Jihad Is Ordained-Quran 2:216 ~(Condensed version-comments)

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The ESSENCE of ISLAM is JIHAD

 

This article is based on the framework of Islamic historical time line and fleshed out with views, Islamic texts and observations of the conditions prevailing at the time of the events in order to understand the development of Islam in the 21st Century. Every attempt is made to be accurate and authentic, but there will be different interpretations of the events. The following are the interpretations of the author **[xxx]. (It is hoped this article will spur further studies on this topic.

**[Jihad is the Essence of the Quran/Islam because of its central dominance in establishing a Muslim’s submission/loyalty to Allah. Jihad’s importance can be seen by being stated in one form or another 164 times in the Quran. It establishes the total submission and dedication of a Muslim to promote the ministry of Allah, even to the extent of sacrificing his life for the cause of Allah. It is the highest accolade a Muslim can hope to achieve in his earthly life. It is the essence of Islam because it is the uniting and driving force of Islam over the centuries. Remove the 164 verses of Jihad from the Quran, and there is nothing left of the Quran; it will fall flat on it’s face. That is why, Jihad is the Essence/Jewel of Islam.

 

 

ISLAM WILL DOMINATE THE WORLD-JIHAD

 

PROLOGUE

 

Muslims do not see themselves as terrorists or suicide bombers, but as soldiers, mujahideen, and Jihadists of Allah and doing their duty for the advancement and protection of Islam. They believe that they are bidding Allah’s commands. That is why their faith is so strong, that the ultimate goal of being a Shahid for Allah is the greatest sacrifice a Muslim could make for Allah and he would be assured a place in Paradise with Allah. As no other but Allah may be worshipped except Allah himself, all others are considered kafirs and thus enemies of Allah and deserve to be exterminated.  Christians erroneously call the Jihadists as “terrorists,” but not in the eyes of Islam, they are, correctly, martyrs.

 

What Everybody (Every American) Needs to Know about Jihad [Aa]

 

Qur’an:2:216 “Jihad (Holy fighting in Allah’s Cause) is ordained for you (Muslims), though you dislike it. But it is possible that you dislike a thing which is good for you, and like a thing which is bad for you. But Allah knows, and you know not.” [Another translation reads:] “Warfare is ordained for you.”

 

Qur’an:20.14 “Surely I am Allah, there is no god but I, therefore serve Me and keep up prayer for My remembrance:”

 

Qur’an:2.106  “Whatever communications We(Prophet Muhammad) abrogate or cause to be forgotten, We bring one better than it or like it. Do you not know that Allah has power over all things?”

 

Qur’an:9:5      “Fight and kill the disbelievers wherever you find them, take them captive, harass them, lie in wait and ambush them using every stratagem of war.”

 

Qur’an:8:39  “So fight them(Kafirs) until there is no more Fitnah (disbelief [non-Muslims]) and all submit to the religion of Allah alone (in the whole world).”

 

The Slow Growth of Islam

 

The ministry of Islam was started when Muhammad was 40 years of age. His initial methods were similar to that adopted by Judaism and Christianity, i.e. kind, gentle and peaceful persuasion to win over converts. One of his early motto was, “No compulsion in Religion….” Surah 2:256. (But this is out of context and will be discussed later.)

 

Muhammad’s first convert was his wife, Khadija, and in the next 3 years he managed to convert 7 men to join him, one of whom was his slave, Said.  The others were Abu Bakr, Uthman ibn Affan, Zubair ibnel Awam, Abdel Rahman ibn Auf, Saad ibn abi Wakkaas, and Talha.
Mohammed, who was then under the protection of his powerful uncle Abu-Talib, the clan’s chief, began preaching Islam in earnest when he was 40 years of age. After 5 years of proselytising Mohammed’s followers grew to 16 members. It took several more years before he managed to gain 40 men and women in Mecca.

 

Mohammed’s Attitude’s Changed After Medina

 

Mohammed continued to preach his faith despite some strong and violent opposition from the critical Meccan society, but his safety was guaranteed by his uncle, Abu Talib the powerful clan leader. But when Abu Talib the clan leader died in 619 AD the clan protection of Mohammed ended and he was fair game to his enemies. After Abu Talib’s death, Muslims were no longer welcomed in Mecca.

 

Mohammed was, however, invited by 6 Medinan traders to establish himself in Medina to resolve some of the problems of the 11 different fighting and feuding tribal clans (non-Muslim) in Medina. Seventy-five Medinans met with Mohammed and formed a group known as “The Pledge of War group.” This group began the tribal activity of “razzias” or caravan raids, basically robbing raids for spoils such as goods, animals, slaves and ransom (highwaymen). But as Mohammed consolidated his power in Medina he eliminated some of his enemies through assassinations.

 

Mohammed began executing his enemies in a most brutal way to eliminate any future retaliation and opposition upon his band of caravan raiders. He soon realised that this method of brutality and the use of force not only enhanced his wealth, and power it also influenced more and more people to follow his cause, be it caravan raiding or Islam. His following grew rapidly because he was powerful and successful and those who did not belong to his raiding party or faith feared him.

 

Realising his recent successes and greatly increased followings, Mohammed’s personality changed in Medina.  Mohammed introduced a harder edge to the verses in the Koran especially with regard to warfare. He did this by “abrogation” of his previous pronouncements and verses. In his rage and frustration Mohammed turned viciously upon the unbelievers who fought him. The Beni Qoreiga tribe were not the only people that Mohammed was against as he now included ‘The People of The Book.

 

In Surah 9:29 we read his ‘abrogated’ verse,
“Fight those who do not believe in Allah, nor in the latter day, nor do they prohibit what Allah and His Apostle have prohibited, nor follow the religion of truth, out of those who have been given the Book, until they pay the tax in acknowledgement of Islam’s superiority and they are in a state of subjection.”

 

Also Mohammad’s famous, “The Verse of the Sword,” that abrogates 124 of his earlier more tolerant verses regarding the People of the Book (Jew and Christians and their Bible.)

 

Qur’an:9:5 “Fight and kill the disbelievers (kafirs) wherever you find them, take them captive, harass them, lie in wait and ambush them using every stratagem of war.”

 

In Surah 8:65 Mohammed made another abrogation,

“O Prophet! Urge the believers to war; if there are twenty patient ones of you they shall overcome two hundred, and if there are a hundred of you they shall overcome a thousand of those who disbelieve, because they are a people who do not understand.” [6]

 

This marked a significant change in the personality of the Prophet Muhammad. If you observe the timeline below, you will note that Muhammad immigrates from Mecca to Medina and rallies his followers to his cause.

 

From 623 till Muhammad’s death in 632, a period of 9 years, Muhammad was responsible for 29 aggressive encounters with non-Muslims, and this set the precedence and dictated the example for all future Islamic encounters of the future. Even after his death, till the records stopped in the year 777 for this archive, Muslims continued with their conquest and subjugation of their neighbours with great skill and success. As we examine more of the history of Islam, Islam has had a glorious history of subduing great swaths of northern Africa, and either converting the defeated to accept Islam or killing those who resisted or refused to submit to Islam. Those were the codes of the tribal behaviour in the 7th century,  tribal survival was a matter of life or death, and no quarter is spared. But as we continue to examine the Islamic historical time line we will observe that Islam has kept to its original patterns of ruthless conduct towards her enemies that followed the examples set by the Prophet  of Allah, Prophet Muhammad, the founder of Islam.

 

Muhammad had found the ultimate solution for spreading Islam to the world, because post Medina Islam spread and remained instilled in the communities where it was implanted. The reasons are simple to understand, and for all to study why Islam has been so successful even today.
Bukhari:V4B52N220 “Allah’s Apostle (Muhammad) said, ‘I HAVE BEEN MADE VICTORIOUS WITH TERROR.”

 

We only have to observe how our western politicians, and Church leaders have tread so carefully with political correctness to know how effective the above indimidation has been over the centuries. One public beheading in Iraq, and our diplomats walk softly softly, one 9/11 and the Free Press are told to watch their pen and apply “political correctness” or have their “press validation” withdrawn from Arab states. Islamic intimidation works wonders, hence:

 

Bukhari:V4B52N220 “Allah’s Apostle (Muhammad) said,
“I HAVE BEEN MADE VICTORIOUS WITH TERROR.”

 

Cartoons are forced to be withdrawn, “Satanic Verses” banned and Salman Rushdie, the author, is in fear of his life, while Muslims can demonstrate and say what they like with little fear for consequences-they are never charged (See 1st Illustration above). The West are intimidated by terror and forced into “political correctness” and silence and even go further by seeking every way to appease Islam.

 

The subtle way the Euro-Arab Dialogue (EAD) has slowly, in the past 30 years, been intimidated and cajoled Europe to toe the Arab line of “political correctness” to the point that Europeans are practical dhimmis to Islamic doctrines and views by the use of the Oil weapon and other “carrot and stick” approaches against European governments is a case worth further stressing [6a].

 

Apostasy:  IDENTIFY AND KILL ALL THE APOSTATES

 

Any Muslim who turns away from Islam is an apostate and the penalty is death.
“Most Muslims will  tell us that there is no command in the Koran regarding the punishment for apostasy in their earthly life. One verse that is applicable is:

 

Quran:4.89 “They (kafir) desire that you (Muslims) should disbelieve (in Allah) as they have disbelieved, so that you might be (all) alike; therefore take not from among them friends until they fly (their homes) in Allah’s way; but if they turn back, then seize them and kill them wherever you find them, and take not from among them a friend of a helper.”

 

However, the Qur’an is supplemented by the Hadiths and therein lies many of Mohammed’s views and statements on apostasy.

 

(1)  Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 52, Number 260:
Narrated Ikrima:

 

Ali burnt some people alive (former Muslims), Prophet had said, ‘If somebody (a Muslim) discards his religion, kill him.’ “

 

Ishaq:550: The reason that Allah’s Messenger (Prophet Mohammed) ordered Abdullah Bin Sad slain was because he had become a Muslim and used to write down Qur’an Revelation. Then he apostatized (rejected Islam) after becoming suspicious of some verses which the prophet changed after his suggestions.

 

(2)  Ishaq:551 The Messenger (Prophet Mohammed) ordered Miqyas’ assassination because he became a renegade by rejecting Islam.

 

(3)  Bukhari, 5-59-632 Once Muadh ( one of the six trusted scholars by Mohammed called Kutab al-Wahi) paid a visit to Abu Musa and saw a chained man. Muadh asked, “What is this?” Abu Musa said, “[He was] a Jew who embraced Islam and has now turned apostate,” Muadh said, “I will surely chop off his neck!”

 

(4)  Bukhari Volume 9, Book 83, Number 17:
Narrated Abdullah:
Allah’s Apostle (Prophet Mohammed) said,

 

The blood of a Muslim cannot be shed except in three cases: In Qisas for murder, a married person who commits illegal sexual intercourse and the one who reverts from Islam (apostate) and leaves the Muslims.” [7]

 

Despite deceitful Muslims who attempt to misinform kafirs that there is no penalty for leaving Islam, Qur’an 4:89 and the above Hadiths speak otherwise. As the Sharia Law is based on the Qur’an as well as the Hadiths, the death penalty for apostasy applies in several Islamic nations. For example:

 

“Mohammed: You are ignorant of the Qur’an, the Hadiths, and Sharia. I am a Muslim living in Pakistan. We have Sharia laws here in accordance with Qur’an and Sunna. In our country apostasy and blasphemy is punishable with death. [7]

 

The above citations from Islamic Hadiths, is sufficient evidence that apostasy is viewed seriously with the death penalty and this has been incorporated into the Shariah Laws of many Muslim counries. Muslims attempt to soften Islam by saying there is no (earthly) punishment for apostasy. Quran 4:89 and the Hadiths prove that these Muslims have either been misinformed or are attempting to misinform non-Muslims. The following are additional evidence to prove the point.

 

AFTER APOSTATES ARE WIPED OUT,THEN GET RID OF ROTTEN APPLES ,THAT IS, NON TERRORIST TYPES (NON-PRACTISING SO CALLED MODERATE MUSLIMS)

 

Muslims have to realize that half a Muslim is worse than a kafir. Only a true Muslim can be a terrorist and can terrorize the world. The litmus test is the five times prayer in a mosque where they can be seen and counted. Our great apostle thought of an ingenious way to correct this situation. When he noticed some Muslims missing congregational prayers in mosque regularly, he wanted to set an example for others, he had the vermin burnt alive along with their houses and the families.

 

Bukhari:V1B11N626 “The Prophet said, “burn all those who had not left their houses for the prayer, burning them alive inside their homes.’”

 

Following this famous Hadith and Sunna , practising Muslims and Salafi followers of of Abdul Wahab killed or maimed 400,000 “wishy-washy” Muslims of Arabia in 19th century . This terrorized the Muslims of the world and convinced them the power of Islam and increased conversion to Islam many fold.

 

EVEN OCCASIONAL MISSING OF PRAYERS MUST BE PUNISHED

 

Bukhari:V1B11N617 “I would order someone to collect firewood and another to lead prayer. Then I would burn the houses of men who did not present themselves at the compulsory prayer and prostration.”  [8a] [8a] [8b]

 

Apostasy is what prevents any Muslim from leaving Islam because the penalty is death. It is a “one way street,” as there is a way in but there is no way out except through the gates of death. It is also noteworthy that when Muhammad and his followers defeated an enemy or overran a village or town, the non-Muslim men were given the choice of converting to Islam or be slaughtered. The women and children and property were taken as slaves and booty to be shared among the Islamic warriors with 20% reserved for their leader Muhammad. It was a lucrative venture for those tribesmen in the 7th Century and an incentive to join up with the leader Muhammad and to convert to Islam to be part of the highwayman gang.

 **[Apostacy: How often have I been confronted by, “But there are millions of Muslims who live peacefully among us and are not Jihadists. There lies the question: Who is a true Muslim?” From what has been just described, a true Muslim is one who observes “strictly” the 5 Pillars of Islam. And that means even to the detail of, “Praying 5 times a day in a Mosque” as described in the hadiths above.  I am sure that in this modern 21st century violations of many of these creeds is without exception. But if they abide with all the teachings of the Quran and the Ahadiths, the chances are that they can easily be persuaded to submit to, and obey all the commands to serve Allah even as a mujahideen or an Islamic martyr. Most so called moderate Muslims will no doubt fall short of the expectations of a pious Muslim and are thereby in various degrees of apostasy, i.e. not in the fold of Islam. ]

Dhimmi

 

When Islam rules or controls a territory all inhabitants who are not Muslims must submit themselves to the status of a dhimmi and pay the jizyah (dhimmi tax). This was meant to show that the dhimmi was of inferior status. The dhimmi was supposed to appear with the payment (jizah), and in many places he would be struck on the side of jaw/face, or otherwise. A symbolic gesture to show his inferior status.

 

The payment of jizyah, or the land-tax, kharaj, is only the best-known of the many discriminations which dhimmis have to endure, but there are also other ecoomic, political and social injustices as well. Examples include the requirement that the clothing of Christians and Jews, and their dwelling-places, bear marks indicating that they were either Christians or Jews. The zunnar, or belt, often blue, of the Christians, or the yellow star of the Jews (Hitler borrowed his idea from the “tolerant” court of Abbasid Baghdad), helped to identify people. And why was this need to identify them at all times? Well, suppose one of them did not obey the rules pertaining to dhimmis. For example, dhimmis were banned for riding horses, but could only ride on donkeys, and only side-saddle, and they had to dismount whenever they came upon a Muslim. Dhimmis were not allowed to repair or build new houses of worship. Dhimmis could not testify against Muslims in court, so if there were any quarrel, the Muslim would always have the advantage. And there were of course always the threat that if even a single dhimmi did not fulfil an obligation, or violated some prohibition, not only he, but his entire community could suffer. All this was to humiliate  and dehumanise the non-Muslim and to show that Muslims were superior to dhimmis.  It also provided the incentive for kafirs to convert to Islam. Again, the use of the carrot and the stick. [7]

 

Abrogation of the Qur’an

 

Most Muslims when discussing with non-Muslims will attempt to portray Islam as a peaceful religion and will quote verses from the Quran that were written before Muhammad moved to Medina but still lived in Mecca. These early verses were plagiarised from the Jewish Torah’s and the Christian Bible’s text that promoted peace and tolerance for all religions and people.

 

This was all abrogated with various verses, famous of which was

 

Qur’an:9:5 “Fight and kill the disbelievers (kafirs) wherever you find them, take them captive, harass them, lie in wait and ambush them using every stratagem of war.”

 

But most Muslims will gladly quote to non-Muslims:

 

Qur’an:2:256 There is no compulsion in religion…

 

which is, of course, out of context, and totally misleading because Qur’an: 2:256 must be read in full and in conjunction with Qur’an: 2:257 and together it looks like this:

 

[2.256] There is no compulsion in religion; truly the right way has become clearly distinct from error; therefore, whoever disbelieves in the Shaitan and believes in Allah he indeed has laid hold on the firmest handle, which shall not break off, and Allah is Hearing, Knowing.
[2.257] Allah is the guardian of those who believe. He brings them out of the darkness into the light; and (as to) those who disbelieve, their guardians are Shaitans who take them out of the light into the darkness; they are the inmates of the fire, in it they shall abide.
That you either follow Shaitan (sic), to darkness and hell-fire or the only other choice is to hold the firmest handle of Allah the All Hearing, Knowing. It is clearly a choice and a compulsion that Islam is the only choice available to Muslims.

 

By quoting partially Qur’an 2:256  “There is no compulsion in religion” is a deception, or Taqiyya to deceive or misinform the gullible unbeliever (non-Muslims). The Muslims fail to inform the unbeliever that although some abrogated verses still remained in the Quran (for some oversight), but had been nullified, abrogated, and rendered void by more recent verses  issued by Muhammad when he was based in Medina and when he began his merciless raids on caravans and innocent villages killing and pillaging innocents. (Most Muslims are probably not even aware of these abrogated verses which can only be verified with a serious study of the Koranic literature.) The Prophet Muhammad based his authority for abrogation by the following Quranic verses:

 

Surah 2: 106
“None of Our revelations do We abrogate or cause to be forgotten, but We substitute something better or similar: Knowest thou not that Allah Hath power over all things?”

 

Surah 16:101
“When We substitute one revelation for another, and Allah knows best what He reveals (in stages), they say, “Thou art but a forger”: but most of them understand not.”

 

A Muslim scholar and researcher Abil-Kasim Hibat-Allah Ibn-Salama Abi-Nasr noted that of 114 Surahs (chapters) of the Quran, only 43 Surahs were not affected by abrogation, but as the abrogated verses were still  inadvertently left undeleted and mixed in with the recently abrogated verses only serious scholastic Islamologists could possibly identify which was which.

**[Abrogation: Every Muslim knows that the Quran is THE IMMUTABLE WORD OF ALLAH. Yet Muslims have never challenged Muhammad’s claim:

Surah 2: 106
“None of Our revelations do We abrogate or cause to be forgotten, but We substitute something better or similar: Knowest thou not that Allah Hath power over all things?”

It is quite clear to me that Muhammad saw it necessary to change some of the contents of the original verses with more relevant verses to suit the more  current circumstances.  In other words, Muhammad was correcting the errors of Allah, and then says that,”Allah hath power over all things.” when in fact it was Muhammad who had the power to over-ride the word of Allah in the Quran. Either that or the Quran was never the immutable word of Allah but the word of Muhammad or his scribes all along? By abrogating the Quran, Muhammad gave the deceit away, Allah had nothing to do with the Quran because Allah would have foreseen all the needs of man when he made his original statements. Allah is never wrong.
As Muhammad had such authority to abrogate the Quran, the Word of Allah, most Muslims would view Muhammad with awe and respect. Surely such a man must be almost equivalent to Allah in his powers to alter the word of Allah. In fact, often it is confusing to differentiate Allah’s commands from Muhammad’s commands. Muhammad must appear to many like god himself on earth just as the Christians view Jesus. Is there any wonder then that Muslims go berserk when anyone is seen to insult the memories of Muhammad since he is regarded a sacred as Allah himself and not as a man and prophet. Muhammad’s choice of words/speech often indicate that he is speaking (reflecting) the views of Allah himself another cause for misunderstanding.]

THE VERSE OF THE SWORD

The verse that Abrogated (nullified) the 124 Peace Verses.

Surah 9:5 is one of the MOST SIGNIFICANT ABROGATION Verses pronounced by the Prophet Muhammad and is highlighted here because of its importance in its influence of the whole Islamic philosophy and the direction of the Islamic movement.

Hence, we will examine in some detail the cause and effect of this particular abrogation. This is to allow others to examine and delve into the validity of this analysis, with evidence of the verses that were made redundant by the newly introduced verse and its effect on Islamic ideology. Originally,  there are 124 versus that called for tolerance and patience that were cancelled/abrogated and replaced by one, single verse. This verse is known as

“The Verse of the SWORD” (Qur’an 9:5):

[9.5] So when the sacred months have passed away, then slay the idolaters wherever you find them, and take them captives and besiege them and lie in wait for them in every ambush, then if they repent and keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate, leave their way free to them; surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
[9.6] And if one of the idolaters seek protection from you, grant him protection till he hears the word of Allah, then make him attain his place of safety; this is because they are a people who do not know.
[9.7] How can there be an agreement for the idolaters with Allah and with His Apostle; except those with whom you made an agreement at the Sacred Mosque? So as long as they are true to you, be true to them; surely Allah loves those who are careful (of their duty).
[9.8] How (can it be)! while if they prevail against you, they would not pay regard in your case to ties of relationship, nor those of covenant; they please you with their mouths while their hearts do not consent; and most of them are transgressors.
[9.9] They have taken a small price for the communications of Allah, so they turn away from His way; surely evil is it that they do.

(I have included the next 4 verses, in order to provide the correct context.)

Other Qur’anic Verses that support the verse of the Sword are:

1) Surah 9:14 “Fight them, and Allah will punish them by your hands, cover them with shame, help you (to victory) over them, heal the breasts of believers”.
2) Surah 9:28 “O ye who believe! Truly the Pagans are unclean; so let them not, after this year of theirs, approach the Sacred Mosque”.

3) Surah 9:30 “The Jews call ‘Uzayr a son of God, and the Christians call Christ the son of God. That is saying from their mouth; (in this) they but imitate the Unbelievers of old used to say. Allah’s curse be on them: how they are deluded away from the Truth!”.
4) Surah 9:73 “O Prophet! Strive hard against the Unbelievers and the Hypocrites, and be firm against them. Their abode is Hell – an evil refuge indeed”.
5) Surah 9:123 “O ye who believe! Fight the Unbelievers who gird you about, and let them find firmness in you: and know that Allah is with those who fear Him”.

Some of the verses abrogated by the verse of the Sword:

1) Surah 2:62 “Those who believe (in the Quran), and the Christians and the Sabians – any who believe in Allah and the Last Day, and work righteousness, shall have their reward with their Lord: on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve”.

2) Surah 2:109 “Quite a number of the People of the Book wish they could turn you (people) back to infidelity after ye have believed, from selfish envy, after the Truth hath become manifest unto them: but forgive and overlook, till Allah accomplish his purpose”.

3) Surah 5:13 “But because of their breach of their Covenant, We cursed them, and made their hearts grow hard; they change the words from their (right) places and forget a good part of the Message that was sent them, nor wilt thou cease to find them – barring a few – ever bent on (new) deceits: but forgive them, and overlook (their misdeeds): for Allah loveth those who are kind”.

4) Surah 6:70 “Leave alone those who take their religion to be mere play and amusement, and are deceived by the life of this world. But proclaim (to them) this (truth): that every soul delivers itself to ruin by its own acts: it will find for itself no protector or intercessor except Allah: if it offered every ransom, (or reparation), none will be accepted: such is (the end of) those who deliver themselves to ruin by their own

acts: they will have for drink (only) boiling water, and for punishment, one most grievous: for they persisted in rejecting Allah”.

5) Surah 8:61 “But if the enemy incline towards peace, do thou (also) incline towards peace, and trust in Allah”.

6) Surah 29:46 “And dispute ye not with the People of the Book, except with means better (than mere disputation), unless it be with those of them who inflict wrong (and injury); but say, ‘We believe in the revelation which has come down to us and in that which came down to you; our God and your God is One; and it is to Him we bow (in Islam)”.

7) Surah 2:83 “And remember We took a covenant from the Children of Israel (to this effect): worship none but Allah”.

8) Surah 2:139 “Say: Will ye dispute with us about Allah, seeing that He is our Lord and your Lord; that we are responsible for our doings and ye for yours; and that we are sincere (in our faith) in Him?”

9) Surah 2:190 “Fight in the cause of Allah those who fight you, but do not transgress limits; for Allah loveth not transgressors.”

10) Surah 2:191 “But do not fight them at the Sacred Mosque, unless they (first) fight you there”

11) Surah 2:192 “But if they cease, Allah is Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful”.

12) Surah 2:256 “But there is no compulsion in religion”.

13) Surah 3:20 “So if they dispute with thee, say: ‘I have submitted my whole self to Allah and so have those who follow me,’ And say to the People of the Book and so to those who are unlearned: ‘do ye (also) submit yourself? If they do, they are in right guidance, but if they turn back, thy duty is to convey the Message”.

14) Surah 3:28 “Let not the Believers take for friends or helpers unbelievers rather than believers; if any do that, in nothing will there be help from Allah: except by way of precaution, that ye may guard yourself from them”.

15) Surah 4:63 “Those men – Allah knows what is in their hearts; so keep clear of them, but admonish them, and speak to them a word to reach their souls”.

16) Surah 4:80 “He who obeys the Messenger, obeys Allah: but if any turn away, we have not sent thee to watch over their (evil deeds)”.

17) Surah 4:81 “But Allah records their nightly (plots): so keep clear of them, and put thy trust in Allah”.

18) Surah 4:84 “Then fight in Allah’s cause – thou art held responsible only for thyself”.

19) Surah 4:90 “Except those who join a group between whom and you there is a treaty (of peace), or those who approach you with hearts restraining them from fighting you as well as fighting their own people. If Allah had pleased, He could have given them power over you, and they would have fought you: therefore, if they withdraw from you but fight you not, and (instead) send you (guarantees of ) peace, then Allah hath opened no way for you (to war against them)”.

20) Surah 5:2 “O ye who believe! Violate not the sanctity of the Symbols of Allah, nor of the Sacred Month”.

If the Quran is really Allah’s words, and as Allah is all-powerful, all-knowing and all-seeing why was it necessary for the Prophet Muhammad to make such a major changes in Allah’s original verses (using abrogation)? This raises some doubts of the infallibility of the Quranic verses. 

 

The Philosophy of JIHAD

 

It is well documented that initially Muhammad was unsuccessful in trying to increase the numbers of his followers. At the same time he was rejected and spurned not only by Jews and Christians but also by pagan Arab tribes, including the tribe of his family, the Quraish tribe. But, Muhammad quickly learned through his experiences at Medina that by raiding rich trading caravans and kafir villages, looting them, and with the use of force and intimidation, his Islamic followers grew exceeding fast and with the wealth he accumulated and  the increase of his followers he became powerful enough to conquer a vast empire. So Muhammad’s philosophies altered drastically from this time onwards.  He found it necessary to abrogate the Quran and introduced suitable verses to suit his changing needs, thus The Verse of the Sword verse 9:5. Muhammad now no longer needed to win followers with with sweet patronising platitudes, but he could now set the terms and conditions and demand subservience or annihilation.

 164 Verses Referring to Jihad in the Quran

In order to further promote Islam, Muhammad evolved a defensive and offensive tool to instil and indoctrinate his followers into a philosophy of unquestioned devotion to Allah. Muhammad evolved an ingenious and water-tight set of rules that ensured loyalty to his faith, Islam, and that was, “the laws of apostasy.” He also introduced  the concept of JIHAD the driving force of Islam. This ensured the success of Islam from Muhammad’s day  to this day.  Jihad is so important to Muhammad that there are 164 verses in the Koran referring to Jihad and with even more verses in the Ahadith on the same topic. Hence, the importance of understanding the concept of Jihad from the Islamic viewpoint.

 

Apologist’s for Islam will tell you that there is the Greater Jihad (inner spiritual struggle) and that is what it means to most Muslims (a Taqiyya), and the Lesser Jihad (the struggle in the defence and promotion of Islam) which appears to be the main and only emphasis in the Quran as illustrated above by the 164 verses spells out  Muhammad’s desire to instil Jihad as one of the Pillars of Islam. There is no question that all Muslims are indoctrinated during their education in Madrassahs  worldwide about Islamic Jihad. Jihad is an essential part of Islamic doctrines and a command from Allah to all Muslims:

 

Qur’an 2:216  “JIHAD (HOLY FIGHTING IN ALLAH’S CAUSE) IS ORDAINED FOR YOU (MUSLIMS), THOUGH YOU DISLIKE IT. But it is possible that you dislike a thing which is good for you, and like a thing which is bad for you. But Allah knows, and you know not.” [another translation reads:] WARFARE IS ORDAINED FOR YOU.” [10a]

 **[Greater Jihad:Lesser Jihad

 We should begin by looking at one hadith that is very often quoted to demonstrate a non-violent meaning of jihad:Upon his return from battle Muhammad said, “We have returned from the lesser jihad to the greater jihad (i.e. the struggle against the evil of one’s soul).” [28] [http://www.peacewithrealism.org/jihad/jihad03.htm ]

 

This is very often cited as a proof-text for the “real” meaning of jihad being inward, spiritual struggle. But there are two problems:1. Even a “lesser” jihad is still jihad and thus a duty and a virtue. 2. Muhammad never made such a statement.The hadith in which Muhammad is said to speak of “greater” vs. “lesser” jihad is of doubtful authenticity. It does not appear in any of the six collections of the sahih sittah. In fact, a number of scholars maintain that this hadith is a forgery. One scholar analyses this hadith and  considers a number of factors, such as chain of transmission and other more reliable, contradictory ahadith. He quotes one authority:”There is a Hadith related by a group of people which states that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said after the battle of Tabuk: “We have returned from Jihad Asghar [lesser jihad] to Jihad Akbar [greater jihad].’

 

This hadith has no source, nobody whomsoever in the field of Islamic Knowledge has narrated it. Jihad against the disbelievers is the most noble of actions, and moreover it is the most important action for the sake of mankind.”And so after a meticulous examination of sources the article comes to a decision:On the basis of the above statements we can conclude by saying, that the evidence used as proof of the basis for establishing that Jihad against disbelievers on the battlefield is Jihad Asghar [lesser jihad] and Jihad against the desires and Shaitaan [Satan, the devil] is Jihad Akbar [greater jihad], are weak if not false Hadith.

 

One of the counter-hadith with a better chain of transmission (and the author quotes others as well) goes like this:A man asked [the Prophet]: “….and what is Jihad? He [peace be upon him] replied: “You fight against the disbelievers when you meet them (on the battlefield).” He asked again: “What kind of Jihad is the highest?” He [peace be upon him] replied: “The person who is killed whilst spilling the last of his blood.”This seems to leave little doubt as to how Muhammad understood Jihad. But let us not make the case on just one example. there are many ahadith on Jihad, and they make its meaning quite clear. First and foremost, Jihad meant combat on the battlefield, and specifically against non-Muslims.

There is no reference to the Greater Jihad in the Quran. There are 164 verses of (militant) Jihad in the Quran. Jihad is Islam’s Holy War against infidels.]

 

INDOCTRINATION

 

The education of a Muslim begins at a  very early age (as soon as children can speak) memorising passages from the Quran, in Arabic, and by rote. It is clear that many of the above verses will be verses to be memorised. The influence of such learning from a very early age will, in effect, make a deep and indelible impression on that young mind. Something that will be etched in their minds for the rest of their lives. The following verses will certainly leave strong memories on all young Muslim minds:

 

Qur’an 20:8 “Allah! There is no Ilah (god) save Him. His are the most beautiful Names. To Him belong the most beautiful attributes.”
Qur’an 20:14 “Verily, I am Allah. No Ilah (god) may be worshipped but I. So serve you Me, and perform regular prostration prayer for My praise. Verily the Hour is coming. I am almost hiding it from Myself.”

 

Qur’an 5:60  “Should I inform you [People of the Book](Jews and Christians who use the Bible) of those, who will have even worse recompense from Allah than the transgressors? They are those whom Allah has cursed; who have been under His wrath; some of whom were turned into apes and swine; who worshipped taught [the devil or idols]; those are the people who are in a far worse plight and who have turned farthest away from the Right Way.” (Maududi)

 

These Impressions instilled at a very early age, during the early formative period of  a young impressionable mind followed with constant reminders throughout his adult life in the mosque, will be indelible. Even three year old Muslim children know that Jews and Christians are apes and swines. Watch the video with this link:[11]

 

Based on the doctrines of the Quran and the Hadiths, most Islamic schools (madrassahs) teach Islam based on the above discussed Islamic precepts. Lessons are based on the principles of:

 

(1) There is only one Allah (god) and no other.
Qur’an 20:14 “Verily, I am Allah. No Ilah (god) may be worshipped but I. So serve you Me, and perform regular prostration prayer for My praise. Verily the Hour is coming. I am almost hiding it from Myself.”

 

(2) The  Quranic Verse of the Sword 9:5
Qur’an:9:5 “Fight and kill the disbelievers wherever you find them, take them captive, harass them, lie in wait and ambush them using every stratagem of war.”

 

(3)  The Quranic command for Jihad:
Qur’an:2:216 “Jihad (holy fighting in Allah’s Cause) is ordained for you (Muslims), though you dislike it. But it is possible that you dislike a thing which is good for you, and like a thing which is bad for you. But Allah knows, and you know not.” [Another translation reads:] “Warfare is ordained for you.”

 

These basic principles make Muslims totally “exclusive” and “uncompromising.” To deviate from these Islamic principles is in effect to reject the Word of Allah, and that would be considered blasphemy. Any Muslim who denies or rejects these Islamic tenets will be considered to be an Apostate since he would be, in effect, rejecting the Word of Allah.

 

Thus Islamic education, even when beginning in the home, is the instilling of Islamic  creeds and its exclusivity, superiority, and intolerance to anything that is different to the orthodox ideology of Islam. This education is evidenced in the curricula and the teaching of Islam in Madrassahs and other Islamic schools.[12]

 

Following such care in instilling basic Islamic ideology for every Muslim child, it is not surprising that every Muslim will be  firmly convinced of their faith having been handed down from Allah.  For to be anything but an orthodox Muslim, observing the 5 (or 6) Pillars of Islam, and total subservience to Allah would be unthinkable.

 

I begin with a direct quote from an Iranian leader who believes and preaches that ISLAM WILL RULE THE WORLD. These are not the words of a crank, but of a serious orthodox Shia Muslim. I am also more than convinced that the Sunni Muslims have a similar vision of Islam. No Muslim has ever been heard to challenge the words of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad when he declared that Islam will rule the world. Basically this has been the underlining theme of Islam since the 7th century and has never altered and will never alter. Any Muslim who does not accept the commands of Allah as stated by the verses below are blasphemers and are not of the fold of Islam.

 

Qur’an 20:14 “Verily, I am Allah. No Ilah (God) may be worshiped but I. So serve you Me, and perform regular prostration prayer for My praise. Verily the Hour is coming. I am almost hiding it from Myself.”

 

Qur’an:9:5 “Fight and kill the disbelievers wherever you find them, take them captive, harass them, lie in wait and ambush them using every stratagem of war.”

 

Qur’an:2:216 “Jihad (holy fighting in Allah’s Cause) is ordained for you (Muslims), though you dislike it. But it is possible that you dislike a thing which is good for you, and like a thing which is bad for you. But Allah knows, and you know not.” [Another translation reads:] “Warfare is ordained for you.”

 

“GLOBAL JIHAD
Iran leader: Islam to ‘rule the world’
Urges Muslims to get ready for coming of ‘messiah’

 

Posted: January 10, 2006
1:00 am Eastern

 

© 2009 WorldNetDaily.com

 

Islam must prepare to rule the world, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad told a crowd of theological students in Iran’s holy city of Qom, according to a report.

 

“We must believe in the fact that Islam is not confined to geographical borders, ethnic groups and nations. It’s a universal ideology that leads the world to justice,” Ahmadinejad said Jan. 5, according to Mehran Riazaty, a former Iran analyst for the Central Command of the Coalition Forces in Baghdad.

 

Ahmadinejad, who has drawn global attention recently for his contention the Holocaust was a “myth,” said: “We don’t shy away from declaring that Islam is ready to rule the world.”

 

Riazaty, in a post on the website Regime Change Iran, said the Iranian president emphasized his current theme that the return of the Shiite messiah, the Mahdi, is not far away, and Muslims must prepare for it.
According to Shiites, the 12th imam disappeared as a child in the year 941. When he returns, they believe, he will reign on earth for seven years, before bringing about a final judgment and the end of the world.

 

Ahmadinejad is urging Iranians to prepare for the coming of the Mahdi by turning the country into a mighty and advanced Islamic society and by avoiding the corruption and excesses of the West.
“We must prepare ourselves to rule the world and the only way to do that is to put forth views on the basis of the Expectation of the Return,” Ahmadinejad said. “If we work on the basis of the Expectation of the Return [of the Mahdi], all the affairs of our nation will be streamlined and the administration of the country will become easier.”

 

Riazaty pointed out that Iran’s speaker of parliament, Mehdi Kahrubi, said Saturday that some people working closely with Ahmadinejad believe the Mahdi probably will return in the next two years…”  [25]

 

ISLAM AND WORLD DOMINATION-A Pakistani Sunni View

 

“The Threat of Theocracy:Islam and World Domination
Posted on December 9, 2007 by ylooshi

 

Make no mistake. Muslims seek to dominate the world.
I’m not simply using hyperbole in that statement or exaggerating the threat that Islam poses to freedom and secular choices. Various cults of Islam are devout in their intent to spread their cults to all of humanity and publicly state these intents. Moreover, it is written in their mythology, which they accept as unquestioning truth, that Muslims should seek to share their delusion with the entire world.
Mawlana Abul Alla Mawdudi, the founder of Pakistan’s fundamentalist movement, said:

 

Islam is not a normal religion like the other religions in the world, and Muslim nations are not like normal nations. Muslim nations are very special because they have a command from Allah to rule the entire world and to be over every nation in the world. Islam is a revolutionary faith that comes to destroy any government made by man. Islam doesn’t look for a nation to be in better condition than another nation. Islam doesn’t care about land or who owns the land. The goal of Islam is to rule the entire world and submit all of mankind to the faith of Islam. Any nation or power in this world that tries to get in the way of that goal Islam will fight and destroy. In order for Islam to fulfill that goal, Islam can use every power available every way it can be used to bring worldwide revolution. This is jihad.

 

Of course, so-called moderate Muslims will object and say that “jihad” simply means “struggle” and that each Muslim “struggles” to bring peace, harmony, etc. Unfortunately, theirs is a voice, even if it is a majority, that isn’t heard nor is it loud. It is, after all, the Koran itself that teaches what jihad is truly about in passages like those found in Surah 8:

When you fight with disbelievers, do not retreat. Those who do will go to hell (8:15-16); those that the Muslims killed were not really killed by them. It was Allah who did the killing (8:17); Fight them until persecution is no more, and religion is for Allah (8:39); and, don’t let the disbelievers think they can escape. They are your enemy and the enemy of Allah (8:59-60).

Passages like these are what inform the violent interpretations of “jihad” with Muslims; but what of global domination? What justifies this evangelism of terror in the eyes of the Muslim? Further looks at Koranic verses is revealing:

Fight in the cause of Allah those who fight you but do not transgress limits…And slay them wherever ye catch them. And turn them out from where they have turned you out; for persecution is worse than slaughter; But fight them not at the sacred Mosque unless they first fight you there; But if they fight you, slay them. Such is the reward of those who reject faith. But if they cease, Allah is oft-forgiving, Most Merciful. And fight them on until there is no more persecution. And the religion becomes Allah’s. But if they cease, Let there be no hostility except to those who practice oppression (2:190-3)

Therefore let those fight in the way of Allah, who sell this world’s life for the hereafter; and whoever fights in the way of Allah, then be he slain or be he victorious, We shall grant him a mighty reward (4:74).

And when the sacred months are passed, kill those who join other gods with God wherever ye shall find them; and seize them, besiege them, and lay wait for them with every kind of ambush: but if they shall convert, and observe prayer, and pay the obligatory alms, then let them go their way, for God is gracious, merciful (9:5)

Nor is there any encouragement within the Koran to tolerate those that don’t accept the delusion of Islam:

Thou seest many of them making friends with those who disbelieve. Surely ill for them is that which they themselves send on before them (5:80).

Jihad explains the few extremists that have “martyred” themselves by flying planes into skyscrapers, detonating themselves on trains, or those caught before they could detonate bombs in the United States and Europe. But the jihad that threatens to introduce Islam in staggering numbers across Europe is far more subtle than a suicide bomber. This jihad is playing on secular ideals and the cry for tolerance on the left in the wake of the more violent versions of jihad. The subtle version seeks to introduce Muslim practices and culture in the secular nations of Europe by changing laws and policies making it difficult for opposition to question, criticize or restrict Muslims. On the surface, it seems a good thing not to restrict someone based solely on their religious beliefs. But, looking a bit deeper, one sees more than a mere longing for religious equality. A recent outcry in the United States by the Sikh American Legal Defense and Education Fund (SALDEF) complains of new TSA requirements at airports to search large head-coverings that include cowboy hats, straw hats, turbans and berets. In particular, TSA security personnel can now pat down these types of headgear even if the metal detectors didn’t alert in order to check for non-metallic, dangerous items.

Pressure against government agencies in the United States has less impact, however, than in Europe, where Muslims have made it difficult to be critical or restrictive on their religious superstitions without being “hateful” or “discriminatory.” In Scotland, doctors and nurses at a hospital have been instructed not to eat in front of Muslim workers during Ramadan. Food trolleys are to be moved away from their sight and Muslim workers are to be given time to pray. This is an example of religious tolerance gone too far, but that isn’t the furthest reaches of what is desired by Muslims in Britain. Muslims there wanted a law passed that would essentially make it a crime to criticize or blaspheme Islam. What passed was apparently a “watered down” version which restricts “threatening” comments designed to incite others against a religious group. I suppose referring to Islam as a delusion responsible for violence and terrorism would ostensibly qualify as an illegal comment if made in public.
Islam is a presence in Europe that uses violence to influence both Muslims and non-Muslims. In France, radical Islam is being blamed for violence in hospitals –physicians have been assaulted by men for “touching” Muslim women during the course of examinations and Muslim men are demanding “virginity certificates” for young girls. Muslims are also attacking the police in Muslim neighbourhoods with stones and Molotov cocktails. For his efforts in documenting the nature of Muslim violence against Muslim women, Theo Van Gogh paid with his life. Upon completion of the 10 minute film, Van Gogh received death threats. On Nov. 2, 2004, the threats were carried out by a Muslim, deluded by superstitions of jihad and his holy duty to his god. In 2006, riots broke out across the Muslim world in response to cartoons depicting Mohammed published in a Danish newspaper. People died. Over cartoons. In an effort to appease Muslims, much has been done by non-Muslims in the West to present an air of tolerance, which is just what Muslims want. Tolerance is a step towards acceptance. Once Islam becomes as accepted as any other religious superstition, there would be less opposition to conversion. And in the largely secular Europe, Islam might well fill a void and experience little real opposition compared to that in the United States.

But it’s interesting to note that the very non-Muslims (theists and atheists alike) who called for “respect” and “tolerance” for Islam in the wake of the cartoon riots had little to say about the riots that ensued. Didn’t they notice that this “religion of peace” was both threatening and carrying out violence, primarily because some of the cartoons they objected to depicted Islam as violent? The irony is deep.
Islam expects tolerance for their delusions. The Koran dictates that those unbelievers that accept them can live, particularly if they convert. Those that refuse to accept them must die.”  [26]

Islamic World Domination-Maureen Metcalf

I will extract a few paragraphs from the above article to support the views espressed here.

“In our multi-cultural democratic society we embrace diversity. On the surface this is an applaudable virtue. However, the Islamic terrorists are taking advantage of our propensity to be accepting, and are wielding our ideological “freedom for all” against us! They hide within their own religious people, most of whom, on the surface at least, appear to be peaceful. They also know it is unacceptable for the rest of the western democratic population to single out one religion for vilification. While we are busy bending over backward to make certain religious freedom is available to all, those of a religious orientation that desires to destroy all other religions, operate from within that freedom and safety to wage war against us!…..

The Ottoman Empire of Islam had been slowly but surely taking over Eastern Europe and the Middle East, and had designs on taking over Russia and Western Europe. World War I halted the Islamic quest for world domination in its tracks, but it was not completely knocked out. Although most of the territory administered by the Ottoman Empire was taken over by the British during the course of World War I, the Islamic ideology was not dealt a death-blow, but went underground…….

Do all Muslims believe in the insidious multi-level jihad? Absolutely! They are well aware that the ultimate goal of Islam, in obedience to Allah, is world domination. Most however, are not willing to be part of the militant terrorist and shahid forces. In fact, the majority of Muslims are embarrassed by suicide bombers, and the destructive terrorist activities. They would rather bring in world wide Islamic rule through peaceful means, such as through infiltration and winning converts. However, we must understand that the line between being a peaceful Muslim citizen, and becoming a terrorist or a shahid in the cause, is merely ideological……

So, how do we fight an ideology of death, destruction, disruption, and hate? The truth is, when such an enemy hides among the population, and attacks the innocent and unsuspecting, it is next thing to impossible. We can set up security cameras, send out security forces, check bags, ask questions, use electronics, but this enemy wears the best and most effective camouflage — they look normal…….

The timing of these diatribes against Jews, and against the United States and Britain, are not coincidence, but rather the Islamic community honestly believes they are soon to take over the entire world.The scary thing is, they are right! They will soon take over under the regime of the coming Man of Sin……

Islam is on the move toward world domination, and it is time the world woke up to the reality before it is too late! The Islamic terrorists are well on the way to taking over in the Middle East, especially in Gaza, which, if all goes to their plan, is to become a haven for several powerful terrorist organizations. Following their victory provided by the Israeli Withdrawal, they will go after Jerusalem and Judea, resulting in two more world wars, Gog and Magog, and Armageddon. They will have a short, but devastating time in power, then the true Prince of Peace will appear!”  [27]

The Essence of Islam is JIHAD

Whether Sunni Muslims recognise it as the 6th Pillar of Islam or not, Sunnis fully accept Quran 2:216 without question or hesitation. Hence,  Jihad is the “Essence” of Islam for Jihad is their driving force, it is their emblem of solidarity and their sole purpose of unity for serving the interests of Islam and Allah. The following time line of the modern era shows the continuous jihadist activities since the time of Muhammad in the 7th century, unabated. And it will continue without modification as no one on earth has the authority to modify the word or commands of Allah as recorded in the Qur’an. This is what most people do not appreciate that Islam is not a religion like other religions, as it must be The Only Religion, and that no one on earth may modify or alter the word of Allah as shown in the Quran.

Muslims will never recognise themselves as “terrorists or suicide bombers” nor identify any Muslim as such a person, but only as soldiers and Jihadists and martyrs of Allah doing their duty for the advancement and defence of Islam. They believe that they righteous and pious in bidding Allah’s commands. That is why their faith is so strong and they fear not death in the defence of Islam, since the ultimate sacrifice for a Muslim is to be a Shahid(martyr) for Allah thus assuring him a place in Paradise (Heaven) with Allah. As no other but Allah may be worshipped except Allah himself, all others are considered kafirs and thus enemies of Allah and deserve to be exterminated.  Christians erroneously label the Jihadists as ” terrorists,” but not in the eyes of Islam who consider them martyrs. Muslims also condemn and disassociate themselves from terrorists, but the West have used that word for “political correctness.” Christians, on the other hand, have lost their fervour for their faith and are not bothered even if Christianity is demonised. Even the Christian hierarchy, in Britain, are so liberal with their precepts that they have lost their purpose and direction and are in fact splitting their Bishops and congregation apart. We must all take stock of this disintegration of Christian resoluteness for we may yet witness the defeat of our civilisation as we know it today.

EPILOGUE: Verification of JIHAD IN THE HADITH

While non-Muslims often treat the Qur’an as if it were the only Islamic text, the literature of Islam is vast and spans many centuries. Next to the Qur’an in importance is the Hadith, which refers to collections of traditions about what Muhammad said, what he taught, and what he did. These collections are also called Sunna or “tradition”; hence the term Sunni Muslims, or “traditional” Muslims. Opposed to them are the Shi’ites, who broke away originally because of a dispute over succession to the caliphate, and who do not grant the same authority to the Hadith. (The proportion of Sunni Muslims to Shi’ites is roughly 85% – 15%.)Muslims naturally felt a need to preserve traditions about the Prophet from the time of the earliest witnesses. However, over the years since Muhammad’s death some of these traditions became embellished and others were fabricated. In the ninth century a number of Islamic scholars undertook the task of sifting the genuine traditions from the spurious and of gathering the former in written collections. In Sunni Islam six of these collection in particular are considered “sahih” (reliable). These “sahih sittah” (reliable collections) are:Sahih Bukhari, compiled by the Imam Muhammad ibn-Ismail al-Bukhari (810-70).Sahih Muslim, compiled by Muslim ibn Alhajjaj al-Qushayri (821-975). Sunan abu Dawud, compiled by Abu Dawud as-Sijistani (d. 888).Sunan ibn Majah, compiled by Muhammad ibn Majah (d. 896). Sunan At-Tirmidhi, compiled by Abi ‘Eisaa Muhammad At-Tirmidhi (824-893).Sunan An-Nasai,  compiled by Ahmad ibn Shu’ayb an-Nasai (d.915).All these collections of hadith are highly respected in the Sunni tradition, but the first two even more than the others, and so they are given the additional specific designation of sahih. And of these two, Sahih Bukhari is considered the most important and most reliable. Those ahadith occurring in both the Bukhari and Muslim collections have the highest status of all.

THERE IS ONLY ONE JIHAD.

These compilations of hadith are voluminous, and they have a lot to say about jihad. However, before going to these classic collections, we should begin by looking at one hadith that is very often quoted to demonstrate a non-violent meaning of jihad:Upon his return from battle Muhammad said, “We have returned from the lesser jihad to the greater jihad (i.e. the struggle against the evil of one’s soul).” [28]

This is very often cited as a proof-text for the “real” meaning of jihad being inward, spiritual struggle. But there are two problems:1. Even a “lesser” jihad is still jihad and thus a duty and a virtue. 2. Muhammad never made such a statement.The hadith in which Muhammad is said to speak of “greater” vs. “lesser” jihad is of doubtful authenticity. It does not appear in any of the six collections of the sahih sittah. In fact, a number of scholars maintain that this hadith is a forgery. One scholar analyses this hadith and  considers a number of factors, such as chain of transmission and other more reliable, contradictory ahadith. He quotes one authority:”There is a Hadith related by a group of people which states that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said after the battle of Tabuk: “We have returned from Jihad Asghar [lesser jihad] to Jihad Akbar [greater jihad].’

This hadith has no source, nobody whomsoever in the field of Islamic Knowledge has narrated it. Jihad against the disbelievers is the most noble of actions, and moreover it is the most important action for the sake of mankind.”And so after a meticulous examination of sources the article comes to a decision:On the basis of the above statements we can conclude by saying, that the evidence used as proof of the basis for establishing that Jihad against disbelievers on the battlefield is Jihad Asghar [lesser jihad] and Jihad against the desires and Shaitaan [Satan, the devil] is Jihad Akbar [greater jihad], are weak if not false Hadith.

One of the counter-hadith with a better chain of transmission (and the author quotes others as well) goes like this:A man asked [the Prophet]: “….and what is Jihad? He [peace be upon him] replied: “You fight against the disbelievers when you meet them (on the battlefield).” He asked again: “What kind of Jihad is the highest?” He [peace be upon him] replied: “The person who is killed whilst spilling the last of his blood.”This seems to leave little doubt as to how Muhammad understood Jihad. But let us not make the case on just one example. there are many ahadith on Jihad, and they make its meaning quite clear. First and foremost, Jihad meant combat on the battlefield, and specifically against non-Muslims.

JIHAD IS FIGHTING THE NON-BELIEVER

The following sequence of ahadith will clarify this. Many of these are extremely well attested, occurring multiple times in the most trusted collections, the Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim. I will cite some of these multiple attestations just to show the high status of the ahadith. (The numbering of ahadith may vary in different editions. In all of the following quotations I have used the Hadith database of the Muslim Students’ Association of the University of Southern California. For purposes of readability I do not quote in full the isnad (chain of attribution) of each hadith, but these are considered important to establishing authenticity and are included in  the original sources.)Reading through the hadith on the subject of Jihad, what we do not find is an exclusive emphasis on self-defence or on struggling with one’s desires.

Jihad is physical combat, not just for self- defence but for the purpose of spreading Islam, and there is no greater virtue:    I asked the Prophet, “What is the best deed?” He replied, “To believe in allah and to fight for his cause.” (Sahih Bukhari, 3:46:694, Sahih Muslim, 1:149)

It has been narrated on the authority of Abu Sa’id Khudri that the Messenger of Allah (may       peace be upon him) said (to him): Abu Sa’id, whoever cheerfully accepts Allah as his Lord, Islam as his religion and Muhammad as his Apostle is necessarily entitled to enter Paradise.     He (abu Sa’id) wondered at it and said: Messenger of Allah, repeat it for me. He (the Messenger of Allah)did that and said: There is another act which elevates the position of a man    in Paradise to a grade one hundred (higher), and the elevation between one grade and the other is equal to the height of the heaven from the earth. He (Abu Sa’id) said: What is that act?      He replied: Jihad in the way of Allah! Jihad in the way of Allah! (Sahih Muslim, 20:4645)

The true purpose of Jihad, to spread the Muslim faith, is spelled out explicitly:     Allah’s Apostle said: “I have been ordered (by Allah) to fight against the people until they testify that none has the right to be worshipped by Allah and that Muhammad is Allah’s Apostle, and    offer the prayers perfectly and give the obligatory charity, so if they perform that, then they save their lives and property from me except for Islamic laws and then their reckoning (accounts) will     be done by Allah.” (Sahih Bukhari 1:2:24 also 4:52:196)

It is reported on the auuthority of Abu Huraira that he heard the Messenger of Allah say: I have been commanded to fight against people, till they testify to the fact that there is no god but Allah, and believe in me (that) I am the messenger (from the Lord) and in all that I have brought. And when they do it, their blood and riches are guaranteed protection on my behalf except where it is justified by law, and their affairs rest with Allah. (Sahih Muslim, 1:31 also 1;130, 1:32, 1:33)The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: I am commanded to fight with men till they testify that there is no god but Allah, and that Muhammad is His servant and His Apostle, face our qiblah(direction of prayer), eat what we slaughter, and pray like us. When they do that, their life and property are unlawful for us except what is due to them. they will have the same rights as the Muslims have, and have the same responsibilities as the Muslims have. (Sunan Abu Dawud,14:2635)

A man came to the Prophet and asked, “A man fights for war booty; another fights for fame and a third fights for showing off; which of them fights in Allah’s Cause?” The Prophet said, “He who fights that Allah’s Word (i.e.Islam) should be superior, fights in Allah’s Cause.” (Sahih Bukhari, 4:52:65 also 9:93:550 and Sahih Muslim, 20:4684, 20:4685, 20:4686, 20:4687)

It is perhaps significant that whose who never tire of quoting the Qur’an on “There is no compulsion in religion” also never mention these ahadith.The rewards of fighting in Jihad are tremendous, not to be compared with anything else:The Prophet said, “A single endeavour (of fighting) in Allah’s Cause in the forenoon or in the afternoon is better than the world and whatever is in it.” (Sahih Bukhari, 4:52:50 also 4:52:51, 4:52:52, and Sahih Muslim, 20:4643)Allah’s Apostle said, “Allah guarantees him who strives in His Cause and whose motivation for going out is nothing but Jihad in His Cause and belief in His Word, that He will admit him into Paradise (if martyred) or bring him back to his dwelling place, whence he has come out, with what he gains of reward and booty.” (Sahih Bukhari, 4:53:352 also 9:93:549, 9:93:555 and 1:2:35 which adds: “…and I would have loved to be martyred in Allah’s cause and then made alive, and then martyred and then made alive, and then again martyred in his cause.”)It has been narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira who said: Allah has undertaken to provide for one who leaves his home (only) to fight for His cause and to affirm the truth of His word; Allah will either admit him to Paradise or will bring him back home from where he had come out, with his reward and booty. (Sahih Muslim, 20:4628)

Many ahadith tell us that the surest way to Paradise is to fight in Jihad. Here are just a couple more:Allah’s Apostle said, “Know that Paradise is under the shades of swords.” (Sahih Bukhari, 4,52:73 also 4:52:210 and Sahih Muslim, 20:4681)It has been reported on the authority of Jabir that a man said: Messenger of Allah, where shall I be if I am killed? He replied: in Paradise. The man threw away the dates he had in his hand and fought until he was killed (i.e. he did not wait until he could finish the dates). (Sahih Muslim, 20:4678)

THE HIGH ESTEEM OF MARTYRDOM IN ISLAM

This elevation of Jihad to the highest of virtues makes martyrdom something especially to be prized. There are many, many ahadith that extol and encourage martyrdom.It has been narrated on the authority of Masruq who said: We asked ‘Abdullah about the Qur’anic verse: “Think not of those who are slain in Allah’s way as dead. Nay, they are alive, finding their sustenance in the presence of their Lord.” (Qur’an 3:169). He said: We asked the meaning of the verse (from the Holy Prophet) who said: The souls of the martyrs live in the bodies of green birds who have their nests in Chandeliers hung from the throne of the Almighty. They eat the fruits of Paradise from wherever they like and then nestle in these chandeliers. (Sahih Muslim, 20:4651) There is of course the very celebrated tradition that martyrs from Jihad go immediately to Paradise where they are rewarded with 72 virgins. The following verses in the Qur’an provide the foundation, although the number of virgins is not specified:Let those (who) fight in the cause of Allah who sell the life of this world for the hereafter, To him who fighteth in the cause of Allah, – whether he is slain or gets victory – Soon shall We give him a reward of great (value). (4:74) As to the Righteous (they will be) in a position of Security, among Gardens and Springs; dressed in fine silk and in rich brocade, they will face each other; So; and We shall join them to Companions (virgins) with beautiful, big, and lustrous eyes. (44:51-54)As to the Righteous, they will be in Gardens, and in Happiness, Enjoying the (Bliss) which their Lord hath bestowed on them, and their Lord shall deliver them from the Penalty of the Fire. (To them will be said:) “Eat and drink ye, with profit and health, because of your (good) deeds.” They will recline (with ease) on thrones (of dignity) arranged in ranks; and We shall join them to Companions, with beautiful, big, and lustrous eyes. (52:17-20)They will recline on Carpets, whose inner linings will be of rich brocade: the Fruit of the Gardens will be near (and easy of reach.) Then which of the favours of your Lord will ye deny? In  them will be (Maidens). chaste, restraining their glances, whom no man of Jinn before him has touched. (55:54-59, also 55:70-74)And on thrones (of dignity), raised high. We have created (their Companions) of special creation. And made them virgin – pure (and undefiled, – Beloved (by nature), equal in age, – For the Companions of the Right Hand. (56:34-38) Verily for the Righteous there will be a fulfilment of (the heart’s) desires; Gardens enclosed, and grapevines; and voluptuous women of equal age; and a cup full (to the brim. (78:31-34)And so from the Qur’an itself we see that sex is a reward for the faithful in Paradise.

These “companions” are the houris of renown, beautiful young maidens. They will  be virgins, “whom no man or Jinn before them has touched.” We get the number 72 by way of hadith. In the Sunan At-Tirmidhi, which is one of the six basic collections, we find the following: The Prophet Muhammad was heard saying: “The smallest reward for the people of Paradise is an abode where there are 80,000 servants and 72 wives, over which stands a dome decorated with pearls, aquamarine, and ruby, as wide as the distance from Al-Jabiyyah (a Damascus suburb) to Sana’a (Yemen)” (Sunan At-Tirmidhi, 4:2:2687)

There has been some debate on whether only martyrs get the 72 virgins or whether everyone (male) in Paradise gets them. However, the tradition of the virgins has been used often and effectively as an inducement to martyrdom. Martyrdom is so highly valued that the truly devoted Muslim would Wish to return to earth many times in order to repeat the experience.The Prophet said, “Nobody who dies and finds good from Allah (in the Hereafter) would wish to come back to this world even if he were given the whole world and whatever is in it, except the martyr who, on seeing the superiority of martyrdom, would like to come back to the world and get killed again (in Allah’s cause.)” (Sahih Bukhari 4:52:53)The Prophet said, “By Him in Whose Hands my life is! Were it not for some men amongst the believers who dislike to be left behind me and whom I cannot provide with means of conveyance, I would certainly never remain behind any Sariya’ (army-unit) setting out in Allah’s Cause and then get resurrected and then get martyred, and then get resurrected again and then get martyred and then get martyred, and then get resurrected again and then get martyred. (Sahih Bukhari, 4:52:54)The Prophet said, “Nobody who enters Paradise likes to to back to the world even if he got everything on earth, except a Muhadid who wishes to return to the world so that he may be martryed ten times because of the dignity he receives. (from Allah)” Narrated Al-Mughira bin Shu’ba: Our Prophet told us about the message of our Lord that “Whoever amongst us is killed will go to Paradise.” Umar asked the Prophet, “Is it not true that our men who are killed will go to Paradise and theirs (i.e. those of the Pagans) will go to the (Hell) fire?” The Prophet said, “Yes.” (Sahih Bukhari, 4:52:72 also Sahih Muslim, 20:4635)It is praiseworthy both to seek death as a martyr and to love it: Apostle of Allah ( peace be upon him) said: If anyone fights in Allah’s path as long as the time between two milking’s of a She-camel, Paradise will be assured for him. If anyone sincerely asks Allah for being killed and then dies or is killed, there will be a reward of a martyr for him. (Sunan Abu Dawud, 14:2535) It has been narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira who said: I heard the Messenger of Allah( (may peace be upon him) say, “By the Being in Whose Hand is my life, I love that I should be killed in the way of Allah; then I should be brought back to life and be killed again in His way.” (Sahih Muslim, 20:4631 also 20:4626)I love that I should be killed in the way of Allah: the Prophet’s wish for death has become the battle cry of today’s terrorists. Is there any wonder why so many become suicide killers? It is not an act of desperation. It is an expression of the passion that has motivated Jihad fighters ever since the time of Muhammad.

We in the West cannot understand it, so we try to psychoanalyse it, or  ask obsessively, “Why do they hate us?” The answer to why so many choose death is right here in the earliest sources. And it is not entirely unique. Perhaps many Westerners can understand it better if they recall how the early Christian Martyrs desired so ardently to die for Christ, and sought out such a death as a way of securing eternal bliss. the urge to become a martyr through sacrificing one’s life to a higher cause is not as unique, foreign, or inexplicable as we might wish to believe.

Here are the words of St. Ignatius of Antioch, a Christian martyr of the early second century, from a letter he wrote to discourage others from interfering in his death:”I am writing to all the churches to let it be known that I will gladly die for God if only you do not stand in my way. I plead with you: show me no untimely kindness. Let me be food for the wild beasts, for they are my way to God. I am God’s wheat and bread. Pray to Christ for me that the animals will be the means of making me a sacrificial victim for God.”So perhaps it would not surprise us that a religious vision can serve as a motivation for desiring and seeking death. But there is one big difference between the Christian and Muslim martyrs.Christian martyrdom did not require death in combat against non-believers.Indeed, not to desire death in battle against the infidel is considered shameful (in Islam):     It has been narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be    upon him) said: One who died but did not fight in the way of Allah nor did he express any desire (or determination) for Jihad died the death of a hypocrite. (Sahih Muslim, 20:4696)

MARTYRDOM VS SUICIDE IN ISLAM

But, some object, doesn’t Islam forbid suicide? How can being a suicide bomber be considered Islamic?Let’s look at the basis in the Qur’an for the prohibition against suicide:    O ye who believe! Eat not up your property among yourselves in vanities: But let there be amongst you Traffic and trade by mutual good-will: Nor kill (or destroy) yourselves: for verily Allah hath been to you Most Merciful! If any do that in rancour and injustice,-  soon shall We cast them into the Fire: And easy it is for Allah (4:29-30)

Although these verses are often cited to show that the Qur’an forbids suicide, the wording is ambiguous. Most translations say “Do no kill each other.” and that most likely is the original meaning. In any event, there is an escape clause. The prohibition holds, “if nay do that in rancour and injustice.” The mujahid always believes he is fighting for justice!The prohibition against suicide come not from the Qur’an but from the hadith: If somebody commits suicide with anything in the world, he will be tortured with that very thing on the Day of Resurrection. (Sahih Bukhari, 8:73:73 also 2:23:445, 2:23:446. 8:73:126, 8:78:647)

But does this apply to someone who kills himself for the purpose of fighting jihad?Many Islamic authorities say no. They make a distinction between suicide and martyrdom. The motivation for each is entirely different. And so one scholar gleans the classical Islamic sources for evidence that one may seek martyrdom by fighting even when one knows one is going to die. His conclusions:    It is important to know that suicide is forbidden because of its evil objectives; such as impatience, desperation or any other bad and evil objects…..     On the other hand, the one who contributes his life to the cause of Allah, Islam and Muslims, his doing is sacrificial; he gives his life away for Islam and Muslims, which is the highest sacrifice.

Daniel Pipes, a scholar of Islamic history, affirms this conclusion:     Islamists consider suicide as not just legitimate but highly commendable when undertaken for reasons of jihad (sacred war). Going into war knowing with certainty that one will die, they argue, is not suicide (intihar) but martyrdom (istishhad), a much-praised form of self-sacrifice in the path of Allah, a way to win the eternal affection of the houris in paradise.    A leading Islamist authority, Sheikh Yusuf al-Qaradawi, recently explained the distinction this way: attacks on enemies are not suicide operations but “heroic martyrdom operations” in which the kamikazes act not “out of hopelessness and despair but are driven by an overwhelming desire to cast terror and fear into the hearts of the oppressors.”    In other words, Islamists find suicide for personal reasons abominable, suicide for jihad admirable.  The earliest sources express both the prohibition on suicide and the encouragement to fight to the death in a sacred cause. In fact, the latter receives far more emphasis in the classical sources. Undeniably, it has inspired Muslim jihad fighters over many centuries to risk their lives for the cause of advancing Muslim rule.

Today some Islamic authorities may emphasise the forbidding of suicide, and some may emphasise the virtue of martyrdom. Which will ultimately prevail can be decided only within Islam itself. But one cannot say that suicide fighting is by its very nature un-Islamic. In fact, it is not new. In the  same article Daniel Pipes notes the existence of Jihad suicide nearly a thousand years ago:Jihad suicide has been around for a millennium. The Assassins, a fanatical religious sect that flourished in the twelfth century developed Jihad suicide into a powerful tool of war that succeeded in killing dozens of leaders and cast a long shadow over the region’s politics for decades. And certainly there is no prohibition on terrorism when suicide is not involved. When seen as as sacred struggle against non-believers, terrorism by any means becomes a virtue, whether or not one knows one’s life will be forfeit. As Ibn Warrag states, when the two values collide, martyrdom trumps suicide: Those who blow themselves up almost daily in Israel and those who died on September 11 were dying in the noblest of all causes, Jihad, which is an incumbent religious duty established in the Koran and in the Traditions as a divine institution, and enjoined for the purpose of advancing Islam.  While suicide is forbidden, martyrdom is everywhere praised, welcomed and urged.Recall the words of the hadith cited earlier: “If anyone sincerely asks Allah for being killed and then dies or is killed, there will be a reward of a martyr for him.” According to the hadith, which is the source of the prohibition against causing one’s own death, Jihad is the great exception.

THE EXTENT OF JIHAD

Just before we close, a couple more ahadith demonstrating the jihad does not stop with self-defence,  but that its real purpose is to promote the supremacy of Islam over other religions:One of the last things that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said was, “May Allah fight the Jews and the Christians. They took the graves of the Prophets as places of of prostration. Two (religions) shall not co-exist in the land of the Arabs.” (Malik’s Muwatta, 45:5:17) It has been narrated by ‘Umar b.al-Khattib that he head the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) say: I will expel the Jews and Christians from the Arabian Peninsula and will not leave any but Muslims. (Sahih Muslim, 19:4366)The high value placed on Jihad and Martyrdom is well attested in the earliest Islamic sources. Whether or not it should extend to pushing a button on a suicide vest, the passion that fires today’s terrorists comes straight from the words of the Prophet.

CONCLUSION FROM THE AHADITH:

“I love that I should be killed in the way of Allah.”- The Prophet Muhammad.”You love life and we love death, which gives an example of what the Prophet Muhammad said” [28]

 

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