The Roots of Christianity

· Christianity, History, Philosophy, Religion
Authors

The Roots of Christianity

Early Perceptions

All my life, until only in that latter part of my life, I had always visualised that Christianity was born when “infant baby Jesus was born in Bethlehem.” That the Biblical stories were historical and true. I did not even visualise that Christianity could have evolved from Judaism, or ancient Egyptian polytheism or later Egyptian monotheism, or Greek philosophy or pagan religions. I accepted and trusted what I was taught in Church and school, by Christian ministers of the faith. I accepted that Jesus died for our sins and that he was crucified on the Cross at Calvary and died and then rose from the dead. I believed that he rose 3 days later and went to Heaven. I did, however, early in my life, question the Trinity and its roots, and only recently found answers to my personal satisfaction of the true roots of Christianity. [1]

I studied the influence of religions on the cultures of the people who adopted their teachings. I realised that all religions worshipped god/gods but each had different criteria for their gods. The Hindus, the Taoists, the Buddhists, the Egyptians, the Babylonians, the Greeks,  and other minor religions all, fundamentally, worshipped immortal, or mythical gods. Christians, however, have a transfigured god in the form of Jesus who was of flesh and blood. This historical fact is told in the Bible, but how did this evolve? [2]

Early Roots of Christianity

So I decided to look into the roots and origins of Christianity. Whether the authors of the Bible were reliable or whether the legends in the Bible could be authenticated by historical or archaeological artefacts or literature. [3] The wealth of information for the early beginnings of Christianity were so immense that it is difficult to separate the wheat from the chaff. But essential facts could be sieved from studying the findings. My findings have had a profound effect on my perspective of religions and how Christianity evolved. Christianity did not arrive with the birth of infant baby Jesus, Christianity evolved like all the other religions evolved. So let us examine what was the ambience of religiosity in the community, in those early days, before the birth of Jesus as far as we are able to ascertain.

Egyptian Civilisation

This early Egyptian civilisation, from 3100 BC when the hieroglyphic script was introduced even to the death of Cleopatra in 30 BC and their sophisticated religious rituals and beliefs, must have had an indelible influence on the people in the  surrounding regions for thousands of miles around. Let us very briefly examine some of their religious beliefs that may have had an influence on Christianity. Bear in mind that the Egyptian beliefs, culture and rituals had already over 3000 years of influence on the minds and perceptions of people of that whole region.

(1) The Egyptians paid great heed to life and the after life. They believed in a Heaven and Hell and the afterlife.

(2) The Egyptians believed in resurrection and in the spirit of the soul. They believed that the spirit could be reunited with the physical body after death for resurrection, hence the need for preserving the body for that eventuality. (The resurrection of Jesus bears great similarity in detail.)

(3) The concept of a triune, in the mythology of Osiris, Isis, and Horus, was totally accepted in Egyptian mythology. Hence the concept of a Trinity, in early Christianity, would not have raised an eyebrow in Egyptian/Christian thinking or been alien to subsequent early Roman/Christian ideology.

(4) The Egyptian already had permanent inscriptions that spelt out their beliefs and traditions. They had many scripts like, The Book of the Dead – an important work because it contained wisdom sayings that also has appeared in the Ten Commandments, The Coffin Text, The Pyramid Test, The Book of the Netherworld, and so on that laid the foundations for many religious ideologies. The significance of Egyptian ideologies, proven in their scripts, on Christianity is really much more significant than anyone would credit it.

Early Christians

There is without a doubt that the evolution of the Christian faith and traditions were based on the culture and traditions of the people of that period and historical records exist to show that the major tenets of Christianity were formulated from Egyptian mythology. The following details illustrate Egyptian mythology that is irrefutable:

Horus was born on “December 25th” (winter solstice) in a manger. 

  • He was of royal descent, and his mother was the “virgin Isis-Mery.” 
  • Horus’s birth was announced by a star in the East and attended by three “wise men.” 
  • At age 12, he was a child teacher in the Temple, and at 30, he was baptized. 
  • Horus was baptized by “Anup the Baptizer,” who was decapitated. 
  • The Egyptian god had 12 companions, helpers or disciples. 
  • Horus performed miracles, exorcised demons and raised Osiris from the dead. 
  • The god walked on water. 
  • Horus was “crucified” between two “thieves.” 
  • He (or Osiris) was buried for three days in a tomb and resurrected. 
  • Horus/Osiris was also the “Way, the Truth, the Life,” “Messiah,” the “Son of Man,” the “Good Shepherd,” the “Lamb of God,” the “Word made flesh,” the “Word of Truth,” etc. 
  • Horus’s personal epithet was “Iusa,” the “ever-becoming son” of the Father. He was called “Holy Child,” as well as “the Anointed One,” while Osiris was the KRST. 
  • Horus battled with the “evil one,” Set/Seth. 
  • Horus was to reign for one thousand years. [4]

The similarities of Horus and Jesus Christ are indiscernible. Any doubts of Egyptian mythology on the mythology of Christian must fade into obscurity. Christianity did not appear with the birth of Jesus Christ, but evolved from Egyptian mythology, a logical evolution of a cultural belief.

While reading

“The Religions of Ancient Egypt and Babylonia: The Gifford Lectures on the Ancient Egyptian and Babylonian Conception of the Divine Delivered in Aberde
by Archibald H. Sayce”

I found it astounding that the Bible was neither original, unique nor divine, but was a compilation of the best and believable bits of pagan Egyptian, Babylonian, Sumerian, and Asiatic religious and superstitious beliefs of earlier civilizations that had been kept suppressed until only recently.

It certainly opened my mind to the probable beginnings and roots of Judaism, Christianity and Islam. It also suggests that many of these religious concepts were the evolution of the inquiring minds of humans rather than some revelation of God. There are simply too many coincidences of Christian ideologies being only plagiarisms and modifications of the best bits of pagan ancient beliefs.

The importance of lectures and books such as this, challenging the historicity of Christianity, suppressed for thousands of years by the different clergy like the Justinian code or the Roman Canon Law, allows an insight into the evolution of Judaism from much earlier religious philosophies and traditions. It is only by looking at some of these pre-Judaic beginnings that we can appreciate how the early script writers could record the vision of Moses in 1314 BC. We will look at some of these pre-Judaic concepts and traditions to show that Judaic traditions were not by any means unique but handed down and already accepted by the peoples long before them.

The Egyptian religion had always been a combination of ill-assorted survivals and confederation of different cults rather than having evolved from a definite theology. The cohesion of their beliefs was welded together by the authority of the Pharaoh. The Pharaoh was accepted by his people not only as a son and representative of the sun-god, but the visible manifestation of the sun-god himself. It was accepted by the people that the Pharaoh, the Egyptian State, and the Egyptian Religion were united as one.

(1) Here we observe that the Pharaoh, (a man), is so highly regarded that he is accepted as a god. Also the Pharaoh (a man) is a manifestation of a god, Ra. Upon examination of all earlier pictorial representation of Christian Prophets or Saints, you will notice that they were all depicted with the halo. The halo was the pictorial symbol of the Sun God, Ra. Only all modern illustrations of Christian prophets and saints today do not have the benefit of a halo. It has taken a long time for Christians to disassociate themselves from the Sun god, Ra.

(2) Thus for these same peoples to accept Jesus as a god, representing God on earth does not raise any questions in the minds of the people.

(3) The Egyptians also believe in the virgin-birth of the god Pharaoh. This goes back to the 18th Dynasty where on the western wall of the temple of Luxor, when the birth of Amon-hotep III is described that he had no human father. Amon himself descended from heaven and became the father of the future king. His mother was still a virgin when the god of Thebes “incarnated himself,” so that she might “behold him in his divine form.” “My soul is in him, and he shall wear the twofold crown of royalty, ruling the two worlds like the sun for ever.”

(4) Here again, clear precedence has been set for the concept of the Christian “virgin-birth.” Hence, the story of the virgin birth of Mary of Jesus is also a concept that raised no eye-brows. But Amon-hotep III was not the first whose father was a god. Queen Hatshepsu was also said to have been born of Amon.

(5) It is a fundamental belief in Osiris ideology that every body has a Ka, spirit, and the two are bound together. And that it is possible for the Ka to return to a deceased body and there would be resurrection. Hence the Egyptian practice of embalming, to ensure that the Ka has a perfect body to return to for resurrection. The doctrine of resurrection of the body became an integral part of the Osirian faith.

(6) Thus the vision of the resurrection of Jesus after his Crucifixion is all well within the bounds of the perception and imagination of the early scribes of the Bible. Although today it would be a miracle for someone to be resurrected after lying dead for 3 days.

(7) It is fascinating to observe that the Doctrine of the Trinity was already well established in the early Egyptian schools of theology. All the chief deities of Egypt were forced to conform to it. Anubus, the second person in the trinity of Set, must have already been attached to the cult of Osiris.

(8) Without delving into more details of the Trinity of the Egyptian religion, it can only be assumed that when the Council of Nicaea decided to adopt the Trinity in 325 AD that Scholars of Egyptian religions must have had a strong influence in uniting the clergy at Nicaea under the Egyptian doctrines.

(9) It was from among the Babylonians that they saw their gods possessed human forms. Man had been made in the likeness of gods and the gods therefore were of human shape. The converse was the case in Egypt. Here the gods, with a few exceptions, were conveived of as brute beasts. Horus was the hawk, Nekheb the vulture, Uazit of Buto the deadly uraeus snake. Thus it is concluded that Egyptian religion was influenced from outside, likely Asia.

(10) The main purpose for the Babylonians to credit the god of Babylon with the creation of the world was to glorify Him. It was necessary that the supreme god of the universe should also be its creator. There is a great contrast between the Babylonian and the Hebrew conceptions of creation. The Hebrew cosmology starts from the belief in one God, i.e., “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. ….The breath of God should become the life of the world.” But the elements of Hebrew cosmology are all Babylonian. But between the polytheism of Babylonia and the monotheism of Israel a gulf is fixed which cannot be spanned.

(11) Babylonian cosmology had 3 beliefs, that water is the primal element, the belief in a lawless chaos from which the present world has been rescued after a long struggle between the powers of darkness and light, and a belief in generation as the primary creative force.

(12) It will be observed that Babylonian, Hebrew, and Creation in Genesis have all considered that the heavenly bodies are already in existence. What the creator did was to establish them in their stations, and appoint them to mark and register time. Or with Genisis a generality that the Universe was created in 7 days. That the concept of an expanding Universe created from an inconceivable and as yet inexplicable explosion was beyond their comprehension.

(13) Searching for evidence of the creation of man in these ancient scripts, we find, “Ea was the “lord of the earth” as well as of the sea, and Eridu, his city, was the “city of the lord of the land.” The men who inhabited it were his creation: he had formed them like a potter out of the clay, and as the divine potter he was therefore known unto them. He was the first artist in clay, and the models that he made were the first men. We can see how this early concept was plagiarized and elaborated upon in Genisis.

(14) The Babylonian story of the Deluge (Flood) is well known. But here, it was Xisuthros, like Noah who owed his preservation to his piety. The Deluge (Flood) was a punishment for sin, and that righteous man should be saved. This is clearly an example that people of ancient times saw god as a cruel taskmaster who would destroy if you did not obey his commands.

(15) The monotheism of Khu-n-Aten, in Egypt, was pantheistic, and as a result of this the god he worshipped was the god of the whole universe. It was the first time in history that the doctrine was proclaimed that the Supreme Being was the God of all mankind. This again is that same God that is portrayed by Moses and Judaism but was already practiced in Egypt although it did not survive then because of the entrenched memes of orthodox Egyptian polytheist gods. But it was revived by Semites under the guise of Moses’ visions. [5]

Comments

The reading of such literature as above has led me to conclude that the evolution of such religions as Christianity from earlier religious beliefs and rituals is a logical evolution of religious ideologies. But to an orthodox evangelical Christian I would be a sinful atheist blasphemer. Yet, because to the dogmatic views of the evangelical Christian he is in fact a bigot.

Bigotry

Bigotry, the intolerance, fear, and hatred of those different from ourselves is still a far too common occurrence in the world today. Bigotry is almost universally considered wrong because it robs others of their rights as human beings through discrimination and persecution. Here in the United States when we think of bigotry, we tend to think of it in terms of ethnicity, and surely bigotry against those not of European origin is still the most common form of bigotry to be found in the United States. Bigotry can take other forms however, and one can be bigoted against others because of their religion, culture, and sex as well as their ethnicity.

Indeed, religious bigotry may well have been the most common form of bigotry for much of Europe’s history. Most of us are familiar with the persecution of Christians in ancient Rome, in which they were fed to the lions in the Coliseum and even blamed for the burning of Rome. During the Middle Ages the Jews were persecuted to no end, not just because they were another ethnic group, but another religion as well. Religious bigotry still exists in the world today and one need look no further than Bosnia. In so far as ethnicity goes, there are often few physical differences between a Serb and a Bosnian and they pretty much speak the same language. They share a common origin and one would not be able tell the difference from a Serb and a Bosnian on the street outside of the mode of dress. The only real difference is religion, and due to religious bigotry they are willing to kill each other. The same is true of Ireland, Palestine, and even the United States. One need not be of a minority race to be a victim of religious bigotry.

There are more subtle means of persecution than physical violence resulting from religious bigotry. These involve character assassination and harassment of members of religious minorities and the people that associate with them. Often members of religious minorities find themselves in the position of the outsider and are refused jobs and even mocked or laughed at. They are often excluded from social functions or community gatherings. They may be falsely accused of crimes or framed for crimes they did not commit. Sometimes, religious bigotry will be cloaked with false accusations that members of minority religions are lazy or insane or an undesirable element. The most common form of persecution is to accuse the minority religious group of being a cult or Satanic. Early Christians were accused of sacrificing babies, cannibalism, and one piece of ancient Roman graffiti shows Christ with a donkey head. No one would accuse Christianity of such things now.

Bigotry of any kind seems to stem from the same source. Sociologists early in the 20th century developed the theory of the authoritarian personality. An authoritarian personality has strong feelings of inadequacy, dependency, and hostility, particularly toward those in authority, even though they may be in a position of authority. Because of these feelings of worthlessness, they tend to displace this anger and hate towards themselves onto another group. The bigot is simply transferring their own sense of low self esteem and their own self hatred to another racial, cultural, or religious group. The bigot will stereotype, lie, about and persecute that group no matter what the truth. They will even go so far as to accuse the persecuted of being the persecutor or fabricate instances of persecution.

Such reasoning is not reasoning at all, esp. when it goes against the teachings of most religions. Nearly all religions teach “love thy neighbor,” and that it is wrong to harm others. Most religions have some form of sin be it in the form of transgression against god or karma.

In a multi-religious nation like the United States where the practice of the religion of one’s choice is protected by the Constitution, there is no reason for any kind of religious bigotry. Christianity, Wicca, Islam, Bahai Faith, Theodish Belief, Shinto…generally all wish to achieve the same means, the enlightenment of the soul and the well being of Mankind. These ends can be achieved all the so much easier if there is mutual cooperation and not the constant variations of the Jihad, the Crusades, the Holocaust. Perhaps the best way is to practice what most religions teach, be kind to your fellow man. [6]

Hypocrisy

In order to retain the following and trust of their followers, the clergy have been hypocritical and twisted and distorted events that never existed and have turned mythology into historic events. I believe that the Abrahamic faiths evolved from modifications of the best bits of pagan ancient beliefs.

[3224 words]

Appendix

References

[1] Jesus created by Constantine (Romans): https://www.jashow.org/articles/society-culture-politics-2/davinci-code/is-it-true-that-jesus-divinity-was-invented-by-constantine-at-the-council-of-nicea/

[2] Eta Linnemann’s rebuttal of Q : http://www.biblicalstudies.org.uk/pdf/q_linnemann.pdf

[3] Bible Timeline: http://amazingbibletimeline.com/bible_questions/q1_bible_who_wrote/

[4] Christ in Egypt: http://www.stellarhousepublishing.com/christinegypt.html

[5] The Religions of Ancient Egypt and Babylonia:  https://www.amazon.co.uk/gp/cdp/member-reviews/A33XS1GCPPFO8Q?ie=UTF8&display=public&page=2&sort_by=MostRecentReview

[6] Bigotry: http://www.religioustolerance.org/relbigot.htm

2 Comments

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  1. TheInfamousBoatFeet

    Very interesting! While i’m sure this wasn’t the intention, I always felt that the Egyptian Obelisk outside the Vatican almost highlights the connection between Christianity and Ancient Egyptian beliefs. I think it’s estimated that it was constructed around 2500 BC.

    • mbplee

      cammymadden, all modern religions, which includes the Abrahamic faiths, will always betray its roots to some ancient rituals or customs or monuments or other signs in one way or another. Yet the faithful cannot see it.

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