, it is clearly misleading to describe them as Muslims. They are outside the fold of Islam.”

His views are endorsed by Lord Nazir Ahmed of Rotherham, who said, “Ahmadiyyas are not Muslims. Therefore calling the religious complex in Morden a mosque hurts the sentiments of those who believe in Mohammed, the last prophet of Islam, peace be upon him.”

Born in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir, Lord Ahmed is well known among Kashmiri immigrants and Pakistanis.”

A Perspective of the Ahmadiyya sect


The following information is intended to give a perspective of the Ahmadiyya sect in relation to orthodox Muslims, Christianity, and the rest of the world at large.


Views of mainstream Muslims

Orthodox Muslims (Sunnis and Shias) consider the Ahmadi sects to be heretics for a number of reasons, chief among them being the question of finality of the prophethood, since Ahmadis believe members of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community do not regard the Islamic prophet Muhammad to be the last prophet ( however, the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement does not subscribe to this belief). Ahmadis claim that this is a result of misinterpreting Mirza Ghulam Ahmad’s statements referring to his coming “in the spirit of Muhammed”, (similar to John the Baptist coming in the spirit and power of Elijah).The Ahmadi sect believes that Mirza Ghulam Ahmad to be the Mahdi and promised Messiah, while mainstream Muslims refute/reject this claim, they do not believe that Mirza Ghulam Ahmad fulfilled the prophecies about the Promised Messiah and Mahdi and see him as a false prophet. Both Ahmadi groups are considered non-Muslims by the Pakistan government, and have this fact recorded on their travel documents. In contrast Ahmadi citizens from Western countries and other moderate Muslim nations perform Hajj and Umra as the Saudi government is not made aware they are Ahmadis when applying for the visa. A court decision has also upheld the right of Ahmadiyyas to identify themselves as Muslims in India.

As the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement’s view regarding Mirza Ghulam Ahmad’s status as a Prophet is closer to traditional Islamic thought, the Literature published by the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement has found greater acceptability among the Muslim Intelligentsia.

Some mainstream Muslims group both Ahmadi sects together and refer to them as “Qadianis”, and their beliefs as “Qadianism” (after the small town of Qadian in the Gurdaspur District of Punjab in India, where the movement’s founder was born). However most, if not all, Ahmadis of both sects dislike this term as it has acquired derogatory connotations over the years and furthermore they prefer to differentiate their two separate movements. Furthermore, mainstream Muslims will not use the term “Muslim” when referring to Ahmadis, even though both sects refer to themselves as such citing the fatwas given by the Islamic scholars. However, as members of Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement deny the prophethood of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, some orthodox Islamic Scholars consider the Lahore Ahmadiyya as Muslims. In earlier times in Pakistan and India, there was widespread persecution of Ahmadis by certain Muslim groups. Sporadic violence as well as persecution of a more subtle nature against Ahmadis continues even today. This forced the Pakistani Government to declare Qadianis non-Muslims.

AHMADIYYA’s DECLARE Orthodox Muslims (Sunnis and Shias etc) As NON-MUSLIMS

Ahmadis are also at odds with several fundamental orthodox Islamic beliefs.
The following quote clearly states that Ahmadiyya members reject traditional (orthordox) Muslims as “non-Muslims.” Ahmadiyya represent less than 2% of the world Muslims, but this is a reaction to the rejection of the Ahmadiyya sect.
“In the same book, Mirza Mahmud Ahmad summarises an earlier article of his, published in April 1911, which had sparked off the doctrinal differences that led to the Split. He explains:

“Regarding the main subject of my article, I wrote that as we believed the Promised Messiah to be one of the prophets of God, we could not possibly regard his deniers as Muslims.” (pp.137.138)

And he writes that he had drawn the following conclusion in the article:

“. . . not only are those deemed to be Kafirs who openly style the Promised Messiah as Kafir, and those who, although they do not style him thus, decline still to accept his claim, but even those who, in their hearts, believe the Promised Messiah to be true, and do not even deny him with their tongues, but hesitate to enter into his Bai`at, have here been adjudged to be Kafirs.” (pp. 139, 140)

In his book Anwar-i Khilafat, published in 1916, Mirza Mahmud Ahmad wrote:

“It is our duty that we must not consider non-Ahmadis as Muslims, and we must  not pray following them, because we believe that they are denying a prophet of  Almighty God.”

The two doctrines  stated above clearly is the demarkation of the irreconcilable split of doctrines between the Ahmadiyya sect and that of Orthodox Islam. No orthodox Islamic sect could compromise on this issue because Ahmadi doctrines do not conform to the interpretation of the orthodox Qur’an.

Relationship with Christians

Christian missionaries during the life of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad were actively engaged in debates, prayer duels and written arguments with the Ahmadiyya Movement. The Ahmadiyya Movement considers Christian nations (particularly of the developed world) to be the prophesied Dajjal and Gog and Magog, thus making the relationship very hostile. The Ahmadiyya view of death of Jesus has also been a source of ongoing friction with the Christian Church.

Abbot Freeland, observed in his book, Islam and Pakistan,
The primary significance of the Ahmadiyya Movement lay in its missionary emphasis. Every Muslim believed that Islam was the only religion free from error. The Ahmadiyyas made it part of their principles to show the errors of other religions to their adherents and to proselytize energetically for Islam. In a sense, the Ahmadiyyas represent the Muslims emerging, religiously speaking, from the withdrawal that had begun with the arrival of the British, just as the Muslim League represents the political emergence from that same withdrawal. ……………………………. It is somewhat ironic that the sect most attacked by Muslims in India and Pakistan has also been that, which has worked hardest, in both its branches, to defend and extend Islam against the competition offered by other faiths.

Ghulam Ahmad was constantly engaged in controversies with the British missionaries. Western historians have recorded this effort as one of the features of Ghulam Ahmad’s legacy. Francis Robinson states;

At their most extreme religious strategies for dealing with the Christian presence might involve attacking Christian revelation at its heart, as did the Punjabi Muslim, Ghulam Ahmad (d.1908), who founded the Ahmadiyya missionary sect.


1.  That the prophesies concerning the second coming of Jesus were metaphorical in nature and not literal and the Mirza Ghulam Ahmad fulfilled in his person these prophecies and the second advent of Jesus, that he was the promised Mahdi and Messiah. [10]

There is no way Christians nor orthodox Muslims could ever accept this claim that the founder of the Ahmadiyya sect, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, was in fact the “Christian Messiah” or the foretold “Mahdi” of Muhammad who has return to earth. It is abundantly clear that Mirza Ghulam Ahmad could not have been a keen scholar of Christianity or Islam to realise that such a claim would never be palatable. For a Urdu speaking foreigner to appear from obscurity to make such a claim is farcical. It is so outlandish that neither religion has paid much heed to it.

2.  The Qur’an has no abrogated verses, (i.e. no verse of the Qur’an abrogates or contradicts another.) All Qur’anic verses have equal validity in keeping with their emphasis on the “unsurpassed beauty and unquestionable validity of the Qur’an. The harmonisation of apparently incompatible rulings is resolved through their juridical deflation in Ahmad Figh, so that a ruling (considered to have applicability only to the specific situation for which it was revealed,) is effective no because it was revealed last, but because it is most like to the situation at hand. In this way Ahmadis were able to contend that Qur’an 9:5 (the sword verse) had not abrogated all the verses that call for peaceful co-existence with the non-Muslims. [10]

Ahmadis have denied “abrogation” by the Prophet Muhammed because Mirza Ghulam Ahmed mistakenly latched on to some of Muhammed’s earlier pre-Medina Qur’anic verses without realising that they were abrogated verses. Later, having formed his ideology, he could not retract, and so has denied that Muhammed abrogated any verses despite Muhammed’s own admission:

Surah 2: 106
“None of Our revelations do We abrogate or cause to be forgotten, but We substitute something better or similar: Knowest thou not that Allah Hath power over all things?”
Surah 16:101
“When We substitute one revelation for another, and Allah knows best what He reveals (in stages), they say, “Thou art but a forger”: but most of them understand not.”

However, abrogation has been discussed in detail in another analysis so I quote:

Most Muslims when discussing with non-Muslims will attempt to portray Islam as a peaceful religion and will quote verses from the Quran that were written before Muhammad moved to Medina but still lived in Mecca. These early verses were plagiarised from the Jewish Torah’s and the Christian Bible’s text that promoted peace and tolerance for all religions and people.


This was all abrogated with various verses, famous of which was

Qur’an:9:5 “Fight and kill the disbelievers (kafirs) wherever you find them, take them captive, harass them, lie in wait and ambush them using every stratagem of war.”

But most Muslims will gladly quote to non-Muslims:

Qur’an:2:256 There is no compulsion in religion…

which is, of course, out of context, and totally misleading because Qur’an: 2:256 must be read in full and in conjunction with Qur’an: 2:257 and together it looks like this:

[2.256] There is no compulsion in religion; truly the right way has become clearly distinct from error; therefore, whoever disbelieves in the Shaitan and believes in Allah he indeed has laid hold on the firmest handle, which shall not break off, and Allah is Hearing, Knowing.

[2.257] Allah is the guardian of those who believe. He brings them out of the darkness into the light; and (as to) those who disbelieve, their guardians are Shaitans who take them out of the light into the darkness; they are the inmates of the fire, in it they shall abide.

That you either follow Shaitan (sic), to darkness and hell-fire or the only other choice is to hold the firmest handle of Allah the All Hearing, Knowing. It is clearly a choice and a compulsion that Islam is the only choice.


By quoting partially Qur’an 2:256  “There is no compulsion in religion” is a deception, or Taqiyya to deceive or misinform the gullible unbeliever (non-Muslims). The Muslims fail to inform the unbeliever that although some abrogated verses still remained in the Quran (for some oversight), but had been nullified, abrogated, and rendered void by more recent verses  issued by Muhammad when he was based in Medina and when he began his merciless raids on caravans and innocent villages killing and pillaging innocents. (Most Muslims are probably not even aware of these abrogated verses which can only be verified with a serious study of the Koranic literature.) The Prophet Muhammad based his authority for abrogation by the following Quranic verses:

Surah 2: 106

“None of Our revelations do We abrogate or cause to be forgotten, but We substitute something better or similar: Knowest thou not that Allah Hath power over all things?”

Surah 16:101

“When We substitute one revelation for another, and Allah knows best what He reveals (in stages), they say, “Thou art but a forger”: but most of them understand not.”

A Muslim scholar and researcher Abil-Kasim Hibat-Allah Ibn-Salama Abi-Nasr noted that of 114 Surahs (chapters) of the Quran, only 43 Surahs were not affected by abrogation, but as the abrogated verses were still  inadvertently left undeleted and mixed in with the recently abrogated verses only serious scholastic Islamologists could possibly identify which was which. ” [11]

 Thus is can clearly be seen that Muhammed’s abrogations actually superseded any of the Ahmadi concepts and would have denied their basis for their establishment. Hence, Islamic abrogation is denied by the Ahmadis. However, it is because of this stance that Ahmadis cause confusion, not only in the non-Islamic world but in the Islamic world itself. The acknowledgement or non-acknowledgement of Muhammed’s abrogation is the making or the breaking of the Ahmadiyya doctrines.

3.  The continuation of divine revelation. Although the Qur’an is the final message of Allah (god) for mankind., He continues to communicate with his chosen individuals in the same way he is believed to have done in the past. All of Allah’s (god’s) attributes are eternal. [10]

Here, the Qadainis have to justify that Allah is still communicating with a disciple and  prophet Mirza Ghulam Ahmad to legitimise him as a prophet of Allah against the following Qur’anic verses:


In this verse, the Holy Prophet Muhammad

It is thus incumbent upon Muslims to believe that Prophet hood has ended with the advent of Hazrat Muhammad

This act of declaring Mirza Ghulam Ahmed as a prophet of Allah offends orthodox Muslims worldwide, and they have viewed this declaration as “blasphemous.” This is one of the major reasons why Ahmadiyya sect has been rejected by most orthodox Muslim organisations. Mirza Ghulam Ahmed is thus considered as a “false prophet” as predicted in the Qur’an.

4.  That Jesus, contrary to mainstream Islamic belief, was crucified and survived the four hours on the cross. He was later revived from a swoon in the tomb. Ahmadis believe that Jesus died in Kashmir of old age whilst seeking the Lost Tribes of Israel. Jesus’ remains are believed to be entombed in Kashmir under the name of Yuz Asaf. Ahmadis believe that Jesus foretold the coming of Muhammad after him, which Christians have misinterpreted. [10]

It is incredible that Christian theologians nor archaeologists have not even bothered to follow up on such a lead of Jesus’ remains in Kashmir nor tried to trace his footsteps  or to venerate his last resting place. To begin with, how could Jesus, having suffered the physical trials of having been strung on the cross, manage to travel, on foot or by donkey more than 2,500 miles (as the crow flies) of wilderness to end up in some foreign land with different peoples, speaking a foreign language just to satisfy the concept of the “reincarnation” of Mirza Ghulam Ahmed as the returned Christian Messiah. It supersedes any science-fiction of any century. But Ahmadis believe this story. It does reflect the mind of the founder of these concepts, Mirza Ghulam Ahmed.

5.  That Jesus Christ did not bring a new religion or law, i.e. That he was not a law-bearing prophet, but was last in the line of Israelite prophets who appeared within the dispensation of Moses akin to that of David, solomon, Jeremiah, Isaiah, etc. [10]

It is obvious that Mirza Ghulam Ahmed was not aware that Jesus, a Jew, worshipped in the Synagogues, until he rebelled against the strict concepts of the “Fences” drawn up by the Rabbis and objected to it. He was then thrown out of the Synagogue after which he preached his own concepts of his beliefs but Jesus still believed in the tenets of Judaism. So in reality, Christianity was a reformed version of Judaism. Jesus was, the first Protestant, the first Christian.

6.  That Jihad in its form of physical fighting can only be used under exceptional circumstances to protect against extreme religious persecution. [10]

There is little doubt that the British Imperial Forces were having problems of Jihadism with the Muslims. There is also much evidence to support the view that Mirza Ghulam Ahmad was being used as a possible movement to create a less aggressive Muslim sect. It was the British method of using the principles of “Divide and Rule.” Mirza Ghulam Ahmad wanted to take advantage of British support and connivance to create an empire of his own by taking advantage of this conflict, hence his stance on Jihad.

Ghulam Ahmad’s Relationship with the British

Many orthodox Muslims feel that Ghulam Ahmad was aided in his mission by the British government, whose stated policy of  “divide and rule” was expressed in their approval of Ahmad’s introducing a dissident faction within Islam. Ghulam Ahmad is criticised by the orthodox Muslims for his support for the British Government in India and maintain that he and his associates went on publishing in favor of British control and even tried to convince Muslims in other Muslim countries that a British government would be in their favor. It is alleged that he had collaborated with the British against Muslims. They give reference to one of his books in which he said:

[…] The service that has been rendered on my part, in favour of the English government is that I have published fifty thousand books, magazines and posters and distributed them in this and other Islamic countries […] It is as a result of my endeavors that thousands of people have given up thoughts of Jihad which had been propounded by ill-witted mullahs and embedded in the minds of the people. I can rightly feel proud of this that no other Muslim in British India can equal me in this respect […]

His followers reject this criticism and point out that Mirza Ghulam Ahmad was constantly engaged in controversies with the British missionaries. Western historians have recorded this effort as one of the features of Ahmad’s legacy. Francis Robinson states;

At their most extreme religious strategies for dealing with the Christian presence might involve attacking Christian revelation at its heart, as did the Punjabi Muslim, Ghulam Ahmad (d. 1908), who founded the Ahmadiyya missionary sect.

His followers also say that Ahmad openly supported the British government in India, and therefore his critic’s consideration of this being tantamount to “conspiring” with the British is baseless. They further argue that his open support for the British was on account of the religious freedom the British extended to the Muslims as opposed to the preceding Sikh rule in Punjab wherein Muslims were persecuted and their religious freedom curtailed. and that one of the reasons for his expression of loyalty towards the British was due to him being repeatedly presented as a threat and danger to the government with rebellious intent by his opponents such as Maulvi Muhammad Hussein who warned the government in the following words:

His deception is proved by the fact that in his heart he considers it lawful to put an end to the authority of a non-Muslim government and to plunder its belongings […] Therefore, it would not be proper on the part of the Government to rely on him and it would be necessary to be aware of him, otherwise such harm might be suffered at the hands of this Mahdi of Qadian as was experienced at the hands of the Sudanese Mahdi.

– Ishaatus Sunnah, Vol VI, 1893

It is also pointed out by them that some prominent main stream Muslim leaders of the time had also openly expressed similar sentiments for the British rule for the same reasons. Such leaders included Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, Maulvi Muhammad Hussain Batalvi, Deputy Nazir Ahmad, Leaders of the Deobandi school and members of Anjuman Himayat-i-Islam.Furthermore the famous founders of the Muslim League had also expressed similar sentiments of Loyalty to the British Government at around the same time as Mirza Ghulam Ahmad. In summary the followers of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad contend that his views towards the British Rulers at the time were the same as those of numerous other well regarded Muslim Leaders of the same time.”

If there is any authenticity of the above account, of the collusion between the British Administration and the Ahmadis everything else falls into place.

The concept of Jihadism in orthodox Islam is so rigid and clearly stated that The Ahmadi concept of Jihadism is foreign to the Islamic precepts. This can be clearly explained in a comprehensive discussion of this topic of Jihad in the following article: “Jihad is Ordained – Qur’an 2:216” [13]

7.  That the “Messiah” and the “Imam Mahdi” are the same person, and that it is through his teachings, influence, his prayers and those of his followers that Islam will defeat the Anti-Christ or Dajjal in a period similar to the period of time it took for nascent Christianity to rise and that the Dajjal’s power will slowly melt away like the melting of snow, heralding the final victory of Islam and the age of peace. [10]

For Mirza Ghulam Ahmad to conceive that (1) the Christians would calmly accept their Christian Messiah within the same form as (2) the Islamic “Imam Mahdi,” or vice versa, is asking for a miracle in itself. The only conclusion that can be deduced is that Ghulam Ahmad had no real concept of the irreconcilable divergence in these two different ideologies to believe that he could “Kill Two Birds With One Stone.” For anyone to think in this manner certainly indicates the lack of depth of the understanding of these two different ideologies.

8.  That the history of religion is cyclic and is renewed every seven millennia(millennium). The present cycle from the time of the Biblical Adam is split into seven epochs or ages, parallel to the seven days of the week, with periods of light and darkness. That Mirza Ghulam Ahmad appeared as the Promised Messiah at the sixth epoch heralding the seventh and final age of mankind, as a day in the estimation of God is like a thousand years of man’s reckoning. According to Ghulam Ahmad, just as the sixth day of the week is reserved for Jumu’ah (congregational prayers,) ; likewise his age is destined for a global assembling of mankind in which the world is to unite under one universal religion: Islam. [10]

Religious cycles every 7,000 years is certainly a unique concept regarding religion. But it would appear that Ahmadi’s appreciation of mathematics is wanting in both theology as well as Ahmadi demography. Adam was created ca.3760 BCE and I find difficulty in juggling the dates to fit the assumptions. Besides, Adam was a pagan and was more than likely polytheist shamanistic if that can be considered a religion by Abrahamic standards. The earliest monotheist Abrahamic religion, JUDAISM was established by Moses in 1314 BCE.

But Ghulam Ahmad still had the vision of one universal religion: Islam or the Islamic Caliphate, but under the umbrella of the Ahmadiyya Sect. This would not be acceptable to orthodox Islam who are the majority Muslims of this world.

The two Ahmadiyya groups have varying beliefs regarding the finality of the prophet hood of Muhammad. The “Ahmadiyya Muslim Community” believes that Muhammad brought prophet hood to perfection and was the last law-bearing prophet and the apex of man’s spiritual evolution.  New prophets can come but they must be subordinate to Muhammad and cannot exceed him in excellence nor alter his teaching or bring any ne3w law or religion. “The Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement” believes that Muhammad is the last of the prophets and no prophet, new or old, can come after him. [10]

So even between the two Ahmadiyya sects there is a clear difference of opinion of the finality of the Prophet hood of Muhammad. The predominant and active sect established in Britain is the more deviant “Ahmadiyya Muslim Community” with headquarters in Morden, Surrey, England. This sect is extremely vocal in the West with their ideologies. Despite Ghulam Ahmad declaring that, “New prophets can come but they cannot exceed Muhammad in excellence nor alter his teaching or bring any new law or religion.” Ghulam Ahmad has done just that deviated from the teachings of the Qur’an, on such topics as, (1) Usurping the finality of the Prophet Muhammad, (2) Denying Muhammad’s Qur’anic claim of his right to abrogate the Qur’an, (3) Denying Muhammad’s call for JHihad against all non-Muslims, and many other issues, all of which are fully discussed in other articles referred to in the references and are clear evidence of altering the teachings of Muhammad/The Qur’an [11] [13].

Chronology of Ahmadiyya leaders

  • 23 March 1889 Ahmadiyya movement founded.
  • 1914 Split into two branches, one remaining in Qadian, today known as Ahmadiyya Movement in Islam (Jamaat-i Ahmadiyya), and one being established in Lahore, known as the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement for the Propagation of Islam (Ahmadiyya Anjuman Ishaat-i-Islam).

Only two leaders are recognized by both branches of the sect:

  •  23 March 1889 – 26 May 1908  Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, the founding Masish and Mahdi (b. 1835-d.1908.)
  • 27 May 1908 – 13 March 1914 Maulana Hakeem Noor-ud Din (b.1841-d.1914),  the first Caliph, after whose death the movement was split:

Leaders recognized by the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community (Qadian Branch), referred to asKhalifas (‘Successors’):

  • 27 May 1908 Maulana Hakeem Noor-ud-Din (b.1841-d.1914)
  • 14 March 1914 – 7 November 1965 Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad (b/1889 – d.1965)
  • 8 november 1965 – 9 June 1982 Mirza Nasir Ahmad (b.1909 – d.1982)
  • 10June 1982 – 19 April 2003 Mirza Tahir Ahmad (b,1928 -d.2003)
  •  22 April 2003 – today Mirza Masroor Ahmad (b.1950-)

Leaders recognized by the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement (Lahore Branch), referred to asEmirs:

  •  27 May 1908 – 1 March 1914  Maulana Hakeem Noor-ud-Din (b.1841 – D.1914) (referred to as Khalifa)
  •  April 1914 – 13 October 1951 Maulana Muhammad Ali (b.1874 – d.1951)
  •  1951 – 15 November 1981 Maulana Sadr-ud-Din (.1981)
  •  1981- 15 November 1996 Saeed Ahmad Khan (b.1900 – d.1996)
  •  1996 – 14 ovtober 2002 Asghar Hameed (b.1919 – d. 2002)
  •  3 November 2002 – today Abdul Karim Saeed (b. 1945)


Some Prominent Ahmadis & Their Services

  •  Muhammad Zafrulla Khan –  First Foreign Minister of Pakistan (1947-54), President of the UN General Assembly (1962-64), President of the International Court of Justice (1970-73)
  • Dr. Abdus Salam – Awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1979
  •  MIRZA TAHIR AHMAD (1928-2003) – Fourth Successor and Imam of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community
  •  Akhtar Hussain Malik – Lieutenant General of the Pakistan Army, 1965 war hero
  • Zafar A Chaudhry – Air Marshal and Chief of Air Staff of Pakistan Air Force (1972-74)
  •  M.M.Ahmad – Prominent Civil Servant of Pakistan and former Executive Director of the World Bank
  •  Iftikhar Janjua – Major General of the Pakistan Army – 1965 war hero, killed in 1971 war
  • Gen Abdul Ali Malik. War Hero of  Chawinda, 1965 IndoPak war
  •  Khwaja Kamal-ud-Din – Lawyer, founder of the Woking Muslim Mission in UK, founder of The Islamic Review, companion of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad
  •  Dr. Basharat Ahmad – Prominent religious scholar and author, companion of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad
  •  Naseer Ahmad Faruqui – Chief Election Commissioner Pakistan, (d.6 Dec 1991)
  • Maulana Muhammad Ali – Religious scholar and first Muslim author of an English language translation of the Quran.
  •  Obaidullah Aleem – Famous Urdu Poet.
  •  Malik Ram – Urdu Scholar
  •  Yusef Lateef – Jazz musician and Grammy Award winner
  •  Mahershalalhashbaz Ali – Well Known Actor, Lead on the USA Network’s program The 4400. [14]

One important aspect of this Ahmadiyya sect is the split of this sect into two bodies with slightly different beliefs. The point that should be captured here is that Ahmadiyyas consider all non-Ahmadis as Kafirs. Here is how it was came about.


“The Holy Ahmadiyya Dynasty:

Who was the fist “Khalifa” (Caliph or successor) of the Mirza?

Hakeem Nooruddin whom the Ahmadis call Abu Bakr Siddiq. However, not being from the family of the Mirza, he remained only a stopgap caliph. After the demise of Hakeem Nooruddin in 1914, Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmud, son of Mirza Ghulam Ahmed became the second caliph. The third caliph Mirza Nasir Ahmed, and the current forth Mir`a Tahir Ahmed, all belong to the progeny of Mirsa Ghulam. [At the time of rendering this seventh edition of the book in 2007, Mirza Masroor Ahmed reighs as the fifth successor of Mirza Ghulam Ahmed. He belongs to the Mirza’s progeny as well.]


At the death of Hakeem Noorluddin, the House of Ahmadiyat faced a great feud.  Until his times:

1. Ahmadis regarded the non-Ahmadis as Muslims.

2. They considered Mirza Ghulam Ahmed as the “Promised Messiah”, “Imam Mahdi” and a “Fevivalist” of Islam, but not a prophet.

3. The leadership had decided that an elected body would choose the Khalifa in the future. But as soon as Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmud Ahmed took over in 1914, he made a U-turn on all the threee issues and made the “caliphate” a household matter.

Muslims who denied Mirza as a prophet, were not considered infidels. Mirza Ghulam Ahmed was promoted as a genuine prophet. Finally, it was ordained that the caliphate must remain in the household of Mirza Ghulam Ahmed.

Those who opposed the second Khalifa were forced out into forming a separate group calling themselves “Lahori Ahmadis” as opposed to the Qadianis or simply Ahmadis. The Lahori Ahmadis were led by two very close associates of Ghulam Ahmed. They were Maulvi Muhammad Ali and Khwaja Kamaluddin.

To this day, there are two sects of Ahmadiyat:

1. The larger Qadiani sect who regard the Mirza as a genuine, rather one of the greatest prophet ever. they consider all mankind, who fail to acknowledge the prophet hood of Mirza Ghulam Ahmed, as Kafir infidels. And they firmly keep the “caliphate” in the Mirza household. Since they consider the non-Ahmadi Muslims as infidels, the Muslims generally remain displeased with them.

2. The smaller Lahori sect that regard the Mirza as an Islamic Revivalist, and not a prophet. They elect their Amiur through “Shura”, a consultative body. And they do not consider deniers of Ghulam Ahmed as infidels. Also they collect no taxes from the followers. Once again, it is worth reminding that Mirza’s own writing put the Lahoris in a difficult position.

POINT TO PONDER: The 80 plus minus books and pamphlets written by Mirza Ghulam Ahmed are very much availablt today. So, the answers to the above three questions including whether he was a prophet or not, must be verry clear. The obvious reason for the dispute is Mirza Ghulam Ahmed’s self-contradictory writings, and the glaring dispute bears a stark testimony to Mirza’s chaotic unstable and confused mind scattered all over on paper.

TAXATION: Blind faith and reverence rob people of reason. Any Qadiani who fails to donate to the “caliphate” 6.25% of his earnings every month is considered a hypocrite and he is frequently excommunicated. The household of the Mirza remains exempt from this toil.

SLAVERY: The Ahmadi-Qadiani community practically lives a life of slavery and constantly watch over for loyalty. The slightest suspicion could cause a member to suffer excommunication. The debarred personindeed has to suffer since he and his family are socially isolated, rejected by the Ahmadis and, because of lingering suspicions, rarely accepted whole-heartedly by the non-Ahmadi Muslim. THE MOVE: The party that was ushered in London, its leadership left their head quarters in Rabwah, Pakistan and settled in their logical home. And they are busy with their usual antics working through teir new headquarters in UK.

Now back to more Jewels:

Mirza Ghulam Ahmed labeled he popular 1857 uprising of India against the British Imperialism, a Mufsidah or disruption. With pride, he writes that hsi “father had provided fifty horses complete with riders, to the British Government as help during India’s fight for freedom.” (Tuhfa-e-Qaisariya pf 16)

The kite of an opponent was cut….then someone shouted “Jai to Ghulam Ahmed!” -Triumph to ghulam Ahmed! (Majmua-e-Ilhamat-o-Mukashifat)

The party of the “Promised Messiah” is in fact the Sahaba (Companions) of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Al-Fazl, Qadian, 1 January 1916) [15] [16]



A copy of one of my own blog replies.


 “elle” 03 Oct 2007 11:52
While I admire Shermeen (a blogger) for her skilful portrayal of a peaceful Islamic community, she only speaks for her Ahmadiyya religious sect, a thoroughly DISCREDITED religious sect BY HER OWN ISLAMIC PEERS. It is misleading because it, in no way, represents the tenets of Islam especially when the Ahmadiyya (Ahmadi) have been totally rejected by the rest of the Muslims in Pakistan from where Ahmadis evolved. I quote:

“Following riots in April and May 1974 in Punjab province, a constitutional amendment legally declared the Ahmadis as “non-Muslims”.

“The government views Ahmadis as non-Muslims while Ahmadi see themselves as Muslims. Despite exclusionary political discrimination, the chances of Ahmadi rebellion in the near future are close to zero. Ahmadis will likely continue to suffer discrimination by the government and persecution by other communal groups in Pakistan. The growing strength of Sunni fundamentalist groups and continuing military rule both militate against Ahmadi well-being. Furthermore, little international attention is given to the plight of the Ahmadis in Pakistan. Western governments are more likely to pay attention to limitations placed on the Christian minority or on women, while governments of Islamic countries share Pakistan’s official stance on Ahmadis. Unless and until democratic institutions fully return and mature in Pakistan, and until Pakistan replaces religious unity with civic unity, their position remains precarious.”

“Active persecution of the Ahmadiyya sect by the Pakistan government was instituted by a martial law decree on April 26, 1984. Under the decree, all Ahmadis were declared infidels. Under Section 298(c) in the Penal Code, Ahmadis are prohibited from calling themselves Muslim and use of Islamic words or phrases is punishable by up to 3 years in jail. In 2001, four Ahmadis were charged with violations of this law. In addition, all manifestations of Ahmadi religious practices have become punishable by law. Several Ahmadi mosques remained closed in 2001 and violation of places of worship that are open is common. Ahmadis are prohibited from taking part in the annual Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca and are barred from burial in graveyards officially designated for Muslims. Since 1984 Ahmadis have been prohibited from holding gatherings. Ahmadis have been singled out for discriminatory treatment within the government bureaucracy, and individual Ahmadis have been the targets of acts of violence, especially in rural areas. Many of the more affluent Ahmadis have left Pakistan since the 1984 decree. Ahmadis face restrictions on their press. Ahmadis suffer from harassment and discrimination in public employment, and have limited chances for advancement into management levels in government service. In the past few years, even a rumor that an individual may practice the Ahmadi faith can limit opportunities for employment. For young Ahmadi adults, discrimination in admission to good universities has caused many to seek a college education abroad.

The Ahmadis suffer from poor political organization within Pakistan. Their only political organization, the Ahmadiyya Jamaat, has been marginalized in national politics, largely through the institution of separate electorates in place for so long – it remains to be seen how the 2002-established joint electorate affects the overall well being and status of the Ahmadis. Although they have a strong collective identity, and often live in communities together, that identity has not resulted in an equally strong political organization, most likely due to repression and violence. Ahmadis do file complaints with local police and government officials when attacked by other communal groups. Anti-Ahmadi demonstrations by Sunni extremists often end in violence. However, those responsible are rarely brought to justice, and many times the Ahmadi victims are arrested under the anti-blasphemy laws. During 2002, at least 10 Ahmadis were charged under various provisions of the Blasphemy Law for allegedly going against the principles of Islam. The testimony of one Muslim (excluding Ahmadis) is sufficient to prosecute a non-Muslim on blasphemy charges. ”
for verification:

Ahmadis have a right to their own views but to imply that such views represent “all moderate Muslims” is misleading and dishonest. By such propaganda, Shermeen is unwittingly providing cover for the militant Jihadists by oroviding mitigating evidence for Muslim behaviour. I am only stating this so people can see how dangerous it is if such discernment is not applied. I say what has been stated could easily be considered “dissimulation” and cover for militant Islam.


[1] Hadhrat Mirza ghulam Ahmad, The Messiah:
[2] Ahmadis in Pakistan 1989-1999:
[3] Saudi Arabia simply deports Ahmadis:
[4] Indonesia bans Ahmadiyya sect from practicing:
[5] Bangladesh and Indonesia ban Ahmadiyya:
[6] Pakistani Constitution Bans Ahmadiyya sect, 1974
[7] Declaration by The World Muslim League, 1974
[9] Pakistani Religious sects by percentage:
[10] Distinct Ahmadiyya Sect beliefs:
[11] Abrogation my Muhammed:
[12] The Finality of the Prophet:Qadiani Imposter:
[13] Jihad is Ordained – Qur’an 2;216
[14] Ahmadi Hierarchy and famous members:
[15] Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement views:
[16] The Ahmadi split 1914:

Additional References:

[A1] Mirza Tahir Ahmad established base in Britain 26 April, 1984
[A2] Ahmadiyya demographisc:
[A3] Bait al Futuh-Morden 2003 Largest mosque
[A4] First British mosque was Ahamdi, 20,000 today:
[A5]  Ahmadiyya:

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