Man Has Always Worshipped Mythological Gods


Man Have Always Worshipped Mythological Gods

I will compile data to prove that the above is true.

(G1) The total basis of Judaism is based on Myths:

The founding myth of the Israelite nation is the Exodus of the Israelites from Egypt under the guidance of Moses, followed by the conquest of the Promised Land (Canaan). *However, there is little or **no archaeological or **historical evidence to support these accounts, and although they may in part originate as early as the 10th century BCE, according to the Wellhausen hypothesis they reached something like their present form only in the 5th to 4th centuries BCE, when they are alleged to have been edited to comply with the theology of Second Temple Judaism. [This lack of historical or archaeological evidence must place Exodus into the realms of legends or folklore. Thus there is sufficient doubt of the historicity of the stories in the Torah to question whether it was really a revelation of God or of Man.]


There is sufficient evidence to show that the Abrahamic Faiths, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam evolved by adopting beliefs and religious practices and myths of more ancient religions of the time. Most of their religious stories has no evidence of proof of History or Archaeology and can best be only accepted as myths or folklore. Based on this, it is time theologians took another more critical look at the historicity of their Holy literature.

Every shred of evidence suggests that it is not God who has failed the distressed cries of man, but that every probability, after studying the facts, that God is unable to respond to man’s desperate needs is because He is not there to respond. God, was, like his Angels, and Moses and Noah, and Jesus were but ancient legends/myths with no historic basis.

(G2) Early Christians

There is without a doubt that the evolution of the Christian faith and traditions were based on the culture and traditions of the people of that period and historical records exist to show that the major tenets of Christianity were formulated from Egyptian mythology. The following details illustrate Egyptian mythology that is irrefutable:

Horus was born on “December 25th” (winter solstice) in a manger.

He was of royal descent, and his mother was the “virgin Isis-Mery.”
Horus’s birth was announced by a star in the East and attended by three “wise men.”
At age 12, he was a child teacher in the Temple, and at 30, he was baptized.
Horus was baptized by “Anup the Baptizer,” who was decapitated.
The Egyptian god had 12 companions, helpers or disciples.
Horus performed miracles, exorcised demons and raised Osiris from the dead.
The god walked on water.
Horus was “crucified” between two “thieves.”
He (or Osiris) was buried for three days in a tomb and resurrected.
Horus/Osiris was also the “Way, the Truth, the Life,” “Messiah,” the “Son of Man,” the “Good Shepherd,” the “Lamb of God,” the “Word made flesh,” the “Word of Truth,” etc.
Horus’s personal epithet was “Iusa,” the “ever-becoming son” of the Father. He was called “Holy Child,” as well as “the Anointed One,” while Osiris was the KRST.
Horus battled with the “evil one,” Set/Seth.
Horus was to reign for one thousand years. [4]
The similarities of Horus and Jesus Christ are indiscernible. Any doubts of Egyptian mythology on the mythology of Christian must fade into obscurity. Christianity did not appear with the birth of Jesus Christ, but evolved from Egyptian mythology, a logical evolution of a cultural belief.

While reading

“The Religions of Ancient Egypt and Babylonia: The Gifford Lectures on the Ancient Egyptian and Babylonian Conception of the Divine Delivered in Aberde
by Archibald H. Sayce”
I found it astounding that the Bible was neither original, unique nor divine, but was a compilation of the best and believable bits of pagan Egyptian, Babylonian, Sumerian, and Asiatic religious and superstitious beliefs of earlier civilizations that had been kept suppressed until only recently.

It certainly opened my mind to the probable beginnings and roots of Judaism, Christianity and Islam. It also suggests that many of these religious concepts were the evolution of the inquiring minds of humans rather than some revelation of God. There are simply too many coincidences of Christian ideologies being only plagiarisms and modifications of the best bits of pagan ancient beliefs.

The importance of lectures and books such as this, challenging the historicity of Christianity, suppressed for thousands of years by the different clergy like the Justinian code or the Roman Canon Law, allows an insight into the evolution of Judaism from much earlier religious philosophies and traditions. It is only by looking at some of these pre-Judaic beginnings that we can appreciate how the early script writers could record the vision of Moses in 1314 BC. We will look at some of these pre-Judaic concepts and traditions to show that Judaic traditions were not by any means unique but handed down and already accepted by the peoples long before them.

The Egyptian religion had always been a combination of ill-assorted survivals and confederation of different cults rather than having evolved from a definite theology. The cohesion of their beliefs was welded together by the authority of the Pharaoh. The Pharaoh was accepted by his people not only as a son and representative of the sun-god, but the visible manifestation of the sun-god himself. It was accepted by the people that the Pharaoh, the Egyptian State, and the Egyptian Religion were united as one.

(1) Here we observe that the Pharaoh, (a man), is so highly regarded that he is accepted as a god. Also the Pharaoh (a man) is a manifestation of a god, Ra. Upon examination of all earlier pictorial representation of Christian Prophets or Saints, you will notice that they were all depicted with the halo. The halo was the pictorial symbol of the Sun God, Ra. Only all modern illustrations of Christian prophets and saints today do not have the benefit of a halo. It has taken a long time for Christians to disassociate themselves from the Sun god, Ra.

(2) Thus for these same peoples to accept Jesus as a god, representing God on earth does not raise any questions in the minds of the people.

(3) The Egyptians also believe in the virgin-birth of the god Pharaoh. This goes back to the 18th Dynasty where on the western wall of the temple of Luxor, when the birth of Amon-hotep III is described that he had no human father. Amon himself descended from heaven and became the father of the future king. His mother was still a virgin when the god of Thebes “incarnated himself,” so that she might “behold him in his divine form.” “My soul is in him, and he shall wear the twofold crown of royalty, ruling the two worlds like the sun for ever.”

(4) Here again, clear precedence has been set for the concept of the Christian “virgin-birth.” Hence, the story of the virgin birth of Mary of Jesus is also a concept that raised no eye-brows. But Amon-hotep III was not the first whose father was a god. Queen Hatshepsu was also said to have been born of Amon.

(5) It is a fundamental belief in Osiris ideology that every body has a Ka, spirit, and the two are bound together. And that it is possible for the Ka to return to a deceased body and there would be resurrection. Hence the Egyptian practice of embalming, to ensure that the Ka has a perfect body to return to for resurrection. The doctrine of resurrection of the body became an integral part of the Osirian faith.

(6) Thus the vision of the resurrection of Jesus after his Crucifixion is all well within the bounds of the perception and imagination of the early scribes of the Bible. Although today it would be a miracle for someone to be resurrected after lying dead for 3 days.

(7) It is fascinating to observe that the Doctrine of the Trinity was already well established in the early Egyptian schools of theology. All the chief deities of Egypt were forced to conform to it. Anubus, the second person in the trinity of Set, must have already been attached to the cult of Osiris.

(8) Without delving into more details of the Trinity of the Egyptian religion, it can only be assumed that when the Council of Nicaea decided to adopt the Trinity in 325 AD that Scholars of Egyptian religions must have had a strong influence in uniting the clergy at Nicaea under the Egyptian doctrines.

(9) It was from among the Babylonians that they saw their gods possessed human forms. Man had been made in the likeness of gods and the gods therefore were of human shape. The converse was the case in Egypt. Here the gods, with a few exceptions, were conveived of as brute beasts. Horus was the hawk, Nekheb the vulture, Uazit of Buto the deadly uraeus snake. Thus it is concluded that Egyptian religion was influenced from outside, likely Asia.

(10) The main purpose for the Babylonians to credit the god of Babylon with the creation of the world was to glorify Him. It was necessary that the supreme god of the universe should also be its creator. There is a great contrast between the Babylonian and the Hebrew conceptions of creation. The Hebrew cosmology starts from the belief in one God, i.e., “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. ….The breath of God should become the life of the world.” But the elements of Hebrew cosmology are all Babylonian. But between the polytheism of Babylonia and the monotheism of Israel a gulf is fixed which cannot be spanned.

(11) Babylonian cosmology had 3 beliefs, that water is the primal element, the belief in a lawless chaos from which the present world has been rescued after a long struggle between the powers of darkness and light, and a belief in generation as the primary creative force.

(12) It will be observed that Babylonian, Hebrew, and Creation in Genesis have all considered that “the heavenly bodies are already in existence.” What the creator did was to establish them in their stations, and appoint them to mark and register time. Or with Genisis a generality that the Universe was created in 7 days. That the concept of an expanding Universe created from an inconceivable and as yet inexplicable explosion was beyond their comprehension.

(13) Searching for evidence of the creation of man in these ancient scripts, we find, “Ea was the “lord of the earth” as well as of the sea, and Eridu, his city, was the “city of the lord of the land.” The men who inhabited it were “his creation: he had formed them like a potter out of the clay,” and as the divine potter he was therefore known unto them. He was the first artist in clay, and the models that he made were the first men. We can see how this early concept was plagiarized and elaborated upon in Genisis.

(14) The Babylonian story of the Deluge (Flood) is well known. But here, it was Xisuthros, like Noah who owed his preservation to his piety. The Deluge (Flood) was a punishment for sin, and that righteous man should be saved. This is clearly an example that people of ancient times saw god as a cruel taskmaster who would destroy if you did not obey his commands.

(15) “The monotheism of Khu-n-Aten, in Egypt, was pantheistic, and as a result of this the god he worshipped was the god of the whole universe. It was the first time in history that the doctrine was proclaimed that the Supreme Being was the God of all mankind.” This again is that same God that is portrayed by Moses and Judaism but was already practiced in Egypt although it did not survive then because of the entrenched memes of orthodox Egyptian polytheist gods. But it was revived by Semites under the guise of Moses’ visions. [5]


The reading of such literature as above has led me to conclude that the evolution of such religions as Christianity from earlier religious beliefs and rituals is a logical evolution of religious ideologies. But to an orthodox evangelical Christian I would be a sinful atheist blasphemer. Yet, because to the dogmatic views of the evangelical Christian he is in fact a bigot.

(G3) Islam’s roots are from the mythical pagan Qurayshi worship of the Moon god.

Pagan Beginnings for Muhammad

Mohammad was born 570 AD of pagan parents of the Quraysh tribe. The Quraysh tribe worshipped at the Kaa’ba in Mecca where there stood 360 idols on the alter. Muhammad was brought up worshipping the Quraysh gods and was familiar with the customs of his family because Muhammad only formulated the concept of his Muhammadan faith later in his life, having learned about Judaism and Christianity from them. through his inquiries. Because it was not till Muhammad was 40 years of age (610 AD) that he felt he knew enough about religion, that he began preaching his new monotheist religion, Islam. In fact Muhammad was so well involved with the religion of his Quraysh family that Muhammad has been recorded as saying, [1]

“I have offered a white sheep to al-‘Uzza while I was a follower of the religion of my people.” [2]

al-Uzza is of course one of the goddesses of the Quraysh tribe, and one of the three daughters of the Sun God, Hubal also addressed as “Allah” by the Quraysh tribe. Allah is a pre-Islamic name from the compound Arabic word Al-ilah meaning god, a generic name for the “highest god.” The Crescent moon was the symbol of the moon god Hubal (Allah) and its continued use today as observed over every Islamic mosque, and is the ancient pagan symbol of “fertility.” Because the idol of Allah is located in the Kaa’ba all Muslims pay their respect to Allah by facing toward Mecca when they pray 5 times a day. Also their dead are buried facing Mecca for the same reason. [1]Despite Muhammad’s pagan roots, be became impressed and fascinated with the culture of the Jews and Christians and their worship of monotheism. He was impressed at the way they conducted their daily lives and that they were a happy and content progressive peoples. There were many Jewish settlements in Hijaz, the neighbourhood of Muhammad’s birth, and he also met many Jews who dominated the city of Medina, the city that also dominated Muhammad’s life. The Jews were merchants, farmers, vintners, smiths and some of them also lived among the Bedouin tribes intermingling harmoniously. Their culture seemed more sophisticated and they led a more prosperous life than the Bedouin tribes, traders and camel herders. Muhammad was keen to emulate this more sophisticated society and began to study their ways, and their monotheistic religious teachings. Perhaps it was their polytheism and the more primitive pagan lives that held back their progress. (So not unlike Kemal Ataturk several centuries later, Muhammad decided to emulate a new way of life, based on monotheism(Judaism & Christianity) but with a Quraysh tint, and so Muhamadism/Islam was born.) As Muhammad was illiterate, he was unable to study Judaism or Christianity religious texts. So he eagerly listened to verbal narratives from friendly Jews and Christians and absorbed a tremendous amount of Jewish and Christian ideologies, scriptures, and traditions (including many jumbled ideologies and misconceptions) that he incorporated into his philosophies. The similarities of many parts or verses in the Koran to the Bible, especially the Old Testament is testament to the amount Muhammad was able to absorb from his Jewish and Christian friends. However, some of these Biblical concepts clashed with his pagan concepts and he had to abrogate his earlier pronouncements with something that suited his lifestyle and his change of personality as he gained experience especially after Medina. [1]
Early Islam

Muhammad’s early attitudes emulated the Jewish and Christian philosophies of compassion and tolerance. Muhammad initially show not animosity towards other faiths. Muhammad referred to Jews and Christians as “People of the Book” (Torah/Bible) and had passages that showed compassion and tolerance. For example, when Muslims were persecuted by pagans in Mecca, Muhammad took the Muslims to take refuge with King Negus, the Christian King of Ethopia where they were received with kindness and respect. King Negus even declared that Muslim refugees could live freely in his country. And when the Meccans approached the King and demanded the surrender of these Muslims, the King refused to accede to those demands, offering protection to the Muslims. And Muhammad knew this. Muhammad even made a rare tribute to Christians:

Surat al-Ma’ida 82: “….You will find the people most affectionate to those who believe (Muslims) are those who say. “We are Christians.”

Some common identifiable values of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are:(1) God is Creator of the Universe and is omnipotent. (2) God created man: Adam. (3) God sent prophets like Noah, Abraham, Isaac, Joseph, Moses, Jesus and Muhammad. (4) Many customs and traditions and rituals are similar like food abstinence, fasting, prayer, circumcision, and observances of similar festivities. The influence of Judaism and Christianity upon Islam cannot be dismissed. Yet Islam is not of the same roots. In the early stages of Islam, Muhammad made special concessions for “People of the Book” compared with that of infidels, or pagans, or kafirs, or polytheists. Muhammad’s tolerant verses include:
[73.9] The Lord(Allah) of the East and the West– there is no god but He (Allah)– therefore take Him for a protector. [73.10] And bear patiently what they(infidels) say and avoid them with a becoming avoidance. [73.11] And leave Me (Allah) and the rejecters (of Allah), the possessors of ease and plenty, and respite them a little.
2925 words

(G4) HYPOTHESIS OF HINDU BEGINNINGS (Worship of multiple mythical gods)

The lack of archaeological and anthropological findings of Hindu past is puzzling, compared with that of other ancient peoples. But there is sufficient evidence today, especially with the archaeological findings at the Mehrgarh, and Indus Valley Civilisation and Hindu religious activities to join some of the dots together. It is likely that due to geophysical nature in that part of the world as well as with the common practice of cremation to dispose of the dead, there is not much hard evidence available from burial sites. There is little doubt that the legends of the Ayran Invasion were myths.The Hindu culture was not introduced by the Ayrans around 2000BC-1500BC but archaeological evidence (Mehrgarh) has proven that the practice of cremation and coffin burial was already widely practised even in the neolithic periods of the Indus Valley Civilisation, i.e., the Cemetary H Period (ca.1900 BC to ca. 1300BC.) This clearly indicates that the concept of re-incarnation was already believed by a large majority of people even then, hence the ritual of cremation, to free the spirit.

If we begin to examine the culture of the neolithic peoples of that region, there is without a doubt that they would have created gods to protect them and to guide them with their way of life. These gods emanated even in pre-neolithic times created by the people and their Sudhus and Yogis (Holy men.) Hinduism beliefs incorporates many esoteric and colourful imaginations and physical transformations that are quite unique to these people. It could only evolve from a very isolated mentality that has little understanding of basic sciences or biology but needed to create an explanation to meet the needs of their curiosity of the natural world around them. So if we study the pictorial image of Lord Brahma, it is full of symbolic meaning shown pictorially rather than in text (as this was pre-Historical times,) that is presentable and understandable for Hindu followers, i.e., Lord Brahma is shown as a bearded, four-faced, four-armed deity.

In popular images, He carries a rosary in the upper right hand, a book in the upper left hand, a kamandalu (water pot) in the lower left hand, and bestows grace with His lower right hand. The four faces represent the sacred knowledge of the four Vedas (Rig, Yajur, Sama, and Atharva), and this is the most prominent feature of any image of Brahma. The four faces, therefore, symbolize that Brahma is the source of all knowledge necessary for the creation of the universe. The four arms represent the four directions and thus represent the omnipresence and omnipotence of Lord Brahma.

The four hands represent the four aspects of human personality: mind (back right hand), intellect (back left hand), ego (front right hand), and the empirical self or conditioned consciousness (front left hand). The rosary symbolizes the time cycle through which the world moves from creation to sustenance, from sustenance to dissolution, and from dissolution to new creation. The rosary also symbolizes the materials used in the process of creation. Its position in the back right hand suggests the intelligent use of these materials in the process of creation.

A book in the back hand (symbolizing the intellect) illustrates that right knowledge is important for any kind of creative work. A water pot (kamandalu) in the front left hand symbolizes the cosmic energy by which Brahma brings the universe into existence. The hand symbolizing ego (the front right hand) is shown in the pose of bestowing grace. This conveys the idea that the Lord bestows grace and protects all sincere devotees.

So although the portrayal may appear over the top to the outsider, its symbolism is meaningful to the majority of the illiterate followers especially when explained to them by a priest or someone knowledgeable.

But to someone studying Hinduism, it does show that the pictorial concept of Hindu gods must have had a great significance to their beliefs and their devotions. It also indicates the antiquity of the concept of people who accepted creation, and the physiology of birth and death with esoteric imaginations without even an understanding of how life is created. This shows clearly that Hinduism was born long before the Mesolithic period for them to have been able to adopt such concepts of human life. [The evolution of Hinduism is quite different from the evolution of the Taoist religion, for example.]
Hinduism evolved not from the Aryan Invasion but from the indigenous peoples of the Harappan civilisation and their predecessors even from Mesolithic roots.

(G5) Taoism grew out of Shamanism and spirituality and mythical gods.

Origins of Oriental Culture – SHAMANISM [4a]

Early man would have queried the meaning and significance of thunder and lightning, night and day, fire and water, birth and death, illnesses and good health, success and failure, good fortune and back fortune. And the wise man of the tribe would soon evolve as the shaman of that community explaining and comforting the needy. Man needed answers, even primitive man. Thus, shamanism predates all organised religions, going back to the Neolithic period (12,000- 9500 years BC) and strong evidence that it goes back into the Paleolithic period (300,000 to 10,000 years ago). Shamanism provided the answers for man and was the unifying force of early man. That shamanism has had an influence on the culture or man and subsequent religions is without a doubt. Shamanism existed in all parts of the world with different emphasis depending upon local circumstances but some traits are common as identified by Elaide (1934):

1. Spirits exist and play essential roles in personal lives and communities.

2. Shamans can communicate with the spiritual world.

3. Spirits can be good or evil.

4. Shamans are able to treat illnesses caused by evil spirits.

5. Shamans use trance as a means of entering the spirit world that separates them from ordinary people.

6. The Shaman’s spirit can leave his body and enter the supernatural world to find answers.

7. The Shaman evokes images of animals as spiritual guides, omens, and message bearers.

8. The Shaman can foretell the future, read oracle bones, and perform divination.

Shamans are healers of illnesses (witch-doctors in Africa), ritualist for sacrifices to the spirits, Fortune tellers, tellers of folk-lore and traditional chants, and as a spiritual guide to the community. The Shaman is considered as a spiritual priest, a sage of traditional lore, and an interpreter of omens or dreams. [4]

As a matter of interest, shamanism was a large part of the “Bon religion” (the original religion of Tibetans) and still has a role in forming the current Tibetan Buddhism. Shamanism also has a great influence in many of the religious culture in many of the Central Asian, Nepal and Northern Indian cultures. It still alive today in different forms. [4]

Pre-historic China The Xia Dynasty (2207BC to 1766 BC) and earlier can be referred to as pre-history and there are no written records or many myths prior to that dynasty. The only evidence can be gleaned from archeological findings and to extrapolate deeper into the past. Some recorded history started with the Shang Dynasty (1765 BC to 1122 BC) with the discovery of oracle bones discovered of that period which archeologists have uncovered and authenticates the existence of their civilisation. A Chinese archeological team dated the find of those oracle bones to 2070 BC which was the beginning of the Xia Dynasty. [5]

Oracle bones were used in divination a practice that runs through the thread of Shamanism. This is a clear indication that even in the Xia Dynasty (2207 BC to 1766 BC) there was already a society sophisticated enough to be concerned with spirituality, and predictions, and spiritual forces. The question is, how many generations before the Xia Dynasty were people sophisticated enough to seek knowledge and to trust the wisdom to Shamans to meet their spiritual and practical needs? [6]

Thus it is abundantly clear that shamanism was aware of spiritualism and developed profound thoughts and philosophies about spiritualism. How sophisticated, therefore, were people of the Neolithic period (12,000 – 9000 BC) to be able to visualise in the abstract visions of spiritualism? In fact, shamanism in all probability would have been handed down from the Paleolithic period (300,000 – 10,000 BC.) The etymology of the word Shama is uncertain, but can be related to the Tungus root “sa-” meaning, “to know” thus related to the Turco-Mongol cultures. Other scholars claim that it comes directly from the Manchu language. [4]

By comparison, the Pharoahs at the time of Abraham (1813 BC-1638 BC) worshipped physical gods, with no obvious connections to spirituality as with the Shamans. “The Egyptian community had more than 2000 gods but there were some gods like Ra, the sun god, who was worshipped by all Egyptians throughout the country. Ra was the main god, but here is a list of others. Ra – The Sun God, the one who was there at the beginning. Amun – the Father of life who later combined with Ra to become Amun-Ra the all important State God. Osisris, Isis, Seth & Nephthys came from the Creation of the Universe. Ptah created Heaven and Earth. Sekhmet was the Wife of Ptah. Seth murdered his Brother Osiris by trapping him in a coffin and then threw him in the Nile. Nephthys as Sister and Wife to Seth. Isis was Osiris’ Sister and Wife and sometime after his death was able to revive him long enough to conceive Horus. Osiris was chosen to judge dead mortals who wanted to follow him to Heaven. He sat in judgement as their heart was put in the balance against a feather of the Goddess Maat, who stood for truth. Horus a Falcon, avenged his Father Osiris. Thoth was given the Moon and appointed assistant to the Sun God, Ra. Isis together with Horus, Anubis and Thoth were able to reassemble the previously dismembered parts of the body of Osiris, and add a phallus (the original having bveen eaten by fish,) wrapped it in bandages and thereby created the first Mummy. Hathor, the Goddess of Love, Joy and Music first suckled Horus then later became his wife.” [7]

It was not till Moses saw the burning bush in 1314 BC did the concept of a “Spiritual God,” Yahweh, was conceived. Yet, the environment of the Manchus or Orientals and that of the Jews were different and each evolved their own philosophies according to their environment. Moses evolved from a physical polytheist culture into one that was monotheist. The Oriental shamans evolved from an earthy spirituality into a more complex polytheist culture but still strongly linked to spirituality.

(G6) Discussion of the Basic Buddhist Beliefs

In order to appreciate the differences of the Buddhist philosophies against other religious philosophies we have to acknowledge these basic Buddhist beliefs:

(1) “This world is not created and ruled by a God.“

Buddhism does not believe in the existence of a God who created the universe.

Hence, Buddhism does not recognise a god who created this world, and therefore Buddhism is an “atheist philosophy or ideology.” So by definition Buddhism is an philosophy and not a religion as no deities or gods are involved. The deities accepted by some Buddhist sects like Buddhism in China are therefore a corruption of the basic Buddhism.

(2) “Buddha is our only Master.“

In accepting Siddhartha Gautama as their “Master” Buddhists have in fact created an immortal (a Saint) of Siddhartha and have revered him as s god-like mortal. Other Buddhists have further introduced their own deities into Buddhism which is a corruption of the basic concept of Buddhism for there is no god in basic Buddhism. That is because other cultures have always worshipped gods and to have a religion without a god was not in keeping with their native cultures.

By denying the existence of god, or a god who created the Universe, and declaring that they only accept Buddha as their only Master, they are in fact declaring their “exclusivity” and their “superiority of Buddha as superior to all other religious icons. A concept not generally appreciated by most people.

(3) Buddhism, not a religion in the normal definition of a religion, but a philosophy with only 4 Noble Truths and Eight Noble Pathways to guide Buddhists to try to achieve Nirvana, there does not appear to be any real religious or philosophical doctrines to adhere to. Therefore, as each community of Buddhists begin to find their way to seek tranquillity, each group sets their own agenda and rituals that suits their community be it in India, or Ceylon, or Thailand or Vietnam of China, or Japan because there are no regulations to limit their modification (or corruption) of the original concept of Buddhism. Hence the development of the different schools of Buddhism and sects of Buddhism of which there are many with different schools of thought, rituals and different independent hierarchical orders. But all of these orders are united under the banner of the Buddha.


All the gods of the major religions are based on folk lore and ancient mythology. There is no historical or archaeological evidence to support the existence of god or their prophets. Religion has thus been built up and based on the faith of the people and on the philosophies of ancient civilisations. This is a fact we should always keep in mind when we judge the action of peoples of faith.

Thus the actions and behaviour of martyrs, Christian Martyrs, Islamic Martyrs, or other religious fundamentalists are all based on myths. All of these people have been mesmerised by their faith to believe that such myths are in fact reality. But such reality does not have the support of History or Archaeology but only in their faith. Man should thus re-evaluate the influence of such blind faith on their behaviour. Perhaps with time man’s confidence in his newly acquired scientific knowledge will surpass his blind ignorance.

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