The Hizb ut-Tahrir or “Freedom Party”

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The HIZB ut-TAHRIR or “Freedom Party” MOVEMENT

A Brief article on the Caliphate.

The Hizb ut-Tahrir Islamic movement has recently been brought to the public attention because of the use of Public Funds to financing schools run by these organisations. So this is a quick summary of who this organisation are and what are their aims.


ORIGINS OF HIZB ut-TAHRIR (1950’s)

Hizb ut-Tahrir (HT or HuT) or “FREEDOM PARTY” evolved out of the Middle East in the 1950’s. It was a Palestinian Islamic political movement whose members were  originally from Syria and Jordan.


It was an Islamic religious, and Islamic political movement based on orthodox Islamic precepts of the sanctity of Islam, and to restore Islam to its original “State of Spiritual Purity” since it had been corrupted and debased over time, following the death of the Prophet Muhammad. They believed that all modern forms of government should be eliminated and replacing it with the rule of the Islamic Sharia Laws throughout the Islamic world. Ruled by a caliphate. In other words, stirring the “revival of Islamic orthodoxy.”

This had great Islamic spiritual appeal and found supporters in North Africa, and Egypt, and spread rapidly amongst the intellectuals throughout the Islamic world. Although Hizb ut-Tahrir’s stress on fundamentalism is like other movements like Wahhabism and Taliban, there are differences. Hizb ut-Tahrir is not averse to the use of modern technology to promote their cause, like using the modern media, the Internet, CD’s, VCR’s and videos.

The common factor that unites most of these Islamic groups, such as, Al-Qaeda, the Taliban, The Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU), and other Islamic groups is the concept of the “Universal Islamic Caliphate.” This would mean all Islamic nations will be united under one caliphate or one rule in the concept of unity under a single unit of Dar al Islam. A caliphate that will be ruled by Islamic doctrine and laws and will resist any force that tries to deny them this right, including the use of Jihad.

However, at this stage of their development, Hizb ut-Tahrir have not advocated nor supported the use of violence to achieve their goals of the Islamic caliphate, unlike the other Islamic movements. Hence the U.S. State Department, (and the British government), have not included Hizb ut-Tahrir on the list of world terrorist organizations although the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan,(IMU), is on that list. 

So far, there is little or no evidence that Hizb ut-Tahrir is a violent or militant organisation. Harvard University’s Schoeberlain says, “There is no reason to believe Hizb ut-Tahrir poses a danger, at least in any direct sense, to the governments of the region. Hizb ut-Tahrir quite explicitly disavows violence as its means for achieving power.” Even though the expressed aims of the Hizb ut-Tahrir is for a world caliphate, i.e. world domination, this is not seen as a threat so long as they do not advocate that it is achieved through violence. This seems like a contradiction in terms or a statement of appeasement or acceptance of the concept of a Caliphate whose intention is to rule the world, including the democracies of the world.  It seems that as long as Hizb ut-Tahrir is able to take over the western civilisation by peaceful means, Schoeberlein of Harvard has no concerns. It is apparent that Schoeberlein is not conversant of Islam nor the Sharia Laws that will prevail under a caliphate and unfortunately his gullibility has influenced government decisions. [1]

THE CONCEPT OF A CALIPHATE

(1)Under Muhammad:622-632(2)Patriarchal:632-661(3)Umayyad:661-750

To fully appreciate Muslim dreams of a Caliphate that could unite the entire Muslim world and be ruled with strict Islamic codes just like that during the time of the Prophet Muhammad, it is essential to fully understand the underlining theology of Islam. It was this dream of a caliphate that was responsible for the split of the Shia-Sunni sects. Several Caliphates existed, the earliest is shown in the map above, until Mustafa Kamal Ataturk abolished the Ottoman Caliphate in 1924 and established the secular Turkish Republic. And now, 26 years after to end of the Ottoman Caliphate “HT” is making a comeback with similar other groups like “Al-Qaeda” and “Tanzeem-al-Islami” aiming for the same cause with a slightly different agenda. But all of these movements have been spurred from the Qur’an.


Qur’an 20:14 “Verily, I am Allah. No Ilah (God) may be worshiped but I. So serve you Me, and perform regular prostration prayer for My praise. Verily the Hour is coming. I am almost hiding it from Myself.”
Qur’an:9:5 “Fight and kill the disbelievers (of Allah) wherever you find them, take them captive, harass them, lie in wait and ambush them using every stratagem of war.”
A caliphate is an Islamic rule or government by a caliph who will be guided by all the tenets of the Qur’an, the Hadiths, the Sharia Laws, and the traditions of Islam that only recognises the one and only god, Allah. Their dream that all Islamic nations will unite under on unity of a world caliphate. However, due to self interests of nationalists and jealousies of the different sects and rulers, this has not been achieved since the days of the early Caliphates.

The ultimate aim, of course, is to bring Islam to all peoples of the world, and convert or subdue infidels to the status of dhimmis. This can be achieved by  uniting all Muslims, and have a massive Jihadi army to subdue all infidel states and bring them into the caliphate of Dar al Islam.

Today, one of the most vocal and aggressive groups is the Hizb ut-Tahrir (HT) based in Britain, Western Europe, Australia, Indonesia, India, Bangladesh, Uzbekistan and elsewhere. There is growing support for such a caliphate, like HT especially among university students, that is being targeted by the HT. HT realise that university students recruited at this stage will soon hold prominent places in government and will also be able to make substantial financial contribution to the advancement of a caliph. [2]

This rapid success and support of the caliphate movement should be of concern to non-Muslim communities as their successes can only mean the retrogression of the non-Muslim cultures. To visualise the fervour and the appeal of a universal caliphate, one has to notice the success and the support for a Caliphate in docile Islamic country like Jakarta, Indonesia. [3]

The success of this movement, the universal Caliphate, need not necessarily require a militant Jihadism and the use of the sword, nor a coup, but by the natural and non-violent process of a demographic conquest over a relatively very short period of time. With the aid of Western social welfare support and generous government subsidies for the advancement of peaceful Islam, we are hastening the demise of western Christian civilisation as we have known it. A situation where we, with Christian generosity and misconstrued liberalism will hasten the establishment of a universal caliphate. 

HIZB ut-TAHRIR BRITAIN Promotes JIHAD


Britain is now Hizb ut Tahrir’s de facto headquarters for fund raising and grooming recruits and supports their fellow HT activities throughout the world. The main spokesman for Hizb ut Tahrir is Dr. Imran Waheed who led a rally of 8,000 Muslims in London in December 2005 and has been recorded in saying, “there can be no possibility of harmonious co-existence between Islam and the West. Ultimately one has to prevail.”

Dr.Imran Waheed, born and educated at Birmingham University School of Medicine as a psychiatrist, and now working for the National Health Service (NHS) at the Queen Elizabeth Psychiatric Hospital in Birmingham, with special interests in medical training. [4]  

Born and bred in Britain, Dr Waheed holds some extreme views. During his rally he has said, 

“Fighting in the way of Allah is the only solution to the Arab-Israeli conflict.” He told the crowd, “There is only one solution to the occupation of Muslim lands, one solution to the cries of the widows and the orphans, one solution to avenge the deaths of the elderly and the children. Fight in the way of Allah those who fight you! Al-Jihad!”

Dr. Waheed has even listed Muslim states whom he considers their leaders have betrayed Islam and were “traitors” and should be overthrown – including Dubai, Turkey, Egypt, Jordan Saudi Arabia and Iran – and called on their armed forces to join Hisb ut-Tahrir’s cause. (Note: all the states named have dialogue with America and the West.)

Patrick Mercer MP (Con) said, “I challenge the Home Secretary to do something decisive about this organisation (HT), and close it down.”

Alexander Meleagrou-Hitchens, centre for Social Cohesion said, “It is misleading to define Hizb ut-Tahrir as non-violent. Their recent invocations of Islamist violence show that they are not averse to using force to achieve their aims.”

The Home Ofice Spokesman said Hizb ut-Tahrir “was kept under continuous review.” and added, “However distasteful remarks made by organisations, proscription must be proportionate and based on evidence that a  group is concerned in terrorism as defined in the Terrorism Act 2000.”

In a statement, Hizb ut-Tahrir insisted it was a “non-violent” political organisation that never works outside of its political and intellectual methodology anywhere in the world. This is will known and to protray anything to the contrary would be clearly seen to be a lie.” 

The group said it was calling on the armies of Muslim states to withdraw their essential support for their hated regimes, but denied advocating armed coups.

The HT constitution is a dark, Islamist, totalitarian, exclusive, theocratic and extremist agenda to establish an Islamic world Caliphate. They have claimed to have cells in more that 40 nation states. [5] [6]

HIZB ut TAHRIR HAS SIGHTS ON BANGLADESH


Hizb ut Tahrir seem to have a long term strategy for their recruitment. They are focusing their targets at two groups, (1) the university students, the future intelligentsia and the future leaders in industry and the community, and the future financially sources, and the less educated and malleable “foot soldiers” who will eventually do the strong arm tactics and be able to take over power.[7]

Bangladesh is one country that is currently impoverished and weak and will be a target for the Hizb ut-Tahrir(HT) in the near future. In fact HT Bangladesh has already published an “Islamic Manifesto” for the country demanding a Khilafah (caliphate), the widespread of Shariah law and to stop any foreign ownership of any of the country’s resources. This means the exclusion of foreign influence in Bangladesh internal affairs by western companies.

To appreciate the long term planning of the HT for Bangladesh, an investigator from the anti-terrorist organisation, VIGIL, has been spending time studying the activities of the Bangladishi immigrants in the Tower Hamlets area of London, where 33 percent of the inhabitants are of Bangladeshi origins to recruit their “foot soldiers.” From her observations it has become clear that Hizb ut Tahrir 

(1) are spending considerable sums of money recruiting Bangladeshi Muslims in the area (of Tower Hamlet),
(2) taking out whole-page recruitment advertisements in Bangladishi newspapers,
(3) inviting Bangladeshis to HT study circles and social events,
(4) requesting Bangladeshis not to vote in local or national elections as this is against the principles of Islam,
(5) distributing inflammatory propaganda leaflets in the area daily, which aim at the youth, 
(6) at meetings declaring the West and in particular, British life as deviant and corrupt and declaring that even the brick Land festival as an event which Muslims should not be seen at because of the free mixing  and the presence of alcohol,
(7) stressing the “great work” HT is doing in Bangladesh and that HT will sponsor the establishment of a caliphate in Bangladesh
(8) raising funds from the Bangladeshi community in Tower Hamlet,
(9) apologising for not recognising the importance of Bangladeshi Muslims as equal to the Pakistani Muslims, and will support the election of a bengali-speaking Bangladeshi to their visible British leadership,
(10)Ht are aggressively engineering to take over control of the Bangladeshi Mosques in the Tower Hamlet area, as an important source of revenue and influence in that community, 
(11)exploiting useful social or political connections and routes for infiltrating into the Bangladesh community
(12) rejecting integration into the British society as the Islamic one is superior,
(13) privately distributing radical Islamic literature amongst the community,
(14) providing support and counselling for members of the community or those recently released from prison,
(15) arrange for discreet study circles and seminars on private premises
(16) and recently reports that arrangements are made to send British Bangladeshis to Bangladesh specialist training camps recently appearing in Bangladesh.

It has also be established that the East London Youth Forum, is a front organisation for the Hizb ut Tahrir. This youth forum engages Muslim youths in activities ranging from hiking to paint-balling, and are often supported by their parents believing them innocent activities. But when these youths are away at these camps when Hizb ut Tahrir starts Lecturing and brainwashing  these young men. [6]

Since the break up of the Soviet Union in the early 1990’s, Hizb ut Tahrir made moves to establish themselves in Central Asia where she had large followings in Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstn and the Muslim Xinjiang Province of China. But the Muslim leaders in this region were even tougher “national leaders” than “spiritual or idealistic leaders” and and would suffer truck with the HTs. But the HT’s turned their attention to more unstable and receptive targets like Bangladesh.

So one of the main purposes for targeting these British Bangladeshis is for their long term plan of the caliphate and to prepare men to take over as HT candidates. HT will wait for the opportunity of gaining the keys to the unstable Bangladesh state. “Bangladesh is home to corruption and political violence and  – in chaos, so any vaguely ordered Islamist group with cash and influence coming from abroad could seem like the solution.”

If HT can infiltrate, and buy out the Jamaat e Islami party, the largest party in Bangladesh, the Bangladesh Nationalist Party.

Alternatively, HT could infiltrate the civil service during the 3 months while power is temporarily handed over to the civil administration during the end of tenure of the government. But India will be watchful and would resist such a move. Nevertheless, this highlights the aims and ambitions of the HT. [6]


The Hizb ut Tahrir Manifesto for Pakistan

Pakistan with all its potential could be the starting point of the Islamic Caliphate as visualised by HT. HT believes that the fundamental problems in Pakistan is the lack of cohesion of the 50 Pakistani states is because there is a lack of “deen” or the Islamic way of life (conviction, obedience and submission to Allah’s will) to unite them leaving them to be fragmented and exploited by western capitalist powers. It is this lack of Islamic “deen” and the rule of a Khilafah that has resulted in a lack of unity, political instability, corruption, nepotism, the concentration of wealth in the hands of a few, and domination of our resources by capitalistic nations who control our activities and spread immoral ideologies to our young. All this results in poverty and illiteracy among our people. The absence of Islam has led to misery and hardship.

“Whosoever turns away from My Reminder verily, for him is a life of hardship.” [Surah Ta-Ha 20:124]


Pakistan, Khilafah and the re-unification of the Muslim World


The lack of Allah’s sovereignty over the Ummah, and in the daily lives of Muslims is the cause of the lethargy, and that if one or more nations like Pakistan would merge with others to form a Khilafah state to unite the entire Muslim World into the world’s most powerful state.

Islam Alone Will Revive The Muslims


“You are the best Ummah brought forward to humankind, enjoining what is good and forbidding what is evil and believing in Allah.” [Surah Aali Imran 3:110]

Islamic dynamism can return again when Muslims tun back to the secret of tehir success in this life and the next, which is the comprehensive implementation of Islam, through the establishment of the KHILAFAH STATE in one of more strong Muslim countries as a starting point for the re-unification of the entire Muslim World. [8]

In brief, that is the HT vision of the role of Pakistan in the establishment of a universal Caliphate.

Hizb ut Tahrir Indonesia


Indonesia with a population of 235 million people (2008) is the 4th most populous nation in the world, and what makes it fascinating are the following statistics: 


  • Muslim 87%
  • Protestant 6%
  • Roman Catholic 3%
  • Hindu 2%
  • Buddhist 1%
  • Other 1%

Broadly though the people of Indonesia can be classified into:

  • Javanese 45%,
  • Sundanese 14%,
  • Madurese 7.5%,
  • Coastal Malays 7.5%,
  • Other 26%  [9] 

It becomes obvious for any Islamic movement that the recruitment of Indonesia to their cause would be an asset. And to this end it would appear that Hizb ut-Tahrir has been relatively successful.

From a report by Tom A. Peter on 14 Aug, 2007, in the Christian Science Monitor,

80,000 members of the Islamic group Hizb ut-Tahrir filled a stadium in Jakarta stadium and listened to clerics called for the implementation of the Sharia Law. Speakers came from all over the world to call for a united Muslim state, a caliphate, that would span the entire Islamic world in unity as one. They blamed Indonesia’s economic and social troubles on secularism and democracy.  HT blamed secularism as the mother of all destruction, and to stop all filthy practices such as corruption, the spread of porn through the media, and called on all “Muslims to stand up and be united to establish Shariyah, revive the Khilafah Islamiyyah ‘ala Minhajin Nubuwwah (the Islamic caliphate based on the Prophetic tradition) that will bring a blessing for the universe and restore izzul Islam was Muslimin (the dignity of Islam and Muslim.”) [10] 

HT operates in over 43 countries over the world, and thus its influence must not be trivialised because it claims to be a non-violent movement despite its support but non-involvement of the more violent caliphate movements like Al-Qaeda and the Taliban. HT has recently become prominent in Indonesia and also in the Wouth East Asian region. Hizb ut-Tahrir Indonesia (HTI) has one of the largest followings in the Muslim World. However, although the concept of an  international ummah replacing national boundaries is contrary to the aims of goals of a Muslim nation state, or Muslim Sultanate or a Muslim Kingdom. [11]

In a demonstration in Medan, Sumatra on December 28, 2006 HTI  championed polygamy, and condemned gender equality and domestic violence laws. It also supported female circumcisions, and condemned abortions as un-Islamic.

These are indications that HTI are not only orthodox but are reverting to fundamentalism in Islam, a worrying trend. [12]

HIZB UT TAHRIR: ISLAM’S POLITICAL INSURGENCY

 The methodology and long term plans for the Hizb ut Tahrir’s ambitions for the revival of the Islamic caliphate is well described in Zeyno Baran’s  article, Hizb ut Tahrir:Islam’s Political Insurgency at The Nixon Center in December, 2004.[13] 

HT’s Methodology

(1) The first step for HT is to begin preaching orthodox Qur’anic ideology that most Muslims will accept and gradually the concept of the “umma,” and “Islamic brotherhood” is incorporated and leading into the concept of the “caliphate.” After having built up trust that these HT preachers are true Islamists, the audience is prepared for ideological, theological, and spiritual acceptance of fundamentalist Islam and are steadfast in such beliefs. These lessons will naturally be laced with anti-secular and anti-democracy rhetoric and extolling the virtues of the caliphate as shown in history  by,

(a) The Prophet Muhammad’s Caliphate,622-632
(b) The Patriarchal Caliphate, 632-661
(c)  The Umayyad Caliphate, 661-750
(d)  The Iranian, Abbasid Caliphate, 750-1258
(e)  The Iranian Caliphate, 1979-disguised as a Republic [14]
(f)   The Taliban Pious Caliphate [15]
(g)   The Al Qaeda Caliphate [16]

The appeal to emulate the Prophet Muhammad’s Khalifah is irresistible to all Muslims.

(2) Once this base has been established, taking from 6 months to 3 years, the community is then ready for the next phase. This phase is to build on the foundations above and work intensely within the whole community to embrace the Umma as one family. Continue spreading propaganda about the evils of democracy, secularism, and western decadence, promoting massive rallies, and even causing tensions to intimidate the unrelenting and to spur on the converted. To stimulate religious discussions and interactions on Islamic, political, and cultural matters to favour Islamic fundamentalism. And more important of all, to arrange for the “infiltration”  and controlling law enforcement agencies, the military and the bureaucratic institutions, and all decision making bodies in government.

(This last sentence on infiltration is indeed sinister, but can be clearly observed in all British and American Institutions. Strangely most of these infiltrators have wormed there way into these institutions by being appointed by the top Government leaders themselves, i.e. Presidential and Prime Ministerial appointments, to appease the minority groups.)

(3) Having gradually achieved their preparation, either in western or Islamic nations, with penetration of all essential government institutions, holding key positions of influence, HT are fully aware that a full coup or revolution would be  violently resisted by the governing bodies thus making violence unavoidable. HT’s declared policy of “not using force to achieve their aims, unless it becomes absolutely necessary—well this would be considered NECESSARY. [13]

The above methodology can be observed in HT activities all over the world. HT are patient and will wait for the right time, and they will overwhelm the sitting government and will achieve their goal of the Caliphate one by one.

Conclusions

Hizb ut-Tahrir by declaring that it is a non-violent Islamic organisation, and not getting into any direct involvement in any militant Jihadist activities, has at this stage of their evolution avoided in being proscribed under the protection of the Human Rights Act. 

However, there is no doubt of its intentions, to install Islamic Caliphate to dominate the world. They declare this openly.

But the above discussion shows that Hizb ut Tahrir is as sinister and as dangerous as any other Jihadist organisation, beginning with a very benign start. But their final aims is unquestionably the overthrow of all non-Islamic and Islamic governments. that does not adopt the concept of a Caliphate. Not all Islamic governments want a Caliphate as they could be established Monarchy ruled, or Sultanate ruled, or secular ruled, or Ayatollah ruled but not a caliphate, and do not wish to give up their powers to a caliphate. So HT may not receive the support that they had hoped for even in the Islamic world. This lies their weakness, and the only way they could hope to succeed is to resort to militancy in the last stage of their quest for control. So the road is not so straight forward as the fundamentalist may have hoped for.


REFERENCES;

[3] Hizb ut Tahrir urge for caliphate in Jakarta conference: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/6942688.stm
[6] Hizb ut-Tahrir in Bangladesh and Britain: http://www.globalpolitician.com/22554-bangladesh
[7] British Universities targeted by Radical Islam: http://www.icjs-online.org/indarch.php?article=1166
[10] 80,000 Thousand HT Rally in Jakarta: http://www.csmonitor.com/2007/0813/p99s01-duts.html
[11] The concept of a Caliphate vs an Islamic Nation state: http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p_mla_apa_research_citation/2/5/3/8/4/p253842_index.html
[12] HTI show support of fundamentalism like polygamy: http://www.indonesiamatters.com/1025/hizbut-tahrir/
[14] Iranian Caliphate, 1979-Disguised as a Republic: http://www.internationalviewpoint.org/spip.php?article1148
Unassigned References:

[U1] Hizb ut-Tahrir general views: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hizb_ut-Tahrir
[U2] Jihad: The Rise of Militant Islam in Central Asia: http://www.curledup.com/jihad.htm
[U4] Ed Husain’s The Islamist, views: http://theislamist.tumblr.com/

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