Review: Christ in Egypt by D.M. Murdock


I seriously recommend this well researched book relating to the religion of ancient Egypt to any serious reader who wishes to find the origins and historicity of Christianity. It is not a novel but an in-depth research documentation of the religious beliefs and customs of ancient Egypt and its probable effect on the evolution of Christianity. It can be tedious reading but worth the effort for the information it divulges. In order to understand any religion or culture, it is essential to trace its origins and to visualise the ambience in those formative years, even to pre-recorded times. This book reveals the in-depth researches of eminent Egyptologists from many nations and from different language groups, transcribed here for us to read and assess. It  takes a close comprehensive look at the early Egyptian religion. It examines various sources of Egyptian literature including papyrus documents, Book of the Dead(BD), Pyramid Text (PT), Coffin Text (CT), and studies from all the famous Egyptologists’ of the day. Murdock has done a fantastic work of research and has been able to expose and confirm  to me the in-depth details of the ancient Egyptian religions and its significance in the evolution of Judaism and Christianity. Thus, finally,  I have been able to complete my tapestry of the evolution of historic/mythical Christianity that has been supressed for so long under the cloud of censorship and prejudice under the firm control of the Judaic and Christian clergy. But it was essential for the authors of the Bible to portray Judaism and Christianity as having divinely been revealed to mankind through the prophets Moses and Jesus and that it had no connections to the pagan worship of the Egyptians.

Many people have never realised that much of the most important researches regarding comparative religion and mythology were done in French, German and other foreign languages, with very little ever translated into English for the English-speaking public. Of course much of the most important sources may still be undeciphered and remained in Egyptian hieroglyphics. But Murdock has attempted to illustrated how easily Egyptian hieroglyphics can be open to so many different interpretations being composed of root words and Murdock has taken great efforts to illustrate how a combination of root words, without qualifiers, could easily mystify its modern interpreters (or unscrupulous misinterpretation if so conspired.)

The Egyptians were not so primitive and naive as once believed. They were deeply interested in “life and death’ and made great strides to understand it as best they could, without the aid of modern scientific technology that exists today in the 21st century. Thus it is important that we condition our minds to the conditions of that era while attempting to appreciate their limitations and their brilliance of analysis. Firstly, the Egyptians realised the importance of the Sun, the giver of life, of warmth, of light energy without which there would be no life (photosynthesis). The Egyptians studied the precise regularity of  the soltice and equinox of the Sun. The setting Sun signifying the death of the Sun at the end of the day and the rebirth of the sun at dawn. So important was the winter solstice because it indicated the birth of Horus signifying the resurrection of Osiris on December 25. The birth of Horus was so important to the Egyptians, who observed it on December 25, which was the Roman winter solstice upon establishment of the Julian Calendar that this date has remain honoured for thousands of years. Was it sheer coincidence that Christians have also adopted this very same date to honour the birth of Jesus?  They determined the equinoxes and soltices,  determined the change of the seasons that in turn determined the life-cycle of the Nile. The Nile was the  other source of life for the Egyptians. Is there any wonder that the Egyptians studied the Sun and the Moon and the Stars and ritualised their lives around the Sun? Is there any wonder that this fascination with astrotheology developed or evolved into an Egyptian icons of worship? Is there any wonder that the Egyptian religion and daily life revolved around the Sun who became their Sun God, Ra? The Sun, the source of energy and life for the early Egyptians must be a god.

But the Egyptians also considered their pharaohs as powerful and omnipotent on earth as a god and found a way to associate the Sun God with the Pharaohs by accepting that the Pharaohs were empowered/born by the Sun god and thus acquired his attributes. The Pharaoh became the representative of the Sun god on earth. The Egyptian religious beliefs centered around the legendary lives of Osiris, Isis and Horus. Osiris, representing the Sun God, Ra; his wife “Isis-meri” the virgin mother of Horus; and Horus who was the reborn of Osiris during the winter solstice, and specifically 25th December. Through the legends of Osiris, Isis, and Horus the book explains in detail the perception and acceptance of, “the virgin birth,” “resurrection,” “crucifixion,” “eternal life” “the human spirit,” “the Trinity,”  all that, was a part of the Egyptian religious cultural ideology centuries before the Common Era (CE) pre-dating the appearance of Christianity by millenia. That Christianity “evolved” directly from the Egyptian religion and its mythology  is without any doubt and is  profusely illustrated in this book. But these facts have been mercilessly suppressed for thousands of years by censorship, but has been clearly documented in these chapters. Let me quote:

“….the study of Egyptian mythology will throw more light upon the restrictive customs of the Jews, the allusions of the prophets, and the early history of the Christian church than that of any other country.” [William R Cooper, the Serpent  Myths of Ancient Egypt (73)]

“….the principles and precepts of the Osirian theology of Egypt are virtually identical in content and application to the principles and precepts of Christianity as they present themselves in the Jesus saga.” [Dr. Richard A. Gabriel, Jesus the Egyptian (2)]

“….it would seem that in Egypt we had the first truly Christian people, without record of an initial struggle between heathenry and the Gospel. The blessed Mary had replaced Isis, the little babe Jesus had replaced Horus, the passion of Christ had superseded the suffering and dying of Osiris, the Christian cross had been set up instead of the “Tet’ or fourfold cross with flail and crook in right and left….”  [Rev. Dr. William Norman Guthrie, The Gospel of Osiris (II)]

So detailed and comprehensively has the book illustrated the above statements that it would take a  real bigot to dismiss the probabilities of such connections off-hand. But the probability that the historicity of the Bible is dismissed is a consequence of these findings. It is a book worth owning so that one could re-read it from time to time.

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