(2) Ancient Mesopotamian religion was the **first recorded. Mesopotamians believed that ***the world was a flat disc, surrounded by a huge, holed space, and above that, heaven. They also believed that water was everywhere, the top, bottom and sides, and that the universe was born from this enormous sea. In addition, Mesopotamian religion was polytheistic.
[[**A few quotes to verify that the authors of the Bible too accepted that the world was flat and stationary:
Proverbs 8:27- When he prepared the heavens, I was there, When he drew a circle on the face of the deep
Isaiah 40:22- It is He who sits above the circle of the earth, And it’s inhabitants are like grasshoppers, Who stretches out the heavens like a curtain, And spreads them out like a tent to dwell in.
Job chapter 38 has a lot of mentions of a stationary earth, and as direct quotes from God. Quotes like the following:
“Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth? declare, if thou hast understanding.” – Job 38:4
“Whereupon are the foundations thereof fastened? or who laid the corner stone thereof;” – Job 38:6
1 Samuel 2:8 states that “For the pillars of the earth are the Lord’s, And He has set the world upon them”. If you go to any seashore, you are bound to see houses built on pillars, and yet the houses don’t move. How strange.
Psalms 93:1 flat out says that the world doesn’t move. “The Lord reigns, he is clothed with majesty; The Lord is clothed, He has girded Himself with strength. Surely the world is established so that it cannot be moved.”
The Bible doesn’t always reflect the truth about the sun and moon.
In Genesis 1:16 says “And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also.” According to this, the moon is a light source just like the sun, only not as bright. If this was the case, we couldn’t land on the moon, it would be too hot. It is also strange that it took God the day to make the sun and the moon, but the stars are portrayed as an afterthought of sorts. “He made the stars also”, this is a definite sign that the Bible is inspired by man. It is clear that man could not have perceived that the stars were the same as the sun, but in most cases much larger. Naturally they thought that these specks were just thrown about. The verse should read “God created the stars and planetary objects, he also made the earth, sun, and moon”. But man, in those days, would have never seen it that way.
Isaiah 13:10 also says that the moon is a source of light. “moon shall not cause her light to shine.” Again this is another example of the Bible seeming to be inspired by man and limited to his own perception.
Comments on above: The Bible clearly shows the limited knowledge of man about cosmology or human biology when MAN wrote the Bible especially when many concepts and mythology were borrowed from more ancient civilisations like the ancient Mesopotamians referred to above. To suggest that an omniscient God created the world with no concept of cosmology or created Man with no knowledge of human biology makes a mockery of the omniscient God, yet for over 2000 years this God did not deem it fit to correct these erroneous concepts because that would have eroded the supremacy of God. They preferred to allow the ignorance of Man to be perpetuated because they could not find a way to acknowledge that God could be wrong and that He could not create Man out of clay without biological human sperm and ovum. The Bible has thus failed in every aspect in proving that it is a scientific accurate document or one based on mythology and folklore. I find it inconceivable that an omnipotent God could allow such misinformation and falsehoods to be perpetuated over generations without intervening. Surely such a God has failed his people if allowed such falsehoods to continue to be perpetuated? Many millions of lives have been lost because falsehoods and misinformation in Religious text. Would a God who created Man have allowed his creation to be destroyed wantonly because of misinformation and not do something about it?
Hence the historicity of all Religious Holy Books should be Questioned with open minds.]]