Prednisone

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Some usefu l notes of Prednisone.

Prednisone – 10 Things You Should Know

Prednisone Safety Decreases Unwanted Side Effects

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Updated September 26, 2013

Prednisone is a potent anti-inflammatory medication used to treat inflammatory types of arthritis and other conditions. Prednisone safety decreases the chance for undesirable side effects. Safety warnings about prednisone should be respected. To enhance patient safety, prednisone must be taken according to directions. If you take prednisone or may take prednisone in the future, here are 10 things you should know about prednisone.

1 – Prednisone reduces inflammation and supresses the immune system.

Corticosteroids such as prednisone are used by some arthritis patients to reduce inflammationand suppress immune system activity. Synthetic corticosteroids, like prednisone, are designed to mimic cortisol action in body. Cortisol is a natural corticosteroid produced by the adrenal glands.

Prednisone is available in tablet form, liquid, or concentrated solution to take by mouth.

2 – Prednisone is inactive in the body until it is converted to prednisolone by liver enzymes.

People who have liver conditions may less effectively convert prednisone to prednisolone. In some cases a higher dose may be required to compensate for the liver problem.

3 – The starting dose of prednisone depends on the specific condition being treated.

A patient should review all other medications and supplements which they take with their doctor. It is possible that your dose of prednisone may need to be adjusted in accordance with other medications or supplements you take. Depending on the condition being treated, a starting dose between 5 mg and 60 mg per day is not uncommon. Dose is further adjusted based on treatment response. The benefit is usually not immediate and may take a few days or longer.

4 – Prolonged use of prednisone can cause adrenal glands to atrophy and stop producing cortisol.

Patients are often told not to stop taking prednisone suddenly. The dose of prednisone must be tapered gradually to allow the adrenal glands, which have atrophied, time to recover. Otherwise, the patient could put themselves in jeopardy of entering into adrenal crisis (e.g., nausea, vomiting, shock).

5 – The usual directions for taking prednisone indicate that the medication should be taken with food.

The most common way to take prednisone is as a single daily dose taken with breakfast. Sometimes, however, the dose can be split and taken either 2 or 4 times a day. If you are having a planned surgery or have a medical emergency, let doctors know you take prednisone. Your dose may need to be adjusted temporarily.

6 – Drug interactions are possible with prednisone.

Prednisone may interact with certain drugs or supplements. For example, estrogen may interfere with breaking down of prednisolone (the active form of prednisone). If an increased level of prednisolone results in the body, more side effects are possible. Another drug, Dilantin, increases activity of liver enzymes that eliminate prednisone and may decrease the effectiveness of prednisone.

7 – There are mild to severe side effects associated with prednisone use. The side effects occur more frequently with high-dose or long-term use of prednisone.

Possible side effects include:

  • Sodium (salt) retention
  • Fluid retention
  • Weight gain/Obesity
  • High blood pressure
  • Elevated blood sugar
  • Elevated blood fats
  • Potassium loss
  • Headache
  • Muscle weakness
  • Puffiness or moon face
  • Growth of facial hair
  • Bruising easily
  • Thinning of skin
  • Poor wound healing
  • Cataracts
  • Glaucoma
  • Stomach ulcers
  • Aseptic necrosis
  • Irregular periods
  • Rounding of upper back
  • Growth retardation in children
  • Increased appetite
  • Insomnia
  • Psychiatric issues (depression, mood swings, personality changes)

8 – Prednisone increases the risk of infections and decreases the effectiveness of vaccines and antibiotics.

It is imperative that you discuss a current or ongoing infection with your doctor. Because prednisone suppresses the immune system, adjustments may need to be made to your treatment plan.

9 – Prednisone may cause osteoporosis, a condition of brittle bones.

High-dose and long-term use of prednisone may increase the risk of developing osteoporosis. Patients are usually advised to take calcium and vitamin D, and possibly one of the bisphosphonates (e.g. FosamaxActonelBonivaCalcitonin).

10 – If you are taking prednisone and become pregnant, wish to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding, you should alert your doctor.

Prednisone is less likely to cross the placenta than some of the other corticosteroids, but it may cause a birth defect such as cleft palate. Prednisone is less likely than other corticosteroids to be secreted in breast milk, but still may cause problems for the baby

How to Lose Weight After Steroid Use

6 Steps for Picking Off Pesky Prednisone Pounds

Steroids are not merely the stuff of athletic star scandals. Physicians prescribe steroids (such as prednisone) for many medical conditions.Medical applications for steroids include Addison’s Disease, allergies, arthritis, asthma, autoimmune disorders, Bell’s Palsy, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), Crohn’s Disease, dermatitis, Epstein-Barr virus, lupus, lyme disease, multiple sclerosis, organ transplants, pancreatitis, sarcoidosis, ulcerative colitis, vasculitis and more.Of course, anabolic steroids (which enhance the male hormone, testosterone) are a different sort of medication than the more commonly prescribed corticosteroids. Cortisone, prednisone and similar steroidal medications are of the corticosteroid variety.Corticosteroids (like cortisone and prednisone) may be administered by inhalation (as an inhaler, mist or spray), by injection (as an intravenous, intramuscular or subcutaneous dose), orally (as capsules, pills or liquid medicines) or topically (as creams, ear drops, eye drops, ointments or lotions).

For many steroid medication recipients, corticosteroid usage (particularly long-term usage) can lead to considerable weight gain.

Weight gain is a common side effect of corticosteroids.

Because corticosteroids can cause increased appetite, decreased metabolism and even a redistribution of body fat, many corticosteroid users become frustrated and disheartened by this long-term side effect.

Pounds gained during lengthy periods of corticosteroid use can be difficult to shed. How can steroid users lose those pesky pounds?

Here are six practical pointers for slimming down after corticosteroid medication use.

Losing Weight After Steroid Use: Set down the salt shaker.

Water retention is a well-known side effect of corticosteroid medications (such as prednisone). By sharply decreasing salt consumption, individuals who are taking (or have taken) corticosteroids can lose considerable weight fairly quickly, particularly in the form of water-weight.

Losing Weight After Steroid Use: Guzzle gallons of water.

Let’s face it. Nearly no one drinks enough water each day, and corticosteroid users are no exception. Increased water intake can help to cleanse the body from toxins, spent medications (such as corticosteroids) and even sodium that has built up. This flushing helps with weight loss after corticosteroid usage.

Losing Weight After Steroid Use: Be diligent about diet.

A healthy diet is important for anyone, but this is particularly crucial for a patient using prescribed corticosteroids (like prednisone). Corticosteroids often cause increased appetite, and users may need to scale back sharply on snacking and particularly carbohydrates and fats. Many steroid users find they must cut their usual caloric intakes in half, just to break even and maintain their usual weights – or even more to lose weight.

Losing Weight After Steroid Use: Pick up the pace.

Corticosteroids (such as prednisone) also generally slow metabolism in users, so regular exercise is essential for restoring this balance. Rigorous physical activity (such as biking, hiking, jogging, skating or playing sports) helps to prevent corticosteroid weight gain and take off those excess pounds that may be added.

Losing Weight After Steroid Use: Maintain muscle mass.

Many individuals taking corticosteroids for various medical reasons discover, to their dismay, that their hard-earned muscular physiques seem to lose form. Calisthenics, fitness training and weight lifting can help to retain and restore muscle mass – both during and after use of such corticosteroids as prednisone and similar steroidal medications.

In particular, many corticosteroid users focus heavily on abdominal muscles, as the midsection seems to be the main focus of fat redistribution for many individuals taking steroidal medications.

Losing Weight After Steroid Use: Give yourself a break while taking steroids.

Anxiety, irritability, mood swings and stress may accompany corticosteroid regimens – as well as the medical conditions warranting the use of these steroidal medications. Many medical experts recommend that their patients refrain from exercising personal perfectionism during treatment, focusing on healing and recuperation.

Once steroidal treatment has been completed, these individuals may hope to zoom in on weight loss and personal fitness again.

Ten Best Ways to Lose Weight and Keep it Off

Don’t Re-invent the Wheel when Trying to Lose Weight

Tens of thousands of people struggle with weight loss; with many finding it hard to accomplish their goals and ideals. Keeping weight loss realistic is the first step to losing weight and being healthy. Here are ten ways to lose weight and keep it off.Decide if this is something you truly want to do: Many people often jump start a diet because they feel pressure from family, friends or society to lose weight but are not mentally or emotionally ready for the change of life style or adhering to the work it takes to lose weight. Sit down and decide if this is something that you truly want to do and then start a healthy program. Realize that it takes four to six weeks for the body to adjust to this style of living because your body does not realize it is over weight.Set a realistic goal: Setting the goal of losing 60lbs in two months is extreme and can really set someone up for failure. Losing weight is not the same as eating a cookie; there is no instant gratification for deciding to lose weight. Planning a goal to lose 1-2lbs a week for the next six months is not only healthier but is achievable with effort.Eat five or six small meals each day: Once you have set some realistic goals start changing your eating habits. Eating two or three very large meals can slow down the metabolism while this style of eating can be the cause of overeating and gorging at the next meal. Eating smaller meals can help to increase your metabolism and decrease the feeling to over eat.

Drink plenty of water and stay away from sugary drinks: Sodas and sweet tea are a dead give away for drinks that are loaded with sugar but what about the drinks that are marketed as healthy and but still full of sugar? These drinks are your fruit drinks. Although many of these drinks are made to offer health benefits they often are made with a high amount of sugar. Not only is this an issue but the average person does not stick to a single serving size of juice. If the serving size calls for eight ounces; drinking a 16 ounce glass just increased the sugar intake by double the amount. Drinking water will not only help to keep you hydrated but it will help to make you feel full.

Exercise: If you are a novice or haven’t exercised in quite a while visiting a fitness facility and talking with a personal trainer is the best way to go. Many fitness facilities offer free assessments so everyone should take advantage of this opportunity. Not only will an assessment tell you where you physically stand but can be a very good guide to training. During your assessment be honest with your trainer. There will be a health questionnaire that you will have to fill out so they can do the necessary testing. If you are not telling them the truth it does not help you in the long run.

Although personal training are not necessary it is a great idea to purchase some sessions with a trainer if the exercises and equipment are unfamiliar to you. Poor form and improper training can lead to injuries and lessen the chances of reaching an individual goal of getting in shape. Starting with two or three days a week of weight training and incorporating a cardio program can increase energy, strength, libido and can decrease weight, as well as, other health issues.

Eat at home or carry a cooler: Doing this will decrease many of the hidden and not so hidden calories that are in many of the meals in restaurants. Also, as a reminder, even ordering a salad in a restaurant is not always the healthiest choice. A regular Caesar Salad can be a high calorie meal. The average calorie content for two tablespoons of Caesar dressing is around 150 calories. If four tablespoons of dressing have been used then the calorie count has now doubled and that hasn’t even included parmesan cheese or croutons. By eating at home you know exactly what is being used to cook the food and what it is prepared with. If eating at home is not a viable option then carry a cooler with you during the day. Filling the cooler with healthy snacks such as vegetables, fruits, nuts, granola bars, protein bars or healthy shakes is a great way to eat through out the day so gorging at the next meal is not an issue.

Get sleep: This is underestimated in the aid of dieting. To begin with, sleep is more important than eating. Your body can go much longer without food than it can without sleep. Not getting enough sleep can slow down your mental performance, give way to poorer workouts and increases the time your body takes to heal from exercising. These are but a few of many issues that can happen without the proper amount of sleep.

Stay away from fad diets: There are so many diets that are spread from marketing and word of mouth it is hard to know what to believe. Zone, Atkins, Sonoma, Jenny Craig, Apple Patch and blood type diets are only touching the surface of diets that are on the market, not to mention the hundreds of diet pills that are available. Although many of these diets work for some people learning how your own body works is the most important thing of all. Paying attention and becoming in tune with your body will soon let you know what is and isn’t the best way of changing your lifestyle.

Learn to use self control: Even when dieting there is nothing wrong with treating yourself every now and then. A dessert doesn’t have to be the enemy. On the other hand, minimizing your intake of food items you crave will be a great lesson learned. This does not only include food but exercise and sleep. Your body will tell you when it’s tired and over worked. Listen to it.

Give yourself a break and realize that you are human: Berating or feeling guilty because you broke down and had a binge eating session or had a meal that was high in fat should not be the reason to put an end to your goal. Setbacks are a natural part of life so expect for them to happen. If you over indulged during a meal or didn’t exercise for three days remember that the initial goal is still achievable so don’t give up.

Unfortunately, there is such a stigma in our society about dieting and being trim that many people miss the whole reason behind it. Yes, it would be nice to fit into a size six pair of pants but would you do it at the cost of bulimia, anorexia or addiction to weight loss pills? The fact is, the word “diet” causes people to get overly consumed with the superficial aspects of health instead of looking at the positive health reasons of living a healthy lifestyle. These ten reasons are not re-inventing the wheel; they are just basics in our everyday lives that can make a difference.

How to Lose Weight After Steroid Use

6 Steps for Picking Off Pesky Prednisone Pounds

Steroids are not merely the stuff of athletic star scandals. Physicians prescribe steroids (such as prednisone) for many medical conditions.Medical applications for steroids include Addison’s Disease, allergies, arthritis, asthma, autoimmune disorders, Bell’s Palsy, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), Crohn’s Disease, dermatitis, Epstein-Barr virus, lupus, lyme disease, multiple sclerosis, organ transplants, pancreatitis, sarcoidosis, ulcerative colitis, vasculitis and more.Of course, anabolic steroids (which enhance the male hormone, testosterone) are a different sort of medication than the more commonly prescribed corticosteroids. Cortisone, prednisone and similar steroidal medications are of the corticosteroid variety.Corticosteroids (like cortisone and prednisone) may be administered by inhalation (as an inhaler, mist or spray), by injection (as an intravenous, intramuscular or subcutaneous dose), orally (as capsules, pills or liquid medicines) or topically (as creams, ear drops, eye drops, ointments or lotions).

For many steroid medication recipients, corticosteroid usage (particularly long-term usage) can lead to considerable weight gain.

Weight gain is a common side effect of corticosteroids.

Because corticosteroids can cause increased appetite, decreased metabolism and even a redistribution of body fat, many corticosteroid users become frustrated and disheartened by this long-term side effect.

Pounds gained during lengthy periods of corticosteroid use can be difficult to shed. How can steroid users lose those pesky pounds?

Here are six practical pointers for slimming down after corticosteroid medication use.

Losing Weight After Steroid Use: Set down the salt shaker.

Water retention is a well-known side effect of corticosteroid medications (such as prednisone). By sharply decreasing salt consumption, individuals who are taking (or have taken) corticosteroids can lose considerable weight fairly quickly, particularly in the form of water-weight.

Losing Weight After Steroid Use: Guzzle gallons of water.

Let’s face it. Nearly no one drinks enough water each day, and corticosteroid users are no exception. Increased water intake can help to cleanse the body from toxins, spent medications (such as corticosteroids) and even sodium that has built up. This flushing helps with weight loss after corticosteroid usage.

Losing Weight After Steroid Use: Be diligent about diet.

A healthy diet is important for anyone, but this is particularly crucial for a patient using prescribed corticosteroids (like prednisone). Corticosteroids often cause increased appetite, and users may need to scale back sharply on snacking and particularly carbohydrates and fats. Many steroid users find they must cut their usual caloric intakes in half, just to break even and maintain their usual weights – or even more to lose weight.

Losing Weight After Steroid Use: Pick up the pace.

Corticosteroids (such as prednisone) also generally slow metabolism in users, so regular exercise is essential for restoring this balance. Rigorous physical activity (such as biking, hiking, jogging, skating or playing sports) helps to prevent corticosteroid weight gain and take off those excess pounds that may be added.

Losing Weight After Steroid Use: Maintain muscle mass.

Many individuals taking corticosteroids for various medical reasons discover, to their dismay, that their hard-earned muscular physiques seem to lose form. Calisthenics, fitness training and weight lifting can help to retain and restore muscle mass – both during and after use of such corticosteroids as prednisone and similar steroidal medications.

In particular, many corticosteroid users focus heavily on abdominal muscles, as the midsection seems to be the main focus of fat redistribution for many individuals taking steroidal medications.

Losing Weight After Steroid Use: Give yourself a break while taking steroids.

Anxiety, irritability, mood swings and stress may accompany corticosteroid regimens – as well as the medical conditions warranting the use of these steroidal medications. Many medical experts recommend that their patients refrain from exercising personal perfectionism during treatment, focusing on healing and recuperation.

Once steroidal treatment has been completed, these individuals may hope to zoom in on weight loss and personal fitness again.

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