Why Islam Cannot Change

Authors

Why ISLAM Cannot Change

(10,623 words)

(Edit: 15.02.12, 22.05.12)

Quran 20:14 “Verily, I am Allah. No Ilah (God) may be worshipped but I.

Mohammed/Islam was rejected and persecuted by pagan Quraish and other Arab tribes, pagan Egyptian Kings, Romans (Europeans), Judaism, Christianity, but to counter this rejection, the faithful followers of Mohammed and brilliant scholars like Uthman ibn Affan produced a comprehensive, almost perfect, manual to ensure the survival and spread of Islam in Holy Quran in an antagonistic environment. Almost perfect, because of the Qur’an’s exclusivity, no flexibility was possible. Islam cannot flex or change.


Misconceptions of Islam

I keep reading remarks like the following time and time again, showing it is a very common perception among the population, that they believe a Muslim can change if they wish to change. People do not realise that Islam (Muslims) cannot change if they are Muslims by religion.


M said, ” Well educated intellectuals and professionals in the Muslim community should stand up and lead in the reformation; discard the violent and exceptionalist (sic) tenets in the Koran to bring it up to date and compatible with the present.” [1]

OB said, “However, there are some law abiding and intelligent icons who can motivate their communities to aspire to nobler goals in life than narrow teachings and interpretation of the “holy book.” Some successful medical and legal professionals among and the Middle Easterners in Australia can be the bridge between the dogmatic and the secular worlds.” [1]

The only reason I have quoted the two remarks is to show that they are the typical perceptions of thousands of people who have a superficial understanding of Islam, accepting that Islam is just like any other religion. Islam is not like any other religion, and in particular, Judaism or Christianity. In reality, Islam can be classified as one of the most exclusive and constrained cults according to the definitions reproduced below. Check the list to see how Islam fits the description of a cult.[D1]

Instilling Islam in Muslim Children


To understand how children are taught Islam one has to look at the fundamentals of Islamic teachings  and examine the way Islam is integrated into Muslim way of life and why it is so exclusive and uncompromising.

“Here are some tips you may want to follow in helping your children grow up with Islamic values:

1. Start by teaching them the importance of Worshipping ONLY ALLAH: The best thing any Muslim parent could ever teach their children is to emphasise, FROM THE DAY THEY CAN COMPREHEND, THAT ALLAH (swt) [D3] IS ONE AND NO ONE (ELSE) IS WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH (swt). This is the fundamental message of our Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) and it is out key to Paradise.

2. Teach them examples of Muslim heroes: Instead of Batman or Superman, tell them about real heroes such as Abu Bakr(Mohammed’s Father-in-law and first convert of Islam and first Muslim ruler, caliph), Umar ibn Khattab (one of the most powerful of the early caliphs succeeding Abu Bakr), Othman bin Affan (Koran), Ali bin Abi Talib(cousin and son-in -law of Mohammed and also a caliph) and others (Islamic martyrs.) Tell them how Muslim leaders brought a real peaceful change in the world and won the hearts of Muslims and non-Muslims alike.

3. Let children sit with adults: It is preferable for children to be among adults, especially when listening to Islamic lectures. The Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) would often put children in the front row when he spoke to the people.

4. Pray with them: Involve them in acts of worship. When they are young, let them see you in act of salaah (salat). Soon, they would be trying to imitate you. Wake them up for Fajr and pray as a family. Talk to them about the rewards of salaah so that it doesn’t feel like a burden to them” {D2}


***By the time a child, at 6 or 7 years of age is ready to attend an Islamic school he/she is already well versed with some of the ritual’s and prayers, the Qur’an verses, and the history and traditions of Islam. They would certainly have learned about Hallal’s and Haram’s of Islam, and certainly about Mohammed and Allah and Paradise, of

Shahid (Arabic: شَهيد ‎ šahīd, plural: شُهَداء šuhadā’, also romanized as shaheed) is an Arabic word meaning “witness”. It is a religious term in Islam, meaning “witness”, as stated, but most often “martyr.” It is used as a title for Muslims who have died fulfilling a religious commandment, or waging war for Islam.

A woman is considered “shaheeda”(شهيدة) if she died during fulfilment of a religious commandment. Or…

Qur’an 2:64 “But you [Jews] went back on your word and were lost losers. So become apes, despised and hated. We made an example out of you.”
Ishaq:240 “The Jews are a nation of liars…. The Jews are a treacherous, lying, and evil people.”
Qur’an 33:26 “Allah made the Jews leave their homes by terrorizing them so that you killed some and made many captive. And He made you inherit their lands, their homes, and their wealth. He gave you a country you had not traversed before.”
Ishaq:250 “The bestial transformation occurred when Allah turned Jews into apes, despised.”
Qur’an 59:14 “The Jews are devoid of sense. There is a grievous punishment awaiting them. Satan tells them not to believe so they will end up in Hell.”
Ishaq:254
Qur’an 2:96
“We will not remove a Jew from the punishment. They know the shameful thing that awaits them.”
Qur’an 4:55 “Sufficient for the Jew is the Flaming Fire!”
Qur’an 5:82 “You will find the Jews and disbelievers [defined as Christians in 5:73] the most vehement in hatred for the Muslims.”
Bukhari:V1B1N6″Just issue orders to kill every Jew in the country”

 

Tabari “When the Messenger approached the Jews, he said, “You brothers of apes! Allah shamed you and cursed you.”

 

Qur’an “Believers, take not Jews and Christians for your friends. that are but friends and protectors to each other.”

Qur’an:9:5 “Fight and kill the disbelievers (of Islam) wherever you find them, take them captive, harass them, lie in wait and ambush them using every stratagem of war.”Qur’an:8:39 “So fight them until there is no more Fitnah (disbelief [non-Muslims]) and all submit to the religion of Allah alone (in the whole world).”Qur’an:8:12 “I shall terrorize the infidels. So wound their bodies and incapacitate them because they oppose Allah and His Apostle.”

Qur’an:2:216 “Jihad (holy fighting in Allah’s Cause) is ordained for you (Muslims), though you dislike it. But it is possible that you dislike a thing which is good for you, and like a thing which is bad for you. But Allah knows, and you know not.” [Another translation reads:] “Warfare is ordained for you.”
Qur’an:4:95 “Not equal are those believers who sit at home and receive no injurious hurt, and those who strive hard, fighting Jihad in Allah’s Cause with their wealth and lives. Allah has granted a rank higher to those who strive hard, fighting Jihad with their wealth and bodies to those who sit (at home). Unto each has Allah promised good, but He prefers Jihadists who strive hard and fight above those who sit home. He has distinguished his fighters with a huge reward.”
Bukhari:V4B52N44 “A man came to Allah’s Apostle and said, ‘Instruct me as to such a deed as equals Jihad in reward.’ He replied, ‘I do not find such a deed.'”

Qur’an 5:51 “Believers, take not Jews and Christians for your friends. They are but friends and protectors to each other.”

Qur’an:8:39 “So, fight them till all opposition ends and the only religion is Islam.”

Tabari IX:113 “Allah permits you to shut them (women) in separate rooms and to beat them, but not severely. If they abstain, they have the right to food and clothing. Treat women well for they are like domestic animals and they possess nothing themselves. Allah has made the enjoyment of their bodies lawful in his Qur’an.”

The above 20 verses are just a few Qur’anic and Hadith verses that are instilled in the minds of young Muslims long before they even attend a Muslim school. It will further be reinforced in the schools and the Mosques as the teachings continue to be a good Muslim.

The Education Curricula in Madrassas and the Level of Literacy in Muslim nations

In order to understand Muslim people and their culture, it is necessary to ascertain what influences their thought processes. It is necessary to ascertain the level of education among the normal citizenry and the influences on they values, their cognitive capabilities, and their perceptive visions. I have chosen the Pakistan system to examine since much of the information from Pakistan is available in English. There are two systems in Pakistan, the Government schools and the madrassa. The madrassa is by far the more popular because it offers free(subsidized) education, including boarding facilities. But most madrassas are financed by oil rich Islamic countries like the Wahhabi group in Saudi Arabia.

There are 2 courses of study in a Madrassa, (1) the elementary course, the ‘hifz’ course, which is essentially for the memorization of the Koran, (This is equivalent to a Primary school education in the West.) and (2) the ‘alim’ course or an accepted scholar course. The alim course takes 12 years, and qualifies that graduate to become an imam, or an Islamic teacher or to work in a Mosque. (On a time scale this is equivalent to an O-level or school leaving certificate level.) A typical curriculum for an alim course is,

(1) Arabic language, (2) Tafsir (Koranic interpretation), (3) Shari’ah (Islamic Law), (4)

Hadith (recorded sayings and deeds of Prophet Mohammed), (5) Mantiq (Islamic Logic), and (6) Muslim History. Some madrassas also offer courses in (a) Arabic Literature, (b) English or some other foreign language, and (c) science, and (d) World History.

The predominant aim is to produce students who have a solid knowledge of Islam in every aspect, and to be able to teach and preach Islam to more people. Fortified with such an intensity of Islamic knowledge the continuation of the faith is ensured. But the curricula would be deemed rather narrow as far as general education is concerned, as compared to schools in western countries. So we now see the extent and the limitations of a madrassa education. It would appear that the hifz could be equated to the British O-level education, specializing in Islam.

Taking Pakistan as a model of an Islamic country, statistics show that,

  1. 92% children enrol in Primary school (age 7 to 12), probably learn to recite the Koran
  2. 63% of children remain at middle school level (age 12 to 17) (having completed 5 years of Primary school hence able to recite the Koran.
  3. 44% of children continue at secondary or alim level (age 17 to 19). So less than 50% finish the equivalent of secondary school, but specializing in Islam. [5]

    The influence of the Islamic system to educating their children from the age of comprehension, (2 or 3 years of age) through a Muslim school, and with the influence of the Mosques, ensures that every Muslim knows his Quran and the Hadiths and Islamic laws and history well and thoroughly. No one can challenge that Islam is not thoroughly instilled in Muslims when they have finished school and are ready to face the world. Even those who only are educated to primary school level (12 years of age) can recite the Qur’an in Arabic and chants his prayers in Arabic.

By comparison:

Jewish Religious Studies in School

By comparison, here is a comparable Jewish curriculum:

“All students will follow an innovative Jewish education programme, both formal and informal. Study will be text-based and will offer a wide variety of interpretative models., It will include courses in:

– Jewish texts ( Tenach, Rabbinics,)
– Jewish values (Tikun Olam, laws between humanity (bein adam l’chavero) )
– Jewish practice (Jewish calendar, life cycle , festivals, prayer)
– Jewish history (ancient, medieval, Shoah, modern Jewish communities)
– Israel studies
– Jewish art and literature

Students will all have opportunities to take national examinations in Jewish Studies at GCSE/AS and A2 level.” [5a]

Catholic Catechism 

As defined in the Catechism of the Catholic Church, paragraph 5:

Catechesis  is an education in the faith of children, young people and adults which includes especially the teaching of Christian doctrine imparted, generally speaking, in an organic and systematic way, with a view to initiating the hearers into the fullness of Christian life.

catechist is one who engages in such religious instruction. Typically, it is a lay minister trained in the art of catechesis. It might also be a pastor or priest, religious teacher, or other individuals in church roles (including a deacon, religious brother or sister, or nun.) The primary catechists for children are their parents.

Curriculum for Religious Education in Anglican schools

I have found specific information difficult to pin-point probably due to Britain’s sensitivities about “political correctness.” Specific Anglican/Christian syllabus are not spelt out, stressing more of the civic aims of the syllabus.

“In October 2005 the National Society published guidelines on Religious Education in church schools: Excellence and Distinctiveness.  These are for dioceses to localise and adopt for their schools.

Agreed Syllabus
RE is different from national curriculum subjects in that the syllabus is compiled and agreed locally, rather than nationally. If you are a maintained school that does not have provision for denominational religious education, you must follow the local agreed syllabus.

Diocesan Syllabus
Governors of voluntary aided Church of England schools must ensure that they provide religious education in accordance with the teachings of the Anglican Church. Many Diocesan education teams produce guidance to support this. [5b]


We should also remember this observation from the Jesuit Francis Xavier:“Give me a child until he is severn and I will give you the man.”
That was the Jesuit motto, alleged to be attributed to Francis Xavier, the co-founder of the Jesuit Order. The implication is that the best opportunity to indoctrinate a person in a lifetime of belief and devotion to religious dogma is when they are young. [5c]


The Power of Prayer in Islam


“Salat (Prayer)

Friday's noon prayer at Haram in MakkahFriday’s noon prayer at Haram in Mekkah

Prayers are of such great significance that some leading scholars of the religion describe them as the Backbone of Islam.

Each Muslim is required to pray five times daily, in a prescribed manner. The first prayer (Salat al-Fajr) is at dawn, the second (Salat al-Zuhr) is at high noon;  then the third in the afternoon (Salat al-Asr); then the fourth after sunset (Salat al-Maghrib); and finally at night the 5th and final prayer (Salat al-Isha’.)  

The regular sequence of prayers every day sets the rhythm of the Muslim’s life. It forms a bond between all fellow Muslims around the world today and all the generations of Muslims who have lived and prayed since the time of the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him.

When praying, it is important that Muslim’s mind is clear of all trivial and ephemeral thoughts, so that he or she can give Allah his undivided attention. As the Holy Qur’an (107:4-6) states: “Woe to those who pray but are unmindful of their prayer, or who pray only to be seen by people.”

The formalised prayer consists of a sequence of obeisance’s made first from a standing position and then from a kneeling one. Muslims may pray in any place, alone or in the company of others. It is especially good to pray in the company of others in the mosque. When praying, the Muslim faces in the direction of the Kaaba in the Holy City of Makkah. [D4]

Inseparable from prayers in Islam is the Tahara, that is, the complete cleanliness of clothes, body and place. Without the Tahara, a Muslim’s prayers will be rendered null. It is the Muslim’s obligation, therefore, to be clean at the time of each prayer before facing his Creator. When Muslims pray, it is as though they are standing in the presence of Allah.” [6]

The reason I have taken the trouble to detail “Salat” is because “It is the Backbone of Islam.” Beginning with a child’s introduction into Islam, reinforced through primary and secondary education, and further with the  “salat” reinforces and binds the people to Islam with the obligatory 5-times a day reminder of the presence of Allah. In other words, Muslims are constantly reminded of their obligations to Allah at all times throughout their whole lives. It is little wonder that Muslims never forget their duties and obligations to Allah.

Such dedication to prayer and devotion to Allah must concentrate the mind on Islam and being a good dutiful Muslim at all times. But it will demand that thoughts and energy is given first priority to the worship and adoration of Allah before any material or other intellectual pursuits can be considered. (The main cause of intellectual sterility.) The belief and acceptance of the doctrines of Islam is all encompassing and total with no deviation or compromise. Such is the Islamic devotion of all orthodox Muslims. And this devotion is clearly apparent and is reflected in modern Islamic people’s philosophies today, the 21st century.

Quranic & Islamic Ideologies are well instilled in Muslims 

It is without question that most Muslims know their Qur’an and about Islam by the time they reach adulthood from the above detailed narrative of their upbringing, probably more formal than most other religions. Many, even the lesser educated Muslims, can recite the Qur’anic verses accurately in Arabic and recite most of the prayers without a second thought. The Islamic system of teaching Islam to the Muslims is very successful and effective in instilling Islamic ideology and rituals among her followers. Muslims know what is in the Qur’an and how to interpret it, and no Muslim would dare to alter the Qur’an in any way for that would be blasphemy and the penalty for blasphemy is death. Most Muslims interpret the Qur’an literarily as it was written in straight forward verse that is understood by simple nomadic tribes in the desert.


Prayer: The backbone of Islam

The call to prayer, 5 times a day, 365 days a year is “a constant reminder” of the presence of Allah in the lives of all Muslims. It keeps the community in constant contact with Allah and with one another as a united unit, with the same aims of sharing in the adoration of Allah. No one could possibly drift away from the presence and benevolent eye of Allah. It is a powerful uniting force that reminds that every one is in the constant surveillance by Allah, the Imams, your neighbours and your community. It is a powerful unifying force. The mosque, the focal point of Muslim prayers also serves as the sounding box for religious, political and community matters and binds them all closely together like a large family/tribal unit.


Instilling Islam in the young and impressionable

It is abundantly clear that Muslims begin the familiarisation of Islam to their children at a very early age, and this continues through elementary school, middle school and high school. Their exposure to foreign religions, and cultures is almost nought. This is followed up with being ritualised with five Prayers a day and in constant touch with the Mosque culture and community. Thus all well brought up Muslims become thoroughly involved with other Muslims constantly and intimately. All Muslims will  know about Islamic ideologies since that is 90% of their syllabus throughout their school education. [5] Their knowledge of the Qur’an, Hadiths, History of Islam, the life of Mohammed, Islamic laws, the Harams and Hallals of Islam’s community life will all be indelibly etched in their minds. Including verses like the 20 mentioned above. All 20 verses are authentically orthodox Islam doctrines (not confined to fundamentalist Muslims only.)

There Can Be No Moderate Islam-Only Orthodoxy

What has been portrayed above represents as accurately as possible the upbringing of most Muslims to adulthood. Most Muslims will accept all they are taught without question fully accepting that the Qur’an is the immutable word of Allah. This is how they are conditioned, from the age of understanding.

Some people seem to think that there must be a moderate side to Islam. There is, but to those within the clan of Islam, or those in Dur al Islam, (the House of Islam.)

I digress here to include the views of Muqteda Khan. PhD on Islamic view, even is Khan belongs to a minority sect of Islam. Born in 1966 in Hyderabad, India and married to Reshna. He is most certainly born of the Ahmadi faith although it is difficult to find a self admission from Khan’s self descriptions. [7a][7b][7c]          And because of his controversial concepts of “IJTIHAD” has raised many heckles, but as an Ahmadi probably feels he is liberated to speak openly of Ijtihad. [7d]



American media uses the term moderate Muslim to indicate a Muslim who is either pro-western in her politics or is being self-critical in her discourse. Therefore both President Karzai of Afghanistan and Professor Kahlid Abul Fadl of UCLA wear the cap with felicity, the former for his politics the latter for his ideas.  


 

 


Muslims in general do not like using the term, understanding it to indicate an individual who has politically sold out to the “other” side. In some internal intellectual debates, the term moderate Muslim is used pejoratively to indicate a Muslim who is more secular and less Islamic than the norm, which varies across communities. In America, a moderate Muslim is one who peddles a softer form of Islam – the Islam of John Esposito and Karen Arm Strong – is willing to co-exist peacefully with peoples of other faiths and is comfortable with democracy and the separation of politics and religion. 

 

Both, Western media and Muslims, do a disservice by branding some Muslims as moderate on the basis of their politics. These people should general be understood as opportunists and self-serving. Most of the moderate regimes in the Muslim World are neither democratic nor manifest the softer side of Islam. That leaves intellectual positions as the criteria for determining who is a moderate Muslim, and especially in comparison to whom, since moderate is a relative term.

 

Both Muslims and the media are generally on the mark when they identify moderate Muslims as reflective, self-critical, pro-democracy and human-rights and closet secularists.  But who are they different from and how?” [7e]

Most orthodox Muslim Scholars accept that “Ijtihad” is closed.

THE GATE OF IJTIHAD CLOSED in 900 AD

By the end of the third(century of hijra)/ninth century (CE), with the consent of the Muslim Jurists of the

time, the process of “closing the gate of Ijtihad,” (about A.D. 900) hence Islamic 

doctrine was unquestioned. [7f]


INTRODUCTION
As conceived by classical Muslim jurists, ijtihad is the exertion of mental
energy in the search for a legal opinion to the extent that the faculties of the jurist
become incapable of further effort. In other words,  ijtihad is the maximum effort
expended by the jurist to master and apply the principles and rules of usuil al-
fiqh (legal theory) for the purpose of discovering God’s law.’ The activity of  ijtihad
 is assumed by many a modern scholar to have ceased about the end of the
third/ninth century, with the consent of the Muslim jurists themselves. This
process, known as ‘closing the gate of  ijtihad’ (in Arabic: ‘insidid bab al- ijtihad’),
was described by Joseph Schacht as follows:
By the beginning of the fourth century of the hijra (about A.D. 900), however, the point
had been reached when the scholars of all schools felt that all essential questions had been
thoroughly discussed and finally settled, and a consensus gradually established itself to
the effect that from that time onwards no one might be deemed to have the necessary
qualifications for independent reasoning in law, and that all future activity would have to
be confined to the explanation, application, and, at the most, interpretation of the doctrine
as it had been laid down once and for all. This ‘closing of the door of  ijtihad’, as it was
called, amounted to the demand for taklid, a term which had originally denoted the kind
of reference to Companions of the Prophet that had been customary in the ancient
schools of law, and which now came to mean the unquestioning acceptance of the doc-
trines of established schools and authorities. A person entitled to  ijtihad is called mujtahid,
and a person bound to practice taklid, mukallid.
J. N. D. Anderson remarked, as did many others, that about the end of the
third/ninth century it was commonly accepted that the gate of  ijtihad had become closed.   And to confirm that this closure was a ‘fait accompli’, H. A. R. Gibb
asserted that the early Muslim scholars held that the gate “was closed, never
again to be reopened.” W. M. Watt seems to be aware of some inaccuracies in
the standard account about this subject but has not formulated an alternative
view. Depending on the particular subject of their discussion, many scholars
would have us believe that the closure of the gate had an impact on, or was
influenced by, this or that element in Islamic history. Some use it to explain the
immunity of the Shari’a against the interference of government, and others to
illustrate the problem of decadence in Islamic institutions and culture. Some
date the closure at the beginning of the fourth Islamic century and others advance. [7f]
Hence, failing proper dispensation, ijtihad must be considered closed for all time. “

Additional Quotes & Discussion on Ijtihad
The significance of “the Gate of Ijtihad is Closed” is crucial in understanding Islamic resistance to any moderating of any of the ideologies of Islam or the interpretations of the Quran or the Hadiths. Hence, the quotes that follow will illustrate the attitudes and sentiments regarding “the Gate of Ijtihad is Closed.”

“The gates of ijtihad are closed.

Ijtihad (اجتهاد) is the process of arriving at a decision on a point of Islamic law through study of the Qur’an and Sunnah. In a recent exchange, a Muslim writer took issue with my assertion that most Muslims consider the gates of ijtihad to be closed — that is, independent study of the Qur’an and Sunnah are discouraged, and Muslims are instead expected to adhere to the rulings of one of the established schools of jurisprudence (madhahib, مذاهب).

So: are they closed? Here is some material from Muslims:

…Therefore it is said that “the door of ijtihad is closed” as of some nine hundred years, and since then the tendency of jurisprudence (fiqh) has been to produce only commentaries upon commentaries and marginalia.

That’s from Cyril Glasse’s New Encyclopedia of Islam. Cyril Glasse is a graduate of Columbia University and a practicing Muslim. His published work includes a translation of Margaret Von Berchen’s study of Islamic Jerusalem, a Guide to Saudi Arabia (Berlitz, 1981) and The Pilgrim’s Guide to Mecca written for the Hajj Research Centre, King Abdul Aziz University, Jeddah.

Then there’s this from “Muslim-Canada.org:”

Thus the schools of the four Imams remain intact after a thousand years have passed, and so the ‘Ulama’ recognize since the time of these Imams no Mujtahid of the first degree. Ibn Hanbal was the last….Since their Imam Qazi Khan died (A.H. 592), no one has been recognized by the Sunnis as a Mujtahid even of the third class.

So: are they closed? Here is some material from Muslims:

…Therefore it is said that “the door of ijtihad is closed” as of some nine hundred years, and since then the tendency of jurisprudence (fiqh) has been to produce only commentaries upon commentaries and marginalia.

That’s from Cyril Glasse’s New Encyclopedia of Islam. Cyril Glasse is a graduate of Columbia University and a practicing Muslim. His published work includes a translation of Margaret Von Berchen’s study of Islamic Jerusalem, a Guide to Saudi Arabia (Berlitz, 1981) and The Pilgrim’s Guide to Mecca written for the Hajj Research Centre, King Abdul Aziz University, Jeddah.

Then there’s this from “Muslim-Canada.org:”

Thus the schools of the four Imams remain intact after a thousand years have passed, and so the ‘Ulama’ recognize since the time of these Imams no Mujtahid of the first degree. Ibn Hanbal was the last….Since their Imam Qazi Khan died (A.H. 592), no one has been recognized by the Sunnis as a Mujtahid even of the third class.

Then there’s this from a “U.S. Institute of Peace report on ijtihad,” referring to Imam Hassan Qazwini, director of the Islamic Center of America:

One of the gravest mistakes Muslims have committed, according to Qazwini, is closing the doors of ijtihad. They have limited legal interpretation to only four prominent scholars: Malik Ibn Anas, Abu Hanifa al-No’man, Muhammad Ibn Idris al-Shafi’i, and Ahmad Ibn Hambal—the heads of the Maliki, Hanafi, Shafi’i, and Hambali schools of thought. The motivation for this was political. During the Abbasid Dynasty (750–1258 CE), the Abbasids decided to outlaw all other sects in order to strictly control religion and worship, as well as political matters.Closing the

has had extremely detrimental ramifications for the Muslim world. According to Qazwini, this decision has resulted in “chronic intellectual stagnation, as thousands of potential mujtahids and scholars have been prohibited from offering workable solutions to newly emerging problems. Muslim thinkers have become captive to rules that were made long ago, leaving little scope for liberal or innovative thought.” [7g]

Significance of Ijtihad

The importance and significance of the decision of Islamic scholars  about the end of the
third(of Hijra)/ninth century(CE) to agree and accept “that the gate of  ijtihad had become closed” has resulted in the intellectual and spiritual stagnation of the philosophy of Islam. It meant that all further interpretations of the Quran were sealed for all time.

***The Quran Abhors Questioning Allah’s Words

Allah has hated you for asking too many questions about religion

Qur’an 5:101 “Believers, ask not questions about things which if made plain to you may cause you trouble when the Qur’an is revealed. Some people before you asked questions, and on that account lost their faith.”

Maududi, in his commentary, The Meaning of the Qur’an, explains: “The Prophet forbade people to ask questions or to pry into such things.”

Volume 2, Book 24, Number 555:
Narrated Ash-sha’bi:
The clerk of Al-Mughira bin Shu’ba narrated, “Muawiya wrote to Al-Mughira bin Shu’ba:

Write to me something which you have heard from the Prophet (p.b.u.h) .”

So Al-Mughira wrote:

I heard the Prophet saying, “Allah has hated for you three things:
1. Vain talks, (useless talk) that you talk too much or about others.
2. Wasting of wealth (by extravagance)
3. And asking too many questions (in disputed religious matters) or asking others for something (except in great need).

Comments:

Quran 5:101 Makes it abundantly clear that to question the Quran (Islamic Holy Text) amounts to the person having lost their faith in Allah/Islam. As such, it follows that they person doubts Allah/Muhammad and thus must be classified as out of the fold of Islam, an apostate and the penalty for apostasy is death.

The closing of the  doors of ijtihad reinforced with Quran 5:101 means that the questioning or challenging of Islamic Holy words is IMPOSSIBLE for the orthodox Muslim. This is the reason that the values and norms of the 7th century still apply to the lives of Muslims living in the 21st Century.

Views of a Palestinian Muslim

 Let me quote this dialogue that expresses the views of a born and raised  Palestinian Muslim the son of a Hamas leader who has now denounced Islam:

“Hannity(presenter): We keep hearing about that there is a distinction, the difference between radical Islam and mainstream Islam.

Mosab Hassan Yousef: this is a big mistake. comparing between moderate Muslims and fanatics. this is not how we compare it. All Muslims to me are the same. At the end of the day they believe in the god of the koran and they believe that this koran is from that god.

Hannity: You’re saying that most Muslims think that jihad is where they need to go.

Mosab Hassan Yousef: It’s not their choice. If they believe that the koran is from the word of god…..

Hannity: So let me ask this again. So when people talk about moderate Islam, you’re saying it doesn’t exist?

Mosab Hassan Yousef: It (moderate Islam) doesn’t exist.” [8]

NB: Mosab Hassan Yousef is the son of one of the most revered leader of the Palestinian Islamic group, Hamas. Mosab renounced Islam to move to America and became a evangelical Christian.

Mosab Hassan Yousef, 30, said that his decision to abandon his Muslim faith and denounce his father’s organisation (Hamas),had exposed his family to persecution in his home town of Ramallah and endangered his won life.

But despite the cost, Mr Yousef told The Daily Telegraph that he is convinced hat speaking out about the problems of Islam and the “evil” he witnessed back home would help to address the “messed-up situation” in the Middle East and one day bring peace and enable him to return.

“I’m not afraid of them, especially as I know that I’m doing the right thing, and I don’t see them as my enemies,” he said. “I do think about this a lot. But what are they going to do? Are they going to kill me?

“If they want to kill me, let them do it I’m not going to stop anyone. It’s going to be my freedom.

“My soul’s going to be free of my body. not flesh any more.”

Mr. Yousef, who is known as Joseph by friends at the Barabbas Road church in San diego, California, arrived in America 18 months ago but only recently made “the biggest decision of life” to go public with his conversion to draw attention to how the Palestinian leadership is “misleading” and exploiting its people. [8a]

Ali Sina, founder of FreedomFaithful, has also written about, “The Myth of Moderate Islam. [9]

“I have always maintained that “moderate Muslim” is an oxymoron. We have two kinds of Muslims: Terrorist Muslims and Ignorant Muslims. The former are those who know Islam well and live by its dictums. The latter have no clue about their religion and have an idealised image of Islam that has no bases in facts.”

Any one who has studied Islam will know that there is only one kind of Muslim, the orthodox Muslim, but when some people mention the moderate Muslim they may actually mean the many cultural Muslims who exists by the millions around the world. These cultural Muslims look like other Muslims and go through the cultural motions of a Muslim, but they are either “dormant Muslims” and living quiet and peaceful existence among others, or they are “cultural Muslims” who do not accept all the teachings of the Qur’an and may reject many of the harsher teachings of Islam. These may be peaceful citizens but they are non-Muslims, because by rejecting verses that does not fit into their way of life especially when living in the West, they are automatically apostates. But the “dormant Muslim” is one who may spiritually or materially support orthodox Islam and Islamic Jihadists when called upon by their peers. So we must always be aware of these various categories of Muslims. I define a Muslim as one who believes in orthodox Islam and abides by its tenets.

Well, educated intellectuals and professionals in the Muslim community should stand up and lead in the reformation”:

There have been quite a few such intellectuals in the Muslim community who have stood up against the harsh and exclusive Islamic Ideologies and I will attempt to cite a few modern intellectuals here and summarise the results:

1.  Salman Rushdie: born June 19, 1947 in Bombay of a Shi’ite Muslim family. He is an author but when he wrote about, “the Satanic Verses” he received a death fatwa for deeming to blemish the character of Mohammed.

2.  Ayaan Hirsi Ali: Born 13th November,1969 in Mogadishu, Somalia a Muslim till 2002. She renounced Islam and became an atheist, and spoke against the position of women in Islam calling Islam a “backward religion.” She has received the death threat and is now in hiding in America.

3.  Ali Sina: Outspoken Iranian against Islam, now an ex-Muslim thus an apostate, lives in Canada.

4. Dr. Wafa Sultan: Born June 14, 1956 in Syria, and now lives in America,

Sultan, who said she regularly gets death threats and emails from people saying they will cut off her fingers and rape her daughters because she left Islam, said it is merely a myth that Islamic terrorists misinterpret “true” Islam for nefarious purposes.

Westerners “don’t want to judge anybody based on their [religion],” Sultan said, “[But] Islam is not a religion. Islam is a very dangerous political ideology….There is no such thing as radical Islam and regular Islam or Spiritual Islam….There is only one Islam.”

Sultan said,

“I have decided to fight Islam; please pay attention to my statement; to fight Islam, not the political Islam, not the militant Islam, not the radical Islam, not the Wahhabi Islam, but Islam itself…. Islam has never been misunderstood, Islam is the problem….(Muslims) have to realise that they have only two choices: to change or to be crushed.”

5. Amil Imani: an outspoken Iranian born American pro-democracy essayist and columnist who is an ex-Muslim.



6. Robert Spencer, A Director of Jihad watch. A critic of Islam. He is now a Catholic, but he has a Middle Eastern heritage and his parents and grandparents are Muslim. He has avoided identifying his family’s his country of origin. He is American. Most likely classed as an ex-Muslim by Muslims.

7. Theo van Gogh, Dutch film director and columnist, was murdered November 2nd 2004 by Dutch-Moroccan Mohammed Bouyeri 26 years old, for Gogh’s Islamic views.

8. David Horowitz, Jan10th, 1939 of Jewish origins and Founder and editor of the Political magazine, “FrontPage Magazine” that mainly covers “Islamic Terrorism, War, and Foreign Policy.” A strong character with some very radical views.

9. Islamist Hit Is List: Death threats:

April 11, 2006
Islamists Post Hit List of ‘Apostates’

An Egyptian group calling itself the “al-Jamaah Consultative Council” has sent an e-mail hit list to people deemed ‘apostates’ yesterday. The group warned that those people on the list who had left the faith would have three days (as of yesterday) to repent or they would be killed. The group also warned that the wives and children of the Muslim apostates were being followed & would be killed.

Under Islamic Law, the maximum penalty for apostasy is death.

The list includes prominent Muslims living in the West who have spoken out against violent Islamic extremism and intolerance, some still living in Muslim countries, as well as Coptic Christians who have advocated equal treatment in Egypt.

According to Copts-United (hat tip: Clarity and Resolve) the group issued the following threat if the ‘apostates’ did not publicly repent:

we will follow them everywhere they go and at any time; and they can never be far from the swords of truth, and they are closer to us that our shoelaces.They are monitored day and night. We are fully aware of their hiding places, their houses, their children’s schools, and the times when their wives are alone at home.

We gave our rules to the soldiers of God to execute the rule of God so that their blood can become close to God [to kill them] and burn their houses.

And we thank God that many of those infidels and atheists do not exist in the land of Islam, so that they do not defile the Islamic land with their rotten blood. They are in the land of infidelity, the land of idols, pagans, and Cross worshippers: in America, Canada, Switzerland, and Italy.

If they existed on a spot in the Islamic land, let us wash the places of their slaughter and beheading seven times to purify the Islamic land of the impurity of their blood. And let us captivate their women and enslave their children loot them. Let us apply the Islamic rule to them; and whoever kills one of them, will get his loot.

The fatwa was signed by Abu Dhur Al-Maqdishi, media commander in Al-Jamaah.The list includes:

Wafa Sultan — American Muslim psychologist who has spoken out against Jihad, the silence of mainstream Muslims over terrorism, and the treatment of women in Islam. Sultan lives in the Los Angeles area.  etc. etc. see list: [10][10a]

APOSTASY

It must be made very clear that any deviation from Qur’anic/Islamic teachings is considered challenging the word of Allah and thus is blasphemy or apostasy and the penalty is death.

THE PENALTY FOR APOSTASY IN ISLAM IS DEATH


Most Muslims will  tell us that there is no command in the Koran regarding the punishment for apostasy in their earthly life. One verse in the Qur’an that refutes this is:

Qur’an:4.89 “They desire that you should disbelieve (in Islam, become apostates) as they have disbelieved (infidels), so that you might be (all) alike; therefore take not from among them (apostates) friends until they fly (their homes) in Allah’s way; but if they (apostates) turn back, then seize them and kill them wherever you find them, and take not from among them a friend or a helper.”However, the Qur’an is supplemented by the Hadiths and therein lies many of Mohammed’s personal views and statements on apostasy.(1)  Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 52, Number 260:
Narrated Ikrima:
Ali burnt some people alive (former Muslims), Prophet had said, ‘If somebody (a Muslim) discards his religion, kill him.’ “
Ishaq:550: The reason that Allah’s Messenger (Prophet Mohammed) ordered Abdullah Bin Sad slain was because he had become a Muslim and used to write down Qur’anic Revelation. Then he apostatised (rejected Islam) after becoming suspicious of some verses which the prophet changed after his (Mohammed’s) suggestions.(2)  Ishaq:551 The Messenger (Prophet Mohammed) ordered Miqyas’ assassination because he became a renegade by rejecting Islam.(3)  Bukhari, 5-59-632 Once Muadh ( one of the six trusted scholars by Mohammed called Kutab al-Wahi) paid a visit to Abu Musa and saw a chained man. Muadh asked, “What is this?” Abu Musa said, “[He was] a Jew who embraced Islam and has now turned apostate,” Muadh said, “I will surely chop off his neck!”(4)  Bukhari Volume 9, Book 83, Number 17:
Narrated Abdullah:

Allah’s Apostle (Prophet Mohammed) said, “The blood of a Muslim cannot be shed except in three cases: In Qisas for murder, a married person who commits illegal sexual intercourse and the one who reverts from Islam (apostate) and leaves the Muslims.”

AFTER ELIMINATING APOSTATES REMOVE NON-PRACTISING MUSLIMS


Half a Muslim is worse than a kafir. Only a true Muslim can be a terrorist and can terrorise the world. The litmus test is the five times prayers in a mosque where they can be seen and counted.  Our great apostle thought of an ingenious way to correct this situation. When he noticed some Muslims missing congregational prayers in Mosque regularly, he wanted to set an example for others, he had the vermins burnt alive along with their houses and the families.

***BURN THOSE WHO MISS CONGREGATIONAL PRAYERS (REGULARLY)

Bukhari:V1B11N626 “The Prophet said, “burn all those who had not left their houses for the prayer, burning them alive inside their homes.’”

Following this famous hadith and sunna , practising Muslims and Salafi followers of  Abdul Wahab killed or maimed 400,000 wishy washy Muslims of Arabia in 19th century . This terrorized the Muslims of the world and convinced them the power of Islam and increased conversion to Islam many folds.

EVEN OCCASIONAL MISSING OF PRAYERS MUST BE PUNISHED

BUKHARI:V1B11N617: “I (Mohammed) would order someone to collect firewood and another to lead prayer. Then I would burn the houses of men who did not present themselves at the compulsory prayer and prostration.”  [11]

NO REFORMATION IN ISLAM IS POSSIBLE: Pope Benedict XVI


**As matters stand in Islam, *****no reformation is possible since the Qur’an, the immiscible Word of Allah cannot be altered or modified. Anyone attempting to alter one single word  or modify its interpretation in the Qur’an will be a blasphemer for daring to challenge the authority of Allah and will have the death warrant placed on him. This is why all those who criticise Islam as mentioned above are all “EX-MUSLIMS” or non-Muslims, because you cannot criticise, or alter the meaning of the Qur’an and still be considered a Muslim. That is the reason you cannot find a “reformer of Islam” who can remain a Muslim. **Thus, Islam cannot be reformed except by Allah himself and that can only happen on the return of a prophet as the Messiah or Mahdi.

Any Muslim who attempts to moderate the Quran or the teachings of Islam will be branded a blasphemer or an apostate for altering any interpretation of Islamic doctrines. This is why no Muslim has ever openly attempted to reform Islam.


The Pope, Benedict XVI, an academic and a learned theologian has said in his beautiful calm way, in reply to a Pakistani Muslim scholar, Rashan, who was at the University of Chicago for many years, stating that,

Rashan: “Islam can enter into dialogue with modernity, but only if it radically reinterprets the Koran, and takes the specific legislation of the Koran, like cutting off you hand if you’re a thief, or being able to have four wives, or whatever, and takes the principles behind those specific pieces of legislation of the 7th century of Arabia, and now applies them, and modifies them for a new society (in) which women are now respected for their full dignity, where democracy’s important, religious freedom’s important, and so on. And if Islam does that, then it will be able to enter into real dialogue and live together with other religions and other kinds of cultures.”

“Well, there’s a fundamental problem with that (said the Pope), because, in the Islamic tradition,
****Allah (God) has given his word to Mohammed, but it’s an eternal word. It’s not Mohammed’s word. It’s there for eternity the way it is. There’s no possibility of adapting it or interpreting it,
*****whereas in Christianity, and Judaism, the dynamism’s completely different, that God has worked through his creatures. And so it is not just the word of God, it’s the word of Isaiah, not just the word of God, but the word of Mark. **He’s used his human creatures, and inspired them to speak his word to the world, and therefore by establishing a church in which he gives authority to his followers to carry on the tradition and interpret it, there’s an inner logic to the Christian Bible, ****which permits the Bible and requires it to be adapted and applied to new situations.”

The interviewer then asked Fessio, 
“And so the Pope is a pessimist about that(Islam) changing, because it would require a radical interpretation of what the Koran is?”
Fessio replied,
“Yeah, which is, it’s impossible, because it’s against the very nature of the Koran, as it’s understood by Muslims.”

Pope Benedict XVI  does not believe Islam can reform


But it is strange that the Pope must whisper when he wants to state agreement with conventional Muslim opinion that the Koranic prophecy is fixed for all time such that Islam cannot reform itself.

The author of this article, Spengler, states,
“I claim no originality whatever in this matter, for I simply follow the leading Muslim authorities, who are unanimous that Islam is in no need of reform. The Immutable character of Islamic revelation makes the subject of Koranic criticism  a minefield.” [12]

Paraphrasing: Islam cannot Change Because Allah’s Words are Literal


The Quran is the immutable and literal Word of Allah and these words have not altered since they were written, i.e. from the 7th Century. *****The Quran cannot be moderated because it contains the literal words of Allah. That is the immutability of Allah’s words. Critics have correctly pointed out that Catholics/Christians/ Jews were just as barbaric in some of their texts and their actions in the early days of their religion, i.e as barbaric as the Muslims were in the 7th Century. No one can deny that as it is recorded history. But Judaism and Christianity allows for adjustments with the advancement of civilisation and progress; Islam is locked in a time capsule.*****Here lies the difference: while the Quran contains the immutable Word of Allah, the Bible and the Torah are “the inspired words of God transmitted through the wisdom of man.” Hence the “inspired words of God through man” allows for the interpretation and re-interpretation by succeeding men of such words, while the “literal Word of Allah” may not be tampered by man because Allah is omnipotent and thus cannot be wrong. This aspect of the Holy Books is crucial in the understanding of the differences in these religions and in the progress of civilisation of mankind. Its subtlety may not be fully appreciated by many.Thus, with the advancement of man with time, Judaism and Christianity allowed sufficient flexibility for minor re-interpretations of their Holy Text to accommodate man’s more sophisticated concepts of morality. But in Islam, Islamists believe that Allah’s words and laws were perfect for all time and for all men, and thus locked themselves into a time warp. Anyone attempting to alter Allah’s words will amount to committing blasphemy against Allah.

END
                         ——————ooo——————

Definitions:

[D1] CULT – Any group which has a pyramid type authoritarian leadership structure with all teaching and guidance coming from the person/persons at the top. The group will claim to be the only way to God; Nirvana; Paradise; Ultimate Reality; Full Potential, Way to Happiness etc, and will use thought reform or mind control techniques to gain control and keep their members. This definition covers cults within all majopr world religions, along with those cults which have no OBVIOUS religious base such as commercial, educational and psychological cults. Others may define these a little differently, but this is the simplest to work from.

Other Identification Marks

(a) The group will have an elitist view of itself in relation to others, and a unique cause, i.e. THEY ARE THE ONLY ONES RIGHT – EVERYONE ELSE IS WRONG. THAY ARE THE ONLY ONES DOING GOD’S WILL – EVERYONE ELSE IS IN APOSTASY.

(b) They will promote their cause actively, and in doing so, abuse God-given personal rights and freedoms. This abuse can be THEOLOGICAL, SPIRITUAL, SOCIAL & PSYCHOLOGICAL.

How They Do This

  1. Their leader/s may claim a special, exclusive ministry, revelation or position of authority given by God.
  2. They believe they are the only true church and take a critical stance regarding the Christian church while at the same time praising and exalting their own group, leader/s and work.
  3. They use intimidation or psychological manipulation to keep members loyal to their ranks. This could be in the form of threats of dire calamity sent by God if they leave; certain death at Armageddon; being shunned by their family and friends etc. This is a vital part of the mind control process.
  4. Members will be expected to give substantial financial support to the group. This could be compulsory tithing (which is checked); signing over all their property on entering the group; coercive methods of instilling guilt on those who have not contributed; selling magazines, flowers or other goods for the group as part of their “ministry”.
  5. At the same time bible-based cults may ridicule churches that take up free-will offerings by passing collection plates and/or sell literature and tapes. They usually brag that they don’t do this. This gives outsiders the intimation that they are not interested in money.
  6. There will be great emphasis on loyalty to the group and its teachings. The lives of members will be totally absorbed into the group’s activities. They will have little or no time to think for themselves because of physical and emotional exhaustion. This is also a vital part of the mind control process.
  7. There will be total control over almost all aspects of the private lives of members. This control can be direct through communal living, or constant and repetitious teaching on “how to be a true Christian” or “being obedient to leadership”. Members will look to their leaders for guidance in everything they do.
  8. Bible-based cults may proclaim they have no clergy/laity distinction and no paid ministry class – that they are all equal.
  9. Any dissent or questioning of the group’s teachings is discouraged. Criticism in any form is seen as rebellion. There will be an emphasis on authority, unquestioning obedience and submission. This is vigilantly maintained.
  10. Members are required to demonstrate their loyalty to the group in some way. This could be in the form of “dobbing” on fellow members (including family) under the guise of looking out for “spiritual welfare”.They may be required to deliberately lie (heavenly deception/theocratic strategy) or give up their lives by refusing some form of medical treatment.
  11. Attempts to leave or reveal embarrassing facts about the group may be met with threats. Some may have taken oaths of loyalty that involve their lives or have signed a “covenant” and feel threatened by this.Refugees of the group are usually faced with confrontations by other members with coercion to get them to return to the group.Some abuses Of Rights and Freedoms by Cults:-

1. ABUSE OF INDIVIDUALITY They adopt a “groupness” mentality. They are not permitted to think for themselves apart from the group and only accept what they are told.

2. ABUSE OF INTIMACY Relationships with friends, relatives, spouses, children, parents etc are broken or seriously hampered.

3. ABUSE OF FINANCES Pressure to give all you can to the group. In non-communal groups, members usually live at the lower socio-economic strata, not because of a lower income level, but because they are always giving money to the group for some reason.

4. “US VERSUS THEM” MENTALITY Isolation from the community in general. Anyone and everything outside the group is seen as “of the devil” or “unenlightened” etc. Their enemies now include former friends; the Christian church; governments; education systems; the media – the world in general. Those who are involved with these in any way see such involvement as a “means to an end”.

5. ABUSE OF TIME AND ENERGY The group controls and uses almost all the members time and energy in group activities. They are usually in a constant state of mental and physical exhaustion.

6. ABUSE OF FREE WILL They must unquestioning submit to the groups teachings and directions and their own free will is broken. Their “will” actually becomes the groups “will” without their realizing it. This is done either by coercive methods including low protein diets and lack of sleep, or over a period of time through intimidation. Both methods make heavy use of “guilt”.

Summary of what constitutes a cult

Not all these points will be found in every cult, but all cults will have some if not most of them, although these may vary to some degree. [2]

[D2] RAISING CHILDREN IN ISLAM:

  1. Start by teaching them the importance of Worshipping only Allah: The best thing any Muslim parent could ever teach their children is to emphasize, from the day they can comprehend, that Allah (swt) is One and no one is worthy of worship except Allah (swt). This is the fundamental message of our Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) and it is our key to Paradise.
  1. Treat them kindly: Kindness begets kindness. If we were kind to our children, they in turn would show kindness to others. Our Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) was the best example in being kind to children.
  2. Teach them examples of Muslim heroes: Instead of Batman or Superman, tell them about real heroes such as Abu Bakr, Umar ibn Khattab, Othman bin Affan, Ali bin Abi Talib and others. Tell them how Muslim leaders brought a real peaceful change in the world and won the hearts of Muslims and non-Muslims alike. 
  3. Let children sit with adults: It is preferable for children to be among adults, especially when listening to Islamic lectures. The Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) would often put children in the front row when he spoke to the people.
  4. Make them feel important: Consult them in family matters. Let them feel they are important members of the family and have a part to play in the growth and well being of the family.
  5. Go out as a family: Take family trips rather than allowing your children to always go out only with their friends. Let your children be around family and friends from whom you want them to pick up their values. Always remember that your children will become who they are around with most of the time. So, watch their company and above all give them YOUR company.
  6. Praise them: Praise is a powerful tool with children, especially in front of others. Children feel a sense of pride when their parents’ praise them and will be keen to perform other good deeds. However, praise must be limited to Islamic deeds and deeds of moral value.
  7. Avoid humiliation: Similarly, do not humiliate them in front of others. Children make mistakes. Sometimes, these mistakes occur in their efforts to please the parents. If you are unhappy with your children, tell them in private.
  8. Sports: The Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) encouraged sports such as swimming, running and horse riding. Other sports that build character and physical strength are also recommended, as long as the children maintain their Islamic identity, wear appropriate clothes and do not engage in unnecessary mixing.
  9. Responsibility: Have faith in their abilities to perform tasks. Give them chores to do in line with their age. Convince them that they are performing an important function and you will find them eager to help you out again.
  10. Don’t spoil them: Children are easily spoiled. If they receive everything they ask for, they will expect you to oblige on every occasion. Be wise in what you buy for them. Avoid extravagance and unnecessary luxuries. Take them to an orphanage or poor area of your city once in a while so they can see how privileged they are.
  11. Don’t be friends: It is common in the West for parents to consider their children as friends. In Islam, it doesn’t work that way. If you have ever heard how friends talk to each other, then you will know that this is not how a parent-child relationship should be. You are the parents, and they should respect you, and this is what you should be teaching them. The friendship part should be limited to you and them keeping an open dialog so they can share their concerns with you and ask you questions when they have any.
  12. Pray with them: Involve them in acts of worship. When they are young, let them see you in act of salaah (salat). Soon, they would be trying to imitate you. Wake them up for Fajr and pray as a family. Talk to them about the rewards of salaah so that it doesn’t feel like a burden to them.
  13. Emphasize halaal: It is not always good to say “this is haraam, that is haraam”. While you must educate them on haraam things, Islam is full of halaal and tell your children to thank Allah (swt) for the bounties He has bestowed on them- not just for food and clothes. Tell them to be thankful for having eyes that see, ears that hear, arms and legs and, the ultimate blessing, Islam in their hearts.
  14. Set an example: As parents, you are the best example the children can have. If you talk to your parents rudely, expect your children to do the same to you. If you are disrespectful to others, your children will follow too. Islam is filled with Divine advice on the best ways to bring up your children. That makes it an obligation upon parents to be good Muslims so their children will try to emulate them. If you don’t take Islam seriously, neither will your children. It goes back to our third point, which is to give them Islamic heroes. As a parent, you should be their number one hero. [3]

[D3] (swt): Subhanahu wa-ta’ala (Arabic: سبحانه وتعالى‎) is an Islamic Arabic phrase meaning, “glorious and exalted is He.” The phrase (often abbreviated to “swt”) appears after the name of Allah in Islamic texts such as the Qur’an and the Hadith. [4]

[D4] How To Perform the Muslim Prayers  – The Ritual

Here is how it is done:

1. Make sure your body and place of prayer are clean. Perform ablutions if necessary. Make the intention to perform you obligatory prayer.

2. Standing, raise hands up and say, “Allahu Akbar” (Allah is Most Great.)

3. Standing with hands folded over chest, recite the first chapter of the Qur’an in Arabic. then recite any other verses of the Qur’an that you would like.

4. Raise hands up, saying, “Allahu Akbar.” Bow, reciting three times, “Subhana rabbiyal adheem” (Glory be to my Lord Almighty.)

5. Rise to standing while reciting, “Sam’i Allahu liman Hamidah, Rabbana wa lakal Hamd” (Allah hears those who call upon Him; Our Lord, praise be to You.)

6. Raise hand up, saying, “Allahu Akbar.” Postrate on the ground, reciting three times, “Subhana Rabbiyal A’ala” (Glory be to my Lord, the Most High.)

7. Rise to a sitting position, saying, “AllahuAkbar.” Prostrate again in the same manner.

8. This concludes one rak’a (cycle or unit of prayer.0 Begin again from step 3 for the second rak’a.

9. After two rak’as, one remains sitting after the prostrations and recites the first part of the Tashahhud in Arabic. 

10. If the prayer is to be longer than these two rak’as, one now stands up and begins again to complete the prayer, sitting again after all rak’as have been completed.

11. Recite the second part of the Tashahhud in Arabic.

12. Turn to the right and say, “Assaqlamy alikum wa rahmatullah” (Peace be upon you and Allah’s blessings.)

13. Turn to the left and repeat the greeting. This concludes the formal prayer.[7]


References:

[2] Characteristics of Cults: http://www.religio.de/cudef.html
[4] (swt) Subhanahu wa-ta’ala: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subhanahu_wa_ta’ala
[5b] Curriculum for Anglican Schools in Britain: http://www.natsoc.org.uk/schools/curriculum/re/
[5c] Jesuit saying: Give me a child till seven and I will give you the man:http://breakingspells.wordpress.com/2008/01/01/give-me-a-child-until-he-is-seven-and-i-will-give-you-the-man/
[7a] Muqtedar Khan from minority sect of Islam: http://www.theglobalist.com/AuthorBiography.aspx?AuthorId=30
[7b] Muqtedar Khan born 1966 in Hyderabad, India:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M._A._Muqtedar_Khan
[7c] Muqtedar Khan is from the Ahmadi sect: http://www.thatminoritything.com/?p=47487
[7d] Muqtedar Khan a controversial figure: 
[7e] Why Muslims do not like the term, “moderate Muslims”: http://www.islamfortoday.com/khan08.htm

[12] The Pope – Why Islam Cannot change: http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Middle_East/HA10Ak01.html



Additional References:

[A1] Data on Muslim performance-Dr.F Saleem: http://www.satyamargam.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=44 
[A2] Why Islam cannot Modernise: http://www.papillonsartpalace.com/whyislam.htm
[A3] Pope:Why Islam cannot change:
[A6] Wafa Sultan: Moderte Islam: A Western Myth: http://www.meforum.org/2534/moderate-islam-western-ally-myth
[A7] War, violence, infidels from Quran and Hadiths: http://www.letusreason.org/islam12.htm


2 Comments

Comments RSS

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: