Islam: The Golden Age – History

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Islam: The Golden Age

This is simply a record of early Islamic history for reference.

Contents

The Golden Age of Islam


The Golden Age of Islam

The Prophet Muhammad (570-632) began preaching Muhammadanism when he was 40 years of age at around 610 AD. Muhammad moved to Medina in 622 and soon changed his ideologies from a benign and peaceful ideology to that of a more aggressive and demanding ideology. That was when Muhammadanism began to gain followers and expanded rapidly.

For the next 150 years Muhammadanism spread around the Mediterranean Sea from Syria, through the Tigris and Euphrates valley east to the western borders of India and South Western China, south through the Persian Empire, and Saudi Arabia, west through Egypt and across North Africa, and even through Spain to the Pyrenees.

The Abbasid Caliphate established themselves in the city of Baghdad in the mid 8th century. Tor the next 400 years from the mid-9th century until the sacking of Baghdad by the Mongols in 1256, the Muslim culture was unparalleled in its splendour and learning. But Muslims never discuss how the Islamic religion was spread. [1]

Time Line of Islam’s Spread 600-1400 AD

The following Time Line gives a thumbnail sketch of how Islam was spread throughout the world between the 7th and 15th centuries:

  1.  

    600 AD – Starting with the birth of Islam by the Prophet Mohammed around 600 AD, Arabia underwent a vast change in culture. Fired with an intense passion over their new -found Islamic faith, Arab warriors tore through the desert, mounted on Arabian horses, spreading the …Starting with the birth of Islam by the Prophet Mohammed around 600 AD, Arabia underwent a vast change in culture. Fired with an intense passion over their new -found Islamicfaith, Arab warriors tore through the desert, mounted on Arabian horses, spreading the word of their Prophet. These fiery war horses, having evolved in harsh desert climates, were graceful yet powerful and magnificent in the heat of battle.

  2.  
    622 AD – [at_work] migrated from Mecca to Madinah in the year 622 AD This is known as Hijrat and our Islamic calender begins from this date. Following Hijrat, many battles were fought and some were won by the Muslim. Amongst the famous ones are the Battles of Badr …[at_work] migrated from Mecca to Madinah in the year 622 AD This is known as Hijrat and our Islamic calender begins from this date. Following Hijrat, many battles were fought and some were won by the muslim. Amongst the famous ones are the Battles of Badr, Ohad, Khaiber and Hunain. During the year which marked the 10th Anniversary of Hijrat and his last pilgrimage to Mecca, Prophet Muhammed. [ at_work] proclaimed at Ghadeer-e-Khum that Imam Ali (AS) who had been the …

  3.  624 AD
    624 AD – Note: “Badr” is the name of a plain in Saudi Arabia (about 120 km from Medina) where the historic “Battle of Badr” took place in 624 AD between Muslims and non -Muslims during the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad. The Battle of Badr is considered the most …Note: “Badr” is the name of a plain in Saudi Arabia (about 120 km from Medina) where the historic “Battle of Badr” took place in 624 AD between Muslims and non -Muslims during the lifetime of the ProphetMuhammad. The Battle of Badr is considered the most important among the Islamic battles of Destiny. The series of Pakistani satellites was named in honor of this event: the first one being Badr-1 (or Badr-A) and the second one Badr-B …

    From eoPortal directory: Badr-BRelated web pages
    http://www.eoportal.org/directory/pres_BadrB.html

  4. Mar 17, 624 AD – Battle of Badr – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Battle of Badr (Arabic: ), fought March 17, 624 AD (17 Ramadan 2 AH in the Islamic calendar) Hejaz region of western Arabia (present-day Saudi Background – The battle – Aftermath – Historical …Battle of Badr – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Battle of Badr (Arabic: ), fought March 17, 624 AD (17 Ramadan 2 AH in the Islamic calendar) Hejaz region of western Arabia (present-day Saudi Background – The battle – Aftermath – Historical sources. The Battle of Badr The battle of Badr was the most important among the Islamic battlesof Destiny. For the first time the followers of the new faith were put into a serious.

    From Battle of badr, battle of badr map | Viktorija TamulyteRelated web pages
    http://www.dizainas.org/node/13525

  5. Mar 17, 624 AD – The great battle took place in between Haq(Truth) and Bathil (Falsehood) on Friday 17th March 624 AD (2 AH) in a winter season at Valley of Badr. The battle of Badr was the most important among the Islamic battles of Destiny. For the first time the …Moulana Moulavi Qari Syed Ali Baqavi ( Coordinator – MISK) Moulana Moulavi Mohammed Ajwad Raiwindi ( Vice President – MISK) delivered the special addresses where they pointed out the Muslims’ beginning stage and the lessons out of this test. The great battle took place in between Haq(Truth) and Bathil (Falsehood) on Friday 17th March 624 AD (2 AH) in a winter season at Valley of Badr. The battle of Badr was the most important among the Islamic battles of …

    From IndiansinKuwait.com – MISK – Majlis Ihya’u Sunna Kuwait organised …Related web pages
    http://www.indiansinkuwait.com/ShowArticle.aspx?ID

  6.  625 AD
    Mar 23, 625 AD – It is 1077 meters high. It was the site of the second battle between Muslim and Meccan forces. The Battle of Uhud was fought on 23 March, 625 CE, between a force from the small Muslim community of Medina, in what is now north-western Arabia, and a force …Mt. Uhud is a mountain in north of Medina. It is 1077 meters high. It was the site of the second battle between Muslim and Meccan forces. The Battle of Uhud was fought on 23 March, 625 CE, between a force from the small Muslim community of Medina, in what is now north-western Arabia, and a force from Mecca. [edit] See also Battleof Uhud.

    From Mount Uhud – Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaRelated web pages
    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Uhud

  7.  627 AD
    627 AD – The Battles of Badr , Uhud and Allies (Trench) were fought near or around Medinah. In these battles until the year 627 CE, the nonbelievers with encouragement from Jews and other Arabian tribes attacked the Prophet and Muslim community.It was ratified by all – Muslims, non-Muslim Arabs and Jews. After his emigration to Medinah, the enemies of Islam increased their assault from all sides. The Battles of Badr , Uhud and Allies (Trench) were fought near or around Medinah. In these battles until the year 627 CE, the nonbelievers with encouragement from Jews and other Arabian tribes attacked the Prophet and Muslimcommunity.

    From Nabil Hajj and UmrahRelated web pages
    http://www.nabil-hajjandumrah.co.uk/biography%20of

  8.  629 AD
    629 AD – The reference is to an Arab/Jewish battle in which the Arabic yet Jewish tribe of Khaybar was defeated by Mohammed in 629 AD. Rashid and British apologist for Islam George Galloway claim the epithet merely was referencing a historical battle in which …Rashid’s story is he spoke in the ancient Arabic of the Quran with the English meaning, “Khaybar, O Jews, we will win”. The reference is to an Arab/Jewish battle in which the Arabic yet Jewish tribe of Khaybar was defeated by Mohammed in 629 AD. Rashid and British apologist for Islam George Galloway claim the epithet merely was referencing a historical battle in which Mohammed had won. The claim is classic Islamic taqiyya (deception). Let us look more closely at the …

    From 22 posts tagged “jews” – theway2k’s Blog on VoxRelated web pages
    theway2k.vox.com/library/posts/tags/jews/

  9.  630 AD
    630 AD – The Siege of Taif took place in 630 CE, as the Muslims besieged the city of Taif after their victory in the Battle of Hunayn. . .. Combatants Islamic Caliphate Rebel Arabs Commanders Ali Aisha bint Abu Bakr Strength About 10000 About 10000 …The Battle of Autas or Auras was an early battle involving Muslim forces, fought in the year 630. … The Siege of Taif took place in 630 CE, as the Muslims besieged the city of Taif after their victory in the Battle of Hunayn. . .. Combatants Islamic Caliphate Rebel Arabs Commanders Ali Aisha bint Abu Bakr Strength About 10000 About 10000 Casualties About 5000 About 5000 The Battle of Bassorah, Battle of the Camel, or Battle of Jamal was a battle …

    From StateMaster – Encyclopedia: AliRelated web pages
    http://www.statemaster.com/encyclopedia/Ali

  10.  632 AD
    632 AD – The followers of the proper Muhammad, known as Muslim, launched a series of wars in southern Europe after his death in AD 632. They conquered much of the Byzantine Empire, without managing to take Constantinople. They also invaded Spain and France in the …The followers of the proper Muhammad, known as Muslim, launched a series of wars in southern Europe after his death in AD 632. They conquered much of the Byzantine Empire, without managing to take Constantinople. They also invaded Spainand France in the West. Charles Martel (‘Hammer’) defeated a Muslim army at a battle near Poitiers in 732 and they were driven out of France. But Muslim Moors from North Africa settled in Spain, and for hundreds of years southern …

    From Europe is our Common Home. Реферат на английском языке скачать …Related web pages
    http://www.homeenglish.ru/refeurope.htm

  11. Jun 632 AD – When Prophet Muhammad passed away in June 632 AD, the geographic regions that were either fully Islamic or formally allied as Islamic protectorates were : the Hejaz; Madyan[Midian]; Urdunn[Jordan]; and Yemen. Not ALL of the Arabian Peninsula had been …When Prophet Muhammadpassed away in June 632 AD, the geographic regions that were either fully Islamic or formally allied as Islamic protectorates were : the Hejaz; Madyan[Midian]; Urdunn[Jordan]; and Yemen. Not ALL of the Arabian Peninsula had been fully Islamicized or formally part of the Islamic confederation. There were only a sum total of 6 ghazwahs & 1 saryah during the lifetime of Prophet Muhammad; orthodox Muslim uleyma(scholarship) document 27 battles …

    From Wiladats & Wafats Of Nabih Muhammad Wa Aal-i-muhammad – ShiaChat. …Related web pages
    http://www.shiachat.com/forum/index.php?/topic

  12.  633 AD
    633 AD – However, in the year 633 CE, tragedy hit the Muslim community. A military battle resulted in the deaths of about 700 Muslims. Included in this loss was a person named Salim. Since Salim could recite much of the Qur’an, what if others who knew the Qur’an were …However, in the year 633 CE, tragedy hit the Muslim community. A military battle resulted in the deaths of about 700 Muslims. Included in this loss was a person named Salim. Since Salim could recite much of the Qur’an, what if others who knew the Qur’an were killed? Muslimleaders came to understand that the Qur’an must be written down and collected into a book.

    From Muhammad, Qur’an, date of, authorship dateRelated web pages
    harvardhouse.com/Gabriel-to …

  13.  634 AD
    634 AD – When the Arab armies controlled from Medina arrived in Iraq about 634 AD there was already great resentment by the local Arab tribes against the Sasanid Persian Empire. It did not take much to convert some of those tribes to Islam and ally them for the …When the Arab armies controlled from Medina arrived in Iraq about 634 AD there was already great resentment by the local Arab tribes against the Sasanid Persian Empire. It did not take much to convert some of those tribes to Islam and ally them for the invasion of the Persian Empire. In the first battle the Muslim army failed to defeat the Sasanids but were able to retreat back into the desert to regroup and rearm. A new commander, Said ibn Abi Waqqas, emerged and in …

    From The Economy and Economic History of IraqRelated web pages
    http://www.sjsu.edu/faculty/watkins/iraq.htm

  14.  635 AD
    Jan 23, 635 AD – Thus the Muslim army moved to Fahl. The Byzantine army was eventually defeated at the Battle of Fahl on the 23 January 635 AD. [edit] Battles for Emesa and the second battle of Damascus After the battle, which would prove to be a key to Palestine and …Thus the Muslim armymoved to Fahl. The Byzantine army was eventually defeated at the Battle of Fahl on the 23 January 635 AD. [edit] Battles for Emesa and the second battle of Damascus After the battle, which would prove to be a key to Palestine and Jordan, the Muslim armies split up. Sharjeel and Amr’s corps moved south to capture Palestine. Meanwhile, Abu Ubaidah and Khalid with a relatively larger corps moved north through Lebanon to conquer Lebanon and northern …

    From Abu Ubaidah ibn al Jarrah – Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaRelated web pages
    en.wikipedia.org/wiki …

  15.  636 AD
    636 AD – The Battle of Yarmūk, fought near Damascus in 636 AD, saw a small Muslim army defeat a much larger Byzantine force, permanently ending Byzantine rule south of Asia Minor. In the same year, a Muslim army achieved victory over a larger Persian force in the …The Battle of Yarmūk, fought near Damascus in 636 AD, saw a small Muslim army defeat a much larger Byzantine force, permanently ending Byzantine rule south of Asia Minor. In the same year, a Muslim army achieved victory over a larger Persian force in the Battle of al-Qādisiyyah, near the banks of the River Euphrates (modern Iraq). During the course of the battle, the Sassanid army was routed.

    From Pakistan – Manifest DestinyRelated web pages
    http://www.scribd.com/doc/18370078/Pakistan-Manifest

  16. 636 AD – This battle was fought against the Sassanid /Pehlavi forces in 636 AD. The Persian army’s war elephants terrified the Arab cavalry, and succeeded in creating mass confusion among the Arab fighters for two days straight. By the third day of battle, the Muslim …Let us go to a point in time when the Muslim civilization was expanding rapidly in its early stages. An extremely perplexing account in early Muslim conquests is that of the battle of Qadisiyyah. This battle was fought against the Sassanid /Pehlavi forces in 636 AD. The Persian army’s war elephants terrified the Arab cavalry, and succeeded in creating mass confusion among the Arab fighters for two days straight. By the third day of battle, the Muslim army succeeded in …

    From People of the Elephant | free-minds.orgRelated web pages
    http://www.free-minds.org/petra

  17. 636 AD – As their crops suffered, the Romans probably began to struggle until finally succumbing to the growing Islamic empire at the Battle of Yarmouk in 636 AD. The new insights were especially surprising because the scientists weren’t expecting to find anything …As their crops suffered, the Romans probably began to struggle until finally succumbing to the growing Islamic empire at the Battle of Yarmouk in 636 AD. The new insights were especially surprising because the scientists weren’t expecting to find anything interesting. Their study began simply as an attempt to test the capabilities of a tool called an ion microprobe. Next »21« Previous.

    From Did Drought Help End Roman Rule? : Discovery NewsRelated web pages
    dsc.discovery.com/news/2008/12/29/roman-empire …

  18. 636 AD – So said Arabia’s Caliph Abu Bakr to Khosru, commander of Persian forces, on the eve of the Battle of Qadisiyya (within today’s Iraq) in 636 AD between assembled Muslim forces and Persia. He was trying to coax the Persians to submit to Islam or face death.So said Arabia’s Caliph Abu Bakr to Khosru, commander of Persian forces, on the eve of the Battle of Qadisiyya (within today’s Iraq) in 636 AD between assembled Muslim forces and Persia. He was trying to coax the Persians to submit to Islam or face death. (They didn’t, they lost the battleand eventually converted to Islam anyway.)

    From August 2009 Tallrite BlogsRelated web pages
    http://www.tallrite.com/weblog/archives/august09.htm

  19. 636 AD – The Sword of Allah, as he was referred to, Khalid bin Walid was sent to the Syrian front in 636 AD where he won one of the most decisive victories of his career, the Battle of Yarmuk. The Byzantines surrendered Damascus to the Muslim army led by Khalid bin …The Sword of Allah, as he was referred to, Khalid bin Walid was sent to the Syrian front in 636 AD where he won one of the most decisive victories of his career, the Battle of Yarmuk. The Byzantines surrendered Damascus to the Muslim army led by Khalid bin Walid at the battle. It was under the leadership of this brilliant general that Islam was spread into Syria, Egypt and Persia. By the end of the rule of the Second Caliph, Muslims occupied much of North Africa …

    From Essay: The Rise and Fall of MuslimsRelated web pages
    http://www.thecssforum.com/forum/english-essay/essay

  20.  637 AD
    637 AD – The original battle at al-Qadisiyya, which took place in the year 637 AD, saw the Arabs bring about the collapse of the Persians’ dynasty, enabling the spread of Islam This article is about followers of the Islamic faith. For territories under Muslim rule, see …Most notable is the reference to an historic Arab-Muslim battle against the Persians, used to mobilize the population for the Iraq-Iran War in the 1980s. Controlling the public discourse, the regime labelled this war as Qadisiyyat– Sadam. The original battle at al-Qadisiyya, which took place in the year 637 AD, saw the Arabs bring about the collapse of the Persians’ dynasty, enabling the spread of Islam This article is about followers of the Islamic faith. For …

    From Authoritarianism and legitimacy: mobilizing Islam in the Middle East. – …Related web pages
    http://www.thefreelibrary.com

  21.  642 AD
    642 AD – Muslim faith over almost 900 s at the battle of Badr in 642 AD. Al Anfal literally means and was … Al-Ashraf Khalil (29323) view article find links to article …and received back his post in Damascus after Emir Badr al-Din Baydara al-Mansuri pleaded for him.
    From Badr – linksRelated web pages
    edwardbetts.com/find_link?q=Badr
  22.  655 AD
    655 AD – His father was Saad ibn Abi Sarh.Abdullah bin Sa’ ad bin Abi’l Sarh built a strong Egyptian Arab navy. Under him the Muslim navy won a number of naval victories including its first major naval battle against Constans II at the Battle of the Masts in 655 CE …Abdullāh ibn Sa’ad ibn Abī as-Sarḥ (Arabic: عبدالله بن سعد بن أبي السرح‎) was the foster brother of Uthman. His father was Saad ibn Abi Sarh.Abdullah bin Sa’ ad bin Abi’l Sarh built a strong Egyptian Arab navy. Under him the Muslim navy won a number of naval victories including its first major naval battle against Constans II at the Battle of the Masts in 655 CE. Abdullah bin Sa’ad bin Abi’l Sarh was the Governor of Egypt at the time. One of his achievements while …

    From Abdullah ibn Saad – Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaRelated web pages
    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abdullah_ibn_Saad

  23.  656 AD
    656 AD – There have been so many of these battle queens, but, the most famous is Aisha, the prophet Mohammed’s youngest wife whom I mentioned in the first article. She waged war on her late husband’s cousin, Ali Ibn Abi Talib, at the battle of Basra in 656 AD because …She waged war on her late husband’s cousin, Ali Ibn Abi Talib, at the battle of Basra in 656 AD because she felt he wasn’t right in taking over the Islamic movement. She directed the fighting from a highly decorated “Howdah” sat on the back of a camel. This is why it is also called the Battle of the Camel. It is significant because it was the first time that muslim killed muslim.

    From Nordic Stage Fight Society – Battle QueensRelated web pages
    nordicstagefight.com/index.php/Articles/Battle …

  24.  657 AD
  25.  661 AD
    661 AD – Ali (born c597AD) a cousin and son-in-law of Mohammed, was his fourth successor, and moved the capital to Kufa after conflict with Mohammed’s widow A’isha (First Islamic Civil War). He won the ‘camel-battle’ of Basra. He was murdered in 661AD after the …Ali (born c597AD) a cousin and son-in-law of Mohammed, was his fourth successor, and moved the capital to Kufa after conflict with Mohammed’s widow A’isha (First Islamic Civil War). He won the ‘camel-battle’ of Basra. He was murdered in 661AD after the indecisive battleof Siffin (657) and the arbitration of Adhroh (658). Inferno Canto XXVIII:22-54. He is in the ninth chasm of the eighth circle as a schismatic within Islam.

    From Abati, Bocca degliRelated web pages
    http://www.worldebookfair.org/eBooks

  26.  680 AD
    680 AD – One of the most important events in early Muslim history was the battle of Karbala fought in 680 CE in which Imam Hussain, grandson of the Prophet through his daughter Fatima and her husband Imam Ali, was slaughtered along with a small band of disciples in a …One of the most important events in early Muslim history was the battle of Karbala fought in 680 CE in which ImamHussain, grandson of the Prophet through his daughter Fatima and her husband Imam Ali, was slaughtered along with a small band of disciples in a bloody battle against the tyrant Yazid. This event occurred in the Islamic month of Muharram, and it is for this reason that this month is observed with great solemnity in many parts of the Muslimworld.

    From Hindu followers of Muslim imamRelated web pages
    http://www.milligazette.com/Archives/2004/16-31May04

  27. 680 AD – In the Shiite Islamic tradition to which 90 percent of Iranians subscribe, “Ya Hossein” refers to the revered Shiite imam martyred in a 680 AD battle against an Islamic faction that later evolved into the Sunni sect. Mr. Mousavi was reportedly stopped by …In the Shiite Islamic tradition to which 90 percent of Iranians subscribe, “Ya Hossein” refers to the revered Shiite imam martyred in a 680 AD battle against an Islamic faction that later evolved into the Sunni sect. Mr. Mousavi was reportedly stopped by security forces from praying and forced back into his car. “The authorities of the Islamic Republic blocked a mullah, Mehdi Karroubi [also a defeated presidential candidate], and a direct descendant of the prophet …

    From Iran begins mourning cycle that could deepen unrestRelated web pages
    http://www.csmonitor.com/2009/0730/p06s07-wome.html

  28. 680 AD – This mourning celebration (the connection between those two words is profound) commemorates the Battle of Karbala, fought at the site of the present-day Iraqi city in 680 AD. The central event of the Shia faith, this battle was at once a human catastrophe that …Today and tomorrow, the Shia religious of Ashura reaches its climax. This mourning celebration (the connection between those two words is profound) commemorates the Battle of Karbala, fought at the site of the present-day Iraqi city in 680 AD. The central event of the Shia faith, this battle was at once a human catastrophe that split the Islamic ummah into two irreconcilable sects, and a divine act pre-ordained by God to provide man with a clearer concept and pathway to …

    From In the Red Zone: Shia
    spencepublishing.typepad.com/in_the_red_zone/shia/

  29. 680 AD – Hadikaja deals not only with the history of the Bektashi sect in Albania, but also, like Fuzuli’s Hadiqatu as-su ‘add, with events of Shi’ite Muslim history, notably with the Battle of Kerbela in Iraq in 680 AD in which Husein, grandson of the Prophet …The manuscript is preserved in the State Archives in Tirana. Hadikaja deals not only with the history of the Bektashi sect in Albania, but also, like Fuzuli’s Hadiqatu as-su ‘add, with events of Shi’ite Muslim history, notably with the Battle of Kerbela in Iraq in 680 ADin which Husein, grandson of the Prophet Mohammed, was killed. Dalip’s younger brother Shahin Bey Frasheri also tried his hand at a Bektashi epic.

    From Albanian LiteratureRelated web pages
    books.google.com/books?id=ox3Wx1Nl_2MC&pg=PA42 …

  30. Oct 680 AD – The Battle of Karbala, in a region near the Euphrates river, Iraq nowadays occurred on the 10th day of Muharram 61 AH (After Hijra), corresponding to October, 680 AD. This battle brought many consequences to modern Islam. Firstly, because Hussein, the …The Battle of Karbala, in a region near the Euphrates river, Iraq nowadays occurred on the 10th day of Muharram 61 AH (After Hijra), corresponding to October, 680 AD. This battle brought many consequences to modern Islam. Firstly, because Hussein, the grandson of the Islam prophet was murdered by an army sent by Yazid, whose grandfather was arch-enemy of the prophet Muhammad. Instead of weakening Islam, Hussein became a martyr and a symbol of dignity against tyranny …

    From The Battle of Karbala – By Amanda Álvares FerreiraRelated web pages
    http://www.orient-news.com/january2010/hist1.html

  31. Oct 10, 680 AD – It was built in the 17th century during the Mughal era. This commemorates the martyrdom of al-Husain, grandson of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, during the battle of Karbala on 10 October 680 CE.Hoseni Dalan, also spelt Husaini Dalan, is a Shia shrine in the old part of the Dhaka, Bangladesh. It was built in the 17th century during the Mughal era. This commemorates the martyrdom of al-Husain, grandson of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, during the battle of Karbala on 10 October 680 CE.

    From Hoseni Dalan – Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaRelated web pages
    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hoseni_Dalan

  32.  681 AD
    681 AD – In the year 681 AD, a great battle was fought in the Iraqi city of Karbala over the fate of the Islamic Caliphate. This battle eventually led to the. – Chief Datt and Alexander the Great 4. Rahib Datt and Imam Hussain 5. Shiv Datt and Pir Wahun 6. The …In the year 681 AD, a great battle was fought in the Iraqi city of Karbala over the fate of the Islamic Caliphate. This battle eventually led to the. – Chief Datt and Alexander the Great 4. Rahib Datt and Imam Hussain 5. Shiv Datt and Pir Wahun 6. The Datts and Mahmud Ghaznavi 7. The Mughal Period The Massacre of Paniad – 4 Rahib Datt and Imam Hussain 5 Shiv Datt and Pir Wahun 6 The Datts and Mahmud Ghaznavi they became rulers of small dominions in that …

    From Datt : Rahib Datt And Imam HussainRelated web pages
    http://www.servinghistory.com/topics/Datt::sub

  33.  711 AD
    711 AD – In the year 711 AD the Iberian peninsula, referred to by the Arabic name of Al Andalus by Muslim historians, witnessed a bloody battle in which the Visigothic army of Spanish Christians led by King Roderick, was routed by the Muslim troops, mostly Berbers …In the year 711 AD the Iberian peninsula, referred to by the Arabic name of Al Andalus by Muslim historians, witnessed a bloody battle in which the Visigothic army of Spanish Christians led by King Roderick, was routed by the Muslimtroops, mostly Berbers and Arabs, which were commanded by the Umayyad Commander Tariq Ibn Ziyad, a manumitted slave.

    From Think-Israel
    http://www.think-israel.org/ohri

  34. 711 AD – A Muslim army from North Africa under the leadership of Tariq ibn Ziyad, invaded and conquered up to Toledo in 711 AD. By 714, when Tariq and the next commander Musa ibn Nusayr were recalled to Damascus by the caliph, most of the Iberian Peninsula was …A Muslim army from North Africaunder the leadership of Tariq ibn Ziyad, invaded and conquered up to Toledo in 711 AD. By 714, when Tariq and the next commander Musa ibn Nusayr were recalled to Damascus by the caliph, most of the Iberian Peninsula was under Muslim control. Muslim expansion beyond the Pyrenees continued until 732, when Franks under Charles Martel, defeated the Muslims near Tours. This battle marked the beginning of gradual Muslimretreat.

    From Travel TalesRelated web pages
    books.google.com/books?id=4skPWhq65yYC&pg=PA66 …

  35.  712 AD
    712 AD – Mohammad Bin Qasim, the great Muslim general invaded this subcontinent in 712 AD , and conquered Sind and Multan. The city was conquered after a fierce and long battle which lasted for seven days. Many distinguished officers of the Muslim army sacrificed their …Mohammad Bin Qasim, the great Muslim general invaded this subcontinent in 712 AD , and conquered Sind and Multan. The city was conquered after a fierce and long battle which lasted for seven days. Many distinguished officers of the Muslim army sacrificed their lives in the battle, but the Hindu army was defeated.

    From History ..: Hamara Multan :..Related web pages
    hamaramultan.com/history.asp

  36.  721 AD
    721 AD – The Battle of Toulouse of 721 was a battle fought between the Frankish army led by Duke Odo of Aquitaine and the invading Muslim army of the governor of al- Andalus during the Early Middle Ages. It took place in Toulouse, France, in 721 AD. The result of …The Battle of Toulouse of 721 was a battle fought between the Frankish army led by Duke Odo of Aquitaine and the invading Muslim army of the governor of al- Andalus during the Early Middle Ages. It took place in Toulouse, France, in 721 AD. The result of the Battle of Toulouse was a victory of the Frankish army over the islamic army besieging the city of Toulouse, hindering the spread of Islam throughout Europe. This Muslim attempt to conquer Europe took place long …

    From Battle of Toulouse (721) | History Wars WeaponsRelated web pages
    historywarsweapons.com/battle-of-toulouse-721/

  37.  732 AD
    732 AD – The Battle of Tours was waged in AD 732. It was the decisive battle in which Charles Martel stopped the advance of the Muslim armies into Europe, after they had conquered all of Spain. The Muslim leader, Emir Abd er Rahman was killed and the Muslims …The Battle of Tours was waged in AD 732. It was the decisive battle in which Charles Martelstopped the advance of the Muslim armies into Europe, after they had conquered all of Spain. The Muslim leader, Emir Abd er Rahman was killed and the Muslims retreated to Spain, where it would take over 700 more years for the Christians to reconquer. Muslims refer to the Battle of Tours as the “Court of Martyrs”. It is referred to as the Battle of Poitiers in France (in truth …

    From Battle of Tours – Religion-wikiRelated web pages
    religion.wikia.com/wiki/Battle_of_Tours

  38. 732 AD – While the British boast of their great kings and one of them has just been highlighted, let us go back further in time then, this Alfred, the year is 732 AD, and Muslim armies are in Central France, the battle of Tours has been a check on their expansionism …While the British boast of their great kings and one of them has just been highlighted, let us go back further in time then, this Alfred, the year is 732 AD, and Muslim armies are in Central France, the battle of Tours has been a check on their expansionism, the Islamiclaws are already enforced in Spanish peninsula, the whole of north Africa, middle east, till the confines of the Sind valley and in the north till Kashgar.

    From Anglo-Saxon Law Is The Tool | Opinion MakerRelated web pages
    http://www.opinion-maker.org/2010/09/anglo-saxon-law

  39. 732 AD – In the 52nd chapter of his Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Edward Gibbon posed one of the great counterfactual questions of history: If the French had failed to defeat an invading Muslim army at the Battle of Poitiers in AD 732, would all of Western Europe have …
    From Writings by othersRelated web pages
    http://www.honestthinking.org/en/writingsbyothers.html
  40. 732 AD – Amongst the layers of legend that overlay the hattle of Poitiers in AD 732 are those concerning Muslim casualties. The earliest account by Isidore of Beja may have been primarily based upon those of his Muslim Andalusian neighbours. As a result the battle of …Amongst the layers of legend that overlay the hattle of Poitiers in AD 732 are those concerning Muslim casualties. The earliest account by Isidore of Beja may have been primarily based upon those of his Muslim Andalusian neighbours. As a result the battle of Poitiers is portrayed as an indecisive setback with relatively few losses when compared with the previous disaster outside Toulouse, where Muslimcasualties were admitted to be huge.

    From Poitiers AD 732Related web pages
    books.google.com/books?id=3VG_6McX9u8C&pg=PA80 …

  41.  733 AD
    733 AD – Visigothic Spain was easily overrun in just a few years, but the Arabs were stopped by the Franks at the battle of Tours in 733 AD. Thus most of Europe was saved from Muslim rule and would to this day remain Christian . (See map 7 – 733 AD …The Invasion of Europe Once all of North Africa was under the rule of the Islamic Caliphate, the Arabs wasted no time in crossing the Straits of Gibraltar and invading Europe. Visigothic Spain was easily overrun in just a few years, but the Arabs were stopped by the Franks at the battle of Tours in 733 AD. Thus most of Europe was saved from Muslim rule and would to this day remain Christian. (See map 7 – 733 AD …

    From The Rise of IslamRelated web pages
    explorethemed.com/RiseIslam.asp?c=1

  42.  738 AD
    738 AD – The Battle of Rajasthan is a battle (or series of battles) where the Hindu Rajput clans defeated the Muslim Arab invaders in 738 CE. While all sources ( Hindu and Muslim) agree on the broad outline of the conflict and the result, there is no detailed …The Battle of Rajasthan is a battle (or series of battles) where the Hindu Rajput clans defeated the Muslim Arab invaders in 738 CE. While all sources ( Hindu and Muslim) agree on the broad outline of the conflict and the result, there is no detailed information on the actual battle/s. There is also no indication of the exact places where these battles were fought——what is clear is that the final battletook place somewhere on the borders of modern Sindh- Rajasthan.

    From Battle of Rajasthan – Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaRelated web pages
    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Rajasthan?oldid=0

  43.  750 AD
    750 AD – Abu Muslim al-Khurasani: Instrumental in the success of the Abbasid revolt against the Umayyad caliphate, Abu Muslim al-Khurasani led the Abbasid armies against the Umayyads in the Battle of the Greater Zab in AD 750. Once the Abbasid dynasty had been …Abu Muslim al-Khurasani: Instrumental in the success of the Abbasid revolt against the Umayyad caliphate, Abu Muslim al-Khurasani led the Abbasid armies against the Umayyads in the Battle of the Greater Zab in AD 750. Once the Abbasid dynasty had been established, Abu Muslimwas stabbed to death, possibly under orders from the Abbasid caliph al-Mansur.

    From The Man from BashmourRelated web pages
    books.google.com/books?id=ddvig9V39nQC&pg …

  44.  751 AD
    Jul 10, 751 AD – On July 10th 751 AD a battle between Chinese troups of the Tang Dynasty under command of Korean General Gao Xianzhi and Muslim troups under command of Persian Governor Abu Muslim of Khorasan together with Muslim General Ziad Ibn Salih from Samarkand …On July 10th 751 AD a battle between Chinese troups of the Tang Dynasty under command of Korean General Gao Xianzhi and Muslim troups under command of Persian Governor Abu Muslim of Khorasan together with Muslim General Ziad Ibn Salih from Samarkand started near Auli-Ata on the backs of the Talas river. The Muslims won this battle because the Quarluqs, a Turk contingent of the Chinese troups deserted the Chinese coalition and changed to the Muslim side while the …

    From The Battle of Talas, 751 AD – History Forum ~ All EmpiresRelated web pages
    http://www.allempires.net/the-battle-of-talas-751

  45.  800 AD
    800 AD – Measured by these same vectors of religion, culture, class, and prosperity, ‘Abd al-Rahman’s Muslim Iberia was at least four centuries more advanced than Western Christendom in 800 CE.” This leads Lewis to pose the question whether “Europe” might have been …Measured by these same vectors of religion, culture, class, and prosperity, ‘Abd al-Rahman’s Muslim Iberia was at least four centuries more advanced than Western Christendom in 800 CE.” This leads Lewis to pose the question whether “Europe” might have been better off if the Islamic tide had not been checked, if the Muslim armies had prevailed at the Battles of Toulouse or Poitiers rather than the Franks. This is a provocative and seductive question, but it is impossible …

    From Amazon.com: Customer Reviews: God’s Crucible: Islam and the Making …Related web pages
    http://www.amazon.com/Gods-Crucible-Making-Europe-570

  46.  846 AD
    846 AD – There is no mention of the Muslim sacking of Rome in the year AD 846, in which they did considerable damage to the Vatican . There is no mention of the Muslim invasion of France which was halted at the Battle of Tours and Poitiers.The Crusades are pictured as a European over-reaction to the burning of the Christian Church in Jerusalem, while ignoring the centuries of Muslim invasions of Europe that preceded the Crusades. There is no mention of the Muslim sacking of Rome in the year AD 846, in which they did considerable damage to the Vatican . There is no mention of the Muslim invasion of France which was halted at the Battleof Tours and Poitiers.

    From Amazon.com: Brian J. Moore’s review of Empires – Islam: Empire of Faith
    http://www.amazon.com/review/R2A7B642LINQDW

  47.  868 AD
    868 AD – Officials said they expected more than 1 million people to gather for the celebration marking Imam al-Mahdi’s birth in 868 AD According to Shiite tradition, he vanished without a trace and will return before Judgment Day leading the faithful in a battle for a …Officials said they expected more than 1 million people to gather for the celebration marking Imam al-Mahdi’s birth in 868 AD According to Shiite tradition, he vanished without a trace and will return before Judgment Day leading the faithful in a battle for a true and just Islamic state. Additional security at holy sites was to be provided by the al-Mahdi Army (search), a militia loyal to the radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr (search), as well as by the Badr Brigade …

    From Plot to Kill Iraqi Shiites ThwartedRelated web pages
    http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,169750,00.html

  48.  939 AD
    939 AD – Battle of Simancas was a military battle that took place in 939 AD in the Iberian Peninsula between the troops of the Christian king Ramiro II of Leon and Muslim caliph Abd-ar-Rahman III near the walls of the city of Simancas, in which was decided the …Combatants Kingdom of Asturias Umayyad Caliphate Commanders Pelayo of Asturias Munuza †Alqama †Strength 300[1] 800 Casualties 289 dead 600 dead The Battle of Covadonga was the first major victory by a Christian military force in Iberia following the Muslim Moors conquest of that region in 711. … Battle of Simancas was a military battle that took place in 939 AD in the Iberian Peninsula between the troops of the Christian king Ramiro II of Leon and …

    From StateMaster – Encyclopedia: Battle of Roncevaux PassRelated web pages
    http://www.statemaster.com/encyclopedia/Battle-of

  49.  963 AD
    963 AD – In AD 963 Alaptigin, a Turkish slave of the succeeding Samanid dynasty, had been able to establish an independent Muslim principality in Kabul with his seat at Ghazni. It was his general and successor, Subuktigin, who conquered Kabul after a struggle spread …In AD 963 Alaptigin, a Turkish slave of the succeeding Samanid dynasty, had been able to establish an independent Muslim principality in Kabul with his seat at Ghazni. It was his general and successor, Subuktigin, who conquered Kabul after a struggle spread over two decades. The Hindus under king Jayapala of Udbhandapur made a bold bid to recapture Kabul in AD 986-987. A confederate Hindu army to which the Rajas of Delhi, Ajmer, Kalinjar and Kanauj has contributed …

    From ARAB FAILURE IN SINDH, KABUL AND ZABULRelated web pages
    voiceofdharma.org/books/hhrmi/ch2.htm

  50.  1000 AD
    1000 AD – We have also seen that, from about the year 1000, in Northern India, Islam, vehemently iconoclastic and generally victorious in battle, exerted a powerful influence on Hindu faith. We must now come down to more recent days. It was to be expected that the large …We have also seen that, from about the year 1000, in Northern India, Islam, vehemently iconoclastic and generally victorious in battle, exerted a powerful influence on Hindu faith. We must now come down to more recent days. It was to be expected that the large influx of Christian ideas, and Western ideas generally, which has lately taken place, would powerfully affect Hinduism. Christianity is advancing in some places even rapidlyand, in every place where it is proclaimed …

    From Hinduism Past and Present
    books.google.com/books?id=RxYHAAAAQAAJ&pg …

  51.  1031 AD
    1031 AD – This dynasty ended in 1031. Abbasid provinces during the caliphate of Harun al- Rashid Abbasid was the dynastic name generally given to the caliphs of Baghdad, the second of the two great Sunni dynasties of the Muslim empire. … Combatants Abbasids Umayyad …This dynasty ended in 1031. Abbasid provinces during the caliphate of Harun al- Rashid Abbasid was the dynastic name generally given to the caliphs of Baghdad, the second of the two great Sunni dynasties of the Muslim empire. … Combatants Abbasids Umayyad Caliphate Commanders Abu al-Abbas al-Saffah Marwan II The Battle of the Zab took place on the banks of the Great Zab river in what is now Iraq on January 25, 750. … Abd ar-Rahman I (ruled 756-788) was the …

    From StateMaster – Encyclopedia: Banu UmayyaRelated web pages
    http://www.statemaster.com/encyclopedia/Banu-Umayya

  52.  1033 AD
    Jun 14, 1033 AD – The answer is NO – They did attack, but faced a fierce battle at Baharaich, 60 miles North East of Lucknow. The entire Muslim army was wiped out, on 14 June 1033. Not one Muslim survived to tell people back in Iran this bitter news. And as a result they …The answer is NO – They did attack, but faced a fierce battle at Baharaich, 60 miles North East of Lucknow. The entire Muslim army was wiped out, on 14 June 1033. Not one Muslim survived to tell people back in Iran this bitter news. And as a result they did not dare attack India for more than six generations. The details are given in “Meerat-e-Masudi” by Sheikh Abdul Rahman Chisti. He says – Mahmood of Gazni’s sister Maula was married to Salar Sahu, the Sultan of …

    From INDIAN INSTITUTE FOR RESEARCH INTO TRUE HISTORYRelated web pages
    satyashodh.com/nl13.htm

  53.  1066 AD
    1066 AD – In 1066, a Muslim mob stormed the royal palace in Granada, crucified Jewish vizier Joseph ibn Naghrela and massacred most of the Jewish population of the city. Accounts of the Granada Massacre state that more than 1500 Jewish families, numbering 4000 …Yet, despite the Jews’ success and prosperity under Muslim rule, the Golden Age of Spain began to decline as the Muslims began to battle the Christians for control of the Iberian Peninsula and Spanish kingdoms in 722. The decline of Muslim authority was matched with a rise in anti-Semitic activity. In 1066, a Muslim mob stormed the royal palace in Granada, crucified Jewish vizier Joseph ibn Naghrela and massacred most of the Jewish population of the city. Accounts of …

    From The Virtual Jewish History Tour – SpainRelated web pages
    http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/vjw

  54.  1071 AD
    1071 AD – Turkish Myth And Muslim Symbol: The Battle Of Manzikert – Carole Hillenbrand – Hardback This volume contributes to historical scholarship on Turkey by focusing on its key foundational myth, the battle of Manzikert in 1071. Translations and a close analysis …Turkish Myth And Muslim Symbol: The Battle Of Manzikert – Carole Hillenbrand – Hardback This volume contributes to historical scholarship on Turkey by focusing on its key foundational myth, the battle of Manzikert in 1071. Translations and a close analysis of all the extant Muslim sources which deal with the battleare provided in the book.

    From Asian & Middle Eastern History – Books From ScotlandRelated web pages
    http://www.booksfromscotland.com/Categories/History

  55. 1071 AD – Cairo also became a center of Islam. Spain and its cities grew with the conversion to Islam. Assault from Withing and Without (1050-1258) The Byzantine empire was crushed during the battle of Manzikert in 1071. Anatolia was open to the Turkish occupation …The African areas also were involved in Islam. Ghana was the land of gold in Islamic texts. Parts of Africa were among the few areas that converted to Islam peacefully. Cairo also became a center of Islam. Spain and its cities grew with the conversion to Islam. Assault from Withing and Without (1050-1258) The Byzantine empire was crushed during the battle of Manzikert in 1071. Anatolia was open to the Turkish occupation. Princes fought for the title of Sultan while …

    From Chapter 8 Notes and Outline – Proof of ReadingRelated web pages
    http://www.scribd.com/doc/2066141/Chapter-8-Notes-and

  56.  1085 AD
    1085 AD – One of the most sobering defeats was the loss of Toledo in 1085, for it had been one of the Muslim strongholds of the northern frontier of Andalusia. Demoralized, the Muslim ruler of Granada asked for help from the leader of the Almoravids. The Almovarids had …During the latter decades of the 11th c., Muslim forces lost several important battles to the Christian forces. One of the most sobering defeats was the loss of Toledo in 1085, for it had been one of the Muslim strongholds of the northern frontier of Andalusia. Demoralized, the Muslim ruler of Granada asked for help from the leader of the Almoravids. The Almovarids had a growing empire in North Africa, in the region that is today Morocco. The Almovarids came to Andalusia …

    From Kevorkian Center – Andalusia
    http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/program/neareast/andalusia

  57.  1086 AD
    1086 AD – They arrived to fight off the Christians in 1086. At the Battle of Sagrajas they routed Alfonso’s forces, and created a new unified Muslim state in Andalusia. Alfonso still held Toledo though, by establishing fortified towns.Already opposing Muslim rulers’ taxing of peasants, Andalusian Muslims welcomed a new dynasty to Iberia. The Almoravids originated in the Atlas mountain areas of North Africa, and were rigidly puritanical in their interpretation of Islam. They arrived to fight off the Christians in 1086. At the Battle of Sagrajas they routed Alfonso’s forces, and created a new unified Muslimstate in Andalusia. Alfonso still held Toledo though, by establishing fortified towns.

    From SparkNotes: High Middle Ages (1000-1200): Reconquista, 1000-1250Related web pages
    http://www.sparknotes.com/history/european/middle2

  58.  1095 AD
    1095 AD – By 1095 AD, the defensive battles against expansionist Islam moved into a period of the Crusades for almost two hundred years of on-and-off fighting between the French and the Arab nations. 1 However, France eventually opened its doors to Islam and has …In 732, during the Battle of Tours (also called the Battle of Poitiers), Charles Martel and his Frankish soldiers won a decisive victory which stopped the rapid Muslim expansion into France. By 1095 AD, the defensive battles against expansionist Islam moved into a period of the Crusades for almost two hundred years of on-and-off fighting between the French and the Arab nations. 1 However, France eventually opened its doors to Islam and has supported Arab nations such …

    From France and Islam from 732 AD to the 21 Century
    http://www.hyperhistory.net/apwh/essays/cot

  59.  1096 AD
    1096 AD – First, the historical facts: a long “train of abuses”, to borrow Jefferson’s phrase, preceded the launching of the First Crusade in 1096. Since its very inception, Islam had waged an unremitting war against Christianity. It conquered and subjugated centuries …First, the historical facts: a long “train of abuses”, to borrow Jefferson’s phrase, preceded the launching of the First Crusade in 1096. Since its very inception, Islam had waged an unremitting war against Christianity. It conquered and subjugated centuries-old Christian societies in the Middle East and North Africa. After sweeping through France, the Muslim advance was finally checked by Charles Martel at the Battle of Tours in 732. Following this, Muslim aggression …

    From Enough is Enough: The Crusades & The Jihad Are Not Equivalents « The …Related web pages
    the-american-catholic.com/2010/08/26/enough-is …

  60.  1098 AD
    Jun 28, 1098 AD – June 28, 1098 Battle of Orontes: Following the Holy Lance “discovery” in Antioch , the Crusaders drive back a Turkish army under the command of Emir Kerboga, Attabeg of Mosul, sent to recapture the city. This battle is generally regarded as having been …June 28, 1098 Battle of Orontes: Following the Holy Lance “discovery” in Antioch , the Crusadersdrive back a Turkish army under the command of Emir Kerboga, Attabeg of Mosul, sent to recapture the city. This battle is generally regarded as having been decided by morale because the Muslimarmy, split by internal dissent, numbers 75000 strong but is defeated by a mere 15000 tired and poorly equipped Crusaders.

    From On Faith Panelists Blog: One God, Many Views – Salman AhmadRelated web pages
    newsweek.washingtonpost.com/onfaith …

  61.  1099 AD
    Jun 7, 1099 AD – On June 7, 1099, the crusaders reached Jerusalem, and unleashing a savagery and slaughter on an appalling scale, captured the city. The horror of this event has left an indelible stain on Muslim/Christian relations down through the centuries . Following the …On June 7, 1099, the crusaders reached Jerusalem, and unleashing a savagery and slaughter on an appalling scale, captured the city. The horror of this event has left an indelible stain on Muslim/Christian relations down through the centuries . Following the Battle of Ascalon, for the first time in 462 years the Holy Land was in Christian hands. Sad to say that in three hundred years of crusading, the first battlefought was the most successful.

    From Neworld Review: The LacunaRelated web pages
    http://www.neworldreview.com/vol_3No_11/essay.html

  62.  1100 AD
    1100 AD – Prosperity ended in 1100, when Haifa was besieged and blockaded by the Crusader and then conquered after a fierce battle with its Jewish and Muslim inhabitants. Under the Crusaders, Haifa was reduced to a small fishing and agricultural village. It was a part of …Prosperity ended in 1100, when Haifa was besieged and blockaded by the Crusader and then conquered after a fierce battle with its Jewish and Muslim inhabitants. Under the Crusaders, Haifa was reduced to a small fishing and agricultural village. It was a part of the Principality of Galilee within the Kingdom of Jerusalem. Following their victory at the Battleof Hattin.

    From Haifa : Map (The Full Wiki)
    maps.thefullwiki.org/Haifa

  63.  1119 AD
    1119 AD – She makes note of a preacher, ibn al-Kashshad, who actually led troops on the battlefield at the Battle of Balat, or the Field of Blood, in 1119, one of the first Muslim military victories (109). It was in this context that the first major Islamic military …Hillenbrand notes that in the beginning of the 12th century, Muslim religious leaders began to take a definite leadership role in Syria, and preaching a definite message of jihad. She makes note of a preacher, ibn al-Kashshad, who actually led troops on the battlefield at the Battle of Balat, or the Field of Blood, in 1119, one of the first Muslim military victories (109). It was in this context that the first major Islamic military leader of what would evolve into the …

    From The Counter-Crusade@Everything2.comRelated web pages
    everything2.com/title/The+Counter-Crusade

  64.  1121 AD
    Aug 12, 1121 AD – A battle between the coalition of Muslim army and the Georgians took place on August 12, 1121. Muslim coalition was composed of 300-400 000 soldiers and Georgian army had only 55 600 warriors, the battle had lasted 3 hours after which the Georgians had …A battle between the coalition of Muslim army and the Georgians took place on August 12, 1121. Muslim coalition was composed of 300-400 000 soldiers and Georgian army had only 55 600 warriors, the battle had lasted 3 hours after which the Georgians had been pursuing the enemy for 70 km-s. The reason of Georgian victory was military strategy created by King David IV and maneuver performed by Georgian side from the right wing of the battle. Category: News & …

    From YouTube – Battle of Didgori, GeorgiaRelated web pages
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ugzbRZts3Ds

  65.  1139 AD
    1139 AD – In 1139, he struck deep into heart of Al Andalus and defeated Muslim army at battle of Ourique. After this battle, Alfonso declared himself king of Portugal. After defeating Muslims, Alfonso turned his attention to southern Galicia and therefore managed to …In 1139, he struck deep into heart of Al Andalus and defeated Muslim army at battle of Ourique. After this battle, Alfonso declared himself king of Portugal. After defeating Muslims, Alfonso turned his attention to southern Galicia and therefore managed to bring wraith of Alfonso VII, the king of León, upon him.

    From Small land to born in, whole world to die in: Chronicles of Portugal – …Related web pages
    forum.paradoxplaza.com/forum/showthread.php?s …

  66.  1150 AD
    1150 AD – The earliest (although unconfirmed) report of a dramatic mock battle between Moors and Christians is from Lleida (Lérida) in 1150, less than a year after the Muslim defeat there.” From Lleida, the dance traveled east as well as west and south across the entire …The persistence of this dance in Spain results in no small part from its role in celebrating the emergence of the strong Christian nation after “reconquering” the peninsula from the Muslim forces. The earliest (although unconfirmed) report of a dramatic mock battle between Moors and Christians is from Lleida (Lérida) in 1150, less than a year after the Muslim defeat there.” From Lleida, the dance traveled east as well as west and south across the entire peninsula as the …

    From Forms Of Tradition In Contemporary SpainRelated web pages
    books.google.com/books?id=wGqNMiA-HHcC&pg …

  67.  1177 AD
  68.  1187 AD
    1187 AD – In another glowing page of Islamic history, it was in Ramadhan, too, in 1187 CE that Salahudin al-Ayoubi, one for the greatest Muslim generals that ever lived, defeated the Frankish Crusaders in the famous Battle of Hittin. Salahudin ignored the counsel of …In another glowing page of Islamic history, it was in Ramadhan, too, in 1187 CE that Salahudin al-Ayoubi, one for the greatest Muslim generals that ever lived, defeated the Frankish Crusaders in the famous Battle of Hittin. Salahudin ignored the counsel of his advisers to withdraw from armed engagements with the Crusaders during the month of Ramadhan because he knew from past Islamichistory that the month of Ramadhan is the month of victory for Muslims.

    From THE MORO CHRONICLES: ONLINE DATABASE OF THE …Related web pages
    http://www.tmchronicles.com/dbase.php?idb=73&&dbase2

  69. 1187 AD – The Crusades came to an end beginning in AD 1187 when the Muslim commander, Saladin (Salah Ed-Deen), defeated the combined European armies under the leadership of King Richard the Lion Heart of England in a major battle near the village of Hittin …The Crusades came to an end beginning in AD 1187 when the Muslim commander, Saladin (Salah Ed-Deen), defeated the combined European armies under the leadership of King Richard the Lion Heart of England in a major battle near the village of Hittin, Palestine. Arab and Islamicrule, language, culture, and society were reestablished in the country.

    From Culture And Customs Of The PalestiniansRelated web pages
    books.google.com/books?id=3ntlybo9BEQC&pg=PA8 …

  70. 1187 AD – Salah Ed-Deen Saladin in English. The Islamic commander who defeated the Crusaders in the battle of Hittin in Palestine in 1187. Salatat al-Bandura Arabic for “tomato salad.” Samed The economic and investment arm of the Palestine Liberation Organization in Lebanon.
    From Culture And Customs Of The PalestiniansRelated web pages
    books.google.com/books?id=3ntlybo9BEQC&pg …
  71. 1187 AD – Jerusalem fell to Islamic forces in the year 1187. During battles with the Saracen’s (a term commonly used to describe all Islamic people during the Crusades) forces the Knights of Saint John faced a new weapon, fire. The Saracen’s would throw glass bombs …Jerusalem fell to Islamic forces in the year 1187. During battles with the Saracen’s (a term commonly used to describe all Islamic people during the Crusades) forces the Knights of Saint John faced a new weapon, fire. The Saracen’s would throw glass bombs containing naphtha. Naphtha is basically lighter fluid. The Islamic warriors would then light the battlefield on fire. Hundreds of knights were burned alive. The Knights that were spared this fate risked their own lives …

    From FIREFIGHTER/PARAMEDIC STORIES: Maltese CrossRelated web pages
    firefighterparamedicstories.blogspot.com/2010 …

  72. Jul 1187 AD – [8] Crusaders attempt to wrestle the Holy Land from Muslim opposition under Saladin in the Levant until he recaptures Palestine after the victory at the Battle of Hattin in July of 1187. [9] The notable long lasting Muslim rule and conquest develops into the …[8] Crusaders attempt to wrestle the Holy Land from Muslim opposition under Saladin in the Levant until he recaptures Palestine after the victory at the Battle of Hattin in July of 1187. [9] The notable long lasting Muslimrule and conquest develops into the Ottoman Empire, founded by Osthman or Osman I (born within the dominate tribe Oguz, forefathers of the Osmanli or Ottoman Turks).

    From Palestine – CreationWiki, the encyclopedia of creation scienceRelated web pages
    creationwiki.org/Palestine

  73. Oct 2, 1187 AD – On 2 October 1187, after the battle of Hattin — where the Christians, “with fires burning around them, perished, falling one after another from the hill”, according to Tasso’s Muslim counterpart, the 14th century historian al-Safadi — Jerusalem surrendered …The Christian victory was short-lived, as Tasso knew: in the late 12th century, a Muslim jihad under Saladin pushed the Christians out of the Holy Land. On 2 October 1187, after the battle of Hattin — where the Christians, “with fires burning around them, perished, falling one after another from the hill”, according to Tasso’s Muslimcounterpart, the 14th century historian al-Safadi — Jerusalem surrendered to Saladin, who left all its inhabitants unharmed.

    From Handbook of the CrusadesRelated web pages
    weekly.ahram.org.eg/2002/585/bo2.htm

  74.  1189 AD
    Jan 5, 1189 AD – After the victory of the Muslim army under Salah al-Din (Saladin) over the Crusaders at the battle of the Horns of Hittin, Belvoir was besieged. The siege lasted a year and a half, until the defenders surrendered on 5 January 1189.
    From Belvoir – A Crusader Fortress Overlooking the JordRelated web pages
    http://www.mfa.gov.il/MFA/History/Early%20History%20
  75.  1190 AD
    Jul 25, 1190 AD – Two Muslim sources tell of dead women found on the battlefield after a battle outside Acre on 25 July 1190. Western sources say only ‘common people’ fought on that day so these women probably fought on foot. The common folk had lost faith with incompetent noble …Two Muslim sources tell of dead women found on the battlefield after a battle outside Acre on 25 July 1190. Western sources say only ‘common people’ fought on that day so these women probably fought on foot. The common folk had lost faith with incompetent noble commanders and attacked the Muslims on their own. An Arab historian, Imad al-Din, wrote of one Western noblewoman who, during the Third Crusade (1190 – 1192), “was a queen in her own land, and arrived accompanied …

    From Night camouflaged invisible horses, Slow violet light, Ladies in shining …Related web pages
    http://www.wonderquest.com/zebra-light-knight.htm

  76.  1191 AD
    1191 AD – In 1191 AD, during one of the many battles in the Crusades, when Christian Knights were fighting against Muslim armies in the Holy Land, a violent charge led by knights under the English King Richard the Lionheart won the battle of Arsuf. Richard’s …In 1191 AD, during one of the many battles in the Crusades, when Christian Knights were fighting against Muslim armies in the Holy Land, a violent charge led by knights under the English King Richard the Lionheart won the battle of Arsuf. Richard’s opponent was the celebrated Muslimcommander, Saladin, who suffered his first military defeat against the Christian Crusader Army under King Richard the Lionheart.

    From Medieval Knights
    http://www.suite101.com/content/medieval-knights-a229678

  77. 1192 AD – and since then Sindh became the Gateway to Islam in India. Shahabuddin Muhammad Ghauri was the first Muslim warrior who was responsible for the establishment of Muslim rule in India. After the defeat of Pirthvi Raj in the second battle of Tarain in 1192 …and since then Sindh became the Gateway to Islam in India. Shahabuddin Muhammad Ghauri was the first Muslim warrior who was responsible for the establishment of Muslim rule in India. After the defeat of Pirthvi Raj in the second battle of Tarain in 1192, Sultan Mohammad Ghauri appointed Qutbuddin Aibak as his Viceroy to consolidate his empire. The last Muslimdynasty, which ruled in India was the Mughul dynasty.

    From Independence Day 14 AugustRelated web pages
    http://www.jang.com.pk/thenews/spedition/14aug

  78.  1195 AD
    1195 AD – After Al-Mansūr, in 1195, won the Battle of Alarcos, Muslim Spain relaxed and fanaticism subsided. Ibn Rushd was pardoned, but he was by this time utterly disillusioned.
    From Averroes, Great Muslim Philosopher who planted the seeds of European …Related web pages
    http://www.arabworldbooks.com/articles19.html
  79.  1212
    1212 – Finally the day of reckoning came in the year 1212, when the crusading Christian forces came to grips with the Muslim army in the battle of al-Iqab, (Las Navas de Tolosa), the result of which was a devastating defeat for the Muslims in spite of their valiant …Finally the day of reckoning came in the year 1212, when the crusading Christian forces came to grips with the Muslim army in the battle of al-Iqab, (Las Navas de Tolosa), the result of which was a devastating defeat for the Muslims in spite of their valiant efforts to repel the gigantic armies of their enemy. It was said that out of the six hundred thousand Muslim troops participating in that battle, only one thousand survived. It was the last major battle in the history of …

    From chapter5.htmlRelated web pages
    http://www.artopedia.com/chapter5.html

  80. Jul 16, 1212 – The battle took place on July 16, 1212, near Jaen, Andalusia. The forces of King Alfonso VIII of Castile were joined by the armies of his Christian rivals, Sancho VII of Navarre, Pedro II of Aragon and Afonso II of Portugal in battle against the …The Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa was a major battle in Medieval Spain and marked a turning point in the long war against the Muslim invaders. The battle took place on July 16, 1212, near Jaen, Andalusia. The forces of King Alfonso VIII of Castile were joined by the armies of his Christian rivals, Sancho VII of Navarre, Pedro II of Aragon and Afonso II of Portugal in battle against the Berber Muslim Almohad rulers of the southern half of the Iberian Peninsula …

    From Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa | History Wars WeaponsRelated web pages
    historywarsweapons.com/battle-of-las-navas-de …

  81.  1219
    Sep 1219 – It was during a period of truce during the battle over Damietta in September 1219 that Francis preached to the Muslims, crossing over to the Muslim camp with Brother Illuminato, who was probably the interpreter. LifeSiteNews: Why did St. Francis of Assisi …It was during a period of truce during the battle over Damietta in September 1219 that Francis preached to the Muslims, crossing over to the Muslim camp with Brother Illuminato, who was probably the interpreter. LifeSiteNews: Why did St. Francis of Assisi support the Fifth Crusade? Frank Rega: Francis understood that the Fifth Crusade was part of an ongoing just war in response to Muslim invasions of Christian lands, which included many attacks against Italian city …

    From St. Francis of Assisi: Not a Birkenstock-Clad Hippie But a Converter of …Related web pages
    http://www.lifesitenews.com/ldn/2008/apr/08040302.html

  82.  1244
    Oct 18, 1244 – In the ensuing battle at La Forbie on 18 October 1244, the Khwarismians routed part of the Muslim forces and decimated the Crusaders. Thousands were killed, including Peter, archbishop of Tyre, and the bishop of Ramla and Lydda. Some eight hundred men were …In the ensuing battle at La Forbie on 18 October 1244, the Khwarismians routed part of the Muslim forces and decimated the Crusaders. Thousands were killed, including Peter, archbishop of Tyre, and the bishop of Ramla and Lydda. Some eight hundred men were said to have been taken prisoner by the Egyptians. Armand of Périgord, master of the Templars,. was captured and eventually apparently died in prison, William of Chateauneuf, master oí the Hospitaliers, was captured …

    From Crusader Art in the Holy LandRelated web pages
    books.google.com/books?id=Xifq5OE7174C&pg …

  83.  1258
    1258 – In the east the Mongol Empire put an end to the Abbassid dynasty at the Battle of Baghdad in 1258, as they overran the Muslim lands in a series of invasions. Meanwhile in Egypt, the slave-soldier Mamluks took control in an uprising in 1250 105 and in …In the east the Mongol Empire put an end to the Abbassid dynasty at the Battle of Baghdad in 1258, as they overran the Muslim lands in a series of invasions. Meanwhile in Egypt, the slave-soldier Mamluks took control in an uprising in 1250 105 and in alliance with the Golden Horde halted the Mongol armies at the Battle of Ain Jalut. Over the next century the Mongol Khanates converted to Islam and this religious and cultural absorption ushered in a new age of Mongol …

    From Islam – by SriLankaDOT.comRelated web pages
    http://www.srilankadot.com/wiki-Islam

  84.  1260
    1260 – In AD 1260, the Mamluks, under the leadership of al-Zahir Baybars, halted the advance of the Mongol juggernaut (led by Hulago) in the decisive battle of ‘Ayn Jalut near the spring of ‘Ayn Jalut (or Jalud), which lay midway between Zir’in and the adjacent …In AD 1260, the Mamluks, under the leadership of al-Zahir Baybars, halted the advance of the Mongol juggernaut (led by Hulago) in the decisive battle of ‘Ayn Jalut near the spring of ‘Ayn Jalut (or Jalud), which lay midway between Zir’in and the adjacent village of Nuris [The bodies of the Muslim Mamluk soldiers killed in the battlewere buried in nearby location which became the village of al-Mazar].

    From From the history of Zer’in (ancient Canaanite Yezra-El)Related web pages
    http://www.palestineremembered.com/Jinin/Zir’in

  85.  1281
    Oct 30, 1281 – On October 30, 1281, 50000 Mongol troops, together with 30000 Armenians, Georgians, Greeks, and the Hospitalier Knights of Marqab fought against the Muslim leader Qalawun at the Second Battle of Homs, but the battle ended with no clear victor, only heavy losses on …
    From Abaqa Khan – Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaRelated web pages
    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abaqa_Khan
  86.  1291
    1291 – Phillips also continues past the ostensible “end” of the Crusading era in 1291, exploring some of the later Christian-Muslim battles that occurred outside the Middle East and analyzing how the cultural idea of Crusading developed as both action and metaphor from …Phillips also continues past the ostensible “end” of the Crusading era in 1291, exploring some of the later Christian-Muslim battles that occurred outside the Middle East and analyzing how the cultural idea of Crusading developed as both action and metaphor from the medieval era to the modern day. Though somewhat brief considering the vast amount of history it covers, this work succeeds in providing a vivid and engaging narrative for a general audience while demonstrating …

    From The CrusadesRelated web pages
    http://www.libraryjournal.com/article/CA6719708.html

  87.  1340
    1340 – When a large Muslim army landed on the peninsula in 1340, Afonso IV allied himself with the king of Castile, Alfonso XI, and the king of Aragon in order to do battle against this threat to the Christian kingdoms. Afonso sent a fleet commanded by Manuel …When a large Muslim army landed on the peninsula in 1340, Afonso IV allied himself with the king of Castile, Alfonso XI, and the king of Aragon in order to do battle against this threat to the Christian kingdoms. Afonso sent a fleet commanded by Manuel Peçanha to Cádiz and marched overland himself to meet the Muslim army, which was destroyed at the Battleof Salado.

    From Portugal Development of the RealmRelated web pages
    http://www.country-studies.com/portugal/development

  88.  1356
    Sep 19, 1356 – The Battle of Poitiers was fought at Poitiers on September 19, 1356, during the Hundred Years’ War. An earlier battle, the first decisive Christian victory over Muslims was also fought here on October 10, 732 — this battle is better known as Battle of …The Battle of Poitiers was fought at Poitiers on September 19, 1356, during the Hundred Years’ War. An earlier battle, the first decisive Christian victory over Muslims was also fought here on October 10, 732 — this battle is better known as Battle of ToursThe Battle of Tours (more often called the Battle of Poitiers was fought on October 10, 732 between forces under the Frankish leader Charles Martel and an Islamic army led by Emir Abd er Rahman. During the …

    From Poitiers Battle France Clain Fought Capital Vienne Central CityRelated web pages
    http://www.economicexpert.com/a/Poitiers.htm

  89.  1389
    1389 – For the Serbs, it is part of their heritage – an ancient field of battle where Serbian Christian warriors fought the Muslim Ottoman army in 1389. For modern European leaders, it is a chance to show that compromise can work and that there is a place in Europe …For the Serbs, it is part of their heritage – an ancient field of battle where Serbian Christian warriors fought the Muslim Ottoman army in 1389. For modern European leaders, it is a chance to show that compromise can work and that there is a place in Europe for both Christian and Muslim. Although the plan is part of what is called the “Kosovo Final Status Process”, it cannot be the end of the story.

    From UN plans tackle Kosovo limboRelated web pages
    news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/6320545.stm

  90. 1389 – Prishtine , a mere village some forty-seven years before the battle of Kosovo in 1389, had become a Muslim town by the fifteenth century. Strategic urban growth and development, Oriental in type, took place in Yugoslavia, Bulgaria and also Greek Macedonia in …Prishtine , a mere village some forty-seven years before the battle of Kosovo in 1389, had become a Muslimtown by the fifteenth century. Strategic urban growth and development, Oriental in type, took place in Yugoslavia, Bulgaria and also Greek Macedonia in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.13 Novi Pazar, on the border of Kosovo, was founded by ‘Isl Beg, a governor of Bosnia, under Mehmed the Conqueror.

    From Islam in the BalkansRelated web pages
    books.google.com/books?id=kTcRDKnYf2cC&pg=PA49 …

  91. Jun 13, 1389 – There are striking similarities between the Serbs and the Jews. Serbia lost its province of Kosovo after being defeated in battle by the Muslim Turks at the Field of Blackbirds on June 13th 1389. Like the Jews, who in their 2000 years of exile dreamed of …There are striking similarities between the Serbs and the Jews. Serbia lost its province of Kosovo after being defeated in battle by the Muslim Turks at the Field of Blackbirds on June 13th 1389. Like the Jews, who in their 2000 years of exile dreamed of restoring their ancient land and their holy city of Jerusalem after losing it to the Romans, so too the Serbs dreamed of Kosovo and wove their folk music and national identity around the lost Serbian heartland.

    From As Goes Serbia, So Goes Israel? « Dobro dosli na Internet prezentaciju …Related web pages
    dijaspora.wordpress.com/2008/08/15/as-goes …

  92. Jun 15, 1389 – In his effort to foster his own nationalist credentials and rouse nationalist fervor among Serbs, Milosevic” focused especially on an ancient battle, the Battle of Kosovo on June 15, 1389, in which a Muslim Ottoman army had crushed a Christian Serbian army …In his effort to foster his own nationalist credentials and rouse nationalist fervor among Serbs, Milosevic” focused especially on an ancient battle, the Battle of Kosovo on June 15, 1389, in which a MuslimOttoman army had crushed a Christian Serbian army under King Lazar (see Key document: Speech by Slobodan Milosevic”).

    From Introduction to Global PoliticsRelated web pages
    books.google.com/books?id=VUJfLlDx9XwC&pg …

  93.  1396
    1396 – A combined European army attempted to halt the Islamic invasion in 1396, where they met the muslim tyrants at the battle of Nicopolis on the Danube river. The Europeans were defeated, and the muslims celebrated their victory by executing thousands of prisoners …A combined European army attempted to halt the Islamic invasion in 1396, where they met the muslim tyrants at the battle of Nicopolis on the Danube river. The Europeans were defeated, and the muslims celebrated their victory by executing thousands of prisoners they had taken during the battle, in a bloodthirsty massacre lasting several hours.

    From Tulisan Murtad: Islam’s Europe War
    tulisanmurtad.blogspot.com/2010/01/islams …

  94.  1398
  95.  1400
    1400 – But the Balkans, India, Kashmir, Israel, Chechnya, the Philippines, Cyprus and other hotbeds of Muslim aggression not withstanding, another battle waging is an entire continent, an achievement Islam has yet to achieve in its 1400 year old bloody and militant … [2]But the Balkans, India, Kashmir, Israel, Chechnya, the Philippines, Cyprus and other hotbeds of Muslim aggression not withstanding, another battle waging is an entire continent, an achievement Islam has yet to achieve in its 1400 year old bloody and militant history. Africa. Libya’s psychotic Colonel and other leaders of the Arab/Muslim world have vowed to Islamize the entire continent of Africa, claiming they have the money and the will to accomplish such a feat …

    From Mary Christina Love
    marychristinalove.wordpress.com/

Preview image

The time line above clearly shows that the spread of Islam was not by its gospel but by conquest and imposition of the Islamic faith.

References:

[1] Islam’s golden Age: http://www.irfi.org/articles/articles_401_450/golden_age_of_islam.htm
[2] Timeline Muslim Battles: http://www.google.co.uk/search?q=Timeline+Muslim+battles&hl=en&client=firefox-a&rls=org.mozilla:en-GB:official&prmd=iv&sa=X&ei=nG7lTP-XFpOahQeDqonnDA&ved=0CL8DEKUC&tbs=tl:1,tl_num:100,tlul:600AD,tluh:1400AD

1 Comment

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  1. mbplee

    mental porno,
    Briefly, it is best I reiterate:

    In conclusion, I can unambiguously summarize the fact that the so called Islamic Golden Age was not any product of Islamic scriptural knowledge, nor it was due to any degree of devoutness of religion Islam, rather it was due to short-lived opportunity of freethinking and rationalism induced by the famous Mu’tazillites and facilitated by the liberal minded Abbasid Kingdom.

    What was the ideology of Mu’tazila which actually opened the window for rational thinkers? The defining philosophy of Mu’tazila was freewill, rationalism and scientific thoughtwhich was rooted in the Hellenic-age Greek philosophy. Mu’tazila ideology was greatly promoted during Abbasid Caliphate (8-13th century) but after that Islamic re-incarnation by Ahadiths collection by Muslim al –hajjaj, al-Bukhari, Abu daud, al-Timidi and rise of islamic zealots by the leadership of Imam Ghazali put the final nail to the coffin of defeated Mu’tazillites—leading to the end of enlightenment during 13th century and subsequently rise of Islamic devoutness (darkness of close minds and superstitions) in the Islamic world, which ended the so called Islamic Golden Age for good.

    The Quran emphatically forbade pursuance knowledge and learning that falls outside the scope of Quran and Sunnah for fear of going astray by emulating path of error and heresy. Quran directly contradicted the very principle of Mu’tazilies. Hence, Islamic theological knowledge had very little to contribute to the attainment of the Golden Age.

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