Jesus in India by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad-Part 2 of 2
[Highlights and comments [xxxx]in Bold Italics by author edit.]
[Part 2 of 2 is a continuation and provides the analysis and to point out the erroneous ideologies of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad as he attempts to abrogate orthodox Islamic ideologies to fit his concept of Islam in order to serve as mercenary to the British Raj.]
Author’s Analysis and Critique
References of [*1] refer to article of Part 1 of 2: https://mbplee.wordpress.com/2012/05/14/jesus-in-india-by-hadhrat-mirza-ghulam-ahmad/
[*1] Mirza Ghulam Ahmad: “Islam does not allow the use of the sword for the Faith; except in the case of defensive wars, or in the case of wars waged to punish a tyrant or to uphold freedom. The need of a defensive war arises when the aggression of an adversary threatens one’s own life.”
[A clever use of words but very misleading. What is a defensive war? The very presence of Jews, Christians or other infidels are a direct threat to Islam because such people will not accept the “Will of Allah.” Since they oppose Islamic doctrines, they are automatically considered enemies of Islam, and of Allah, and thus in the eyes of all Muslims, unbelievers, thus eliminating the infidel is justified in protecting and defending the sanctity of Islam and Allah. Thus militant Jihad is justified as it is a case of defensive war.
Islam does not require that “the adversary threatens one’s own life,” but if the aggressor threatens Islam in any way by its presence, that is sufficient to justify war/Jihad. Otherwise it would make a mockery of the following verses in the Quran:
Quran 8:39 YUSUFALI: And fight them on until there is no more tumult(rejection) or oppression, and there prevail justice and faith in Allah altogether(only) and everywhere; but if they cease (submit to Allah,convert), verily Allah doth see all that they do.
Quran 9:5 YUSUFALI: But when the forbidden months (Fasting) are past, then fight and slay the Pagans(infidels) wherever ye find them, and seize them, beleaguer them, and lie in wait for them in every stratagem (of War); but if they repent(convert to Islam), and establish regular prayers and practise regular charity (like other Muslims), then open the way for them: for Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful. (Clearly a statement of “convert to Islam or die by the sword.)
Thus Hadhrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad is clearly attempting to abrogate the meaning and intent Jihad to serve subserviently the British Raj. ]
[*2] Mirza Ghulam Ahmad: “I have clear proofs, circumstantial evidence of a conclusive character, and historical evidence…….a wonderful change in the hearts of the Muslims. “
[I have not witnessed any literature or historical evidence to confirm this claim of “a wonderful change in the hearts of the Muslims” from amongst orthodox Islam. Whether Ahmadiyya sect followers (1 to 2 % of all Muslims) have behaved in such an exemplary manner is of no importance as their numbers are so small it makes no difference to the Islamic world. In fact, as orthodox (Sunni and Shia)Muslims learn the truth of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad’s heresy, Islamic country after Islamic country have totally rejected his ideologies and banned the movements of this Ahmadi sect.]
[*3] Mirza Ghulam Ahmad: But the aforesaid sects of Muslims say that Jesus (on whom be peace) was not crucified, nor did he die on the Cross; on the other hand, when the Jews arrested him in order to crucify him an angel of God took him away to the heavens in his earthly body, and he is still alive in the heavens – which, they say, is the second heaven where is also the prophet Yahya, i.e. John (the Baptist). Muslims, moreover, also say that Jesus (on whom be peace) is an eminent prophet of God(Allah), but not God(Allah), nor the son of God(Allah), and, they believe that he will in the latter days descend to the earth, near the Minaret of Damascus or near some other place, supported on the shoulders of two angels, and that he and Imam Muhammad, the Mahdi, who will be already in the world, and who will be a Fatimite (designating or of a dynasty of Muslim rulers, descended from Fatima and Ali,descended from Mohammed’s daughter, Fatima,) will kill all the non-Muslims, not leaving anyone alive except those who will forthwith and without any delay become Muslims. In short, the real object of the descent of Jesus (on whom be peace) to the earth, as stated by Muslim sects known as Ahl-i-Sunnat or Ahl-i-Hadith called Wahabis by the common people – is that, like the Mahadev (Shiva or Siva (shē`və), one of the greatest gods of Hinduism
, also called Mahadeva) of the Hindus, he should destroy the whole world; that he should first threaten the people to become Muslims and then, if they persist in disbelief, massacre them all with the sword; they moreover say that he is alive in the heavens in his earthly body, so that, when Muslim powers become weak, he will come down and kill the non-Muslims or coerce them on pain of death to become Muslims. Regarding the Christians especially, the divines of the aforesaid sects state that when Jesus (on whom be peace) comes down from the heavens he will break all the Crosses in the world, do many a cruel deed with the sword, and inundate the world with blood. And, just as I have stated, these people, i.e. the Ahl-i-Hadith etc. from among the Muslims, are enthusiastic about their belief that a short time before the coming down of the Messiah there will appear an Imam from the Bani Fatima whose name will be Muhammad, the Mahdi. He it is who will be Khalifa and King of the time, and as he will belong to the Koraish, his real object will be to kill all non-Muslims except those who readily recite the Kalima. Jesus (on whom be peace) will come down in order to help him in his work; and although Jesus himself (on whom be peace) will be a Mahdi – nay, a greater Mahdi – yet, because it is essential that the Khalifa of the time should be a Koraish, Jesus (on whom be peace) will not be the Khalifa of the time; the Khalifa of the time will be that same Muhammad, the Mahdi. Muslims say that these two together will fill the earth with the blood of man, and they will shed more blood than has ever been shed before in the history of the world. No sooner will they appear than they will start this bloody campaign; they will neither preach nor plead, nor show any sign. And they also say that although Jesus (on whom be peace) will be like an adviser or a lieutenant of Imam Muhammad, the Mahdi, and although the reins of power will be in the hands of the Mahdi only, Jesus (on whom be peace) will instigate Hazrat Imam Muhammad, the Mahdi, to massacre the whole world and will advise him to adopt extreme measures, i.e. he will make amends for the humane teaching which he had given to the world before, namely, ‘not to resist evil,’ and, being struck on one cheek, ‘to turn the other cheek also.’ [*3]
[In order to analyse the significance of the above statements, it is essential to put events in the proper time-scale with its perspective as shown in Appendix 1.
Muhammad learned what little he knew about Judaism and Christianity from hearsay in the marketplace and was impressed with these monotheist religions that he wanted to emulate them. He learned of the creation of the Universe and the creation of Adam and Eve and of the principle ancestors of the Jews (Semites.) But it was Muhammad’s first wife, Khadijah, who was much older than he was and a widow, who encouraged Muhammad to pursue his prophetic ambitions due to emotional needs of her own.
Even Muhammad himself thought he had become a kahin (sorcerer) or demon-possessed.
It was she (Khadijah) who encouraged Muhammad to pursue his prophetic ambitions and spurred him in that direction. When Muhammad no longer had epileptic seizures or see any angels, Khadijah was disappointed. Ibn Ishaq writes: “After this, Gabriel did not come to him for a while and Khadijah said ‘I think that your Lord must hate you.'” This demonstrates how eager she (Khadijah) was for her narcissist to become a prophet …”
So we observe that in those early years in Muhammad’s life, Muhammad believed that his epileptic delusions were that of a sorcerer (delusions) and it never occurred to him that he was “the chosen prophet of Allah.” Muhammad was, after all, a caravan trader who was enticed to marry an insecure but ambitious widow. But with her encouragement Muhammad began to think of ways to be able to convince others that he was indeed “a prophet.” In order to add antiquity and authenticity to his fantasy, and having learned of the history of Judaism and Christianity he began to make his hereditary claims to Abraham and to Adam and Eve. But of course, the genealogy of his tribe, the Quraish tribe, it has been proven that it was impossible for the Quraish tribe to be descendants of one of the sons of Abraham, namely Ishmael, as the Quraish tribe were descendants of a different line of Arabs, the Yemenis.
Mohammad’s tribe lived in Saba-Yemen. The chief of Mohammad’s family, the Sabaean Yemeni family, Qusayy bin Kilab, an 8th ancestor of Mohammad, made an alliance with several neighbouring Yemeni families to form a much stronger and stable tribe of the Quraish in the 5th Century CE. Soon after that they migrated to Mecca, a city that was already built by the Khuzzaa’h tribe a century before. The Quraish remained in the Yemen until the 5th century CE and thus could not have had any contact with the Ishmaelites, specifically the tribe of Nebaioth, at any time of their history as the Ishmaelites who lived as nomads in the deserts of Sinai in the Fertile Crescent, became extinct and no longer remained as a tribe 1,100 years before. The Quraish tribe could not have had any contact with the Ishmaeli tribe before their demise. Thus the claim of the Quraish tribe’s ancestry to Ishmael is doubtful especially in the light of the lack of documentary or archeological evidence. All evidence points against a connection. It was also common for prophets in the early centuries to claim antiquity and credence by claims of being descendant to well known Biblical figures whose stories and legends preceded by several centuries.
“Amru bin al-As wrote:
“Mohammed genealogized himself regarding his ancestor until he reached al-Natyher bin Kenaneh, then he said, “anyone who claimed otherwise of added further ancestors, has lied”
By this, Mohammed confessed that neither he, nor anyone else, knew about his ancestors beyong al-Nather bin Kinaneh. Nather bin Kinaneh is the 17th ancestor of the genealogy which Mohammed recognized prior to Maad, who some suggested, was the 4th ancestor prior to al-Nather bin Kinaneh. When we look at the ancestors of Mohammed, it’s reasonable to estimate 30 years for each generation of the 17 ancestors of Mohammed.” 
In fact, archeologists and historians have estimated that a generation during the period of Abraham through to Mohammad is more like “20 years” which even compounds the confusion. While the Old and New Testaments traces the history and contain the records of the Jewish and Christian people, providing valuable genealogical records, in documented form, such records are not available for Muslims. Most of the early records and history and ideologies, including the hadiths of Islam are handed down verbally and not recorded till hundreds of years after Mohammed’s death from verbal testimonies. This is a reflection of the general illiteracy of the desert tribal people who had to learn the Koran and the Hadiths through repetitive recitation, in order to understand and practice their religion.
Pre-Islam Pagan Rituals of most Arabs including the Quraish Tribe
As already stated earlier, Arabs were religious people long before Moses, or Jesus or Mohammed. In order to visualise the culture of the Arabs who were “polytheists,” having the chief god, “Ra, the sun god as the supremo,” we have to read an extract of the book by Abdul Hameed Siddiqui , “The Life of Mohammed” that depicts the gods of the Quraish tribe.
“The Quraysh also had several idols in and around the Ka’bah. The greatest of these was Hubal (The Moon God). It was carved out of red agate, in the form of a man with the right hand broken off. It stood inside the Ka’bah.
The idol of Hubal was widely venerated by the Arabs, especially by the people of Mecca. It was the same idol which Abu Sufyan ibn Harb addressed when he emerged victorious after the battle of Uhud saying: “Hubal! be though exalted (i.e. may thy religion triumph).” At this the Prophet replied: “Allah is more Exalted, and more Majestic.”
What is incongruous is for Muslims to declare how Jesus died or crucified or how he was taken to heaven when Islam was not even conceived 580 years earlier but the Quran could still express a definite view of the death of Jesus as though Muslims had witnessed the event and are now ridiculing the Jewish and Christian versions of his death. This is clearly spreading misinformation.
Thus it can be concluded that Muhammad, a caravan trader, encouraged by an ambitious wife sought to transform himself as a prophetic leader who received the words from Allah. In order to impress his followers of his wisdom he had to borrow most of his ideas of god and creation, and the genealogy of his blood rights from Judaism and Christianity, creating stories when needed and altering a little here and there to make it appear that they were his own words and thoughts. But it is obvious when comparing the beginnings of Islam that Muhammad hijacked most of his knowledge from others. So much of the early history in the Quran was similar to that in Genesis. And although Muhammad was initially unsuccessful in gaining many converts, because he used the Jewish and Christian’s compassionate approach to spread his word, he finally found success after he settled in Medina. His method of coercion became more pragmatic, by sharing his spoils of caravan raids with his followers, and offering the captives of raids and plunder the option of converting to Islam or put to the sword, he gained many followers. Muhammad gained many followers after he adopted this more military and brutal approach. This change of attitude is the new modus operandi from then on. The following verses puts a seal on it:
“Muslims are commanded to fight unbelievers until they are either dead, converted to Islam, or in a permanent state of subjugation under Muslim domination. Allowing people of other faiths to live and worship independently of Islamic rule is not an option.”
Qur’an (8:39) – “And fight them until there is no more Fitnah (disbelief and polytheism: i.e. worshipping others besides Allah) and the religion (worship) will all be for Allah Alone [in the whole of the world ]. But if they cease (worshipping others besides Allah), then certainly, Allah is All-Seer of what they do.” Translation from the Noble Quran
Qur’an (9:29) – “Fight those who believe not in Allah nor the Last Day, nor hold that forbidden which hath been forbidden by Allah and His Messenger, nor acknowledge the religion of Truth, (even if they are) of the People of the Book, until they pay the Jizya with willing submission, and feel themselves subdued.” Suras 9 and 5 are the last “revelations” that Muhammad handed down – hence abrogating what came before, which includes the oft-quoted verse 2:256 -“Let there be no compulsion in religion…”.
Qur’an (9:5)“But when the forbidden months are past, then fight and slay the Pagans wherever ye find them, and seize them, beleaguer them, and lie in wait for them in every stratagem (of war); but if they repent, and establish regular prayers and practice regular charity, then open the way for them…” Prayer and charity are among the Five Pillars of Islam, as salat and zakat. See below.
Qur’an (9:11) – (Continued from above) “But if they repent and establish worship and pay the poor-due, then are they your brethren in religion” This confirms that Muhammad is speaking of conversion to Islam.
Qur’an (2:193) – “And fight them until persecution is no more, and religion be only for Allah. But if they desist, then let there be no hostility except against wrong-doers.” The key phrase is to fight until “religion be only for Allah.”
From the Hadith:
Sahih Muslim (1:33)The Messenger of Allah said: “I have been commanded to fight against people till they testify that there is no god but Allah, that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah, and they establish prayer and pay zakat.” The first part of this condition is the Shahada, or profession of faith in Islam. Violence is sanctioned until the victims embrace Muhammad’s religion.
Sahih Muslim (19:4294) – “When you meet your enemies who are polytheists (which includes Christians), invite them to three courses of action. If they respond to any one of these, you also accept it and withhold yourself from doing them any harm. Invite them to (accept) Islam; if they respond to you, accept it from them and desist from fighting against them … If they refuse to accept Islam, demand from them the Jizya. If they agree to pay, accept it from them and hold off your hands. If they refuse to pay the tax, seek Allah’s help and fight them” Osama bin Laden echoes this order from his prophet: “Does Islam, or does it not, force people by the power of the sword to submit to its authority corporeally if not spiritually? Yes. There are only three choices in Islam … . Either submit, or live under the suzerainty of Islam, or die.” (source: The al-Qaeda Reader p. 19-20)
Bukhari (8:387) – “Allah’s Apostle said, ‘I have been ordered to fight the people till they say: ‘None has the right to be worshipped but Allah.’ And if they say so, pray like our prayers, face our Qibla and slaughter as we slaughter, then their blood and property will be sacred to us and we will not interfere with them except legally and their reckoning will be with Allah.'”
Bukhari (53:392) – “While we were in the Mosque, the Prophet came out and said, “Let us go to the Jews” We went out till we reached Bait-ul-Midras. He said to them, “If you embrace Islam, you will be safe. You should know that the earth belongs to Allah and His Apostle, and I want to expel you from this land. So, if anyone amongst you owns some property, he is permitted to sell it, otherwise you should know that the Earth belongs to Allah and His Apostle.”
Bukhari (2:24) – “Allah’s Apostle said: “I have been ordered (by Allah) to fight against the people until they testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and that Muhammad is Allah’s Apostle, and offer the prayers perfectly and give the obligatory charity, so if they perform a that, then they save their lives and property from me except for Islamic laws and then their reckoning (accounts) will be done by Allah.”
Bukhari (60:80) – “The Verse:–‘You (true Muslims) are the best of peoples ever raised up for mankind.’ means, the best of peoples for the people, as you bring them with chains on their necks till they embrace Islam.”
Bukhari (60:40) – “…:And fight them till there is no more affliction (i.e. no more worshiping of others along with Allah).” ‘Affliction’ of Muslims is explicitly defined here being a condition in which others worship a different god other than Allah. Muslims are commanded to use violence to ‘rectify’ the situation.
Bukhari (59:643) – “Testify that none has the right to be worshipped except Allah, or else I will chop off your neck!” Words of a military leader that Muhammad sent on an expedition with the mission of destroying a local religion in Yemen.
Ibn Ishaq/Hisham 959 – Then the apostle sent Khalid bin Walid… to the Banu al-Harith and ordered him to invite them to Islam three days before he attacked them. If they accepted then he was to accept it from them, and if they declined he was to fight them. So Khalid set out and came to them, and sent out riders in all directions inviting the people to Islam, saying, “If you accept Islam you will be safe.” So the men accepted Islam as they were invited. The text goes on to say that Khalid taught the al-Harith about Islam after their “conversion,” proving that it was based on fear of slaughter rather than a free and intelligent decision.
Ibn Kathir (Commenting on Quran 2:256, which says “let there be no compulsion in religion”) – “Therefore all people of the world should be called to Islam. If anyone of them refuses to do so, or refuses to pay the jizya, they should be fought till they are killed.”
Thus in his epileptic delusions, Muslims claim that: “Muslims, moreover, also say that (Christian) Jesus (on whom be peace) is an eminent prophet of God(Allah), but not God(Allah), nor the son of God(Allah), and, they believe that he will in the latter days descend to the earth (as Messiah), near the Minaret of Damascus or near some other place, supported on the shoulders of two angels, and that he and Imam Muhammad, the Mahdi, who will be already in the world, and who will be a Fatimite (designating or of a dynasty of Muslim rulers, descended from Fatima and Ali,descended from Mohammed’s daughter, Fatima,) will kill all the non-Muslims, not leaving anyone alive except those who will forthwith and without any delay become Muslims. Now how illogical and incomprehensible and delusional can that be that Muslims believe a Christian Messiah Jesus will return on earth and “will kill all the non-Muslims, not leaving anyone alive except those who will forthwith and without any delay become Muslims.” Only a demented epileptic could dream something like that. It is totally absurd and unacceptable in the eyes of Christians. For Mirza Ghulam Ahmad to accept or believe and propagate this description shows the effects of the laudanum medication he was using habitually.
The above discussion clearly shows the gulf in the ideologies and thought processes of Christians and Muslims and the Ahmadiyya sect.]
Time Scale of the Universe and Religious Events
|15 Billion Years Ago||The Universe was formed based on (distance of a particular galaxy)/(that Galaxy’s velocity) = (time) or 4.6 x 10^26 cm/1×10^17 secThis equation equalling 4.6 x 10^17 seconds = “approximately 15 billion years.”|
|2 Million Years ago||Traces of human species established subsuming H. erectus, H. ergasterm, and H. hiedelbergensis.|
|200,000 to 250 years ago||Archaeological finds of Modern Man was found|
|According to the Jewish Calendar|
|3760 BC||Adam and Eve were created for the newly created world by God.|
|1813 – 1638 BC||The birth and death of Abraham.|
|1393 – 1272||The birth and death of Moses.|
|414 BC||Moses sees the “Burning Bush” which signifies the birth of Judaism and monotheism and a deviation from polytheism.|
|0 BC – 0 AD||The 33 years of the life of Jesus. Jesus was a Judaist and came 1314 years after Moses and the Burning Bush. Jesus objected to the strict “Fences” of the Sadducees and was forced from the Jewish Temple.|
|ca 540-632 AD||Muhammad learned from Judaism and Christianity and began preaching Islam from 580 AD, i.e., 580 years after the death of Jesus and 1894 years after Moses sees the Burning Bush. Muhammad certainly incorporated the genealogy of the Jews such as Adam and Abraham, and the details of “creation” from the Old testament into the Quran. These details were not originated from Muhammad or from Allah. Is it possible that Muhammad could have any insight to the death or crucifixion of Jesus or were his views useful conjecture and speculation?|
|1835-1908 AD||Birth and death of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad – Qadiani a self proclaimed prophet of Allah approx. 1276 years after the death of Muhammad. Founder of 19th Century Ahmadiyya cult and a mercenary of the British Raj.|