§1 Unlawful for Muslim Women to Marry non-Muslim

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§ 1 Unlawful for Muslim Women to Marry non-Muslim

Quran & Hadith Contradictions & Misconceptions – mbplee


Many Muslims as well as non-Muslims are often bewildered but the contradictions within Islamic text that causes misunderstandings between Muslims themselves and with non-Muslims. We will attempt to list some of these controversies.

A Slave Offering

Intermarriage In Islam: To Chaste Women of  the People of the Book


Most obvious is what is contained in the Quran, for comparison of interpretation I quote from 3 interpretations:
Quran 5:5
YUSUFALI: This day are (all) things good and pure made lawful unto you. The food of the People of the Book (Jews and Christians) is lawful unto you and yours is lawful unto them. (Lawful unto you in marriage) are (not only) chaste women who are believers (Muslims), but chaste women among the People of the Book (Jews and Christians), revealed before your time,- when ye give them their due dowers, and desire chastity, not lewdness, nor secret intrigues if any one rejects faith, fruitless is his work, and in the Hereafter he will be in the ranks of those who have lost (all spiritual good).
PICKTHAL: This day are (all) good things made lawful for you. The food of those who have received the Scripture is lawful for you, and your food is lawful for them. And so are the virtuous women of the believers (Muslims) and the virtuous women of those who received the Scripture before you (lawful for you) when ye give them their marriage portions and live with them in honour, not in fornication, nor taking them as secret concubines. Whoso denieth the faith (Islam), his work is vain and he will be among the losers in the Hereafter.
SHAKIR: This day (all) the good things are allowed to you; and the food of those who have been given the Book is lawful for you and your food is lawful for them; and the chaste from among the believing women (Muslim) and the chaste from among those who have been given the Book (Bible) before you (are lawful for you); when you have given them their dowries, taking (them) in marriage, not fornicating nor taking them for paramours in secret; and whoever denies faith (Islam), his work indeed is of no account, and in the hereafter he shall be one of the losers.


It would appear from Quran 5:5 that marriage of a Muslim man to a Jewess or Christian “chaste” (virgin) woman is permitted. Yet in his next breadth he (Muhammad) contradicts what he has said above, and states this:

Denouncing People of the Book

Quran

[9.28] O you who believe(Muslims)! the idolaters (Jews and Christians) are nothing but unclean, so they shall not approach the Sacred Mosque after this year; and if you fear poverty then Allah will enrich you out of His grace if He please; surely Allah is Knowing Wise.
[9.29] Fight those who do not believe in Allah, nor in the latter day, nor do they prohibit what Allah and His Apostle have prohibited, nor follow the religion of truth, out of those who have been given the Book (Bible), until they pay the tax in acknowledgement of superiority (of Allah) and they are in a state of subjection.
[9.30] And the Jews say: Uzair is the son of Allah (God); and the Christians say: The Messiah (Jesus) is the son of Allah(God); these are the words of their mouths; they imitate the saying of those who disbelieved before(pagans); may Allah destroy them; how they turned away!
[9.31] They have taken their doctors of law and their monks for lords besides Allah, and (also) the Messiah son of Marium (Mary) and they were enjoined that they should serve one God only, there is no god but He (Allah); far from His glory be what they set up (with Him).
[9.32] They desire to put out the light of Allah with their mouths, and Allah will not consent save to perfect His light, though the unbelievers are averse.
[9.33] He (Allah) it is Who sent His Apostle (Muhammad) with guidance and the religion of truth, that He (Allah) might cause it to prevail over all religions, though the polytheists may be averse.

On the basis Quran 9:28-33 Muhammad claims that Christians (and Jews) are idolaters (or of those who associate partners with God) and blasphemers (or disbelievers, because Allah was the “One and only Allah,” i.e. unlike the Jews who have Uzair(Ezra) as son of God, or Jesus (Messiah) as son of God.The Quran even classifies the Jews and Christians as unclean and idolaters.

Quran 9:33  Muhammad claims the supremacy (religious doctrines) of Allah, and thereby Islam is supreme over the other faiths.

It is Unlawful for a Muslim Women to Marry a non-Muslim.

Quran 60:10 …”Neither are Muslim Women lawful for non-Muslim men” is clearly spelt out in this  Quranic verse ( quoted below).
Quran 2:221….”Nor marry (your daughters) to unbelievers (non-Muslims) until they believe”
Quran 24:33  And let those who do not find the means (opportunity to marry a Muslim) to marry keep chaste until Allah makes them free from want out of His grace…


“A fatwa issued in August 2007 by the secretary-general of the Assembly of Muslim Jurists in America (AMJA), Dr. Sheikh Salah Al-Sawy, states that marriage between a Muslim woman and a non-Muslim man is forbidden and invalid, and that children born of such a union are illegitimate.

The following are excerpts from the fatwa, which was posted on the website  http://www.islamonline.net

“Marriage between a Muslim woman and a non-Muslim [man] is forbidden and invalid – that is a consensus among Muslims. A [Muslim] woman who has taken the liberty [of marrying a non-Muslim man] has removed herself from the fold of the Muslim community – and one who has done so knowing that it is wrong, has done something strictly forbidden, and has committed an open [act of] abomination that may hurl her into the abyss of heresy and apostasy.

“Some clerics hold that [a Muslim woman who marries a non-Muslim man] is considered a heretic from the very beginning [i.e. from the moment she marries], since the bond of marriage allows her to have sexual relations and intercourse [with her husband], and to take pleasure [in this], and it is inconceivable that she should commit the crime [of having intercourse] without the sanction [of a valid marriage].

“The wisdom of the religious ban [against the marriage of a Muslim woman to a non-Muslim man lies in] its preventing [the woman] from being tempted away from her faith. The Koran justifies this ban by saying that these marriages ‘beckon [the believer] to the Fire [of Hell; Koran 2:221].’ In other words, they lead to sins that doom [the sinner] to Hell… since [the woman] may be tempted to renounce [Islam], to doubt [the truth of] Islam, and to disparage its religious rituals.” [3a][3b]

Muslims not Bound to Marriages to People of the Book(Bible)
In the following text, Allah commands Muslim men not to remain married to unbelievers (non-Muslims), and states that it is unlawful for Muslim women to be married to non-Muslim men, which is clearly contradicting Quran:5:5

Quran:[60.10] O you who believe! when believing women (Muslim) come to you flying, then examine them; Allah knows best their faith; then if you find them to be believing women (Muslims), do not send them back to the unbelievers (non-Muslims), neither are these ( Muslim women) lawful for them, nor are those (men, non-Muslim) lawful for them ( Muslim Women), and give them what they have spent; and no blame attaches to you in marrying them when you give them their dowries; and hold not to the ties of marriage of unbelieving women(non-Muslim), and ask for what you have spent, and ask them ask for what they have spent. That is Allah’s judgement; He judges between you, and Allah is Knowing, Wise.

Quran 60:10 is significant because it clearly specifies the position of a Muslim woman. If a Muslim woman fugitive seeks refuge (runs away from non-Muslims who may wish to marry her) do not send her away into the arms of the non-Muslims as she is unlawful for non-Muslim men; neither are the non-Muslim men lawful for the Muslim women. You may return the dowries and marry this Muslim woman.


However by Allah’s judgement, you (a Muslim) are not obligated to the ties of marriage to a non-Muslim woman but settle the cost of that marriage, before you discard her. How degrading it must be for a non-Muslim woman to be so regarded. In marriage, a non-Muslim woman is valued less than that of a slave girl who can be used as a sex-slave, worse than a whore, to be dumped when of no longer of interest. A non-Muslim woman has no standing in a Muslim marriage, a fact that is little known by non-Muslims.

There is no god but Allah

According to the Quran, Jews and Christians (specifically the latter) come under the description of kafir and mushrik.

The following verses illustrates why Muhammad considers Islam superior to the Jews and the Christians:
 5:17
YUSUFALI: In blasphemy indeed are those that say that Allah(God) is Christ the son of Mary. Say: “Who then hath the least power against Allah(God), if His will were to destroy Christ the son of Mary, his mother, and all every – one that is on the earth? For to Allah(God) belongeth the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and all that is between. He createth what He pleaseth. For Allah(God) hath power over all things.”
5:72
YUSUFALI: They do blaspheme who say: “Allah (God) is Christ the son of Mary.” But said Christ: “O Children of Israel! worship Allah(God), my Lord and your Lord.” Whoever joins other gods with Allah(God),- Allah(God) will forbid him the garden (Paradise), and the Fire (Hell) will be his abode. There will for the wrong-doers be no one to help
5:73
YUSUFALI: They (Christians) do blaspheme who say: Allah (God)is one of three in a Trinity: for there is no god except One Allah. If they desist not from their word (of blasphemy), verily a grievous penalty will befall the blasphemers among them.

Unlawful for Muslims to Marry Jews/Christians -Quran&Hadith

The Quran

2:221
YUSUFALI: Do not marry unbelieving women (idolaters/non-Muslims), until they believe: A slave woman who believes is better than an unbelieving woman, even though she allures you. Nor marry (your daughters) to unbelievers(non-Muslims) until they believe: A man slave who believes is better than an unbeliever (non-Muslim), even though he allures you. Unbelievers (non-Muslims) do beckon you to the Fire(Hell). But Allah beckons by His Grace to the Garden (of bliss) and forgiveness, and makes His Signs clear to mankind: That they may celebrate His praise.

The following Bukhari Hadith clearly spells out the disapproval of a Muslim marrying a Christian or a Jew.
Bukhari Vol 7, book 62, Number 27:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, “A woman is married for four things, i.e., her wealth, her family status, her beauty and her religion (Islam). So you should marry the religious woman  (Muslim) otherwise you will be a loser.

Sahih Muslim: Chapter 35: Excellence of Contracting Marriage with a Pious (Muslim) Lady

Book 8, Number 3457:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: A woman may be married for four reasons: for her property, her status. her beauty and her religion, so try to get one who is religious (Muslim), may your hand be besmeared with dust.

Bukhari Vol 7, Book 63, No,209

Narrated Nafi’:

Whenever Ibn ‘Umar was asked about marrying a Christian lady or a Jewess, he would say: “Allah has made it unlawful for the believers (Muslims) to marry ladies who ascribe partners in worship to Allah (God)(polytheists, i.e. Jews and Christians), and I do not know of a greater thing, as regards to ascribing partners in worship, etc. to Allah(God), than that a lady should say that Jesus is her Lord although he is just one of Allah’s slaves.”

 

Muslim Marriages to Non-Muslims Post-Medina

It is abundantly clear that Muhammad was a more tolerant person when he permitted the marriage of Muslims to People of the Book, Quran 5:5. These were verses written in the early years of Mohammed’s ministry. However, “post-Medina,” Muhammad’s sentiments towards Jews and Christians changed when he felt that they had rejected and betrayed him and his desire to be an acceptable alternative to Judaism and Christianity. [4]

The contradictions have been the result of bad editing of the Quran following Muhammad’s abrogations. Although Quran 5:5 has not been expunged from the Quran, it certainly has been abrogated by all the subsequent verses in the Quran and the Hadiths. The strength of the verses against the marriage of Muslims to People of the Book has been made very clear in the above quotations. [1][2][3][4]


Every Child is Born a Muslim

Sahih Muslim,Book 033, Number 6426: 
The Prophet Muhammad said, “No babe is born but upon Fitra (as a Muslim). It is his parents who make him a Jew or a Christian or a Polytheist.”

The Prophet (PBUH) reported that Allah said, “I created my servants in the right religion but devils made them go astray”. The Prophet (PBUH) also said, “Each child is born in a state of “Fitrah”, then his parents make him a Jew, Christian or a Zoroastrian, the way an animal gives birth to a normal offspring. Have you noticed any that were born mutilated?” (Collected by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim). [5]

The Qur’an also points to this phenomenon, where every soul that has been created is asked Who their Lord is, and they testify that it is none other than Allah before they are born into the world.

When your Lord drew forth from the loins of the children of Aadam their descendants and made them testify concerning themselves. Saying: Am I not your Lord? They said: “Yes, we testify to it.” (This) in case you say on the Day of Judgement, “We were unaware of this.” Or in case you say: It was our ancestors who made partners (with Allah) and we are only their descendants…[Surah Al-A’raaf 7:172-173]

Explaining this verse, the Prophet [SAW] said: When Allah created Aadam [AS] , He took a covenant from him …then He extracted from him all of his descendants who would be born until the end of the world, generation after generation and spread them out in front of Him in order to take a covenant from them.

He spoke to them face to face saying: Am I not your Lord? And they all replied: Yes, we testify to it.

Allah then explained why He had all of mankind bear witness that He was their Creator and the only true God worthy of worship. He said: That was in case you (mankind) should say on the Day of Resurrection, “Surely we were unaware of all this. We had no idea that You were our God.” [Silsilah al ahadeeth as Saheehah, Narrated by ibn Abbaas, collected by Imaam Ahmad]

References:

[1] Muslim Marriages to People of the Book: http://www.answering-islam.org/Quran/Contra/marry_christians.html
[2] Muslim Inter-faith Marriages: http://www.islamfortoday.com/interfaithmarriage.htm
[3] Marriage: Muslims:Non-Muslims: http://www.jannah.org/sisters/intermarriage.html
[3a] Fatwa against Muslim Women marrying non-Muslim men:
http://archive.frontpagemag.com/readArticle.aspx?ARTID=28449
[3b] Marriage of Muslim Woman to non-Muslim forbidden: http://annalyttiger.wordpress.com/2007/10/24/why-muslim-women-cant-marry-non-muslim-men/
[4] Mohammed alters Islam at “Medina”: “MEDINA”

[5] Born in Fitra: Fitra




Additional References:

[A1] Contradictions in the Qur’an: http://www.answering-islam.org/Quran/Contra/index.html#bible
[A2] Contradictions in the Qur’an: http://carm.org/contradictions-quran
[A3] List of contradictions in the Qur’an: http://www.rim.org/muslim/quranproblems.htm
[A4] Textual Variants in the Qur’an: http://www.answering-islam.org/Quran/Text/
[A5] Muhammad, Islam and Sex: http://www.answering-islam.org/Silas/mo_sex.htm
[A6] Islam and Terrorism:
http://www.answering-islam.org/Terrorism/index.html
[A7]
Narrated Umm Atiyyah al-Ansariyyah:
A woman used to perform circumcision in Medina. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said to her: Do not cut severely as that is better for a woman and more desirable for a husband. (Sunan Abu Dawud, Book 41, Number 5251) http://www.answering-islam.org/Index/C/circumcision.html
[A8] Sunan Abu-Dawud: http://www.usc.edu/schools/college/crcc/engagement/resources/texts/muslim/hadith/abudawud/041.sat.html
[A9] Hadith Sunan Abu-Dawud: http://forumi.kurandhesunet.net/english%28149%29/hadith-sunan-abu-dawud-table-of-contents%2818154%29-13.html
[A10] The Kaaba: http://www.reference.com/browse/KaabaINTER

[A12] Muslim Baby birth rites: http://www.missionislam.com/family/rightsnewborn.htm

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