Islamic Prayers (In English)

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Islamic Prayers (In English)

To non-Muslims, Islamic Prayers and the ritualisms are a mystery. I decided to gather as many of the prayers together so that we might appreciate what binds the Muslim community together. Of course it was a complex issue, and I have to separate the prayers from the physical rituals, and the various customs adopted by various Mosques. I will attempt to upgrade this article as I find more material.


TEXT OF THE AZAN (In English)

Allah is the greatest
Allah is the greatest

Allah is the greatest
Allah is the greatest

Allah is the greatest
Allah is the greatest

Allah is the greatest
Allah is the greatest

I bear witness that there is no deity but Allah.
I bear witness that there is no deity but Allah.

I bear witness that there is no deity but Allah.
I bear witness that there is no deity but Allah.

I bear witness that Muhammad (S.A.W.) is the messenger of Allah.
I bear witness that Muhammad (S.A.W.) is the messenger of Allah.

I bear witness that Muhammad (S.A.W.) is the messenger of Allah.
I bear witness that Muhammad (S.A.W.) is the messenger of Allah.

Come to Prayer.
Come to Prayer.

Come to your God Allah.
Come to your God Allah

Allah is the greatest
Allah is the greatest

Allah is the greatest
Allah is the greatest

There is no deity but Allah.
There is no deity but Allah.

AZAN for FAJR

For those repeating the Azan at home this is inserted after the second Hayya ‘alal Falah:
Prayer is better than sleep
Prayer is better than sleep.

Darud after the Azan

(S.A.W.)

“Oh Allah, let your peace come upon Muhammad (S.A.W.) and
the family of Muhammad (S.A.W-l as you have sent peace upon
Ibrahim (A.S.) and his family. Truly you are praiseworthy and
glorious.”
Oh Allah, let your peace come upon Muhammad (S.A.W.) and
the family of Muhammad (S.A.W-) as you have sent peace upon
Ibrahim (A.S.) and his family. Truly you are praiseworthy and
glorious.”

DUA OF AZAN

“0h Allah! Lord of this complete
prayer ours. By the blessing
of it, give Muhammad (S.A.W.) his eternal rights of intercession,
distinction and highest class (in paradise). And raise him to the
promised rank you have promised him.

Jabir (R.A.) reported Allah’s Messenger (S.A.W.) as saying, “If anyone says when he hears the Azan ,. ‘0 God, Lord of this perfect
call and of the prayer which is established for all time, grant Muham-
mad(S.A.W.) Wasila excellency, raise up in a praise-worthy position
which you have promised’, he will be assured of by my intercession.”
(Bukhari)

IQAMAT

Iqamat is the second call to prayer and is uttered immediately before
the beginning of the obligatory prayer offered with congregation.

Allah is the greatest
Allah is the greatest
I bear witness that there no deity but Alah.

I bear witness that Mu’hammad (S.A.W.} is the messenger of Allah.

Come to prayer
Come to your good Jaml’at is ready

Allah is the Greatest
Allah is the greatest

There is no deity but Allah.

ISLAM IS PARTICULAR REGARDING THE PHYSICAL RITUALS FOR PRAYERS

(I will not go into details except to list them for reference.)
Preperation for Salat (Prayer) includes: Sutra (an object in front of him), Qiblah (Facing Ka’bah), niyat (intention of mind),Takbir Tahrimah (symbolic position of prayer) including all the physical gestures to conform to prayer and the recitation before Fatihah.

“0 Allah set me apart from my sins as East and West are apart
from each other.
O Allah, cleanse me from my sins as a white garment is cleansed
from dirt after thorough washing.
O Allah, wash me off from my sins with water, snow and hail.”

If a person does not know the dua just mentioned then he
should recite the following one. Umar (R.AJ is reported to have
used this du’a after saying Takbir Tahrimah.

“Glory be to you, 0 Allah, and all praises are due unto you·,
and blessed is your name and high is your majesty and none is worthy
of worship but you:’

A person  can read both du’as, together or just one of them or
can read both du as, together just one after the other or
any of the other du’as which are approved by Prophet Muhammad
the other du’as which are approved by Prophet Muhammad
(S.A.W.),and there about 7.  These du’as tan be found in different
places several Books of Hadith, e.g. Muslim, Tirmizi, Musnad-.
places of sevenl Books Hadith,e.g.Mulim, Tirmizi, Musnad.e
Imam Ahmad, Abu Dawid, Dar-qulni, Nisai, Ibn Majah, llibban,
lbn Muana Imam Malik).

All of the 7 du’as can be read together before reciting surah
Fatihah.

This recitation is called Dua-ul-Istiftah which means Du’a of
starting. Du’a-ul-lstiftah should only be recited in the first rakat.

TA’Awwuz
The Person praying should say:

“I seek Allah’s protection from Satan who is accursed.”
Only said in the first rakat.
Tasmiah
They prayer should say:
“In the name of Allah, the most kind and the most merciful.”
This should be said in every rakat before reciting Surah Fatihah.

Surah Fatihah

Reciting:
“Praise is only for Allah, Lord
of the Universe.
The most kind, the most merciful.
The master of the Day of Judgment.
You alone we worship and to you alone
we pray for help.
Show us the straight way,
the way of those whom you have blessed.
Who have not deserved your anger,
Nor gone astray.”
Reciting Fatihah is so important that Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.)
said that no prayer was acceptable wi1thout the recitation of Fatihah.
AMEEN
It is sunnah to say Ameen after saying Surah Fatihah
RECITATION AFTER SURAH FATIHAH
a. Surah Ikhlas
“Say: he is Allah, the only one.
Allah helps and does not need help.
He does not producer a child, and He
Was not born of anyone.
There is no one equal to him.”

b. Surah Falaq
Say: I seek refuge in the Lord the dawn,
from the evil of all that He has created,
and from the evil the darkness of night when it falls,
and from the evil those (charmers) who blow into knots.
And from the evil the envier when he envies.”

c. Surah Nas

”Say: I seek refuge in the sustainer of mankind.
the Owner of Mankind, Lord of Mankind.
From the evil of the sneaking whisperer.
Who whispers in the hearts of mankind.
(Whether he be) from among jinns or mankind.”

This is followed by RUKU or Bowing
(Details omitted)
Then he should read :”Subhana rab-bi yal azeem” at least
three times.
“Glory be my lord who the very greatest’

He can read (3, 5, 7, 9, 11 etc.) times.

QAWMAH, (STANDING AFTER RUKU)

After the perfect Ruku the person praying should raise his
head from Ruku saying:-

“Verily Allah listens to one who praises him.”

and* raise his hands up to the level of his shoulders
with palms facing outwards and
fingers stretched to the earlobes then he should
lower his hands to his sides. In the standing
position he should be erect so that the
joints of his body go back in place.
While in this position he should
recite one or all of the following du’as as many times as he likes.

DU’AS IN QAWMAH

a)  “0h, 0ur Lord, the praises be to you’

b)”0h our Lord, Praises to You,
Very many, pure and blessed praises be to you.”

c) “0h Allah,our Lord, all praises to you, as much as they can
fill the heavens and the earth and everything which you want to be
filled after that. You deserve to be praised and glorified. You deserve
more than what your servant has said and all of us are your slaves.
Nobody can prevent whatever you want to give and nobody can Give
whatever you want to prevent and a person with high rank cannot
benefit himself or another from his high rank against your will.”

FIRST SAJDAH (PROSTRATION).

After the perfect qawmah the person praying should move
to perform sajdah (prostration – details omitted.)

While prostrate he should say:
He should say this at least 3 times or 5, 7, 9, 11 etc. times.

“Oh Allah, glory be to you, the most high.”

OTHER DU’AS IN SAJDAH

i) Ali (R.A.) said that the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W-l used to say
while doing sajdah:

“0h Allah,for you I have prostrated, in you I have faith,
and unto you I have submitted, my  forehead has prostrated in
front of one who created it and gave shape it and made it
perfectly. Then he gave power of hearing and sight and blessed
is Allah’s name who is the perfect creator.”

ii) Abu Hurairah (R.n.)saidthat the Mesenger
(R.A.) said that the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) used to say in his sajdah:

“Oh Allah, forgive all of my sins, minor
ones and major ones,
Ones I committed previously
previously and Ones I commit in the future.
Ones I commit openly And ones I commit secretly.”

It is sunnat to say the following du ‘a while sitting in between the two sajdahs.

“Oh Allah, forgive me, and have mercy on me,
and keep me on the right path,
and keep me healthy,
and provide me with halal sources of living,
and complete my shortcomings, and make my rank high.”

The worshipper can say this du’a once or as many times as he
likes.

TASHAHUD

After completing the last sajdah of the second rakat,
the person should raise his head saying:
“Allah-Akbar”.
He should read:

“AII compliments, all physical prayer,
and all monitary worship are for Allah.
Peace be upon you, Oh Prophet,
and Allah’s mercy and blessings.
Peace be on us and on all righteous
slaves of Allah.”
“1 bear witness that no one is worthy of
worship except Allah.
And I bear witness that Muhammad
(S.A.W.) is His slave and Messenger.”

STANDING UP FOR THIRD RAKAT
After Tashthud should read Salat Alan-Nabi (Darud)

“Oh Allah, send grace and honour on Muhammad (S.A.W.) and
On the family and true followers of Muhammad (S.A.W.),
just as you sent Grace and Honour on Ibrahim (A.S.)
and on the family and true followers of Ibrahim (A.S)
Surely you are praiseworthy, the Great.”

“Oh Allah, send you blessings on Muhammad (S.A.W.)
and the true followers of Muhammad (S.A.W.), just
as you sent blessings on Ibrahim (A.S.) and his true followers.
Surely you are praiseworthy, the Great.”

DU’AS AFTER SALAT ALAN-NABI (|DARUD)

There are several:
i) Oh Allah, I have been very cruel to myself (by ignoring my duty to you)
and there is no one who can forgive the sins except you. So forgive forgive
me because you are the only forgiver and have mercy on me. Verily, you
are the forgiver and merciful.”

ii)The Prophet used to say:
“Oh Allah, I ask you for strength in every matter of dean and a strong will power
to be on the right path. And I Ask you to make me thankful for your bounties and
give me ability to worship you perfectly. I ask you for every goodness known to you and I ask refuge in you from everything bad that you know is bad,
I ask you forgiveness for all mistakes you know.”

iii) Aisha (R.A.) reported that the Prophet (S.A.W.) used to say:

“Oh Allah I seek refuge in you from the punishments of the grave, and I seek refugein you from the difficulties and troubles of the life and death.
Oh allah I seek refuge in you from every kind of sin and unexpected troubles.”

iv) Oh Lord, make me and my children keep up prayers,
Oh Lord, accept our prayer,
Oh Lord forgive me and my parents
and all the Believers on The Day of Judgement.”

ENDING THE PRAYER

“Peace be on you and the Mercy of Allah.”

This brings the 2, 3 or 4 rakats of the  Prayer to completion.

DU’AS AFTER SALUTATIONS (should be memorised)

1-
a. “Allahu Akbar,” “Allah is the Greatest” (once out loud)
b. I “ask Allah to forgive me” (repeated 3 times)
c. “Oh Allah, you are the peace,
And you are the source of peace’
You are Blessed, O possessor of Glory and Honour.”
2- “Oh Allah, help me to remember you all the time,
And to thank you, and to worship you perfectly.”
3-
a. “There is no god but Allah.
He is the only one and has no partner,
Sovereignty and praise are only for Him.
And he has full authority over everything.”
b. “Nobody can prevent for whatever you want
to give and nobody can give whatever you
want to prevent and a person with high
rank cannot benefit himself or another
from his high rank against Your Will.”

4- It is sunnat to say subha nalla, “Glory be to Allah” (33 times),
Alhamdu lillah, “Praise be to Allah”  (33 timnes),
and Allahu Akbar, “Allah is the Greatest.” (34 times).

OCCASIONAL PRAYERS
WITR PRAYER is sunnat Mu’akkadah or most emphasised and
important prayer according to the Prophet Muhammad. Witr means
“ONE.”

Du’a  QUNUT in WITR PRAYER

Some Fuqhas insist that reading du’a Qunut is compul·

sory in the last rakat of the Witr and some others say it is

compulsory in the last rakat of the Fajr prayer, but if you

study hadiths carefully you will find that it is not compul-

sory either in the witr or in the Fajr prayer.

Therefore if a person

leaves du’a Qunut in his witr prayer his prayer will

not be deficient.

Also, someone does not know du’a Qunut

he need not say another chapter of the ‘Quran or any other

words in its replacement. Du’a Qunut can be read in any

prayer.

DU’A QUNUT
“Oh Allah, make me among those whom you have guided,
and make me among those whom you have saved, and make
me among those whom you have chosen, and bless whatever
you have given me, and protect me from the evil which you
have decreed; verily., you decide the things and nobody can
decide against you; surely the person you befriended can’t
be disgraced, and the person you opposed can’t be honoured.
You are blessed, our lord, and exalted, we ask tor your forgiveness
and turn to you. Peace and mercy of Allah be upon the Prophet.”

“0h Allah,  we ask you for help and seek your forgiveness,
and we believe in you and have trust in you, and we praise
you in the best way and we thank you and we are not un-
grateful to you, and we forsake and turn away from the one
who disobeys you. 0 Allah, we worship you only and pray
to you and prostrate ourselves before you, and we run towards
you and serve you, and we hope to receive your mercy, and
we fear your punishment. Surely, the disbelievers will receive
your punishment.”


JUMA (FRIDAY PRAYER)


THE IMPORTANCE OF ATTENDING FRIDAY  PRAYERS

Friday Prayer is very important in Islam. It has got its own moral,
social and political benefits. It is “OBLIGATORY for EVERY MUSLIM” except
women, children, slaves, seriously ill people and travellers. They can
pray Jumah but it is not obligatory on them.
Prophet Muhammad (S.A. W.) has given a strong warning to a
person who leaves his Jumah prayer without a good reason.
In one hadith Abdullah bin Masud (A.A.) narrates what the Messenger

of Allah (S.A.W.) once said about the people who did not come to the Friday Prayer

without good reason.

“I (Muhammad) wish to appoint someone to lead the prayer and myself go to

the houses who missed the Friday Prayer and set fire to their houses with the

occupants in them.”
(Muslim, Ahmad).

Another hadith states, “A person

who leaves 3 Friday Prayers consecutively, Allah

puts a seal on his heart”

(Ahmad, Tirmizi, abu Dawud).
LISTENING TO KHUTBAH  SERMON

Once the Khutbah starts, the whole congregation should listen
to it in silence. If a person arrives while the Imam is giving Khutbah
then this person should pray 2 rakats nafl before sitting down to
listen to Khutbah.

OBSERVATIONS

Surprisingly, most of the formal prayers are short and simple and easily memorised by all people.  The repetition of, “Allah is The Greatest”  and “There is no Deity but Allah” is repeated again and again so that there can be no doubts in a Muslim’s mind that Islam is the only acceptable religion for all. This is the crux of Islam, “That there is NO DEITY BUT ALLAH” and extending this concept would mean that there can be no other god or gods or other religions other than Islam for mankind since the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad, brought his message to us on earth.

With the establishment of the absolute supremacy of Allah (thus Islam), the congregation then asks Allah for “the forgiveness of their sins,” pledge their trust, loyalty and gratitude in Allah, all the usual submissions to the gods. All the prayers are very pious and submissive to Allah.

The physical ritualisation for the preparation and the actual positioning of supplications in prayer creates a conformity and a unity that binds the congregation together, regardless of rank or station in life. This act brings all prayers to the same level and is great for binding the people as one in purpose and aims. The total acts of the preparation, and prayers, is the “magic glue of Islam.” (This is largely lost in the Western world today due to the breakdown of older traditions and western liberalisation.) This “glue” is what has held Islam together for 1400 years. But in addition there are disincentives Islam to stray away from traditional practices.

For emphasis I reiterate:

Friday Prayers is Obligatory on Every Muslim.

The Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) once said about the people who did not come to Friday Prayer without good reason.

“I (Muhammad S.A. W.) wish to appoint someone to lead the prayer and myself go to the houses who missed the Friday Prayer and set fire to their houses with the occupants in them.”

In another Hadith: “A person who leaves 3 Friday Prayers consecutively, Allah puts a seal on his heart.”

Nothing can be clearer than the above 2 messages of the Obligation of Friday Prayers to all Muslims. And this is the Power and the Control over all Muslims to remind them during every prayer  (5 times a day) of their obligations to Allah. This is, “THE GLUE”  and Power of Islam.

Sahih Muslim Chapter 157 Book 4 Number 1882

Abdullah b. Umar and Abu Heraira said they heard Allah Messenger (may peace be upon him) say on the plank of his pulpit: People must cease to neglect the Friday prayer or Allah will seal their hearts and then they will be among the negligent. Muslim Chap157.Bk4.No1882

 

REFERENCES:

[1] A guide to Prayer in Islam:

http://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:toO8bOp6lkgJ:www.islamicbook.ws/english/english-020.pdf+5+obligatory+prayers+in+Islam+in+English&hl=en&gl=uk&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEESijduCFA_KW6j-0z5hDL2xnl5k1ZNuQ4NVKnW5lfvlYFwSSQXU-hVbtxn6266iVt525JlHnZa1osnVn89kan7RKoYVjrTItJv7307bhakNXjgEyGm1z3j91OK3ioVZmtcYfsDUo&sig=AHIEtbSB2Pyjsk5lfGwZccOuSyJXTU5SrQ&pli=1

[2] The Basics of Muslim Prayer (with diagrams):
http://www.sunna.info/prayer/TheBasicsoftheMuslimsPrayer.php#The%20Five%20Obligatory%20Prayers

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